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Ghazni
Ghazni, in Persian: غزنی‬‎) or in (Pashto: غزنی‬‎) Ghaznai, also historically known as Ghaznīn (غزنين‬) or Ghazna (غزنه‬), is a city in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
with a population of nearly 150,000 people. It is located in the central-east part of the country. Situated on a plateau at 2,219 metres (7,280 ft) above sea level, the city serves as the capital of Ghazni
Ghazni
Province. It is linked by a highway with Kandahar
Kandahar
to the southwest, Kabul
Kabul
to the northeast, and Gardez
Gardez
and Khost
Khost
to the east. The foundation stone of Ghazni
Ghazni
Airport was laid in April 2012 which now serves Ghazni
Ghazni
and other nearby eastern Afghan provinces.[2] Ghazni, meaning jewel, is ancient city has withstood numerous military invasions
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Damascus
Damascus
Damascus
(/dəˈmæskəs/; Arabic: دمشق‎ Dimashq [diˈmaʃq], Syrian: [dˈməʃe(ː)ʔ]) is the capital of the Syrian Arab Republic; it is likely also the country's largest city, following the decline in population of Aleppo
Aleppo
due to the battle for the city. It is commonly known in Syria
Syria
as ash-Sham (Arabic: الشام‎ ash-Shām) and nicknamed as the City of Jasmine
Jasmine
(Arabic: مدينة الياسمين‎ Madīnat al-Yāsmīn). In addition to being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world,[4] Damascus
Damascus
is a major cultural centre of the Levant
Levant
and the Arab world
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Mazaar
A mazār (Arabic: مزار‎) is a mausoleum or shrine in some places of the world, typically that of a saint or notable religious leader. Medieval Arabic texts may also use the words mašhad, maqām or ḍarīḥ to denote the same concept.[1] Another synonymous term mostly used in Palestine and in older Western scholarly literature is wali or weli.Contents1 Etymology 2 Specific types of shrines 3 Regional terms for equivalent structures 4 Related terms 5 Origins 6 Opponents 7 Design 8 Notable examples 9 Other noted shrines 10 See also 11 Notes and referencesEtymology[edit]Mazār, plural mazārāt, is related to the word ziyāra (زياره, meaning 'pious visitation'). It refers to a place and time of visiting.[2] Arabic in origin, the word has been borrowed by Persian and Urdu.Specific types of shrines[edit]Mashhad (مشهد), plural mashāhid, usually refers to a structure holding the tomb of a holy figure, or a place where a religious visitation occurred
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Government Of Pakistan
ParliamentSenateChairman: Raza Rabbani Deputy Chairman: Abdul Ghafoor HaideriNational AssemblySpeaker: Sardar A
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Public Holiday
A public holiday, national holiday or legal holiday is a holiday generally established by law and is usually a non-working day during the year. Sovereign nations and territories observe holidays based on events of significance to their history, such as the National Day. For example, Australians
Australians
celebrate Australia Day. They vary by country and may vary by year. With 36 days a year, Nepal is the country with the highest number of public holidays but it observes six working days a week. India
India
ranks second with 21 national holidays, followed by Colombia
Colombia
and the Philippines
Philippines
at 18 each. Likewise, China
China
and Hong Kong
Hong Kong
enjoy 17 public breaks a year.[1] Some countries (e.g
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Urs
Urs
Urs
(from Arabic: عرس‎), is the death anniversary of a Sufi
Sufi
saint in South Asia, usually held at the saint's dargah (shrine or tomb). In most Sufi
Sufi
orders such as Naqshbandiyyah, Suhrawardiyya, Chishtiyya, Qadiriyya, etc. the concept of Urs
Urs
exists and is celebrated with enthusiasm. The devotees refer to their saints as lovers of God, the beloved. Urs
Urs
rituals are generally performed by the custodians of the shrine or the existing Shaikh of the silsila. The celebration of Urs
Urs
ranges from Hamd to Naat and in many cases includes the singing of religious music such as qawwali
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Muhammad
Muhammad[n 1] (Arabic: محمد‎; pronounced [muħammad];[n 2] French: Mahomet /məˈhɒmɪt/; Latinized as Mahometus c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE)[1] was the founder of Islam.[2][3] According to Islamic doctrine, he was a prophet and God's messenger, sent to present and confirm the monotheistic teachings preached previously by Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets.[3][4][5][6] He is viewed as the final prophet of God
God
in all the main branches of Islam, though some modern denominations diverge from this belief.[n 3]
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Hasan Ibn Ali
Al-Ḥasan ibn ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib Arabic: الحسن ابن علي ابن أبي طالب‎Tribe Quraysh
Quraysh
(Banu Hashim)Father AliMother FatimahReligion IslamAl-Ḥasan ibn Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (Arabic: الحسن ابن علي ابن أبي طالب‎‎, 624–670 CE), commonly known as Hasan or Hassan, is the eldest son of Muhammad's daughter Fatimah
Fatimah
and of Ali, and the older brother to Husayn. Muslims
Muslims
respect him as a grandson of the Islamic Prophet
Prophet
Muhammad. Among Shia Muslims, Hasan is revered as the 2nd Imam
Imam
by Twelvers
Twelvers
and Zaydis, and as the 1st Imam
Imam
by Musta'li
Musta'li
Isma'ilis
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Ali
‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib Arabic: علي ابن أبي طالب‎Tribe Quraysh
Quraysh
(Banu Hashim)Father Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-MuttalibMother Fatimah
Fatimah
bint AsadReligion IslamPart of a series onAliViews
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Ghaznavid Empire
in Anatolia Artuqid dynasty Saltuqid dynasty in Azerbaijan Ahmadili dynasty Ildenizid dynasty in Egypt Tulunid dynasty Ikhshidid dynasty in Fars Salghurid dynasty in The Levant Burid dynasty Zengid dynastyThis box:view talk editThe Ghaznavid dynasty (Persian: غزنویان‎ ġaznaviyān) was a Persianate[10] Muslim dynasty of Turkic mamluk origin,[11] at their greatest extent ruling large parts of Iran, Afghanistan, much of Transoxiana and the northwest Indian subcontinent from 977 to 1186.[12][13][14] The dynasty was founded by Sabuktigin upon his succession to rule of the region of Ghazna after the death of his father-in-law, Alp Tigin, who was a breakaway ex-general of the Samanid Empire from Balkh, north of the Hindu Kush in Greater Khorasan.[15] Although the dynasty was of Central Asian Turkic origin, it was thoroughly Persianised in terms of language, culture, literature and habits[16][17][18][19] and hence is regarded by some as a "Persian dynasty".[20] S
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Baghdad
Baghdad
Baghdad
(/ˈbæɡdæd, bəɡˈdæd/; Arabic: بغداد‎ [baɣˈdaːd] ( listen)) is the capital of Iraq. The population of Baghdad, as of 2016[update], is approximately 8,765,000,[citation needed][note 1] making it the largest city in Iraq, the second largest city in the Arab world
Arab world
(after Cairo, Egypt), and the second largest city in Western Asia
Western Asia
(after Tehran, Iran). Located along the Tigris
Tigris
River, the city was founded in the 8th century and became the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate
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Nishapur
Nishapur
Nishapur
or Nishabur ( pronunciation (help·info); Persian: نیشابور‎, also Romanized as Nīshāpūr, Nišâpur, Nişapur, Nīshābūr, Neyshābūr, and Neeshapoor, from Middle Persian: New-Shabuhr, meaning "New City of Shapur", "Fair Shapur",[2] or "Perfect built of Shapur")[3] is a city in Razavi Khorasan
Razavi Khorasan
Province, capital of the Nishapur County
Nishapur County
and former capital of Province Khorasan, in northeastern Iran, situated in a fertile plain at the foot of the Binalud Mountains. It had an estimated population of 239,185 as of 2011 and its county 433,105. Nearby are the turquoise mines that have supplied the world with turquoise for at least two millennia. The city was founded in the 3rd century by Shapur I
Shapur I
as a Sasanian
Sasanian
satrapy capital
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Fiqh
Fiqh
Fiqh
(/fɪk/; Arabic: فقه‎ [fɪqh]) is Islamic jurisprudence.[1] While sharia is believed by Muslims to represent divine law as revealed in the Quran
Quran
and the Sunnah
Sunnah
(the teachings and practices of the Islamic prophet
Islamic prophet
Muhammad), fiqh is the human understanding of the sharia[2]—sharia expanded and developed by interpretation (ijtihad) of the Quran
Quran
and Sunnah
Sunnah
by Islamic jurists (ulama)[2] and implemented by the rulings (fatwa) of jurists on questions presented to them. Thus conceptually, whereas sharia is considered immutable and infallible, fiqh is considered fallible and changeable. Fiqh
Fiqh
deals with the observance of rituals, morals and social legislation in Islam
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South Asia
South
South
Asia
Asia
or Southern Asia
Asia
(also known as Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC
SAARC
countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east. Topographically, it is dominated by the Indian Plate, which rises above sea level as Nepal
Nepal
and all parts of India
India
situated south of the Himalayas
Himalayas
and the Hindu
Hindu
Kush
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Tasawwuf
Sufism
Sufism
or Taṣawwuf[1] (Arabic: الْتَّصَوُّف; personal noun: صُوفِيّ ṣūfiyy/ṣūfī, مُتَصَوّف mutaṣawwuf), which is often defined as " Islamic
Islamic
mysticism",[2] "the inward dimension of Islam",[3][4] or "the phenomenon of mysticis
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