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Acidithiobacillia
ACIDITHIOBACILLIA is a proposed class of Proteobacteria
Proteobacteria
. Its type order, Acidithiobacillales , was formerly classified within Gammaproteobacteria
Gammaproteobacteria
. REFERENCES * ^ Williams, K. P.; Kelly, D. P. (18 January 2013). "Proposal for a new class within the phylum Proteobacteria, Acidithiobacillia classis nov., with the type order Acidithiobacillales, and emended description of the class Gammaproteobacteria". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 63 (Pt 8): 2901–2906. doi :10.1099/ijs.0.049270-0
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Gammaproteobacteria
GAMMAPROTEOBACTERIA are a class of several medically, ecologically, and scientifically important groups of bacteria. An exceeding number of important pathogens belong to this class. Like all Proteobacteria
Proteobacteria
, the Gammaproteobacteria
Gammaproteobacteria
are Gram-negative
Gram-negative
. CONTENTS * 1 Significance * 2 Phylogeny * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links SIGNIFICANCEThe Gammaproteobacteria
Gammaproteobacteria
comprise several medically and scientifically important groups of bacteria, such as the Enterobacteriaceae , Vibrionaceae , and Pseudomonadaceae . A number of important pathogens belong to this class, e.g. Salmonella
Salmonella
spp
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Digital Object Identifier
In computing, a DIGITAL OBJECT IDENTIFIER or DOI is a persistent identifier or handle used to uniquely identify objects, standardized by the International Organization for Standardization
International Organization for Standardization
( ISO
ISO
). An implementation of the Handle System , DOIs are in wide use mainly to identify academic, professional, and government information, such as journal articles, research reports and data sets, and official publications though they also have been used to identify other types of information resources, such as commercial videos. A DOI aims to be "resolvable", usually to some form of access to the information object to which the DOI refers. This is achieved by binding the DOI to metadata about the object, such as a URL , indicating where the object can be found
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PubMed Identifier
PUBMED is a free search engine accessing primarily the MEDLINE database of references and abstracts on life sciences and biomedical topics. The United States National Library of Medicine (NLM) at the National Institutes of Health
National Institutes of Health
maintains the database as part of the Entrez
Entrez
system of information retrieval . From 1971 to 1997, MEDLINE online access to the MEDLARS Online computerized database primarily had been through institutional facilities, such as university libraries . PubMed, first released in January 1996, ushered in the era of private, free, home- and office-based MEDLINE searching. The PubMed
PubMed
system was offered free to the public in June 1997, when MEDLINE searches via the Web were demonstrated, in a ceremony, by Vice President Al Gore
Al Gore

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Taxonomy (biology)
TAXONOMY (from Ancient Greek τάξις (taxis ), meaning 'arrangement', and -νομία (-nomia), meaning 'method ') is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics. Organisms are grouped together into taxa (singular: taxon) and these groups are given a taxonomic rank ; groups of a given rank can be aggregated to form a super-group of higher rank, thus creating a taxonomic hierarchy. The principal ranks in modern use are domain , kingdom , phylum (division is sometimes used in botany in place of phylum), class , order , family , genus and species . The Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus
is regarded as the father of taxonomy, as he developed a system known as Linnaean taxonomy for categorization of organisms and binomial nomenclature for naming organisms
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Order (biology)
In biological classification , the ORDER (Latin : ordo) is * a taxonomic rank used in the classification of organisms and recognized by the nomenclature codes . Other well-known ranks are life , domain , kingdom , phylum , class , family , genus , and species , with order fitting in between class and family. An immediately higher rank, SUPERORDER, may be added directly above order, while SUBORDER would be a lower rank. * a taxonomic unit, a taxon , in that rank. In that case the plural is orders (Latin ordines). Example: All owls belong to the order Strigiformes. What does and does not belong to each order is determined by a taxonomist , as is whether a particular order should be recognized at all. Often there is no exact agreement, with different taxonomists each taking a different position. There are no hard rules that a taxonomist needs to follow in describing or recognizing an order
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Bacteria
Acidobacteria Actinobacteria Aquificae Armatimonadetes Bacteroidetes Caldiserica
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Proteobacteria
The "PROTEOBACTERIA" are a major phylum of Gram-negative bacteria . The name of the phylum has never been validly published as no type genus has been proposed, thus it must be styled in quotation marks as the name has no standing in nomenclature. They include a wide variety of pathogens , such as Escherichia , Salmonella , Vibrio , Helicobacter , Yersinia , and many other notable genera . Others are free-living (nonparasitic ), and include many of the bacteria responsible for nitrogen fixation . Carl Woese established this grouping in 1987, calling it informally the "purple bacteria and their relatives". Because of the great diversity of forms found in this group, the "Proteobacteria" are named after Proteus
Proteus
, a Greek god of the sea capable of assuming many different shapes and is not named after the genus Proteus
Proteus

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Acidithiobacillales
Acidithiobacillaceae Acidithiobacillus Thermithiobacillaceae Thermithiobacillus The ACIDITHIOBACILLALES are an order of bacteria within the class Acidithiobacillia and comprises the genera Acidithiobacillus and Thermithiobacillus. Originally, both were included in the genus Thiobacillus , but they are not related to the type species, which belongs to the Betaproteobacteria . REFERENCES * ^ Williams, K. P.; Kelly, D. P. (2013). "Proposal for a new Class within the Proteobacteria, the Acidithiobacillia, with the Acidithiobacillales as the type Order". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 63 (Pt 8): 2901–6. PMID 23334881 . doi :10.1099/ijs.0.049270-0
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Acidithiobacillia
ACIDITHIOBACILLIA is a proposed class of Proteobacteria
Proteobacteria
. Its type order, Acidithiobacillales , was formerly classified within Gammaproteobacteria
Gammaproteobacteria
. REFERENCES * ^ Williams, K. P.; Kelly, D. P. (18 January 2013). "Proposal for a new class within the phylum Proteobacteria, Acidithiobacillia classis nov., with the type order Acidithiobacillales, and emended description of the class Gammaproteobacteria". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 63 (Pt 8): 2901–2906. doi :10.1099/ijs.0.049270-0
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