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Admiralty Islands
The Admiralty
Admiralty
Islands are an archipelago group of 18 islands in the Bismarck Archipelago, to the north of New Guinea
New Guinea
in the South Pacific Ocean. These are also sometimes called the Manus Islands, after the largest island. These rainforest-covered islands form part of Manus Province, the smallest and least-populous province of Papua New Guinea, in its Islands Region. The total area is 2,100 km2 (810 sq mi). Many of the Admiralty
Admiralty
Islands are atolls and uninhabited.Contents1 Islands 2 Geography 3 Ecology 4 History4.1 Prehistory 4.2 European and Japanese periods 4.3 Independence5 See also 6 NotesIslands[edit] The larger islands in the center of the group are Manus Island
Island
and Los Negros Island
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Solomon Islands (archipelago)
The Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
are an archipelago in the western South Pacific Ocean, located northeast of Australia. They are in the Melanesia subregion and bioregion of Oceania. The archipelago forms much of the territory of the nation of Solomon Islands, while the northwestern islands are within the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, in eastern Papua New Guinea.Contents1 Geography1.1 Climate2 History2.1 Prehistory 2.2 European period 2.3 Independence3 Demographics3.1 Language 3.2 Religion4 Governance 5 See also 6 ReferencesGeography[edit] The Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
consist of both volcanic islands of varying activity and of coral atolls
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Yellowish Imperial-pigeon
The yellowish imperial pigeon (Ducula subflavescens), also known as the yellow-tinted imperial pigeon or Bismarck imperial pigeon (leading to easy confusion with D. melanochroa), is a relatively large species of bird in the family Columbidae. It is endemic to forest and woodland in the Bismarck Archipelago. It is threatened by habitat loss. It is often considered a subspecies of the Torresian imperial pigeon (which in turn sometimes is considered a subspecies of the pied imperial pigeon), but is increasingly treated as a separate species. It resembles the Torresian imperial pigeon, but has a distinctly yellow-tinged plumage and a bluish base to the bill. References[edit]^ BirdLife International (2012). "Ducula subflavescens". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature
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Calophyllum
about 187, see textCalophyllum is a genus of tropical flowering plants in the family Calophyllaceae. They are mainly distributed in Asia, with some species in Africa, the Americas, Australasia, and the Pacific Islands.[1]Contents1 Description 2 Uses 3 Symbolism 4 Diversity 5 Gallery 6 ReferencesDescription[edit] Calophyllum are trees or shrubs. They produce a colorless, white, or yellow latex. The oppositely arranged leaves have leathery blades often borne on petioles.[1] The leaves are distinctive, with narrow parallel veins alternating with resin canals.[2] The inflorescence is a cyme or a thyrse of flowers that grows from the leaf axils or at the ends of branches. In the flower the sepals and petals may look similar and are arranged in whorls. There are many stamens. The fruit is a drupe with thin layers of flesh over a large seed.[1] Uses[edit] Many species are used for their wood. Some are hardwood trees that can reach 30 meters in height. They tend to grow rapidly
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Sararanga
See textSararanga is a genus of flowering plants in the Pandanaceae family, with two species that occur in the northern part of New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago and Solomon Islands.[1] They are palm-like dioecious trees and shrubs, often called palms, but not closely related to palm trees. The scientific name comes from the species of these plants named sararang in the Solomon Islands. Species[edit]Sararanga philippinensis Merr., Publ. Bur. Sci. Gov. Lab. 29: 5 (1905). Sararanga sinuosa Hemsl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 30: 216 (1894).References[edit]^ Govaerts, Rafaël. "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families". The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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Vulnerable Species
A vulnerable species is one which has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature
International Union for Conservation of Nature
as likely to become endangered unless the circumstances that are threatening its survival and reproduction improve. Vulnerability is mainly caused by habitat loss or destruction of the species home. Vulnerable habitat or species are monitored and can become increasingly threatened
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IUCN Red List
The IUCN
IUCN
Red List of Threatened Species
Species
(also known as the IUCN
IUCN
Red List or Red Data List), founded in 1964, is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is the world's main authority on the conservation status of species. A series of Regional Red Lists are produced by countries or organizations, which assess the risk of extinction to species within a political management unit. The IUCN
IUCN
Red List is set upon precise criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies. These criteria are relevant to all species and all regions of the world. The aim is to convey the urgency of conservation issues to the public and policy makers, as well as help the international community to try to reduce species extinction
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Superb Pitta
The superb pitta (Pitta superba) is a large pitta.Contents1 Description 2 Distribution and habitat 3 References 4 External linksDescription[edit] It is about 22 cm long. It has black plumage with turquoise blue wings, a scarlet belly and green-tipped secondaries. Both sexes are almost similar. The female is a slightly smaller and duller than the male. As with other pittas, it is a secretive and rarely seen terrestrial bird. The diet consists mainly of snails. Distribution and habitat[edit] The superb pitta is distributed and endemic to primary and secondary forests of Manus Island of Papua New Guinea. Due to ongoing habitat loss, limited range and small population size, it is evaluated as endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. References[edit]^ BirdLife International (2013). "Pitta superba". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature
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Melanesian Megapode
The Melanesian megapode or Melanesian scrubfowl (Megapodius eremita) is a species of bird in the family Megapodiidae. It is found in Bismarck Archipelago (Papua New Guinea) and the Solomon Islands. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. First described by Gustav Hartlaub in 1867, it is a member of the scrubfowl genus Megapodius. Description[edit] It is black all over except a red cap. its claws are long. References[edit]^ BirdLife International (2012). "Megapodius eremita". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. Taxon identifiersWd: Q736722 ADW: Megapodius_eremita eBird: melscr1 EoL: 1050119 GBIF: 2482143 iNaturalist: 2024 ITIS: 553826 IUCN: 22678611 NCBI: 81904This Galliformes article is a stub
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Yellow-bibbed Fruit-dove
The yellow-bibbed fruit dove (Ptilinopus solomonensis) is a species of bird in the family Columbidae. It is found in the Bismarck and Solomon Islands archipelagos. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. References[edit]^ BirdLife International (2012). "Ptilinopus solomonensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. Taxon identifiersWd: Q1270615 ADW: Ptilinopus_solomonensis eBird: ybfdov1 EoL: 1049889 GBIF: 2495500 iNaturalist: 2729 ITIS: 177346 IUCN: 22728082 NCBI: 796402This Columbiformes-related article is a stub
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Pied Cuckoo-dove
The pied cuckoo-dove (Reinwardtoena browni) is a bird species in the family Columbidae. It is endemic to the Bismarck Archipelago. Formerly classified as a species of least concern by the IUCN,[2] it was suspected to be rarer than generally assumed. Following the evaluation of its population size, this was found to be correct, and it is consequently uplisted to near-threatened status in 2008.[3] References[edit]^ BirdLife International (2012). "Reinwardtoena browni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.  ^ BLI (2004) ^ BLI (2008)BirdLife International (BLI) (2008): http://www.birdlife.org/action/science/species/global_species_programme/whats_new.html 2008 IUCN Redlist status changes
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Jean-Michel Cousteau
Jean-Michel Cousteau
Jean-Michel Cousteau
(born 6 May 1938) is a French oceanographic explorer, environmentalist, educator, and film producer. The first son of ocean explorer Jacques Cousteau, he is the father of Fabien Cousteau and Céline Cousteau.Contents1 Life and career1.1 Film production and appearances2 Filmography 3 References 4 External linksLife and career[edit] Cousteau is the son of Jacques-Yves Cousteau
Jacques-Yves Cousteau
and Simone Melchior. Cousteau first dived with an aqua-lung in 1945 when he was 7 years old
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Black-headed White-eye
The Bismarck white-eye or black-headed white-eye (Zosterops hypoxanthus) is a species of bird in the family Zosteropidae. It is endemic to the Bismarck Archipelago in Papua New Guinea, where it occurs in New Britain, New Ireland and a number of smaller islands. It is sometimes considered to be the same species as the black-fronted white-eye of the mainland of New Guinea. The species is found in forests, forest edges, secondary forest, gardens and plantations, generally in hill and mountain areas and more rarely down to sea level. The species has a black face, dark olive neck, back and wings, and olive rump with a black tail (paler in some subspecies), and bright yellow undersides. The white eye-ring is bright but incomplete, broken at the front. The plumage of the male and female are similar. References[edit]^ BirdLife International (2012). "Zosterops hypoxanthus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature
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Ebony Myzomela
The Bismarck black myzomela or ebony myzomela (Myzomela pammelaena) is a species of bird in the Meliphagidae or honeyeater family. It is endemic to Papua New Guinea. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. References[edit]^ BirdLife International (2012). "Myzomela pammelaena". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 16 July 2012. Taxon identifiersWd: Q845241 eBird: ebomyz1 EoL: 918557 GBIF: 2487302 iNaturalist: 12367 ITIS: 561455 IUCN: 22703877 NCBI: 1931011This article about a honeyeater is a stub
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Fruit Bat
Megabats constitute the suborder Megachiroptera, and its only family Pteropodidae of the order Chiroptera
Chiroptera
(bats) They are also called fruit bats, Old World fruit bats,[1] or, especially the genera Acerodon and Pteropus, flying foxes. Megabats are found in tropical and subtropical areas of Eurasia, Africa, and Oceania.[2][3][4] Compared to insectivorous bats, fruit bats are relatively large and, with some exceptions, do not navigate by echolocation
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Seri's Sheathtail-bat
Seri's sheath-tailed bat (Emballonura serii) is a species of sac-winged bat in the family Emballonuridae. It is found in the Bismarck Archipelago (Papua New Guinea) and Yapen Island (Indonesia). Its natural habitat is caves. References[edit]Helgen, K. (2008). "Emballonura serii". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T41528A10491022. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T41528A10491022.en. Retrieved 15 January 2018.  Simmons, N.B. (2005). "Order Chiroptera". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 312–529. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. v t eExtant species of family EmballonuridaeKingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Infraclass: Eutheria Superorder: Laurasiatheria Order: ChiropteraBalantiopteryxEcuadorian Sac-Winged Bat (B. infusca) Thomas's Sac-Winged Bat (B. io) Gray Sac-winged Bat (B
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