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2d Air Refueling Squadron
The 2D AIR REFUELING SQUADRON is a unit of the United States
United States
Air Force . It is part of the 305th Air Mobility Wing
305th Air Mobility Wing
at Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst , New Jersey. The 2d ARS is the second-oldest squadron in the Air Force, having over 100 years of service to the nation. Deployed to the Philippines after World War I
World War I
, during the 1941-1942 Battle of the Philippines , it was wiped out, with some of its personnel being forced by the Japanese to endure the Bataan Death March
Bataan Death March
. It was re-formed as an air refueling squadron by Strategic Air Command
Strategic Air Command
in 1949. Today, it operates the KC-10
KC-10
Extender aircraft, conducting aerial refueling missions
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Corregidor
CORREGIDOR ISLAND /kəˈrɛɡɪˌdɔːr/ , locally called ISLA NG CORREGIDOR, is an island located at the entrance of Manila Bay in southwestern part of Luzon Island
Luzon Island
in the Philippines
Philippines
. Due to this location, Corregidor
Corregidor
has historically been fortified with coastal artillery to defend the entrance of Manila Bay and Manila
Manila
from attacks by enemy warships . Located 48 kilometres (30 mi) inland, Manila
Manila
has been the largest city and the most important seaport in the Philippines
Philippines
for centuries, from the colonial rule of Spain
Spain
, Japan
Japan
and the United States
United States
, to the establishment of the Philippines
Philippines
in 1946
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Fort Mills
FORT MILLS (Corregidor , the Philippines ) was the location of US Major General George F. Moore 's headquarters for the Philippine Department 's Harbor Defenses of Manila and Subic Bays . This was one of the locations at which, under the National Defense Act of 1935 , coastal artillery training was conducted. It was the primary location of the Battle of Corregidor in the Japanese invasion of the Philippines in World War II . SEE ALSO * Geography of the Philippines * Military history of the Philippines * Military history of the United States REFERENCES * McGovern, Terrance C
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Kelly Field
KELLY FIELD ANNEX (formerly KELLY AIR FORCE BASE ) (IATA : SKF, ICAO : KSKF, FAA LID : SKF) is a United States Air Force
United States Air Force
facility located in San Antonio
San Antonio
, Texas
Texas
. In 2001, pursuant to BRAC action, the former Kelly AFB runway and land west of the runway became "Kelly Field Annex" and control of this reduced size installation was transferred to the adjacent Lackland Air Force Base
Lackland Air Force Base
, part of Joint Base San Antonio . The base is under the jurisdiction of the 802d Mission Support Group, Air Education and Training Command
Air Education and Training Command
(AETC). KELLY FIELD was one of thirty-two Air Service training camps established after the United States entry into World War I
World War I
, being established on 27 March 1917
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Manila
MANILA (/məˈnɪlə/ ; Filipino : Maynilà, pronounced or , Spanish : Manila), officially the CITY OF MANILA (Filipino : Lungsod ng Maynilà , Spanish : Ciudad de Manila), is the capital of the Philippines
Philippines
and the most densely populated city proper in the world. It was the first chartered City by virtue of the Philippine Commission Act 183 on July 31, 1901 and gained autonomy with the passage of Republic Act No. 409 or the "Revised Charter of the City of Manila" on June 18, 1949. It is home to many of the Philippines' firsts, including the first university (1590), water system (1878), hotel (1889), electricity (1895), oceanarium (1913), stock exchange (1927), flyover (1930s), zoo (1959), pedestrian underpass (1960), science high school (1963), city-run university (1965), city-run hospital (1969), and light rail transit system (1984; also considered as the first LRT system in Southeast Asia)
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San Francisco
California
California
------------------------- CSA San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland METRO San Francisco–Oakland–Hayward MISSION June 29, 1776 INCORPORATED April 15, 1850 FOUNDED BY José Joaquín Moraga Francisco Palóu NAMED FOR St
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Rockwell Field
ROCKWELL FIELD is a former United States Army Air Corps
United States Army Air Corps
military airfield, located 1.1 miles (1.8 km) northwest of the city of Coronado, California
Coronado, California
on the northern part of the Coronado Peninsula across the bay from San Diego
San Diego
, California. This airfield played a fundamental role in the development of United States military aviation in the period before and during World War I
World War I
. Originally it was THE CURTISS SCHOOL OF AVIATION, founded by Glenn Curtiss . In November 1912, the Army established a permanent flying school on the island. It served as a major flying school during World War I, and remained active as an Army Air Corps facility after the war. The facility was transferred to the United States Navy
United States Navy
on 31 January 1939
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1st Aero Squadron
The 1ST RECONNAISSANCE SQUADRON (1 RS) is a United States
United States
Air Force squadron, assigned to the 9th Operations Group , Beale Air Force Base , California. The 1st Reconnaissance Squadron
1st Reconnaissance Squadron
is the United States
United States
military's oldest flying unit, first established on 5 March 1913. The squadron has maintained an unbroken heritage of over a century from its founding. Originally organized in anticipation of a potential breach in security along the border between the United States
United States
and Mexico
Mexico
, General John J. Pershing
John J. Pershing
directed the 1st Aero Squadron to become the first tactical aviation unit to participate in American military action. The 1st RS has flown 47 different aircraft while being stationed worldwide at 52 locations, including 4 stints at sea
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Call Field
CALL FIELD is a former World War I military airfield, located 4.6 miles (7.4 km) southwest of Wichita Falls , Texas. It operated as a training field for the Air Service, United States Army between 1917 until 1919. The airfield was one of thirty-two Air Service training camps established in 1918 after the United States entry into World War I. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 World War I * 1.2 Closure * 1.3 Civil use * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links HISTORYCall Field was named for 1ST LIEUTENANT LOREN H. CALL who reported for aeronautical duty at College Park, Maryland on 19 October 1912. In the winter of 1912–1913, he and Lieutenant E. L. Ellington were sent to Palm Beach , Florida, in charge of the Signal Corps Aviation Station. From Palm Beach, Lieutenant Call was ordered to Texas City, Texas , and it was there that he was killed in an airplane accident on 8 July 1913
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Curtiss JN-4
The CURTISS JN-4 "JENNY" was one of a series of "JN" biplanes built by the Curtiss Aeroplane Company of Hammondsport, New York , later the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company . Although the Curtiss JN series was originally produced as a training aircraft for the U.S. Army, the "Jenny" (the common nickname derived from "JN-4", with an open-topped four appearing as a Y) continued after World War I
World War I
as a civil aircraft, as it became the "backbone of American postwar aviation." Thousands of surplus Jennys were sold at bargain prices to private owners in the years after the war and became central to the barnstorming era that helped awaken America to civil aviation through much of the 1920s
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28th Bomb Squadron
The 28TH BOMB SQUADRON (28 BS) is a squadron of the United States Air Force . It is assigned to the 7th Operations Group , Global Strike Command , stationed at Dyess Air Force Base , Texas. The squadron is equipped with the Rockwell B-1B Lancer . The 28 BS is one of the oldest and most decorated units in the United States Air Force, being organized as the 28TH AERO SQUADRON on 22 June 1917 at Kelly Field , Texas. The squadron deployed to France and fought on the Western Front during World War I as a pursuit squadron. The unit was demobilized after the war in 1919. Re-organized in 1921 becoming part of the permanent United States Army Air Service , the squadron served in the Philippines during the Inter-War period, engaging in combat during the 1941-42 Battle of the Philippines at the beginning of World War II
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Douglas O-46
The United States DOUGLAS O-46 was an observation aircraft used by the United States Army Air Corps and the Philippine Army Air Corps . CONTENTS * 1 Design and development * 2 Operational history * 3 Survivors * 4 Specifications (O-46A) * 5 See also * 6 References * 6.1 Notes * 6.2 Bibliography * 7 External links DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENTThe O-46A, the last of a long line of Douglas observation planes, was a victim of progress. It was designed to operate from established airfields behind fairly static battle lines as in World War I . However, in 1939, a report was issued on the O-46A which stated that it was too slow and heavy to outrun and outmaneuver enemy pursuit aircraft, too heavy to operate from small, wet, unprepared fields, and too large to conceal beneath trees
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Curtiss O-52 Owl
The CURTISS O-52 "OWL" was an observation aircraft used by the United States Army Air Corps before and during World War II . CONTENTS * 1 Design and development * 2 Operational history * 3 Operators * 4 Survivors * 5 Specifications (O-52) * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENTDeveloped in 1939, the Curtiss O-52 was the last "heavy" observation aircraft developed for the US Army Air Corps. The concept of the two-seat observation aircraft, classed as the "O" series aircraft, dated to World War I, and in 1940, the Army Air Corps ordered 203 Curtiss O-52s for observation duties. By 1941, the O-52 was no match for modern combat conditions. OPERATIONAL HISTORYUpon delivery, the aircraft was used in military maneuvers with the USAAC, but following America's entry into World War II, the USAAF determined that the aircraft did not possess sufficient performance for "modern" combat operations in overseas areas
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Thomas-Morse O-19
The THOMAS-MORSE O-19 was an American observation biplane built by the Thomas-Morse Aircraft Company for the United States Army Air Corps . CONTENTS * 1 Development * 2 Variants * 3 Operators * 4 Specifications (O-19B) * 5 See also * 6 References DEVELOPMENTThe O-19 was based on the earlier Thomas-Morse O-6 biplane. It was a conventional two-seat biplane of metal construction with fabric-covered wings and tail surfaces. The design was evaluated with a number of different engine installations and the type was ordered into production as the O-19B with a Pratt & Whitney R-1340-7 Wasp radial engine. VARIANTS XO-19 Improved version of the XO-6 with a 450 hp (340 kW) Pratt & Whitney R-1340-3 engine, one built. YO-20 Similar to the XO-19 with a 525 hp (391 kW) Pratt & Whitney R-1690-1 engine, one built. XO-21 Similar to the XO-19 with a 600 hp (450 kW) Curtiss H-1640-1 engine, one built, later re-engined as the XO-21A
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Dayton-Wright DH-4
The AIRCO DH.4 was a British two-seat biplane day bomber of World War I . It was designed by Geoffrey de Havilland
Geoffrey de Havilland
(hence "DH") for Airco
Airco
, and was the first British two-seat light day-bomber to have an effective defensive armament. It first flew in August 1916 and entered service with the Royal Flying Corps
Royal Flying Corps
(RFC) in March 1917. The majority of DH.4s were actually built as general purpose two-seaters in the United States
United States
, for service with the American forces in France. The DH.4 was tried with several engines, of which the best was the 375 hp (280 kW) Rolls-Royce Eagle engine. Armament and ordnance for the aircraft consisted of one 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers machine gun for the pilot and one 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Lewis gun
Lewis gun
on a Scarff ring mounting for the observer
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Philippine Department
The PHILIPPINE DEPARTMENT (Filipino: Kagawaran ng Pilipinas/Hukbong Kagawaran ng Pilipinas) was a regular United States Army unit whose mission was to defend the Philippine Islands and train the Philippine Army . On 9 April 1942, during World War II , the unit surrendered to the Japanese . The Department and its sub-units were predominantly under the command of American officers , including an American general, while the majority of the troops were enlisted Filipinos, known as the Philippine Scouts (PS). The primary force of this Department was the Philippine Division . Of the 22,532 troops, 10,473 were members of the Philippine Division itself
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