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Adultism
Adultism is "the power adults have over children".[1] More narrowly, adultism is defined as "prejudice and accompanying systematic discrimination against young people".[2] On a more philosophical basis, the term has also been defined as "bias towards adults... and the social addiction to adults, including their ideas, activities, and attitudes".[3]Contents1 Etymology1.1 Coinage 1.2 Usage 1.3 Similar terms2 Causes 3 Evidence of adultism 4 Classification4.1 Internalized adultism 4.2 Institutional adultism 4.3 Cultural adultism5 Results5.1 Social stratification 5.2 Cultural responses 5.3 Academic developments6 Addressing adultism 7 Criticism 8 See also 9 References 10 External linksEtymology[edit] Coinage[edit] The word adultism was used by Patterson Du Bois in 1903,[4] and appears in French psychology literature in 1929, describing the influence of adults over children
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Leprosy Stigma
Leprosy, also known as Hansen's disease (HD), is a long-term infection by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae
Mycobacterium leprae
or Mycobacterium lepromatosis.[3][4] Initially, infections are without symptoms and typically remain this way for 5 to 20 years.[3] Symptoms that develop include granulomas of the nerves, respiratory tract, skin, and eyes.[3] This may result in a lack of ability to feel pain, thus loss of parts of extremities due to repeated injuries or infection due to unnoticed wounds.[2] Weakness and poor eyesight may also be present.[2]
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Ethnopluralism
Ethnopluralism or ethno-pluralism is a hypothetical far right and neo-fascist-associated model where self governing regions divided by ethnicity would be established.[1][2] Proponents describe it as an alternative to multiculturalism that would attempt to prevent cultural assimilation and cultural homogenization.[3][4] The movement is closely associated with the Nouvelle Droite
Nouvelle Droite
and French academic Alain de Benoist.[1] Policy[edit] Ethnopluralism has been proposed by some in the radical right as a means to facilitate nationalism.[5] Implementing this policy would require ethnic cleansing to establish separate territories for different ethnic groups.[4] Ethnopluralism emphasizes the separation of varying ethnic and cultural groups, in contrast to cultural integration and intra-cultural diversity
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Anti-Masonry
Anti-Masonry
Anti-Masonry
(alternatively called Anti-Freemasonry) is defined as "avowed opposition to Freemasonry".[1] However, there is no homogeneous anti-Masonic movement
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Elitism
Elitism is the belief or attitude that individuals who form an elite — a select group of people with a certain ancestry, intrinsic quality, high intellect, wealth, special skills, or experience — are more likely to be constructive to society as a whole, and therefore deserve influence or authority greater than that of others. In the United States, the term elitism often refers to the concentration of power in the Northeast Corridor and on the West Coast, where the typical American elite resides – lawyers, doctors, high-level civil servants (such as White House
White House
aides), businesspeople, university lecturers, entrepreneurs, and financial advisors in the quaternary sector, often in established technological or political catchments of their higher education alma mater.[1] Alternatively, the term elitism may be used to describe a situation in which power is concentrated in the hands of a limited number of people
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Religious Discrimination
Religious discrimination treating a person or group differently because of what they believe in.[citation needed] Specifically, it is when adherents of different religions (or denominations) are treated unequally, either before the law or in institutional settings such as employment or housing. Religious discrimination is related to religious persecution, the most extreme forms of which would include instances in which people have been executed for beliefs perceived to be heretic. Laws which only carry light punishments are described as mild forms of religious persecution or as religious discrimination. Even in societies where freedom of religion is a constitutional right, adherents of religious minorities sometimes voice concerns about religious discrimination against them
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Heteronormativity
Heteronormativity
Heteronormativity
is the belief that people fall into distinct and complementary genders (male and female) with natural roles in life. It assumes that heterosexuality is the only sexual orientation or only norm, and that sexual and marital relations are most (or only) fitting between people of opposite sexes. A "heteronormative" view therefore involves alignment of biological sex, sexuality, gender identity and gender roles
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Mentalism (discrimination)
Mentalism or sanism is a form of discrimination and oppression against a mental trait or condition a person has, or is judged to have. This discrimination may or may not be described in terms of mental disorder or cognitive impairment. The discrimination is based on numerous factors such as: stereotypes about neurodivergence (e.g. autism, learning disorders, ADHD, bipolar, schizophrenia, personality disorder diagnoses), specific behavioral phenomena (e.g. stuttering, tics), or intellectual disability. Like other "isms" such as sexism and racism, mentalism involves multiple intersecting forms of oppression, complex social inequalities and imbalances of power. It can result in covert discrimination by multiple, small insults and indignities. It is characterized by judgments of another person's perceived mental health status. These judgments are followed by actions such as blatant, overt discrimination which may include refusal of service, or the denial of human rights
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Discrimination Against Drug Addicts
Discrimination
Discrimination
against drug addicts is a form of discrimination against individuals who suffer from a drug addiction. In the process of stigmatization, drug addicts are stereotyped as having a particular set of undesirable traits, in turn causing other individuals to act in a fearful or prejudicial manner toward them.[1][2][3] In some of its manifestations, discrimination against drug addicts involves a violation of human rights.[4]Contents1 Basic information 2 Motivational patterns 3 Lack of objective information about drugs 4 Drugs
Drugs
and HIV
HIV
infection 5 See also 6 ReferencesBasic information[edit] This section is transcluded from Discrimination
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Persecution Of Autistic People
Autistic people have been subjected to discrimination and persecution. Prevalence[edit] Research published in 2013 reported the results of a survey taken of a national sample of American parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) conducted by the Kennedy Krieger Institute. The study found that 38 percent of the children with ASDs experienced bullying over a one-month period, and 28% were frequently bullied. Of those bullied, 69% experienced emotional trauma, 14% feared for their safety, and 8% suffered physical injury.[1] In 2011, a 10-year-old autistic boy from Pakistan
Pakistan
was granted political asylum in the United States on that ground that his autism-related behavior, which included compulsions and violent episodes of self-harm, placed him at risk of torture and persecution if returned to his native country
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Heterosexism
Heterosexism
Heterosexism
is a system of attitudes, bias, and discrimination in favor of opposite-sex sexuality and relationships.[1] It can include the presumption that other people are heterosexual or that opposite-sex attractions and relationships are the only norm[2] and therefore superior
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Discrimination Based On Hair Texture
Discrimination
Discrimination
based on hair texture is a form of injustice resulting in human beings being treated differently based on the stigma attached to hair texture in society. Hair texture varies from straight hair to the curlier, coil and kinkier hair. Curly hair also has its own variation ranging from very loose curls to the very tightly packed afro textured hair. Straight hair enjoys a higher prestige and is more widely accepted in both professional settings and everyday settings
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Cronyism
Cronyism is the practice of partiality in awarding jobs and other advantages to friends, family relatives or trusted colleagues, especially in politics and between politicians and supportive organizations.[1] For instance, this includes appointing "cronies" to positions of authority, regardless of their qualifications.[2] Cronyism exists when the appointer and the beneficiary such as an appointee are in social or business contact. Often, the appointer needs support in his or her own proposal, job or position of authority, and for this reason the appointer appoints individuals who will not try to weaken his or her proposals, vote against issues, or express views contrary to those of the appointer
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Audism
Audism is the notion that one is superior based on one's ability to hear or to behave in the manner of one who hears, or that life without hearing is futile and miserable, or an attitude based on pathological thinking which results in a negative stigma toward anyone who does not hear.[1] Tom L. Humphries coined the term in his doctoral dissertation in 1975[2], but it did not start to catch on until Harlan Lane used it in his own writings
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Nepotism
Nepotism is based on favour granted to relatives in various fields, including business, politics, entertainment, sports, religion and other activities. The term originated with the assignment of nephews to important positions by Catholic popes and bishops. Trading parliamentary employment for favors is a modern-day example of nepotism
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Pregnancy Discrimination
Pregnancy
Pregnancy
discrimination is a type of employment discrimination that occurs when expectant women are fired, not hired, or otherwise discriminated against due to their pregnancy or intention to become pregnant. Common forms of pregnancy discrimination include not being hired due to visible pregnancy or likelihood of becoming pregnant, being fired after informing an employer of one's pregnancy, being fired after maternity leave, and receiving a pay dock due to pregnancy. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination
Discrimination
against Women prohibits dismissal on the grounds of maternity or pregnancy and ensures right to maternity leave or comparable social benefits.[1] The Maternity Protection Convention C 183 proclaims adequate protection for pregnancy as well. To date, there is not a federal law that protects pregnancy discrimination in the US
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