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1979 Revolution
Imperial State of Iran * Regency Council * Resurgence Party * Imperial Iranian Army * Imperial Guard * SAVAK * Shahrbani * Gendarmerie *
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SAVAK
SAVAK
SAVAK
(Persian : ساواک, short for سازمان اطلاعات و امنیت کشور Sāzemān-e Ettelā'āt va Amniyat-e Keshvar, ORGANIZATION OF INTELLIGENCE AND NATIONAL SECURITY) was the secret police , domestic security and intelligence service established by Iran
Iran
's Mohammad Reza Shah with the help of the United States
United States
' Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency
(the CIA) and Israeli Mossad
Mossad
. SAVAK operated from 1957 to 1979, when the prime minister Shapour Bakhtiar ordered its dissolution during the outbreak of Iranian Revolution
Iranian Revolution
. SAVAK
SAVAK
has been described as Iran's "most hated and feared institution" prior to the revolution of 1979 because of its practice of torturing and executing opponents of the Pahlavi regime
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Shahrbani
SHAHRBANI (Persian : شهربانی‎‎; Šahrbānī) formerly called NAZMIYEH (Persian : نظمیه‎‎; Naẓmīya) was a law enforcement force in Iran
Iran
, with police duties inside cities. Founded during Qajar dynasty
Qajar dynasty
, it was eventually merged with the rural and roads police Gendarmerie and Islamic Revolution Committees
Islamic Revolution Committees
in 1991 to form Law Enforcement
Law Enforcement
Force of Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran
(NAJA). REFERENCES * ^ Schirazi The Constitution of Iran
Iran
(1997), p.152 This article related to the Iranian armed forces is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Union Of Communist Militants
UNION OF COMMUNIST MILITANTS (Persian : اتحاد مبارزان کمونیست‎‎, abbreviated EMK امک) was an Iranian communist group. It was led by Mansoor Hekmat . Hekmat founded the group in December 1978. The organization took part in the Iranian Revolution of 1979 — marked by the creation of workers\' councils (shoras). Because of mounting repression in Iran, the organisation sought refuge in Kurdistan in 1981. In Kurdistan, the organization merged with a Kurdish group of Maoist roots, Komalah . Together, they formed the Communist Party of Iran (CPI) in September 1983. REFERENCES * ^ Mirsepassi, Ali (2004), The Tragedy of the Iranian Left, RoutledgeCurzon, Table 10.2 Characteristics of principal secular left-wing organizations, 1979–83 * ^ Mansoor Hekmat, Selected Works. London : Mansoor Hekmat Foundation, 2002. p. 73-74. This communist party -related article is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Council Of The Islamic Revolution
The COUNCIL OF THE ISLAMIC REVOLUTION (Persian : شورای انقلاب اسلامی‎, translit. Šūrā-ye enqelāb-e eslāmī‎) was a group formed by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini to manage the Iranian Revolution on 10 January 1979, shortly before he returned to Iran. "Over the next few months there issued from the council hundreds of rulings and laws, dealing with everything from bank nationalization to nurses' salaries." Its existence was kept a secret during the early, less secure time of the revolution, and its members and the exact nature of what the council did remained undisclosed to the public until early 1980. Some of the council's members like Motahhari , Taleqani , Bahonar , Beheshti , Qarani died during Iran–Iraq War or were assassinated by the MKO during the consolidation of the Iranian Revolution . Most of those who remained were put aside by the regime
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Imperial Guard (Iran)
The IRANIAN IMPERIAL IMMORTAL GUARD (Persian : گارد جاویدان شاهنشاهی ایران gārd-e jāvidān-e šāhanšāhi-e irān) was both the personal guard force of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi , the last Shah
Shah
of Iran
Iran
, and an elite combat branch of the Imperial Iranian Army
Imperial Iranian Army
. It was created in 1942 and disbanded in 1979 following the Iranian Revolution
Iranian Revolution
. It was named after the Immortals , an elite unit of 10,000 Persian soldiers in the army of the Achaemenid Empire
Achaemenid Empire

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Resurgence Party
RASTAKHIZ PARTY OF PEOPLE OF IRAN (Persian : حزب رستاخیز ملت ایران‎‎) or simply RASTAKHIZ PARTY (Persian : حزب رستاخیز‎, translit. Ḥezb-e Rastāḵiz, lit. 'Resurgence Party'‎) was Iran's single legal political party from 1975 to Iranian Revolution
Iranian Revolution
, founded by the Shah
Shah
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
. HISTORY Congress of Party Founded under the government of Prime Minister Amir Abbas Hoveyda
Amir Abbas Hoveyda
, the party has been blamed by some with contributing to the overthrow of the Pahlavi monarchy by antagonizing formerly apolitical Iranians - especially bazaari (merchants of the bazaars who, even today, refuse to pay taxes) - with its compulsory membership and dues (taxes), and general interference in the political, economic, and religious concerns of people's lives
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Supreme Leader Of Iran
The SUPREME LEADER OF IRAN (Persian : رهبر معظم ایران‎, translit. rahbar-e mo'azzam-e irān‎), also called the SUPREME LEADER OF THE ISLAMIC REVOLUTION (رهبر معظم انقلاب اسلامی, rahbar-e mo'azzam-e enghelāb-e eslāmi), officially in Iran, called the SUPREME LEADERSHIP AUTHORITY (مقام معظم رهبری, maqām mo'azzam rahbari), is the head of state and highest ranking political and religious authority in the Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran
. The armed forces , judicial system , state television , and other key governmental organizations are under the control of the Supreme Leader of Iran. The current longtime Supreme Leader of Iran, Ali Khamenei , has been issuing decrees and making the final decisions on economy, environment, foreign policy, education, national planning such as population growth, and everything else in Iran
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Iran Hostage Crisis
Hostages released by Algiers Accords * Rupture of Iran–United States relations * Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan and his cabinet resigned BELLIGERENTS Iran
Iran

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Persian Constitutional Revolution
The Revolution: June 1905–August 1906 Secret Center Social Democratic Party Society of Humanity Revolutionary Committee Secret Society Semi-organized groups: Ulama
Ulama
and seminary students Committee of Merchants Committee of Guild Elders Students of Dar ul-Funun , School of Political Science and School of Agriculture
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Regency Council (Iran)
The REGENCY COUNCIL (Persian : شورای سلطنت‎, translit. Šūrā-ye Salṭanat‎) of Imperial State of Iran , was a nine-members body formed on 13 January 1979 by Mohammad Reza Shah to carry out his duties after he left Iran amidst Iranian Revolution and served as the symbol of his continued claim on power. The council was practically dissolved within days, when its head resigned on 22 January 1979 to meet Ayatollah Khomeini . MEMBERS # NAME LATEST OFFICE POSITION IN THE COUNCIL 1 Jalal Tehrani Former Senator Head 2 Mohammad Ali Varasteh Former Minister of Finance Deputy 3 Shapour Bakhtiar Prime Minister Member 4 Mohammad Sajjadi President of Senate 5 Javad Saeid Speaker of Parliament 6 Gen
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Interim Government Of Iran
The INTERIM GOVERNMENT OF IRAN (Persian : دولت موقت ايران‎‎, Dowlat-e Movaghat-e Irân) was the first government established in Iran after the Iranian Revolution , and the first republic established in Iran after 2,500 years of Imperial dynasties . The regime was headed by Mehdi Bazargan , one of the members of the Freedom Movement of Iran , and formed on the order of Ruhollah Khomeini (known as the Ayatollah Khomeini ) on 4 February 1979. From 4 February to 11 February, Bazargan and Shapour Bakhtiar , the Shah 's last Prime Minister, both claimed to be the legitimate prime minister; Bakhtiar fled on 11 February. Mehdi Bazargan was the prime minister of the interim government and introduced a seven-member cabinet on 14 February 1979. Ebrahim Yazdi was elected as the Foreign Minister. The constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran was adopted by referendum on 24 October 1979
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Confederation Of Iranian Students
CONFEDERATION OF IRANIAN STUDENTS — NATIONAL UNION (Persian : کنفدراسیون جهانی محصلین و دانشجویان ایرانی – اتحادیه ملی‎‎; Konfederāsīūn-e jahānī-e moḥaṣṣelīn wa dānešjūyān-e īrānī etteḥādīya-ye mellī, simply known as the confederation) was an international non-governmental organization purposed as the students\' union of Iranians studying abroad active during the 1960s and 1970s. It was more active in Germany, France, England and the United States, among other countries. The Confederation was a politically autonomous organization, made up by sympathizers of different Iranian opposition groups to Shah
Shah
. REFERENCES * ^ A B C Matin-Asgari, Afshin (December 15, 1992). "CONFEDERATION OF IRANIAN STUDENTS, NATIONAL UNION". In Yarshater, Ehsan . Encyclopædia Iranica . 2. VI. New York City: Bibliotheca Persica Press. pp. 122–125. Retrieved October 28, 2011
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Movement Of Militant Muslims
The MOVEMENT OF MILITANT MUSLIMS (Persian : جنبش مسلمانان مبارز‎‎) is an Iranian Islamic socialist political group led by Habibollah Payman . The group had been revolutionary and is close to Council of Nationalist-Religious Activists of Iran
Iran
. REFERENCES * Islam
Islam
portal * Socialism portal * Iran
Iran
portal * politics portal * ^ Houchang E. Chehabi (1990). Iranian Politics and Religious Modernism: The Liberation Movement of Iran
Iran
Under the Shah and Khomeini. I.B.Tauris. p. 272. ISBN 1850431981 . * ^ A B C D E F G Muhammad Sahimi (12 May 2009). "The Political Groups". Tehran Bureau . Retrieved 21 August 2015. * ^ Buchta, Wilfried (2000), Who rules Iran?: the structure of power in the Islamic Republic, Washington DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, The Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, p
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JAMA (Iranian Party)
JAMA (Persian : جاما‎, acronym originally standing for "The Liberation Movement of People of Iran"; Persian : جنبش آزادی‌بخش مردم ایران‎) was an Iranian political party founded in 1964 by Kazem Sami
Kazem Sami
and Habibollah Payman . In summer 1965, members of the party which maintained an opposition status were arrested and it continued activities in small circles underground. In 1977, the leaders split. Payman founded Movement of Militant Muslims and Sami revived the organization with the same acronym, this time standing for "Revolutionary Movement of Muslim People of Iran" (Persian : جنبش انقلابی ملت مسلمان ایران‎). REFERENCES * ^ A B C Ali Rahnema (2000). An Islamic Utopian: A Political Biography of Ali Shariati. I.B.Tauris. p. 29. ISBN 1860645526 . * ^ A B C Houchang E. Chehabi (1990)
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National Front (Iran)
The NATIONAL FRONT OF IRAN (Persian : جبهه‌ ملی ایران‎, translit. Jebha-ye Mellī-e Īrān‎) is an opposition political organization in Iran
Iran
, founded by Mohammad Mosaddegh in 1949. It is the oldest and arguably the largest pro-democracy group operating inside Iran
Iran
despite the fact that it never was able to recover its prominence in the early 1950s. Initially, the front was an umbrella organization for a broad spectrum of forces with nationalist , liberal-democratic, socialist, bazaari , secular and Islamic tendencies mobilized to successfully campaign for nationalization of Iranian oil industry . In 1951, the front formed a government which was forcefully deposed by the 1953 Iranian coup d\'état and subsequently repressed. Members attempted to revive the front in 1960, 1965 and 1977
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