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1979 Revolution
Imperial State of IranRegency Council[a] Resurgence Party Imperial Iranian Army[b] Imperial Guard SAVAK Shahrbani Gendarmerie Revolution
Revolution
Council Interim GovernmentOpposition groups:Confederation of Iranian Students Islamic Association of Students Combatant Clergy Association Islamic Coalition Societies Fedayeen of Islam Islamist Guerrillas Movement of Militant Muslims JAMA National Front Freedom Movement Nation Party Tudeh Party People's Mujahedin Union of Communist Militants Peykar People's Fedai GuerrillasLead figures
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Persian Constitutional Revolution
The Revolution: June 1905–August 1906Secret Center[1] Social Democratic Party[1] Society of Humanity[1] Revolutionary Committee[1] Secret Society[1]Semi-organized groups: Ulama
Ulama
and seminary students[2] Committee of Merchants[3] Committee of Guild Elders[4] Students of Dar ul-Funun, School of Political Science and School of Agriculture[4] Qajar dynasty Nazmiyeh[2] Cossack Brigade[2]Struggle and Civil War: August 1906–July 1909 Parliament Tabriz
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Islamic Coalition Party
The term "coalition" is the denotation for a group formed when two or more persons, faction, states, political parties, militaries etc. agree to work together temporarily in a partnership to achieve a common goal
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Imperial Guard (Iran)
The Iranian Imperial Immortal Guard (Persian: گارد جاویدان شاهنشاهی ایران gārd-e jāvidān-e šāhanšāhi-e irān) was both the personal guard force of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah
Shah
of Iran, and an elite combat branch of the Imperial Iranian Army. It was created in 1942 and disbanded in 1979 following the Iranian Revolution. It was named after the Immortals, an elite unit of 10,000 Persian soldiers in the army of the Achaemenid Empire.Contents1 Origins 2 Structure2.1 Javidan Guard 2.2 Main Imperial Guard3 Recruitment 4 Uniforms and insignia 5 Overthrow of the last Shah 6 Commanders of the Imperial Guard 7 References 8 External linksOrigins[edit]Imperial Guard Headquarters in TehranIn 1921 a Persian Royal Guard was in existence comprising 20,000 men. A Guard Division was raised in 1925, incorporating both cavalry and infantry units. The Imperial Guard was subsequently formed in 1942 from 700 volunteers
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SAVAK
SAVAK
SAVAK
(Persian: ساواک‬‎, short for سازمان اطلاعات و امنیت کشور‬ Sāzemān-e Ettelā'āt va Amniyat-e Keshvar, literally "Organization of National Intelligence and Security") was the secret police, domestic security and intelligence service of Pahlavi dynasty. It was established by Iran's Mohammad Reza Shah with the help of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the Israeli MOSSAD.[1] SAVAK
SAVAK
operated from 1957 until the Iranian Revolution
Iranian Revolution
of 1979, when the prime minister Shapour Bakhtiar ordered its dissolution during the outbreak of Iranian Revolution
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Shahrbani
Shahrbani
Shahrbani
(Persian: شهربانی‎; Šahrbānī) formerly called Nazmiyeh (Persian: نظمیه‎; Naẓmīya) was a law enforcement force in Iran, with police duties inside cities. Founded during Qajar dynasty, it was eventually merged with the rural and roads police Gendarmerie and Islamic Revolution Committees
Islamic Revolution Committees
in 1991 to form Law Enforcement Force of Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran
(NAJA).[1] References[edit]^ Schirazi The Constitution of Iran
Iran
(1997), p.152This article related to the Iranian armed forces is a stub
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Imperial Iranian Gendarmerie
The Law Enforcement Force of the Islamic Republic of Iran[6][7][8][9][10] or Disciplinary Force of the Islamic Republic of Iran[11][12] (Persian: نیروی انتظامی جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎ Nīrū-ye entezāmī-ye jomhūrī-ye eslāmī-ye Īrān), abbreviated as NAJA (Persian: ناجا‎) is the uniformed police force in Iran. The force was created in early 1992 by merging the Shahrbani
Shahrbani
(Persian: شهربانی Šahrbānī‎), Gendarmerie (Persian: ژاندارمری Žāndārmerī‎) and Islamic Revolutionary Committees
Islamic Revolutionary Committees
(Persian: کمیته Komīte‎) into a single force
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Council Of The Islamic Revolution
The Council of the Islamic Revolution
Council of the Islamic Revolution
(Persian: شورای انقلاب اسلامی‎, translit. Šūrā-ye enqelāb-e eslāmī) was a group formed by Ayatollah
Ayatollah
Ruhollah Khomeini
Ruhollah Khomeini
to manage the Iranian Revolution
Iranian Revolution
on 10 January 1979, shortly before he returned to Iran.[2] "Over the next few months there issued from the council hundreds of rulings and laws, dealing with everything from bank nationalization to nurses' salaries."[3] Its existence was kept a secret during the early, less secure time of the revolution,[4] and its members and the exact nature of what the council did remained undisclosed to the public until early 1980
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Interim Government Of Iran
The Interim Government of Iran
Iran
(Persian: دولت موقت ايران‎, Dowlat-e Movaghat-e Irân) was the first government established in Iran
Iran
after the Iranian Revolution, and the first nominal republic established in Iran
Iran
after 2,500 years of Imperial dynasties. The regime was headed by Mehdi Bazargan, one of the members of the Freedom Movement of Iran,[3] and formed on the order of Ruhollah Khomeini
Ruhollah Khomeini
(known as the Ayatollah
Ayatollah
Khomeini) on 4 February 1979. From 4 February to 11 February, Bazargan and Shapour Bakhtiar, the Shah's last Prime Minister, both claimed to be the legitimate prime minister; Bakhtiar fled on 11 February.[4] Mehdi Bazargan
Mehdi Bazargan
was the prime minister of the interim government and introduced a seven-member cabinet on 14 February 1979
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Confederation Of Iranian Students
A confederation (also known as a confederacy or league) is a union of sovereign states, united for purposes of common action often in relation to other states.[1] Usually created by a treaty, confederations of states tend to be established for dealing with critical issues, such as defense, foreign relations, internal trade or currency, with the general government being required to provide support for all its members. Confederalism represents a main form of inter-governmentalism, this being defined as ‘any form of interaction between states which takes place on the basis of sovereign independence or government. The nature of the relationship among the member states constituting a confederation varies considerably. Likewise, the relationship between the member states and the general government, and the distribution of powers among them is highly variable. Some looser confederations are similar to international organisations
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Anjoman-e Eslami
Anjoman-e Eslami (Islamic Association, also Anjoman-e Eslami-ye Daneshjouyan Islamic Association of Students) is an Islamic student association in Iran
Iran
that has backed Iranian reformers such as former President Mohammad Khatami
Mohammad Khatami
and sponsored lectures by Abdol Karim Soroush and other prominent reformists. The association was founded in 1941 in the medical college of University of Tehran
University of Tehran
by Ataolah Shahabpur. It is said to have "formed part of the radical Islamic left that constituted Khomeini's inner circle" after the Iranian Revolution
Iranian Revolution
in 1979. Following the death of Khomeini
Khomeini
they were elbowed aside by Islamic conservatives for positions of power
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Combatant Clergy Association
The Combatant Clergy Association
Combatant Clergy Association
(Persian: جامعه روحانیت مبارز‎, translit. Jāme'e-ye Rowhāniyyat-e Mobārez) is a politically active group in Iran, but not a political party in the traditional sense. It has never been registered as a political party, however it acts as a fragmented caucus and has actively operated in the electoral arena, competing for votes. Thus, it is considered an elite party and can be classified as a political party according to the minimalist definition by Angelo Panebianco
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Fada'iyan-e Islam
Islam
Islam
(/ˈɪslɑːm/)[note 1] is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God
God
(Allah)[1] and that Muhammad
Muhammad
is the messenger of God.[2][3] It is the world's second-largest religion[4] and the fastest-growing major religion in the world,[5][6][7] with over 1.8 billion followers or 24.1% of the global population,[8] known as Muslims.[9] Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries.[4] Islam
Islam
teaches that God
God
is merciful, all-powerful, unique[10] and has guided mankind through prophets, revealed scriptures and natural signs.[3][11] The primary scriptures of Islam
Islam
are the Quran, viewed by Muslims as the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad
Muhammad
(c
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Regency Council (Iran)
A regent (from the Latin
Latin
regens,[1] "[one] ruling"[2]) is "a person appointed to administer a state because the monarch is a minor, is absent or is incapacitated."[3] The rule of a regent or regents is called a regency. A regent or regency council may be formed ad hoc or in accordance with a constitutional rule. "Regent" is sometimes a formal title. If the regent is holding his position due to his position in the line of succession, the compound term prince regent is often used; if the regent of a minor is his mother, she is often referred to as "queen regent". If the formally appointed regent is unavailable or cannot serve on a temporary basis, a Regent
Regent
ad interim may be appointed to fill the gap. In a monarchy, a regent usually governs due to one of these reasons, but may also be elected to rule during the interregnum when the royal line has died out
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Mojahedin Of The Islamic Revolution Organization
Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution
Islamic Revolution
Organization (Persian: سازمان مجاهدین انقلاب اسلامی‎, translit. Sāzmān-e Mojāhedin-e Enqelāb-e Eslāmi, lit. 'Holy Warriors of the Islamic Revolution') was an umbrella political organization in Iran, founded in 1979 by unification of seven underground Islamist
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Movement Of Militant Muslims
Movement may refer to:Contents1 Common uses 2 Society and the arts 3 Music3.1 Albums 3.2 Songs4 Other 5 See alsoCommon uses[edit]Motion in physics Movement (clockwork), the internal mechanism of a timepiece Movement (sign language), the direction and nature of the movement of the hands when signing Syntactic movement, a phenomenon in some theories of grammarSociety and the arts[edit] Movement (musi
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