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Aksaray
AKSARAY ( Kurmanci
Kurmanci
: Axsere, Zazaki : Aqserayiye) (pronounced ) is a city in the Central Anatolia
Anatolia
region of Turkey
Turkey
and the capital district of Aksaray Province . According to 2009 census figures, the population of the province is 376 907 of which 171,423 live in the city of Aksaray. The district covers an area of 4,589 km2 (1,772 sq mi), and the average elevation is 980 m (3,215 ft), with the highest point being Mt. Hasan at 3,253 m (10,673 ft)
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Leo I The Thracian
LEO I (Latin : Flavius Valerius Leo Augustus; 401 – 18 January 474) was an Eastern Roman Emperor
Eastern Roman Emperor
from 457 to 474. A native of Dacia Aureliana near historic Thrace
Thrace
, he was known as LEO THE THRACIAN (Greek : Λέων Α' ὁ Θρᾷξ Leōn ha ho Thrax). Ruling the Eastern Empire for nearly 20 years, Leo proved to be a capable ruler. He oversaw many ambitious political and military plans, aimed mostly for the aid of the faltering Western Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire
and recovering its former territories. He is notable for being the first Eastern Emperor to legislate in Greek rather than Latin. He is commemorated as a Saint in the Orthodox Church
Orthodox Church
, with his feast day on January 20
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Silk Road
The SILK ROAD or SILK ROUTE was an ancient network of trade routes that were for centuries central to cultural interaction originally through regions of Eurasia
Eurasia
connecting the East and West and stretching from the Korean peninsula and Japan to the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Sea. The Silk
Silk
Road concept refers to both the terrestrial and the maritime routes connecting Asia and Europe. The overland Steppe route stretching through the Eurasian steppe is considered the ancestor to the Silk
Silk
Road(s). While the term is of modern coinage, the Silk
Silk
Road derives its name from the lucrative trade in silk (and horses) carried out along its length, beginning during the Han dynasty
Han dynasty
(207 BCE – 220 CE)
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Anatolia
ANATOLIA (Turkish : Anadolu, in Modern Greek : Ανατολία, Anatolía, from Ἀνατολή, Anatolḗ, modern pronunciation Anatolí – "east" or "(sun)rise"), also known as ASIA MINOR (Turkish : Küçük Asya, in Medieval and Modern Greek : Μικρά Ἀσία, Mīkrá Asía, modern pronunciation Mikrá Asía – "small Asia"), ASIAN TURKEY, the ANATOLIAN PENINSULA, or the ANATOLIAN PLATEAU, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia
Asia
, which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey
Turkey
. The region is bounded by the Black Sea
Black Sea
to the north, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Aegean Sea to the west
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Seljuk Turks
DAMASCUS: 1104 – Baqtash was dethroned by Toghtekin GREAT SELJUQ: 1194 – Toghrul III was killed in battle with Tekish RUM: 1307 – Mesud II died The SELJUQ DYNASTY or SELJUK TURKS (/sɛldʒʊk/ SEL-juuk ; Persian : آل سلجوق ‎‎ Al-e Saljuq) was an Oghuz Turk Sunni Muslim dynasty that gradually became a Persianate society and contributed to the Turko-Persian tradition in the medieval West and Central Asia
Central Asia
. The Seljuqs established both the Seljuk Empire
Seljuk Empire
and Sultanate of Rum , which at their heights stretched from Anatolia through Iran
Iran
and were targets of the First Crusade
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Ecumenical Patriarchate Of Constantinople
The ECUMENICAL PATRIARCHATE OF CONSTANTINOPLE (Greek : Οικουμενικόν Πατριαρχείον Κωνσταντινουπόλεως, Oikoumenikón Patriarkhíon Konstantinoupóleos, IPA: ; Latin : Patriarchatus Oecumenicus Constantinopolitanus; Turkish : Rum Ortodoks Patrikhanesi, "Roman Orthodox Patriarchate") is one of the fourteen autocephalous churches (or "jurisdictions") that together compose the Eastern Orthodox
Eastern Orthodox
Church . It is headed by the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople , currently Bartholomew I , Archbishop
Archbishop
of Constantinople
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Patriarch Menas Of Constantinople
MENAS or MENNAS or MINAS or MINA ( Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Μηνάς), a Christian
Christian
saint was appointed by the Byzantine emperor
Byzantine emperor
Justinian I
Justinian I
as Patriarch of Constantinople
Patriarch of Constantinople
in 536. Pope Agapetus I
Pope Agapetus I
consecrated him to succeed Bishop Anthimus, who was a monophysite . He took a position against Origen
Origen
. He was excommunicated in 547 and in 551 for taking a positions counter to that held by the Pope; but in both cases the sentence of excommunication was quickly lifted. The Patriarchy of Minas represents the greatest extent of papal influence in Constantinople
Constantinople

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Council Of Chalcedon
The COUNCIL OF CHALCEDON (/kælˈsiːdən/ or /ˈkælsᵻdɒn/ ) was a church council held from October 8 to November 1, AD 451, at Chalcedon . The Council is numbered as the fourth ecumenical council by the Catholic Church , the Eastern Orthodox Church , and most Protestants . Its most important achievement was to issue the Chalcedonian Definition . The Council's judgments and definitions regarding the divine marked a significant turning point in the Christological debates. A minority of Christians do not agree with the council's teachings. Chalcedon was a city in Bithynia , on the Asian side of the Bosphorus ; today the city it is part of the Republic of Turkey and is known as Kadıköy (a district of Istanbul )
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Proterius Of Alexandria
HIEROMARTYR PROTERIUS OF ALEXANDRIA (died 457) was Patriarch of Alexandria from 451 to 457. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Veneration * 3 References * 4 Sources and external links HISTORYProterius was elected by the Council of Chalcedon in 451 to replace Dioscorus of Alexandria , who had been deposed as Patriarch by the same council (cf. Evagrius Scholasticus
Evagrius Scholasticus
, Ecclesiastical History, book 2, chapter 5 ). His accession marks the beginning of the Schism of 451 between the Coptic Orthodox and the Greek Orthodox patriarchs of Alexandria, which has never been completely resolved. Because the church of Alexandria was largely anti-Chalcedonian , the deposition of Dioscorus, an anti-Chalcedonian, from the Patriarchate, and the elevation of Proterius, a Chalcedonian , to it, was violently opposed
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Greek Language
GREEK ( Modern Greek : ελληνικά , elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα ( listen ), ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece
Greece
and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean . It has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning 34 centuries of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the major part of its history; other systems, such as Linear B and the Cypriot syllabary , were used previously. The alphabet arose from the Phoenician script and was in turn the basis of the Latin
Latin
, Cyrillic
Cyrillic
, Armenian , Coptic , Gothic and many other writing systems
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Roman Empire
Mediolanum (286–402, Western ) Augusta Treverorum
Augusta Treverorum
Sirmium
Sirmium

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Council Of Ephesus
The COUNCIL OF EPHESUS was a council of Christian bishops convened in Ephesus (near present-day Selçuk
Selçuk
in Turkey
Turkey
) in AD 431 by the Roman Emperor Theodosius II
Theodosius II
. This third ecumenical council , an effort to attain consensus in the church through an assembly representing all of Christendom
Christendom
, confirmed the original Nicene Creed
Nicene Creed
, and condemned the teachings of Nestorius , Patriarch of Constantinople
Patriarch of Constantinople
, who held that the Virgin Mary
Virgin Mary
may be called the Christotokos, "Birth Giver of Christ" but not the Theotokos
Theotokos
, "Birth Giver of God"
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Roman Province
In Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
, a PROVINCE ( Latin
Latin
: provincia, pl. provinciae) was the basic, and, until the Tetrarchy
Tetrarchy
(293 AD), largest territorial and administrative unit of the empire's territorial possessions outside of Italy
Italy
. The word province in modern English has its origins in the term used by the Romans. Provinces were generally governed by politicians of senatorial rank, usually former consuls or former praetors . A later exception was the province of Egypt, incorporated by Augustus
Augustus
after the death of Cleopatra
Cleopatra
: it was ruled by a governor of equestrian rank only, perhaps as a discouragement to senatorial ambition. This exception was unique, but not contrary to Roman law, as Egypt was considered Augustus' personal property, following the tradition of earlier, Hellenistic kings
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Cappadocia Tertia
CAPPADOCIA was a province of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in Anatolia
Anatolia
(modern central-eastern Turkey
Turkey
), with its capital at Caesarea . It was established in 17 AD by the Emperor Tiberius
Tiberius
(ruled 14-37 AD), following the death of Cappadocia
Cappadocia
's last king, Archelaus . Cappadocia
Cappadocia
was an imperial province , meaning that its governor (legatus Augusti ) was directly appointed by the emperor. During the latter 1st century, the province also incorporated the regions of Pontus and Armenia Minor
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First Council Of Constantinople
The FIRST COUNCIL OF CONSTANTINOPLE (Greek : Πρώτη σύνοδος της Κωνσταντινουπόλεως commonly known as Greek : Β΄ Οικουμενική, "Second Ecumenical"; Latin : Concilium Constantinopolitanum Primum or Latin : Concilium Constantinopolitanum A) was a council of Christian bishops convened in Constantinople
Constantinople
in AD 381 by the Roman Emperor Theodosius I
Theodosius I
. This second ecumenical council , an effort to attain consensus in the church through an assembly representing all of Christendom , confirmed the Nicene Creed
Nicene Creed
, expanding the doctrine thereof to produce the Niceno–Constantinopolitan Creed , and dealt with sundry other matters. It met from May to July 381 in the Church of Hagia Irene and was affirmed as ecumenical in 451 at the Council of Chalcedon
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Gregory Of Nazianzus
GREGORY OF NAZIANZUS (Greek : Γρηγόριος ὁ Ναζιανζηνός Grēgorios ho Nazianzēnos; c. 329 – 25 January 390 ), also known as GREGORY THE THEOLOGIAN or GREGORY NAZIANZEN, was a 4th-century Archbishop of Constantinople , and theologian. He is widely considered the most accomplished rhetorical stylist of the patristic age . As a classically trained orator and philosopher he infused Hellenism into the early church , establishing the paradigm of Byzantine theologians and church officials. Gregory made a significant impact on the shape of Trinitarian theology among both Greek- and Latin -speaking theologians, and he is remembered as the "Trinitarian Theologian". Much of his theological work continues to influence modern theologians, especially in regard to the relationship among the three Persons of the Trinity
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