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Adélaïde Labille-Guiard
Adélaïde Labille-Guiard
Adélaïde Labille-Guiard
(11 April 1749 – 24 April 1803), also known as Adélaïde Labille-Guiard
Adélaïde Labille-Guiard
des Vertus, was a French miniaturist and portrait painter.[1][2]Contents1 Family 2 Studies 3 Marriages 4 The Académie de Saint-Luc and the Salons up to 1782 5 Acceptance into the Royal Academy of Painting
Painting
and Sculpture 6 Legacy 7 Notes 8 Bibliography 9 External linksFamily[edit]Self-portrait, miniature Adélaïde Labille-Guiard
Adélaïde Labille-Guiard
was born in Paris, the youngest of eight children, to a bourgeois family
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Harvard University Art Museums
The Harvard Art Museums are part of Harvard University and comprise three museums: the Fogg Museum (established in 1895[1]), the Busch-Reisinger Museum (established in 1903[1]), and the Arthur M. Sackler Museum (established in 1985[1]) and four research centers: the Archaeological Exploration of Sardis (founded in 1958[2]), the Center for the Technical Study of Modern Art (founded in 2002),[3] the Harvard Art Museums Archives, and the Straus Center for Conservation and Technical Studies (founded in 1928[4]). The three museums that constitute the Harvard Art Museums were initially integrated into a single institution under the name Harvard University Art Museums in 1983
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Princess Élisabeth Of France
Élisabeth of France (Élisabeth Philippine Marie Hélène de France;[1][2] 3 May 1764 – 10 May 1794), known as Madame Élisabeth, was a French princess and the youngest sibling of King Louis XVI. She remained beside the king and his family during the French Revolution and was executed at Place de la Révolution in Paris during the Terror. She is regarded by the Roman Catholic Church as a martyr and a Servant of God.[3][4]Contents1 Early life 2 Louis XVI2.1 Adult life3 Revolution3.1 Flight to Varennes 3.2 Events of 1792 3.3 Temple 3.4 Trial 3.5 Execution4 Beatification 5 Assessment 6 Ancestors 7 References 8 Sources8.1 Primary sourceEarly life[edit]Élisabeth as a child by Joseph Ducreux, 1768Élisabeth was born on 3 May 1764 in the Palace of Versailles, the youngest child of Louis, Dauphin of France and Marie-Josèphe of Saxony. Her paternal grandparents were King Louis XV of France and Queen Maria Leszczyńska
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Royal Academy Of Painting And Sculpture
The Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture (Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture), Paris, was the premier art institution in France in the eighteenth century.Contents1 Founding 2 Directorship of Jean-Baptiste Colbert 3 Directorship of Charles Le Brun 4 Suspension 5 Later history 6 Bibliography 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksFounding[edit] The Academy was founded in 1648, by King Louis XIV[1] modelled on Italian examples, such as the Accademia di San Luca in Rome. Paris already had the Académie de Saint-Luc, which was a city artist guild like any other Guild of Saint Luke. The purpose of this academy was to professionalize the artists working for the French court and give them a stamp of approval that artists of the St
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Marie-Gabrielle Capet
The House of Capet or the Direct Capetians (French: Capétiens directs, Maison capétienne), also called the House of France (la maison de France), or simply the Capets, ruled the Kingdom of France from 987 to 1328. It was the most senior line of the Capetian dynasty – itself a derivative dynasty from the Robertians. Historians in the 19th century came to apply the name "Capetian" to both the ruling house of France and to the wider-spread male-line descendants of Hugh Capet. It was not a contemporary practice (see House of France). They were sometimes called "the third race of kings", the Merovingians being the first, and the Carolingians being the second. The name Capet is derived from the nickname of Hugh, the first Capetian King, who was known as Hugh Capet. The direct line of the House of Capet came to an end in 1328, when the three sons of Philip IV all failed to produce surviving male heirs to the French throne
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National Assembly (French Revolution)
During the French Revolution, the National Assembly (French: Assemblée nationale), which existed from June 13, 1789 to July 9, 1789, was a revolutionary assembly formed by the representatives of the Third Estate (the common people) of the Estates-General; thereafter (until replaced by the Legislative Assembly on Sept. 30, 1791) it was known as the National Constituent Assembly (French: Assemblée nationale constituante), though popularly the shorter form persisted.Contents1 Background Information 2 The Assembly convenes 3 The King resists 4 Confrontation and recognition 5 Reconstitution 6 Notes 7 References 8 External linksBackground Information[edit] Main article: Estates-General of 1789 The Estates-General had been called on May 4, 1789 to deal with France's financial crisis, but promptly fell to squabbling over its own structure
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Edict
An edict is a decree or announcement of a law, often associated with monarchism, but it can be under any official authority. Synonyms include dictum and pronouncement. Edict derives from the Latin edictum. In the late 15th century
15th century
the spelling was edycte and known as meaning a "proclamation having the force of law".[1] Notable edicts[edit]Edicts of Ashoka, by the Mauryan
Mauryan
emperor, Ashoka, during his reign from 272 BCE to 231 BCE. Edictum perpetuum
Edictum perpetuum
(129), an Imperial revision of the long-standing Praetor's Edict, a periodic document which first began under the late Roman Republic
Roman Republic
(c.509-44 BC). Edict on Maximum Prices
Edict on Maximum Prices
(301), by Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor
Diocletian
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Joseph-Marie Vien
Joseph-Marie Vien
Joseph-Marie Vien
(English name version Joseph-Mary Wien) (18 June 1716 – 27 March 1809), French painter, was born at Montpellier. He was the last holder of the post of Premier peintre du Roi, serving from 1789 to 1791.Contents1 Biography 2 Works 3 Notes 4 References 5 External linksBiography[edit] Protected by Comte de Caylus, he entered at an early age the studio of Natoire, and obtained the grand prix in 1745
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French Revolution
The French Revolution
Revolution
(French: Révolution française [ʁevɔlysjɔ̃ fʁɑ̃sɛːz]) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France
France
and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799. It was partially carried forward by Napoleon
Napoleon
during the later expansion of the French Empire. The Revolution
Revolution
overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, catalyzed violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated in a dictatorship under Napoleon
Napoleon
who brought many of its principles to areas he conquered in Western Europe and beyond
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Joseph-Benoît Suvée
Joseph-Benoît Suvée (3 January 1743 – 9 February 1807) was a Flemish painter strongly influenced by French neo-classicism. Suvée was born in Bruges. Initially a pupil of Matthias de Visch, he came to France aged 19 and became a pupil of Jean-Jacques Bachelier. In 1771, he won the Prix de Rome. In Rome from 1772 to 1778, he prolonged the usual duration allowed to pensionaries of the French Academy in Rome. He was named an academician on his return to Paris and he opened an art school for young women at the Louvre. One of his students was Constance Mayer. He emulated and competed with Jacques-Louis David, earning his enduring hatred. Named the French Academy in Rome's director in 1792, replacing François-Guillaume Ménageot, he was imprisoned for a while in the Prison Saint-Lazare and only able to take up the post in 1801
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Adrienne De La Fayette
Marie Adrienne Françoise de Noailles, Marquise de La Fayette (2 November 1759 – 24 December 1807), was a French marchioness
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Ancien Régime
The Ancien Régime
Ancien Régime
(/ˌɒ̃sjæ̃ reɪˈʒiːm/; French: [ɑ̃.sjɛ̃ ʁeʒim]; French for "old regime") was the political and social system of the Kingdom of France
Kingdom of France
from the Late Middle Ages (circa 15th century) until 1789, when hereditary monarchy and the feudal system of French nobility
French nobility
were abolished by the French Revolution.[1] The Ancien Régime
Ancien Régime
was ruled by the late Valois and Bourbon dynasties. The term is occasionally used to refer to the similar feudal systems of the time elsewhere in Europe
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Académie Royale De Peinture Et De Sculpture
The Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture (Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture), Paris, was the premier art institution in France in the eighteenth century.Contents1 Founding 2 Directorship of Jean-Baptiste Colbert 3 Directorship of Charles Le Brun 4 Suspension 5 Later history 6 Bibliography 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksFounding[edit] The Academy was founded in 1648, by King Louis XIV[1] modelled on Italian examples, such as the Accademia di San Luca
Accademia di San Luca
in Rome. Paris already had the Académie de Saint-Luc, which was a city artist guild like any other Guild of Saint Luke. The purpose of this academy was to professionalize the artists working for the French court and give them a stamp of approval that artists of the St
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Paris Salon
The Salon (French: Salon), or rarely Paris
Paris
Salon (French: Salon de Paris), beginning in 1667[1] was the official art exhibition of the Académie des Beaux-Arts
Académie des Beaux-Arts
in Paris. Between 1748 and 1890 it was arguably the greatest annual or biennial art event in the Western world. At the 1761 Salon, thirty-three painters, nine sculptors, and eleven engravers contributed.[2] From 1881 onward, it has been managed by the Société des Artistes Français.Contents1 Origins 2 Prominence (1748–1890)2.1 Early splinter groups3 Secession 4 See also 5 Gallery 6 References 7 Sources 8 External linksOrigins[edit] In 1667, the royally sanctioned French institution of art patronage, the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture[1] (a division of the Académie des beaux-arts), held its first semi-public art exhibit at the Salon Carré
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Princess Marie Adélaïde Of France
Marie Adélaïde de France,[1] (23 March 1732 in Versailles – 27 February 1800 in Trieste), was a French princess, the fourth daughter and sixth child of King Louis XV of France and his consort, Marie Leszczyńska. As the legitimate daughter of the king, she was a fille de France
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Louis XVI Of France
Louis XVI (French pronunciation: ​[lwi sɛːz]; 23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793), born Louis-Auguste, was the last King of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution. He was referred to as Citizen Louis Capet during the final weeks of his life. In 1765, at the death of his father, Louis, son and heir apparent of Louis XV, Louis-Auguste became the new Dauphin of France. Upon his grandfather's death on 10 May 1774, he assumed the title "King of France
France
and Navarre", which he used until 4 September 1791, when he received the title of "King of the French" until the monarchy was abolished on 21 September 1792. Louis XVI was guillotined on 21 January 1793. The first part of his reign was marked by attempts to reform France
France
in accordance with Enlightenment ideas. These included efforts to abolish serfdom, remove the taille, and increase tolerance toward non-Catholics
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