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1861 In Music
Contents1 Events 2 Published popular music 3 Classical music 4 Opera 5 Musical theater 6 Births 7 Deaths 8 ReferencesEvents[edit] February 18 – To celebrate the opening of the parliament of the new Italian nation at Turin, Giuseppe Verdi's opera La Favorita is performed in the Teatro Regio. Verdi himself is a deputy in the new parliament.[1] March 13 Tannhäuser scandal
Tannhäuser scandal
in Paris. November
November
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
is introduced by his teacher Feodor A. Kanille to Mily Balakirev. This completes the Russian Five. He begins his Symphony in E flat under Balakirev's guidance. Tchaikovsky
Tchaikovsky
starts to attend RMS classes in music theory taught by Nikolai Zaremba
Nikolai Zaremba
at the Mikhailovsky PalacePublished popular music[edit]"Abide With Me", w
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The Bonnie Blue Flag
"The Bonnie Blue Flag", also known as "We Are a Band of Brothers", is an 1861 marching song associated with the Confederate States of America. The words were written by the Ulster-Scots entertainer Harry McCarthy, with the melody taken from the song "The Irish Jaunting Car". The song's title refers to the unofficial first flag of the Confederacy, the Bonnie Blue Flag. The left flag on the sheet-music to the reader's right is the Bonnie Blue Flag. The song was premiered by lyricist Harry McCarthy
Harry McCarthy
during a concert in Jackson, Mississippi, in the spring of 1861 and performed again in September of that same year at the New Orleans
New Orleans
Academy of Music for the First Texas
Texas
Volunteer Infantry regiment mustering in celebration.[citation needed] The New Orleans
New Orleans
music publishing house of A.E
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Symphony No. 1 (Rimsky-Korsakov)
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov composed his Symphony No. 1 in E minor, Op. 1 (originally in E-flat minor), between 1861 and 1865 under the guidance of Mily Balakirev. Balakirev also premiered the work at a concert of the Free Music School in December 1865. Rimsky-Korsakov revised the work in 1884.Contents1 Form 2 Overview2.1 Composition 2.2 "First Russian Symphony" 2.3 Influences 2.4 Revision3 References 4 Sources 5 External linksForm[edit] The symphony is written in the traditional four movements.Largo assai—Allegro Andante tranquillo Scherzo. Vivace Allegro assaiOverview[edit] Composition[edit] Before meeting Balakirev, Rimsky-Korsakov had written, among other works, "something like the beginning of a symphony in E-flat minor."[1] These pieces were the fruit of composition lessons with F.A
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Italy
Coordinates: 43°N 12°E / 43°N 12°E / 43; 12Italian Republic Repubblica Italiana  (Italian)FlagEmblemAnthem: Il Canto degli Italiani  (Italian) "The Song of the Italians"Location of  Italy  (dark green) – in Europe  (light green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (light green)  –  [Legend]Capital and largest city Rome 41°54′N 12°29′E / 41.900°N 12.483°E / 41.900; 12.483Official languages ItalianaNative languages see full listReligion83.3% Christians 12.4% irreligious 3.7% Muslims 0.2% Buddhists 0.1% Hindus 0.3% other religions[1]Demonym ItalianGovernment Unitary constitutional parliamentary republic• PresidentSergio Mattarella• Prime MinisterPaolo Gentiloni• President of the SenateElisabetta Casellati•&
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Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (Italian: [dʒuˈzɛppe ˈverdi]; 9 or 10 October 1813 – 27 January 1901) was an Italian opera composer. Verdi was born near Busseto
Busseto
to a provincial family of moderate means, and developed a musical education with the help of a local patron. Verdi came to dominate the Italian opera scene after the era of Vincenzo Bellini, Gaetano Donizetti, and Gioachino Rossini, whose works significantly influenced him. By his 30s, he had become one of the pre-eminent opera composers in history. In his early operas, Verdi demonstrated a sympathy with the Risorgimento
Risorgimento
movement which sought the unification of Italy. He also participated briefly as an elected politician
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March 13
March
March
13 is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 293 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Tuesday, Friday or Sunday (58 in 400 years each) than on Wednesday or Thursday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Monday or Saturday (56).Contents1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 Holidays and observances 5 References 6 External linksEvents[edit] 624
624
– Battle of Badr: a key battle between Muhammad's army – the new followers of Islam and the Quraysh
Quraysh
of Mecca
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Tannhäuser Scandal
Tannhäuser (German: [ˈtanˌhɔʏ̯zɐ]; full title Tannhäuser und der Sängerkrieg auf Wartburg, "Tannhäuser and the Minnesingers' Contest at Wartburg") is an 1845 opera in three acts, music and text by Richard Wagner, based on two German legends; Tannhäuser, the legendary medieval German Minnesänger and poet, and the tale of the Wartburg Song Contest. The story centers on the struggle between sacred and profane love, and redemption through love, a theme running through much of Wagner's mature work. Wagner made a number of revisions of the opera throughout his life and was still unsatisfied with its format when he died
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Paris
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. Paris
Paris
(French pronunciation: ​[paʁi] ( listen)) is the capital and most populous city in France, with an administrative-limits area of 105 square kilometres (41 square miles) and an official population of 2,206,488 (2015).[5] The city is a commune and department, and the heart of the 12,012-square-kilometre (4
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November
November
November
is the eleventh and penultimate month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars, the fourth and last of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the fifth and last of five months to have a length of less than 31 days. November
November
was the ninth month of the ancient Roman calendar. November
November
retained its name (from the Latin novem meaning "nine") when January
January
and February
February
were added to the Roman calendar. November
November
is a month of late spring in the Southern Hemisphere and late autumn in the Northern Hemisphere. Therefore, November
November
in the Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
is the seasonal equivalent of May in the Northern Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
and vice versa
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Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov[a 1] (18 March [O.S. 6 March] 1844 – 21 June [O.S. 8 June] 1908)[a 2] was a Russian composer, and a member of the group of composers known as The Five.[a 3] He was a master of orchestration. His best-known orchestral compositions—Capriccio Espagnol, the Russian Easter Festival Overture, and the symphonic suite Scheherazade—are staples of the classical music repertoire, along with suites and excerpts from some of his 15 operas. Scheherazade
Scheherazade
is an example of his frequent use of fairy tale and folk subjects. Rimsky-Korsakov believed, as did fellow composer Mily Balakirev
Mily Balakirev
and critic Vladimir Stasov, in developing a nationalistic, "Moscalski" style of classical music
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Mily Balakirev
Mily Alexeyevich Balakirev (Russian: Ми́лий Алексе́евич Бала́кирев, IPA: [ˈmʲilʲɪj ɐlʲɪkˈsʲeɪvʲɪtɕ bɐˈɫakʲɪrʲɪf]; 2 January 1837 [O.S. 21 December 1836] – 29 May [O.S. 16 May] 1910)[a 1] was a Russian composer, pianist, and conductor known today primarily for his work promoting musical nationalism and his encouragement of more famous Russian composers, notably Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. He began his career as a pivotal figure, extending the fusion of traditional folk music and experimental classical music practices begun by composer Mikhail Glinka. In the process, Balakirev developed musical patterns that could express overt nationalistic feeling
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The Mighty Handful (composers)
The Mighty Handful
The Mighty Handful
(Russian: Могучая кучка), also known as The Five and The New Russian School, were five prominent 19th-century Russian composers who worked together to create distinct Russian classical music
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Tchaikovsky
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
(/ˈɪljɪtʃ tʃaɪˈkɒfski/ IL-yitch chy-KOF-skee;[1] Russian: Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский;[a 1] 25 April/7 May 1840 – 25 October/6 November 1893),[a 2] often anglicized as Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky, was a Russian composer of the romantic period, some of whose works are among the most popular music in the classical repertoire. He was the first Russian composer whose music made a lasting impression internationally, bolstered by his appearances as a guest conductor in Europe and the United States. Tchaikovsky was honored in 1884 by Emperor Alexander III, and awarded a lifetime pension. Although musically precocious, Tchaikovsky was educated for a career as a civil servant. There was scant opportunity for a musical career in Russia at that time and no system of public music education
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Russian Musical Society
The Russian Musical Society
Russian Musical Society
(RMS) (Russian: Русское музыкальное общество) was an organization founded in 1859 by the Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna (a German-born aunt of Tsar
Tsar
Alexander II) and her protégé, pianist and composer Anton Rubinstein, with the intent of raising the standard of music in the country and disseminating musical education.[1] Rubinstein and the Grand Duchess's travels together in Europe a decade earlier had prompted them to set up a permanent society to encourage both the study and performance of music in Russia. The Grand Duchess was the provider and driving force for the RMS, successfully obtaining her nephew's Imperial approval.[2] Rubinstein provided the musical leadership
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Nikolai Zaremba
Nikolai or Nicolaus Ivanovich von Zaremba (12 June [O.S. 31 May] 1821 – 8 April [O.S. 27 March] 1879) was a Russian musical theorist, teacher and composer. His most famous student was Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, who became his pupil 1861. Others included Dostojevsky's nephews, the children of his brother Mikhail[1] and Vasily Safonov. Until 2010 almost nobody knew what he had composed.Contents1 Biography 2 Works 3 Reception 4 See also 5 Notes 6 Sources 7 External linksBiography[edit] Zaremba was born in a Polish noble family on the family estate Ozupiene in the countryside of Vitebsk Governorate, at one time Polish Livonia, nowadays Ludza Municipality in Latvia. He went to grammar school in Daugavpils. During his law study (1840-1844) in Saint-Petersburg University Anton Gerke was his piano teacher; Johann Benjamin Gross became his cello and theory teacher
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Russian Museum
The State Russian Museum
Museum
(Russian: Государственный Русский музей), formerly the Russian Museum
Museum
of His Imperial Majesty Alexander III (Russian: Русский Музей Императора Александра III) is the largest depository of Russian fine art in Saint Petersburg. It is also one of the largest museums in the country.Contents1 Creation 2 Architecture 3 Collection 4 Exhibits 5 Málaga
Málaga
branch 6 Gallery 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksCreation[edit] The museum was established on April 13, 1895, upon enthronement of Nicholas II to commemorate his father, Alexander III. Its original collection was composed of artworks taken from the Hermitage Museum, Alexander Palace, and the Imperial Academy of Arts. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, many private collections were nationalized and relocated to the Russian Museum
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