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1914 Jubilee Exhibition
The 1914 JUBILEE EXHIBITION took place in Kristiania , Norway
Norway
, from May to October 1914. It marked the centennial anniversary of the 1814 constitution and focused on industry and agriculture. The main location was the grounds of Frogner Manor (the site of the current Frogner Park ), in addition to a subsection on shipping at Skarpsno at Frognerkilen . The exhibition opened on 15 May, and was closed on 11 October 1914. The total number of visitors was more than 1.5 million. On 11 October, the final day, more than 100,000 visitors visited the exhibition. CONTENTS * 1 Planning * 2 Exhibition pavilions * 3 Events * 4 The Congo Village-exhibition * 5 References * 6 Further reading PLANNINGThe idea for the exhibition is credited to architect Torolf Prytz , in a proposal to the board of Kristiania haandverks- og industriforening in 1907
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Independence Day (United States)
INDEPENDENCE DAY, also referred to as the FOURTH OF JULY or JULY FOURTH, is a federal holiday in the United States
United States
commemorating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. The Continental Congress declared that the thirteen American colonies regarded themselves as a new nation, the United States
United States
of America , and were no longer part of the British Empire
British Empire
. The Congress actually voted to declare independence two days earlier, on July 2. Independence Day is commonly associated with fireworks , parades , barbecues , carnivals , fairs , picnics , concerts , baseball games , family reunions , and political speeches and ceremonies, in addition to various other public and private events celebrating the history, government, and traditions of the United States. Independence Day is the National Day of the United States
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World War I
Allied victory * Central Powers ' victory on the Eastern Front nullified by defeat on the Western Front * Fall of the German , Russian , Ottoman , and Austro-Hungarian empires * Russian Civil War and foundation of Soviet Union
Soviet Union
* Formation of new countries in Europe
Europe
and the Middle East * Transfer of German colonies and regions of the former Ottoman Empire to other powers * Establishment of the League of Nations
League of Nations
. (more..
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Fireworks
FIREWORKS are a class of low explosive pyrotechnic devices used for aesthetic and entertainment purposes. The most common use of a firework is as part of a fireworks display (also called a fireworks show or pyrotechnics), a display of the effects produced by firework devices. Fireworks competitions are also regularly held at a number of places. Fireworks
Fireworks
take many forms to produce the four primary effects: noise, light, smoke, and floating materials (confetti for example). They may be designed to burn with colored flames and sparks including red, orange, yellow, green, blue, purple, and silver. Displays are common throughout the world and are the focal point of many cultural and religious celebrations . Fireworks
Fireworks
were invented in ancient China in the 7th century to scare away evil spirits , a natural application of gunpowder , one of the Four Great Inventions of ancient China
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Hypnosis
HYPNOSIS is a state of human consciousness involving focused attention and reduced peripheral awareness and an enhanced capacity to respond to suggestion . The term may also refer to an art, skill, or act of inducing hypnosis. Theories explaining what occurs during hypnosis fall into two groups. Altered state theories see hypnosis as an altered state of mind or trance , marked by a level of awareness different from the ordinary conscious state. In contrast, nonstate theories see hypnosis as a form of imaginative role enactment . During hypnosis, a person is said to have heightened focus and concentration. The person can concentrate intensely on a specific thought or memory, while blocking out sources of distraction. Hypnotised subjects are said to show an increased response to suggestions. Hypnosis
Hypnosis
is usually induced by a procedure known as a hypnotic induction involving a series of preliminary instructions and suggestion
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Haakon VII Of Norway
HAAKON VII (Norwegian pronunciation: ; born CHRISTIAN FREDERIK CARL GEORG VALDEMAR AXEL; 3 August 1872 – 21 September 1957), known as PRINCE CARL OF DENMARK until 1905, was a Danish prince who became the first king of Norway
Norway
after the 1905 dissolution of the union with Sweden
Sweden
. He reigned from November 1905 until his death in September 1957. As one of the few elected monarchs , Haakon quickly won the respect and affection of his people. He played a pivotal role in uniting the Norwegian nation in its resistance to the German invasion and subsequent five-year-long occupation of his country during World War II . Regarded as one of the greatest Norwegians of the twentieth century, he is particularly revered for his courage during the German invasion—he threatened abdication if the government cooperated with the invading Germans—and for his leadership and preservation of Norwegian unity during the occupation
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Ja, Vi Elsker Dette Landet
"JA, VI ELSKER DETTE LANDET" (help ·info ) (In English : "Yes, we love this country"), also known by the title "SONG FOR NORWAY", is a patriotic anthem, which has been commonly regarded as the de facto national anthem of Norway since early 20th century, after being used alongside Sønner av Norge since the 1860s. The lyrics were written by Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson between 1859 and 1868, and the melody was written by his cousin Rikard Nordraak sometime during the winter of 1863-1864. It was first performed publicly on 17 May 1864 in connection with the 50th anniversary of the constitution . Usually only the first and the last two verses are sung
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Edvard Grieg
EDVARD HAGERUP GRIEG (Norwegian pronunciation: ; 15 June 1843 – 4 September 1907) was a Norwegian composer and pianist . He is widely considered one of the leading Romantic era composers, and his music is part of the standard classical repertoire worldwide. His use and development of Norwegian folk music in his own compositions put the music of Norway
Norway
in the international spectrum, as well as helping to develop a national identity , much as Jean Sibelius
Jean Sibelius
and Antonín Dvořák did in Finland
Finland
and Bohemia
Bohemia
, respectively. Grieg is regarded as simultaneously nationalistic and cosmopolitan in his orientation, for although born in Bergen
Bergen
and buried there, he travelled widely throughout Europe, and considered his music to express both the beauty of Norwegian rural life and the culture of Europe as a whole
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Nils Collett Vogt
NILS COLLETT VOGT (24 September 1864 – 23 December 1937) was a Norwegian poet. He was born in Christiania (now Oslo) as the son of tramway director Jens Theodor Paludan Vogt (1830–1892) and writer Johanne Collett (1833–1906). He was great-nephew of Jonas Collett and second cousin of Johan Vogt (1858–1932), Nils Vogt (1859–1927), Paul Benjamin Vogt (1863–1947) and Ragnar Vogt (1870–1943). His family first lived at St. Hanshaugen , Vestre Aker , before they in 1877 moved into a newly constructed villa in Josefines gate, Homansbyen . According to his biographer in Norsk biografisk leksikon , Hans H. Skei , he grew up in a conservative upper-class environment, but opposed "authorities and conservative attitudes". At a young age he joined the Liberal Party and penned radical articles to newspapers at the age of seventeen
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Oslo
OSLO (English: /ˈɒzloʊ/ , OZ-loh , Norwegian pronunciation: ( listen ) or, rarer or ) is the capital and the most populous city in Norway
Norway
. It constitutes both a county and a municipality . Founded in the year 1040, and established as a kaupstad or trading place in 1048 by Harald Hardrada , the city was elevated to a bishopric in 1070 and a capital under Haakon V of Norway
Norway
around 1300. Personal unions with Denmark
Denmark
from 1397 to 1523 and again from 1536 to 1814 and with Sweden
Sweden
from 1814 to 1905 reduced its influence. After being destroyed by a fire in 1624, during the reign of King Christian IV , the city was moved closer to Akershus Fortress
Akershus Fortress
and renamed CHRISTIANIA in the king's honour. It was established as a municipality (formannskapsdistrikt ) on 1 January 1838
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Johan Fahlstrøm
JOHAN PETER BROUST FAHLSTRøM (30 August 1867–28 July 1938) was one of Norway's leading male actor before World War I . Johan Fahlstrøm was born in Trondheim , Norway . He debuted as an actor at the Christiania Theatre in 1887 in the play Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare . Fahlström was employed at Christiania Theater from 1887-1897 and at the National Theatre from 1899-1903. In 1889, Johan Fahlstrøm was married to actress Alma Isabella Bosse , who was the sister of actress Harriet Bosse and sociologist, Ewald Bosse . In 1897, the couple opened Centralteatret in Christiania (now Oslo) with both concert and vaudeville venues. Fahlstrøm appeared in a variety of roles and his wife served as director. From 1902, Harald Otto (1865-1928) was the theater manager and owner. Fahlstrøm featured a farewell performance of The Pillars of Society by Henrik Ibsen in 1911 after which he decided to retire from the stage
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Dagbladet
DAGBLADET (lit.: The Daily Magazine) is Norway
Norway
's second-largest tabloid newspaper , and the fourth-largest newspaper overall with a circulation of 71,514 copies in 2015, down from a peak of 228,834 in 1994. The editor in chief is John Arne Markussen . Dagbladet
Dagbladet
is published six days a week and includes the additional feature magazine Magasinet every Saturday. Part of the daily newspaper is available at Dagbladet.no, and more articles can be accessed through a paywall . The daily readership of Dagbladet's online newspaper was 1.24 million in 2014. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Online edition * 3 Criticism * 4 Circulation * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORY Dagbladet
Dagbladet
was founded in 1869 by Anthon Bang . Hagbard Emanuel Berner served as its first editor in chief and the first issue was published on 2 January 1869
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Zulu Kingdom
The KINGDOM OF ZULU, sometimes referred to as the ZULU EMPIRE or simply KINGDOM OF ZULULAND, was a monarchy in Southern Africa
Southern Africa
that extended along the coast of the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
from the Tugela River
Tugela River
in the south to Pongola River
Pongola River
in the north. The kingdom grew to dominate much of what is today KwaZulu-Natal
KwaZulu-Natal
and Southern Africa, but when it came into conflict with the British Empire in the 1870s during the Anglo-Zulu War
Anglo-Zulu War
, it was defeated despite an early Zulu victory in the war. The area was subsequently absorbed into the Colony of Natal
Colony of Natal
and later became part of the Union of South Africa
South Africa

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August Schou
AUGUST JULIUS CASSE SCHOU (1903–1984) was a Norwegian historian. He was born in Christiania , and was a brother of Aage Casse Schou . He was director of the Norwegian Nobel Institute and secretary of the Norwegian Nobel Committee from 1946 to 1973. REFERENCES * ^ "August Julius Casse Schou". Store Norske Leksikon (in Norwegian). Retrieved 16 October 2009
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Knut Helle
KNUT HELLE (19 December 1930 – 27 June 2015) was a Norwegian historian . A professor at the University of Bergen from 1973 to 2000, he specialized in the late medieval history of Norway
Norway
. He has contributed to several large works. EARLY LIFE, EDUCATION AND MARRIAGEHe was born in Larvik as the son of school inspector Hermann Olai Helle (1893–1973) and teacher Berta Marie Malm (1906–1991). He was the older brother of politician Ingvar Lars Helle . The family moved to Hetland when Knut Helle was seventeen years old. He took the examen artium in Stavanger
Stavanger
in 1949, and a teacher's education in Kristiansand
Kristiansand
in 1952. He studied philology in Oslo and Bergen , and graduated with the cand.philol. degree in 1957. His paper Omkring Bǫglungasǫgur, on the Bagler sagas , was printed in 1959
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Norsk Biografisk Leksikon
NORSK BIOGRAFISK LEKSIKON is the largest Norwegian biographical encyclopedia. The first edition (NBL1) was issued between 1921 and 1983, including 19 volumes and 5,100 articles. It was published by Aschehoug with economic support from the state. Kunnskapsforlaget bought the rights to NBL1 from Aschehoug in 1995, and after a pre-project in 1996-97 the work for a new edition began in 1998. The project had economic support from the Fritt Ord Foundation and the Ministry of Culture , and the second edition (NBL2) was launched in the years 1999-2005, including 10 volumes and ca. 5,700 articles. In 2006 the work for an electronic edition of NBL2 began, with support from the same institutions. In 2009 an Internet
Internet
edition, with free access, was released by Kunnskapsforlaget together with the general-purpose Store norske leksikon
Store norske leksikon

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