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Ales Adamovich
ALES ADAMOVICH (Belarusian : Алесь Адамовіч, Russian : Алесь Адамович, full name: Александр Михайлович Адамович; September 3, 1927 in Hlusha Minsk Voblast , Belarus
Belarus
, USSR
USSR
– January 26, 1994 in Moscow
Moscow
, Russia ) was a Belarusian Soviet writer and a critic , Professor and Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of Belarus
Belarus
, Doctor of Philosophy in philology , Doctorate
Doctorate
in 1962 (a degree in Russia corresponding to Habilitation ); member of the Supreme Soviet (1989–92). He wrote in Russian and Belarusian . He is best known for The Khatyn Story and The Blockade Book; he is highly regarded for his austere yet deeply humane antiwar stance, moral courage and uncompromising honesty
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Medal "For The Victory Over Germany In The Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
The MEDAL "FOR THE VICTORY OVER GERMANY IN THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR 1941–1945" (Russian : медаль «За победу над Германией в Великой Отечественной войне 1941—1945 гг.») was a military decoration of the Soviet Union established on May 9, 1945, by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to denote military participation in the victory of the Soviet armed forces over Nazi Germany in the Great Patriotic War
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Dmitry Likhachev
DMITRY SERGEYEVICH LIKHACHOV (Russian : Дми́трий Серге́евич Лихачёв, also Dmitri Likhachev or Likhachyov; 28 November 1906 – 30 September 1999) was an outstanding Russian medievalist , linguist , and concentration camp survivor. During his lifetime, Likhachov was considered the world's foremost scholar of the Old Russian language and its literature. He was revered as "the last of old St Petersburgers", and as "a guardian of national culture". Due to his high profile as a Soviet dissident during his later life, Likhachov was often referred to as "Russia's conscience". CONTENTS * 1 Life and career * 2 Family * 3 Legacy * 4 Honours * 4.1 Medals * 5 Main works * 6 References * 7 External links LIFE AND CAREERDmitry Likhachov was born in Saint Petersburg . From his early childhood he had a passion for literature, even though his parents did not approve of this interest
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Victor Astafiev
VIKTOR PETROVICH ASTAFYEV also spelled ASTAFIEV or ASTAF\'EV (Russian : Ви́ктор Петро́вич Аста́фьев; 1 May 1924 – 29 November 2001), was a prominent Soviet and Russian writer. CONTENTS* 1 Biography * 1.1 The War years * 1.2 Literary career * 2 Controversy * 3 Legacy * 4 Honours and awards * 5 English translations * 6 Bibliography * 7 Notes * 8 References * 9 External links BIOGRAPHY Viktor Astafyev was born in the village of Ovsyanka (then Krasnoyarsk Uyezd , Yeniseysk Governorate , Russian SFSR ) on the bank of the Yenisei river . His father, Pyotr Pavlovich Astafyev, was a son of a relatively rich mill-owner (a part-time hunter who most of his time though spent at home), mother Lydia Ilyinichna Astafyeva (née Potylitsyna) came from a peasant family
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Chingiz Aitmatov
CHYNGYZ AITMATOV (Kyrgyz : Чыңгыз Айтматов, Çıñğız Aytmatov, چىڭعىز ايتماتوۋ ; Russian : Чинги́з Тореку́лович Айтма́тов, Chingiz Torekulovich Aytmatov) (12 December 1928 – 10 June 2008) was a Soviet and Kyrgyz author who wrote in both Russian and Kyrgyz . He is the best known figure in Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
's literature. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Work * 3 Diplomatic career * 4 Major works * 5 References * 6 Secondary sources * 7 External links LIFEHe was born to a Kyrgyz father and Tatar mother. Aitmatov's parents were civil servants in Sheker . In 1937 his father was charged with "bourgeois nationalism " in Moscow, arrested and executed in 1938. Aitmatov lived at a time when Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
was being transformed from one of the most remote lands of the Russian Empire to a republic of the USSR
USSR

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Order Of The Badge Of Honour
The ORDER OF THE BADGE OF HONOUR (Russian : Орден «Знак Почёта») was a civilian award of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
. It was established on 25 November 1935, and was conferred on citizens of the USSR for outstanding achievements in production, scientific research and social, cultural and other forms of social activity; for promotion of economic, scientific, technological, cultural and other ties between the USSR and other countries; and also for significant contribution to basic and applied research. The order was awarded 1,574,368 times. The "Order of the Badge of Honour" was replaced by the "Order of Honour" (Russian : Орден Почёта) by a Decree of the Presidium of the USSR on 28 December 1988. Following the USSR dissolution, it was replaced by the "Order of Honour " of the Russian Federation , established by Presidential Decree no. 442 of 2 March 1994
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Order Of The Red Banner Of Labour
The ORDER OF THE RED BANNER OF LABOUR (Russian : Орден Трудового Красного Знамени) was an order of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
established to honour great deeds and services to the Soviet
Soviet
state and society in the fields of production, science, culture, literature, the arts, education, health, social and other spheres of labour activities. It is the labour counterpart of the military Order of the Red Banner
Order of the Red Banner
. A few institutions and factories, being the pride of Soviet
Soviet
Union, also received the order. The Order of the Red Banner of Labour began solely as an award of the Russian SFSR on December 28, 1920. The all-Union equivalent was established by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on September 7, 1928 and approved by another decree on September 15, 1928
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Belarusian Language
BELARUSIAN (/bɛləˈruːsiən/ ; беларуская мова belaruskaya mova ) is an official language of Belarus , along with Russian, and is spoken abroad, mainly in Russia , Ukraine , and small parts in far-eastern Poland . Before Belarus gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, the language was known in English as Byelorussian or Belorussian, transliterating the Russian name, белорусский язык, or alternatively as White Ruthenian (/ruːˈθiːniən/ ) or White Russian (with the meaning Rus' but not Russia). Following independence, it also became known as Belarusian. Belarusian is one of the East Slavic languages and shares many grammatical and lexical features with other members of the group. To some extent, Russian , Ukrainian , and Belarusian are mutually intelligible
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Vasil Bykaŭ
VASíL UłADZíMIRAVIč BýKAŭ (often spelled VASIL BYKOV, Belarusian : Васі́ль Уладзі́міравіч Бы́каў, Russian : Василь Влади́мирович Быков) (June 19, 1924 – June 22, 2003) was a prolific author of novels and novellas about World War II
World War II
and a significant figure in Belarusian literature and civic thought. His work earned him endorsements for the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
nomination from, among others, Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
laureates Joseph Brodsky and Czesław Miłosz
Czesław Miłosz
. CONTENTS * 1 Life and career * 2 Awards * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Bibliography * 6 External links LIFE AND CAREER Vasil Bykaŭ
Vasil Bykaŭ
was born in the village Byčki, not far from Viciebsk in 1924. In 1941 he was in Ukraine when Germany
Germany
attacked the USSR
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Nobel Prize In Literature
The NOBEL PRIZE IN LITERATURE (Swedish : Nobelpriset i litteratur) has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Alfred Nobel , produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning). Though individual works are sometimes cited as being particularly noteworthy, here "work" refers to an author's work as a whole. The Swedish Academy decides who, if anyone, will receive the prize in any given year. The academy announces the name of the chosen laureate in early October
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Order Of The Patriotic War
US-sized ribbon of the Order of the Patriotic War, 1st class US-sized ribbon of the Order of the Patriotic War, 2nd class The ORDER OF THE PATRIOTIC WAR (Russian : Орден Отечественной войны) is a Soviet military decoration that was awarded to all soldiers in the Soviet armed forces, security troops, and to partisans for heroic deeds during the German-Soviet War , known by the former- Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as the Great Patriotic War . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Design * 3 References * 4 External links HISTORYThe Order was established on 20 May 1942 and came in first class and second class depending upon the merit of the deed. It was the first Soviet order established during the war, and the first Soviet order divided into classes. Its statute precisely defined, which deeds are awarded with the order, e.g
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Fazil Iskander
FAZIL ABDULOVICH ISKANDER (Russian : Фази́ль Абду́лович Исканде́р; Abkhaz : Фазиль Абдул-иҧа Искандер; 6 March 1929 – 31 July 2016) was a Soviet and Russian writer and poet known in the former Soviet Union for his descriptions of Caucasian life. He authored various stories, most famously "Zashita Chika", which features a crafty and likable young boy named "Chik"
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Boris Slutsky
BORIS SLUTSKY (Russian : Бори́с Абра́мович Слу́цкий; 7 May 1919 in Slovyansk , Ukraine — 23 February 1986 in Tula ) was a Soviet poet of the Russian language
Russian language
. During his childhood and youth he lived in Kharkov . In 1937 he entered the Law Institute of Moscow, and also studied at the Maxim Gorky Institute of Literature from 1939 till 1941. He joined a group of young poets including M. Kulchitzki, Pavel Kogan , S. Narovchatov, David Samoilov and others who became acquainted in autumn 1939 at the seminary of Ilya Selvinsky at the State Literary Publishing House, Goslitizdat and called themselves "the Generation of 1940". Between 1941-1945 he served in the Red Army
Red Army
as a politruk of an infantry platoon . His war experiences colouring much of his poetry. After ending the war with the rank of major, he worked in radio (1948–1952)
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Système Universitaire De Documentation
The SYSTèME UNIVERSITAIRE DE DOCUMENTATION or SUDOC is a system used by the libraries of French universities and higher education establishments to identify, track and manage the documents in their possession. The catalog, which contains more than 10 million references, allows students and researcher to search for bibliographical and location information in over 3,400 documentation centers
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National Library Of The Czech Republic
6,919,075 total items 21,204 manuscripts c. 4,200 incunabula OTHER INFORMATION DIRECTOR Petr Kroupa WEBSITE www.nkp.czThe NATIONAL LIBRARY OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC (Czech : Národní knihovna České republiky) is the central library of the Czech Republic . It is directed by the Ministry of Culture . The library's main building is located in the historical Clementinum building in Prague, where approximately half of its books are kept. The other half of the collection is stored in the district of Hostivař . The National Library is the biggest library in the Czech Republic, in its funds there are around 6 million documents. The library has around 60,000 registered readers. As well as Czech texts, the library also stores older material from Turkey, Iran and India. The library also houses books for Charles University in Prague
Prague

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Russian State Library
The RUSSIAN STATE LIBRARY (Russian : Российская государственная библиотека) is the national library of Russia
Russia
, located in Moscow
Moscow
. It is the largest in the country and the fourth largest in the world for its collection of books (17.5 million). It was named the V. I. LENIN STATE LIBRARY OF THE USSR
USSR
from 1925 until it was renamed in 1992 as the Russian State Library. The library has over 275 km of shelves with more than 43 million items, including over 17 million books and serial volumes, 13 million journals, 350 thousand music scores and sound records, 150,000 maps and others. There are items in 247 languages of the world, the foreign part representing about 29 percent of the entire collection
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