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Ahmedabad
AHMEDABAD (/ˈɑːmᵻdəbɑːd/ ( listen ); also known as AMDAVAD Gujarati pronunciation: ) is the largest city and former capital of Gujarat
Gujarat
, which is a state in India
India
. It is the administrative headquarters of the Ahmedabad district and the seat of the Gujarat High Court . With a population of more than 6.3 million and an extended population of 7.8 million, it is the sixth largest city and seventh largest metropolitan area of India. Ahmedabad
Ahmedabad
is located on the banks of the Sabarmati River , 30 km (19 mi) from the state capital Gandhinagar
Gandhinagar
, which is its twin city. Ahmedabad
Ahmedabad
has emerged as an important economic and industrial hub in India. It is the second largest producer of cotton in India, and its stock exchange is the country's second oldest
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Human Sex Ratio
In anthropology and demography , the HUMAN SEX RATIO is the ratio of males to females in a population . More data are available for humans than for any other species, and the human sex ratio is more studied than that of any other species, but interpreting these statistics can be difficult. Like most sexual species, the sex ratio in humans is approximately 1:1. Due to higher female fetal mortality, the sex ratio at birth worldwide is commonly thought to be 107 boys to 100 girls , although this value is subject to debate in the scientific community. The sex ratio for the entire world population is 101 males to 100 females. Depending upon which definition is used, between 0.1% and 1.7% of live births are intersex . Gender imbalance may arise as a consequence of various factors including natural factors, exposure to pesticides and environmental contaminants, war casualties, gender-selective abortions and infanticides, aging, and deliberate gendercide
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Male
A MALE ( ) organism is the physiological sex that produces sperm . Each spermatozoon can fuse with a larger female gamete, or ovum , in the process of fertilization . A male cannot reproduce sexually without access to at least one ovum from a female, but some organisms can reproduce both sexually and asexually. Most male mammals , including male humans, have a Y chromosome
Y chromosome
, which codes for the production of larger amounts of testosterone to develop male reproductive organs . Not all species share a common sex-determination system . In most animals , including humans , sex is determined genetically , but in some species it can be determined due to social, environmental, or other factors. For example, Cymothoa exigua changes sex depending on the number of females present in the vicinity
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Female
FEMALE (♀) is the sex of an organism , or a part of an organism, that produces non-mobile ova (egg cells). Barring rare medical conditions, most female mammals , including female humans , have two X chromosomes . CONTENTS * 1 Defining characteristics * 2 Etymology and usage * 3 Mammalian female * 4 Symbol * 5 Sex
Sex
determination * 5.1 Genetic determination * 5.2 Environmental determination * 6 See also * 7 Sources * 8 References DEFINING CHARACTERISTICSThe ova are defined as the larger gametes in a heterogamous reproduction system , while the smaller, usually motile gamete, the spermatozoon , is produced by the male . A female individual cannot reproduce sexually without access to the gametes of a male, or vice versa (an exception is parthenogenesis ). Some organisms can reproduce both sexually and asexually
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Telephone Numbering Plan
A TELEPHONE NUMBERING PLAN is a type of numbering scheme used in telecommunication to assign telephone numbers to subscriber telephones or other telephony endpoints. Telephone numbers are the addresses of participants in a telephone network, reachable by a system of destination code routing. Telephone numbering plans are defined in each of administrative regions of the public switched telephone network (PSTN) and they are also present in private telephone networks. For public number systems, geographic location plays a role in the sequence of numbers assigned to each telephone subscriber. Numbering plans may follow a variety of design strategies which have often arisen from the historical evolution of individual telephone networks and local requirements. A broad division is commonly recognized, distinguishing open numbering plans and closed numbering plans
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Postal Index Number
A POSTAL INDEX NUMBER or PIN or PIN CODE is a code in the post office numbering or post code system used by India
India
Post , the Indian postal administration . The code is six digits long. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Postal zones * 3 PIN numbering * 3.1 Sorting district * 3.2 Service route * 3.3 Delivery office * 4 Delivery system * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYThe PIN Code system was introduced on 15 August 1972 by Shriram Bhikaji Velankar, an additional secretary in the Union Ministry of Communications. The system was introduced to simplify the manual sorting and delivery of mail by eliminating confusion over incorrect addresses, similar place names and different languages used by the public. POSTAL ZONESThere are nine PIN zones in India, including eight regional zones and one functional zone (for the Indian Army). The first digit of the PIN code indicates the region
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal , commercial , and social purposes. Time
Time
zones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time . Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time
Time
(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12 to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (e.g. Newfoundland Standard Time is UTC−03:30, Nepal
Nepal
Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones
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Indian Standard Time
INDIAN STANDARD TIME (IST) is the time observed throughout India
India
, with a time offset of UTC+05:30 . India
India
does not observe daylight saving time (DSTu) or other seasonal adjustments. In military and aviation time IST is designated E* ("Echo-Star"). Indian Standard Time
Indian Standard Time
is calculated on the basis of 82.30' E longitude , in Allahabad which is nearly on the corresponding longitude reference line. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Criticism and proposals * 3 Time signals * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORY Main article: Time in India
India
After independence in 1947 , the Indian government established IST as the official time for the whole country, although Kolkata
Kolkata
and Mumbai retained their own local time (known as Calcutta Time and Bombay Time ) until 1948 and 1955, respectively
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List Of Most Populous Metropolitan Areas In India
This is a list of metropolitan areas in India, by population. The Constitution (seventy-fourth Amendment) Act, 1992 defines a metropolitan area in India as, an area having a population of ten lakhs or more, comprised in one or more districts and consisting of two or more Municipalities or Panchayats or other contiguous areas, specified by the Governor by public notification to be a Metropolitan area. LIST RANK METROPOLITAN AREA URBAN PLANNING AUTHORITY STATE/TERRITORY Population (2011) Area (in km2) 1 National Capital Region (NCR) National Capital Region Planning Board Delhi , Haryana , Rajasthan , Uttar Pradesh 46,049,032 34,144 "Demographic Profile and Settlement Pattern" (PDF). tional Capital Region Planning Board. National Informatics Centre. p. 22,25. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 February 2014. Retrieved 12 March 2016
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Cotton
COTTON is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae
Malvaceae
. The fiber is almost pure cellulose . Under natural conditions, the cotton bolls will increase the dispersal of the seeds. The plant is a shrub native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including the Americas, Africa, and India. The greatest diversity of wild cotton species is found in Mexico, followed by Australia
Australia
and Africa. Cotton
Cotton
was independently domesticated in the Old and New Worlds. The fiber is most often spun into yarn or thread and used to make a soft, breathable textile
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Smart City
A SMART CITY is an urban development vision to integrate information and communication technology (ICT) and Internet of things
Internet of things
(IoT) technology in a secure fashion to manage a city's assets. These assets include local departments' information systems, schools, libraries, transportation systems, hospitals, power plants, water supply networks, waste management, law enforcement, and other community services. A smart city is promoted to use urban informatics and technology to improve the efficiency of services. ICT allows city officials to interact directly with the community and the city infrastructure and to monitor what is happening in the city, how the city is evolving, and how to enable a better quality of life. Through the use of sensors integrated with real-time monitoring systems, data are collected from citizens and devices – then processed and analyzed. The information and knowledge gathered are keys to tackling inefficiency
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Government Of India
EXECUTIVE : * President * Vice President * Prime Minister * Union Council of Ministers
Union Council of Ministers
* Cabinet Secretary * Secretaries (Defence • Finance
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World Heritage Site
A WORLD HERITAGE SITE is a landmark or area which has been officially recognized by the United Nations
United Nations
, specifically by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO
UNESCO
). Sites are selected on the basis of having cultural, historical, scientific or some other form of significance, and they are legally protected by international treaties. UNESCO
UNESCO
regards these sites as being important to the collective interests of humanity
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Forbes
FORBES (/fɔːrbz/ ) is an American business magazine. Published bi-weekly, it features original articles on finance, industry, investing, and marketing topics. Forbes
Forbes
also reports on related subjects such as technology, communications, science, politics, and law. Its headquarters is located in Jersey City , New Jersey. Primary competitors in the national business magazine category include Fortune and Bloomberg Businessweek
Bloomberg Businessweek
. The magazine is well known for its lists and rankings, including of the richest Americans (the Forbes 400 ), of the world's top companies (the Forbes Global 2000 ), and The World\'s Billionaires . The motto of Forbes
Forbes
magazine is "The Capitalist Tool". Its chairman and editor-in-chief is Steve Forbes , and its CEO is Mike Perlis
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Tertiary Sector Of The Economy
The TERTIARY SECTOR or SERVICE SECTOR is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory . The others are the secondary sector (approximately the same as manufacturing ), and the primary sector (raw materials ). The service sector consists of the production of services instead of end products . Services (also known as "intangible goods") include attention, advice, access, experience, discussion, and affective labor . The production of information has long been regarded as a service, but some economists now attribute it to a fourth sector, the quaternary sector . The tertiary sector of industry involves the provision of services to other businesses as well as final consumers
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