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400 5050 500 500 This article is about the year 300. For other uses, see 300 (other)
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Byzantine Calendar
The BYZANTINE CALENDAR, also called "CREATION ERA OF CONSTANTINOPLE" or "ERA OF THE WORLD" ( Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Ἔτη Γενέσεως Κόσμου κατὰ Ῥωμαίους, also Ἔτος Κτίσεως Κόσμου or Ἔτος Κόσμου), was the calendar used by the Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
from c. 691 to 1728 in the Ecumenical Patriarchate . It was also the official calendar of the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
from 988 to 1453, and of Kievan Rus\' and Russia from c. 988 to 1700. The calendar was based on the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
, except that the year started on 1 September and the year number used an Anno Mundi epoch derived from the Septuagint version of the Bible
Bible

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Chinese Calendar
Traditional CHINESE CALENDAR is a lunisolar calendar which reckons years, months and days according to astronomical phenomena. Currently, the Chinese calendar
Chinese calendar
is defined by GB/T 33661-2017 Calculation and promulgation of the Chinese calendar, which is issued by the Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China on May 12, 2017. The Chinese calendar
Chinese calendar
is used for traditional activities in China and overseas Chinese communities. It depicts and lists the dates of traditional Chinese holidays, and guides Chinese people in selecting the most auspicious days for weddings, funerals, moving, or beginning a business. In the Chinese calendar, the days begin and end at midnight. The months begin on the day with the dark (new) moon . The years begin with the dark moon near the midpoint between winter solstice and spring equinox
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Berber Calendar
The BERBER CALENDAR is the agricultural calendar traditionally used by Berbers . It is also known as the fellaḥi (ﻓﻼّﺣﻲ "rustic" or ﻋﺠﻤﻲ ʿajamī "foreign" calendar). The calendar is utilized to regulate the seasonal agricultural works. It is used in lieu of the Islamic calendar , a lunar calendar considered ill-adapted for agriculture because it does not relate to seasonal cycles. The current Berber calendar
Berber calendar
is a legacy of the Roman province of Mauretania Caesariensis , as it is a surviving form of the Julian calendar . The latter calendar was used in Europe before the adoption of the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
, with month names derived from Latin. Berber populations previously used various indigenous calendars, such as that of the Guanche autochthones of the Canary Islands
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Bengali Calendar
The BENGALI CALENDAR or BANGLA CALENDAR (বঙ্গাব্দ Bônggabdô or Banggabda) is a solar calendar used in the region of Bengal
Bengal
. A revised version of the calendar is the national and official calendar in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
and an earlier version of the calendar is followed in the Indian states of West Bengal
Bengal
, Tripura
Tripura
and Assam
Assam
. The New Year in the Bengali calendar
Bengali calendar
is known as Pôyla Bôishakh . The Bengali era is called Bengali Sambat (BS) or the Bengali year (বাংলা সন Bangla Sôn, বাংলা সাল Bangla sal, or Bangabda) has a zero year that starts in 593/594 CE. It is 594 less than the AD or CE year in the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
if it is before Pôhela Bôishakh, or 593 less if after Pôhela Bôishakh
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Balinese Saka Calendar
The BALINESE SAKA CALENDAR is one of two calendars used on the Indonesian island of Bali
Bali
. Unlike the 210-day pawukon calendar , it is based on the phases of the moon, and is approximately the same length as the Gregorian year . CONTENTS * 1 Months * 2 Use * 3 Notable days * 4 References * 4.1 Notes MONTHS Information about the Saka calendar on a Balinese wall calendar Based on a lunar calendar, the saka year comprises twelve months, or sasih, of 30 days each. However, because the lunar cycle is slightly shorter than 30 days, and the lunar year has a length of 354 or 355 days, the calendar is adjusted to prevent it losing synchronization with the lunar or solar cycles. The months are adjusted by allocating two lunar days to one solar day every 9 weeks. This day is called ngunalatri, Sanskrit
Sanskrit
for "minus one night"
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Chinese Sexagenary Cycle
The SEXAGENARY CYCLE, also known as the STEMS-AND-BRANCHES or GANZHI, is a cycle of sixty terms used for reckoning time in China and the East Asian cultural sphere . It appears as a means of recording days in the first Chinese written texts, the Shang oracle bones of the late second millennium BC. Its use to record years began around the middle of the 3rd century BC. The cycle and its variations have been an important part of the traditional calendrical systems in Chinese-influenced Asian states and territories, particularly those of Japan , Korea , and Vietnam , with the old Chinese system still in use in Taiwan . This traditional method of numbering days and years no longer has any significant role in modern Chinese time keeping or the official calendar
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Coptic Calendar
The COPTIC CALENDAR, also called the ALEXANDRIAN CALENDAR, is a liturgical calendar used by the Coptic Orthodox Church and still used in Egypt. This calendar is based on the ancient Egyptian calendar . To avoid the calendar creep of the latter, a reform of the ancient Egyptian calendar was introduced at the time of Ptolemy III (Decree of Canopus , in 238 BC) which consisted of the intercalation of a sixth epagomenal day every fourth year. However, this reform was opposed by the Egyptian priests, and the idea was not adopted until 25 BC, when the Roman Emperor Augustus
Augustus
formally reformed the calendar of Egypt
Egypt
, keeping it forever synchronized with the newly introduced Julian calendar . To distinguish it from the Ancient Egyptian calendar, which remained in use by some astronomers until medieval times, this reformed calendar is known as the Coptic calendar
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Korean Calendar
The traditional KOREAN CALENDAR is a lunisolar calendar , like the traditional calendars of other East Asian countries. Dates are calculated from Korea's meridian , and observances and festivals are based in Korean culture
Korean culture
. The Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
was officially adopted in 1896, but traditional holidays and age-reckoning for older generations are still based on the old calendar. The biggest festival in Korea today is Seollal , the first day of the traditional Korean New Year
Korean New Year
. Other important festivals include Daeboreum also referred to as Boreumdaal (the first full moon), Dano (spring festival) and Chuseok (harvest moon festival), and Samjinnal (spring-opening festival). Other minor festivals include Yudu (summer festival), and Chilseok (monsoon festival)
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Minguo Calendar
The REPUBLIC OF CHINA CALENDAR (traditional Chinese : 民國紀元; simplified Chinese : 民国纪元; pinyin : Mínguó Jìyuán; Wade–Giles : Min2-kuo2 Chi4-yüan2) is the method of numbering years currently used in Taiwan
Taiwan
by officials and other territories under the control of the Republic of China. It was used in mainland China from 1912 until the founding of the People\'s Republic of China in 1949. Following the Chinese imperial tradition of using the sovereign's era name and year of reign, official ROC documents use the Republic (traditional Chinese : 民國; simplified Chinese : 民国; pinyin : Mínguó; literally: "People's State") system of numbering years in which the first year was 1912, the year of the founding of the Republic of China . For example, 2017 is the 106th "year of the Republic". Months and days are numbered according to the Gregorian calendar
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Julian Calendar
The JULIAN CALENDAR, proposed by Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
in 46 BC (708 AUC ), was a reform of the Roman calendar
Roman calendar
. It took effect on 1 January
January
45 BC (AUC 709), by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII
Pope Gregory XIII
. The Julian calendar
Julian calendar
gains against the mean tropical year at the rate of one day in 128 years. For the Gregorian the figure is one day in 3,030 years. The difference in the average length of the year between Julian (365.25 days) and Gregorian (365.2425 days) is 0.002%
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Kali Yuga
KALI YUGA ( Devanāgarī : कलियुग , lit. "age of Kali ", or "age of vice") is the last of the four stages the world goes through as part of the cycle of yugas described in the Sanskrit scriptures , within the present Mahayuga . The other ages are called Satya Yuga , Treta Yuga , and Dvapara Yuga . Kali Yuga is associated with the demon Kali (not to be confused with the goddess Kālī ). The "Kali" of Kali Yuga means "strife", "discord", "quarrel" or "contention". According to Puranic sources , Krishna's departure marks the end of Dvapara Yuga and the start of Kali Yuga, which is dated to 17/18 February 3102 BCE
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Discordian Calendar
The DISCORDIAN or ERISIAN CALENDAR is an alternative calendar used by some adherents of Discordianism . It is specified on page 00034 of the Principia Discordia . The Discordian year 1 YOLD is 1166 BC. (Elsewhere in the Principia Discordia, it is mentioned that the Curse of Greyface occurred in 1166 BC, so this is presumably related to the start-date of the calendar. ) As a reference, AD 2017
2017
is 3183 YOLD (Year of Our Lady of Discord). The abbreviation "YOLD" is not used in the Principia, though the phrase "Year of Our Lady of Discord" is mentioned once. CONTENTS * 1 Composition * 2 Implementations * 3 References * 4 External links COMPOSITIONAs described in the Principia Discordia, the Discordian calendar has five 73-day seasons: Chaos, Discord, Confusion, Bureaucracy , and The Aftermath
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Calendar Era
A CALENDAR ERA is the YEAR NUMBERING system used by a calendar . For example, the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
numbers its years in the Western Christian era (the Coptic Orthodox and Ethiopian Orthodox churches have their own Christian eras). The instant, date, or year from which time is marked is called the epoch of the era. There are many different calendar eras such as Saka Era . In antiquity, regnal years were counted from the accession of a monarch. This makes the Chronology of the ancient Near East very difficult to reconstruct, based on disparate and scattered king lists, such as the Sumerian King List and the Babylonian Canon of Kings . In East Asia, reckoning by era names chosen by ruling monarchs ceased in the 20th century except for Japan
Japan
, where they are still used
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Assyrian Calendar
The ASSYRIAN CALENDAR is a lunar -based calendar which begins in the year 4750 BC, inspired by the purported date of the foundation of Assur , ( Assur was in fact founded over 2000 years later, circa 2600 BC) notably based on a series of articles published in the Assyrian nationalist magazine Gilgamesh, edited by the brothers Addi Alkhas and Jean Alkhas and Nimrod Simono . The year begins with the first sight of Spring . The Assyrian new year is still celebrated every year with festivals and gatherings. As of April 2017 AD , it is the 6767th year of the Assyrian calendar, and this calendar is used among many Assyrian communities. It begins 4,750 years before the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
. For example, it is set out like this: 2017+4750 = Assyrian year 6767
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List Of Centuries
The pages listed below contain information about trends and events in particular CENTURIES and millenniums
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