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Alexander Graham Bell
ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL (March 3, 1847 – August 2, 1922) was a Scottish -born scientist, inventor, engineer, and innovator who is credited with patenting the first practical telephone . Bell's father, grandfather, and brother had all been associated with work on elocution and speech and both his mother and wife were deaf, profoundly influencing Bell's life's work. His research on hearing and speech further led him to experiment with hearing devices which eventually culminated in Bell being awarded the first U.S. patent for the telephone in 1876. Bell considered his most famous invention an intrusion on his real work as a scientist and refused to have a telephone in his study. Many other inventions marked Bell's later life, including groundbreaking work in optical telecommunications , hydrofoils , and aeronautics
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Acoustics
ACOUSTICS is the interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of all mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids including topics such as vibration , sound , ultrasound and infrasound . A scientist who works in the field of acoustics is an ACOUSTICIAN while someone working in the field of acoustics technology may be called an acoustical engineer . The application of acoustics is present in almost all aspects of modern society with the most obvious being the audio and noise control industries. Hearing is one of the most crucial means of survival in the animal world, and speech is one of the most distinctive characteristics of human development and culture. Accordingly, the science of acoustics spreads across many facets of human society—music, medicine, architecture, industrial production, warfare and more. Likewise, animal species such as songbirds and frogs use sound and hearing as a key element of mating rituals or marking territories
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Ventriloquism
VENTRILOQUISM, or VENTRILOQUY, is an act of stagecraft in which a person (a VENTRILOQUIST) changes his or her voice so that it appears that the voice is coming from elsewhere, usually a puppeteered "dummy". The act of ventriloquism is VENTRILOQUIZING, and the ability to do so is commonly called in English the ability to "throw" one's voice. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Origins * 1.2 Emergence as entertainment * 2 Making the right sounds * 3 Ventriloquist\'s dummy * 4 Fear of ventriloquist\'s dummies * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORYORIGINSOriginally, ventriloquism was a religious practice. The name comes from the Latin for to speak from the stomach, i.e. venter (belly) and loqui (speak). The Greeks called this gastromancy (Greek : εγγαστριμυθία). The noises produced by the stomach were thought to be the voices of the unliving, who took up residence in the stomach of the ventriloquist
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Dublin
DUBLIN (/ˈdʌblɪn/ , Irish : Baile Átha Cliath Irish pronunciation: ) is the capital of and largest city in Ireland . Dublin
Dublin
is located in the province of Leinster on the east coast of Ireland, at the mouth of the River Liffey and bordered on the South by the Wicklow Mountains . The city has an urban area population of 1,173,179. The population of the Dublin Region
Dublin Region
, as of 2016 , was 1,347,359 people, and the population of the Greater Dublin area was 1,904,806. There is archaeological debate regarding precisely where Dublin
Dublin
was established by Celtic-speaking people in the 7th century. Later expanded as a Viking
Viking
settlement, the Kingdom of Dublin
Dublin
became Ireland's principal city following the Norman invasion
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Deaf-mute
DEAF-MUTE is a term which was used historically to identify a person who was either deaf using a sign language or both deaf and could not speak . The term continues to be used to refer to deaf people who cannot speak an oral language or have some degree of speaking ability, but choose not to speak because of the negative or unwanted attention atypical voices sometimes attract. Such people communicate using sign language . Some consider it to be a derogatory term if used outside its historical context; the preferred term today is simply "deaf". CONTENTS * 1 Historical usage of the term "deaf-mute" * 2 Deaf-mute people in history. * 3 Deaf-muteness in art and literature * 4 See also * 5 References HISTORICAL USAGE OF THE TERM "DEAF-MUTE"It is sometimes used to refer to other hearing people in jest, to chide, or to invoke an image of someone who refuses to employ common sense or who is unreliable
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Latin
LATIN (Latin: lingua latīna, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages
Indo-European languages
. The Latin alphabet is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet
Phoenician alphabet
. Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium
Latium
, in the Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
. Through the power of the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
, it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages
Romance languages
, such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian
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Canadians
Canadian English and Canadian French Numerous indigenous languages are also recognized. Various other languages . RELIGION Multiple denominations CANADIANS (French : Canadiens / Canadiennes) are people identified with the country of Canada
Canada
. This connection may be residential, legal, historical, or cultural. For most Canadians, several (or all) of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their being Canadian. Canada
Canada
is a multilingual and multicultural society home to people of many different ethnic, religious and national origins, with the majority of the population made up of Old World
Old World
immigrants and their descendants
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Phonetics
PHONETICS (pronounced /fəˈnɛtɪks/ , from the Greek : φωνή, phōnē, 'sound, voice') is a branch of linguistics that comprises the study of the sounds of human speech , or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign. It is concerned with the physical properties of speech sounds or signs (phones ): their physiological production, acoustic properties, auditory perception, and neurophysiological status. Phonology
Phonology
, on the other hand, is concerned with the abstract, grammatical characterization of systems of sounds or signs. The field of phonetics is a multilayered subject of linguistics that focuses on speech
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Elocution
ELOCUTION is the study of formal speaking in pronunciation , grammar , style, and tone . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Sample curriculum * 3 See also * 3.1 Other forms * 4 References * 4.1 Further reading * 5 External links HISTORYIn Western classical rhetoric , elocution was one of the five core disciplines of pronunciation , which was the art of delivering speeches. Orators were trained not only on proper diction , but on the proper use of gestures, stance, and dress. (Another area of rhetoric, elocutio , was unrelated to elocution and, instead, concerned the style of writing proper to discourse.) Elocution emerged as a formal discipline during the eighteenth century. One of its important figures was Thomas Sheridan , actor and father of Richard Brinsley Sheridan
Richard Brinsley Sheridan

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United States Patent Law
Under United States law
United States law
, a patent is a right granted to the inventor of a (1) process, machine, article of manufacture, or composition of matter, (2) that is new , useful , and non-obvious . A patent is the right to exclude others from using a new technology. Specifically, it is the right to exclude others from making, using, selling, offering for sale, importing, inducing others to infringe, and/or offering a product specially adapted for practice of the patent. UNITED STATES PATENT LAW is authorized by the U.S. Constitution . Article One , section 8, clause 8 states: The Congress shall have power ..
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Aeronautics
AERONAUTICS (from the ancient Greek words ὰήρ āēr, which means "air", and ναυτική nautikē which means "navigation", i.e. "navigation into the air") is the science or art involved with the study, design , and manufacturing of air flight capable machines, and the techniques of operating aircraft and rockets within the atmosphere. The British Royal Aeronautical Society
Royal Aeronautical Society
identifies the aspects of "aeronautical Art, Science and Engineering" and "the profession of Aeronautics
Aeronautics
(which expression includes Astronautics)." While the term—literally meaning "sailing the air"—originally referred solely to the science of operating the aircraft, it has since been expanded to include technology, business, and other aspects related to aircraft
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Tuberculosis
TUBERCULOSIS (TB) is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis
generally affects the lungs , but can also affect other parts of the body. Most infections do not have symptoms, in which case it is known as latent tuberculosis . About 10% of latent infections progress to active disease which, if left untreated, kills about half of those infected. The classic symptoms of active TB are a chronic cough with blood-containing sputum , fever , night sweats , and weight loss . The historical term "CONSUMPTION" came about due to the weight loss. Infection of other organs can cause a wide range of symptoms. Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis
is spread through the air when people who have active TB in their lungs cough, spit, speak, or sneeze. People with latent TB do not spread the disease
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Scottish Gaelic
SCOTTISH GAELIC or SCOTS GAELIC, sometimes also referred to simply as GAELIC (Gàidhlig ( listen )) or THE GAELIC, is a Celtic language native to the Gaels
Gaels
of Scotland. A member of the Goidelic branch of the Celtic languages, Scottish Gaelic, like Modern Irish and Manx , developed out of Middle Irish . Most of modern Scotland
Scotland
was once Gaelic-speaking, as evidenced especially by Gaelic-language placenames. In the 2011 census of Scotland
Scotland
, 57,375 people (1.1% of the Scottish population aged over three years old) reported as able to speak Gaelic, 1,275 fewer than in 2001. The highest percentages of Gaelic speakers were in the Outer Hebrides . Only about half of speakers were fully literate in the language. Nevertheless, there are revival efforts, and the number of speakers of the language under age 20 did not decrease between the 2001 and 2011 censuses
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Sanskrit
A few attempts at revival have been reported in Indian and Nepalese newspapers. India
India
: 14,135 Indians claimed Sanskrit
Sanskrit
to be their mother tongue in the 2001 Census of India
India
: Nepal
Nepal
: 1,669 Nepalis in 2011 Nepal census reported Sanskrit
Sanskrit
as their mother tongue. LANGUAGE FAMILY Indo-European * Indo-Iranian * Indo-Aryan * SANSKRIT EARLY FORM Vedic Sanskrit WRITING SYSTEM Devanagari
Devanagari
(official) Also written in various Brahmic scripts
Brahmic scripts

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British Citizen
LEGISLATION * 1972 EC Act * 1986 EC (Amendment) Act * 1993 EC (Amendment) Act * 1998 EC (Amendment) Act * 2002 EC (Amendment) Act * 2008 EU (Amendment) Act * 2011 EU Act EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT ELECTIONS * 1979 * 1984 * 1989 * 1994 * 1999 * 2004 * 2009 * 2014 * * 1973 delegation * 1st * 2nd * 3rd * 4th * 5th * 6th * 7th * 8th Withdrawal * 2004–05 EU Bill * 2013–14 EU (Referendum) Bill * 2015–16 EU membership renegotiation * 2015 EU Referendum Act * 2016 EU (Referendum) Act (Gibraltar) * 2016 EU MEMBERSHIP REFERENDUM * Causes * Endorsements * Issues * Opinion polling * CAMPAIGNS * Organisations advocating and campaigning for a referendum * People\'s Pledge * Labour for a Refer
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