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Adelaide Of Holland
Adelaide of Holland, Countess of Hainaut (Dutch: Aleide (Aleidis) van Holland; c. 1230 – buried 9 April 1284) was a Dutch regent. She was a daughter of Floris IV, Count of Holland
Floris IV, Count of Holland
and Matilda of Brabant. She was also a sister of William II, Count of Holland
Count of Holland
and King of Germany. She acted as regent for her nephew Count Floris V during his minority.Contents1 Life 2 Issue 3 See also 4 References 5 Sources 6 External linksLife[edit] On 9 October 1246, Adelaide married John I of Avesnes, Count of Hainaut. Like her mother, she was a patron of religious houses. Her religious interest is reflected in that three of her sons became bishops, and her one daughter became an abbess. She also insisted on a bilingual education for them. Between 1258 and 1263, Adelaide was regent of Holland in the name of her nephew Floris V
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Valenciennes
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. Valenciennes
Valenciennes
(French pronunciation: ​[valɑ̃sjɛn]; Dutch: Valencijn, Latin: Valentianae, Picard: Valincyinne) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. It lies on the Scheldt
Scheldt
(French: Escaut) river. Although the city and region experienced a steady population decline between 1975 and 1990, it has since rebounded
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Count Of Hainaut
The Count of Hainaut
Count of Hainaut
was the ruler of the county of Hainaut, a historical region in the Low Countries
Low Countries
(including the modern countries of Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and parts of northern France and western Germany). In English-language historical sources, the title is often given the archaic spelling Hainault.Contents1 List of counts of Hainaut1.1 House of Reginar 1.2 House of Flanders 1.3 House of Avesnes 1.4 House of Flanders 1.5 House of Avesnes 1.6 House of Bavaria 1.7 House of Burgundy 1.8 House of Habsburg2 Modern usage2.1 House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha3 See alsoList of counts of Hainaut[edit] House of Reginar[edit] Main article: House of ReginarReginar I (r. 870-898), grandson of Lothar I, also Count of Mons
Mons
(from 870) and Count of Liège Sigard (r. 898-908, m. 920), also Count of Liège Reginar I (r. 908-915), second time Reginar II (r
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
(album), a 1992 album by Vesta Williams "Special" (Garbage song), 1998 "Special
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Biografisch Portaal
The Biografisch Portaal
Biografisch Portaal
(Biography Portal) is an initiative based at the Huygens Institute for Dutch History in The Hague, with the aim of making biographical texts of the Netherlands more accessible. The project was started in February 2010 with material for 40,000 digitized biographies, with the goal to grant digital access to all reliable information about (deceased) people of the Netherlands from the earliest beginnings of history up to modern times.[1] The Netherlands as a geographic term includes former colonies, and the term "people" refers both to people born in the Netherlands and its former colonies, and also to people born elsewhere but active in the Netherlands and its former colonies. As of 2011[update], only biographical information about deceased people is included. The system used is based on the standards of the Text Encoding Initiative
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Counts Of Holland Family Tree
This is a family tree of the Counts of Holland from 916 to 1299, when a personal union was formed with the County of Hainaut
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Stadholder
In the Low Countries, stadtholder (Dutch: stadhouder, Dutch pronunciation: [ˈstɑtˌɦʌudər]), was an office of steward, designated a medieval official and then a national leader. The title was used for the official tasked with maintaining peace and provincial order in the early Dutch Republic
Dutch Republic
and, at times, became de facto head of state of the Dutch Republic
Dutch Republic
during the 16th to 18th centuries, which was an effectively hereditary role. For the last half century of its existence, it became an officially hereditary role and thus a monarchy (though maintaining republican pretence) under Prince William IV. His son, Prince William V, was the last stadtholder of the republic, whose own son, King William I, became the first king of the Netherlands
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Bishop Of Cambrai
The Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Archdiocese
Archdiocese
of Cambrai
Cambrai
(Latin: Archdiocesis Cameracensis; French: Archidiocèse de Cambrai) is an archdiocese of the Latin Rite
Latin Rite
of the Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Church in France, comprising the arrondissements of Avesnes-sur-Helpe, Cambrai, Douai, and Valenciennes within the département of Nord, in the region of Nord-Pas-de-Calais. The current archbishop is François Charles Garnier, appointed in December 2000
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Bishop Of Metz
The Roman Catholic Diocese
Diocese
of Metz
Metz
(Latin: Dioecesis Metensis; French: Diocèse de Metz) is a diocese of the Latin Rite
Latin Rite
of the Roman Catholic Church in France. In the Middle Ages it was in effect an independent state (prince-bishopric), part of the Holy Roman Empire, ruled by the prince-bishop who had the ex officio title of count. It was annexed to France
France
by King Henry II in 1552; this was recognized by the Holy Roman Empire in the Peace of Westphalia
Peace of Westphalia
of 1648. It then was part of the province of the Three Bishoprics
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Jacob Van Maerlant
Jacob van Maerlant
Maerlant
(c. 1230–40 – c. 1288–1300) was the greatest Flemish poet of the 13th century and one of the most important Middle Dutch authors during the Middle Ages.[1]Contents1 Biography 2 Uncertainty about biography 3 Attributed works 4 See also 5 Bibliography 6 References 7 External linksBiography[edit] Van Maerlant
Maerlant
was born near Bruges. He became sacristan of Maerlant, in the island of Oostvoorne, where he lived for some time, employed as a sexton, whence his surname "de Coster". Later he resided at Damme, near Bruges, where, according to tradition, he held the position of town clerk. His early works are Middle Dutch translations of French romances. Jacob's most serious work in the field of romance was his Historie van Troyen (c
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County Of Holland
The County
County
of Holland
Holland
was a State of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
and from 1432 part of the Burgundian Netherlands, from 1482 part of the Habsburg Netherlands
Habsburg Netherlands
and from 1648 onward, Holland
Holland
was the leading province of the Dutch Republic, of which it remained a part until the Batavian Revolution
Batavian Revolution
in 1795
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Town Privileges
Town
Town
privileges or borough rights were important features of European towns during most of the second millennium. The city law customary in Central Europe
Europe
probably dates back to Italian models, which in turn were oriented towards the traditions of the self-administration of Roman cities Judicially, a borough (or burgh) was distinguished from the countryside by means of a charter from the ruling monarch that defined its privileges and laws. Common privileges involved trade (marketplace, the storing of goods, etc.) and the establishment of guilds. Some of these privileges were permanent and could imply that the town obtained the right to be called a borough, hence the term borough rights (German Stadtrecht, Dutch stadsrechten). Some degree of self-government, representation by diet, and tax-relief could also be granted
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Nobility
Nobility
Nobility
is a social class in aristocracy, normally ranked immediately under royalty, that possesses more acknowledged privileges and higher social status than most other classes in a society and with membership thereof typically being hereditary. The privileges associated with nobility may constitute substantial advantages over or relative to non-nobles, or may be largely honorary (e.g., precedence), and vary by country and era
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Regent
A regent (from the Latin
Latin
regens,[1] "[one] ruling"[2]) is "a person appointed to administer a state because the monarch is a minor, is absent or is incapacitated."[3] The rule of a regent or regents is called a regency. A regent or regency council may be formed ad hoc or in accordance with a constitutional rule. "Regent" is sometimes a formal title. If the regent is holding his position due to his position in the line of succession, the compound term prince regent is often used; if the regent of a minor is his mother, she is often referred to as "queen regent". If the formally appointed regent is unavailable or cannot serve on a temporary basis, a Regent
Regent
ad interim may be appointed to fill the gap. In a monarchy, a regent usually governs due to one of these reasons, but may also be elected to rule during the interregnum when the royal line has died out
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List Of German Kings And Emperors
An emperor (through Old French
Old French
empereor from Latin imperator[1]) is a monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. Empress, the female equivalent, may indicate an emperor's wife (empress consort), mother (empress dowager), or a woman who rules in her own right (empress regnant). Emperors are generally recognized to be of a higher honour and rank than kings. In Europe
Europe
the title of Emperor
Emperor
has been used since the Middle Ages, considered in those times equal or almost equal in dignity to that of Pope, due to the latter's position as visible head of the Church and spiritual leader of the Catholic part of Western Europe
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William, King Of The Romans
William II (February 1227 – 28 January 1256) was a Count of Holland and Zeeland from 1234 until his death. He was crowned German anti-king in 1248 and ruled as sole King of the Romans
King of the Romans
from 1254 onwards.Contents1 Biography 2 Marriage and issue 3 Death 4 Ancestors 5 References 6 See alsoBiography[edit]Coat of Arms of William II. in a medieval manuscript.He was the eldest son and heir of Count Floris IV of Holland and his wife Matilda of Brabant.[1] When his father was killed at a tournament at Corbie, William was only seven years old
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