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1541
Year 1541
1541
(MDXLI ) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
. EVENTS May 8 : Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto
Hernando de Soto
reaches the Mississippi River
Mississippi River

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Ab Urbe Condita
AB URBE CONDITA (Classical orthography: ABVRBECONDITÁ; Latin pronunciation: ; related to ANNO URBIS CONDITAE; A. U. C., AUC, A.U.C.; also "ANNO URBIS", short A.U. ) is a Latin phrase meaning "from the founding of the City (Rome)", traditionally dated to 753 BC. AUC is a year-numbering system used by some ancient Roman historians to identify particular Roman years. Renaissance editors sometimes added AUC to Roman manuscripts they published, giving the false impression that the Romans usually numbered their years using the AUC system. The dominant method of identifying Roman years in Roman times was to name the two consuls who held office that year. The regnal year of the emperor was also used to identify years, especially in the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
after 537, when Justinian required its use
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Armenian Calendar
The ARMENIAN CALENDAR uses the calendar era of AD 552, reflecting the separation of the Armenian Apostolic Church from the Chalcedonian Churches by the Monophysite schism . The calendar traditionally used in medieval Armenia was based on an invariant year length of 365 days. As a result, the correspondence between it and both the solar year and the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
slowly drifted over time, shifting across a year of the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
once in 1,461 calendar years (see Sothic cycle ). Thus, the Armenian year 1461 (Gregorian 2010/2011) completed the first full cycle; Armenian year 1 began on 11 July 552 of the Julian calendar, and Armenian year 1462 began on 24 July 2012 of the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
(corresponding to Julian 11 July)
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Assyrian Calendar
The ASSYRIAN CALENDAR is a lunar -based calendar which begins in the year 4750 BC, inspired by the purported date of the foundation of Assur , ( Assur was in fact founded over 2000 years later, circa 2600 BC) notably based on a series of articles published in the Assyrian nationalist magazine Gilgamesh, edited by the brothers Addi Alkhas and Jean Alkhas and Nimrod Simono . The year begins with the first sight of Spring . The Assyrian new year is still celebrated every year with festivals and gatherings. As of April 2017 AD , it is the 6767th year of the Assyrian calendar, and this calendar is used among many Assyrian communities. It begins 4,750 years before the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
. For example, it is set out like this: 2017+4750 = Assyrian year 6767
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Balinese Saka Calendar
The BALINESE SAKA CALENDAR is one of two calendars used on the Indonesian island of Bali
Bali
. Unlike the 210-day pawukon calendar , it is based on the phases of the moon, and is approximately the same length as the Gregorian year . CONTENTS * 1 Months * 2 Use * 3 Notable days * 4 References * 4.1 Notes MONTHS Information about the Saka calendar on a Balinese wall calendar Based on a lunar calendar, the saka year comprises twelve months, or sasih, of 30 days each. However, because the lunar cycle is slightly shorter than 30 days, and the lunar year has a length of 354 or 355 days, the calendar is adjusted to prevent it losing synchronization with the lunar or solar cycles. The months are adjusted by allocating two lunar days to one solar day every 9 weeks. This day is called ngunalatri, Sanskrit
Sanskrit
for "minus one night"
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Gregorian Calendar
The GREGORIAN CALENDAR is internationally the most widely used civil calendar . It is named after Pope Gregory XIII
Pope Gregory XIII
, who introduced it in October
October
1582. The calendar was a refinement to the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
involving a 0.002% correction in the length of the year . The motivation for the reform was to stop the drift of the calendar with respect to the equinoxes and solstices—particularly the northern vernal equinox , which helps set the date for Easter
Easter
. Transition to the Gregorian calendar would restore the holiday to the time of the year in which it was celebrated when introduced by the early Church. The reform was adopted initially by the Catholic countries of Europe
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Calendar Era
A CALENDAR ERA is the YEAR NUMBERING system used by a calendar . For example, the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
numbers its years in the Western Christian era (the Coptic Orthodox and Ethiopian Orthodox churches have their own Christian eras). The instant, date, or year from which time is marked is called the epoch of the era. There are many different calendar eras such as Saka Era . In antiquity, regnal years were counted from the accession of a monarch. This makes the Chronology of the ancient Near East very difficult to reconstruct, based on disparate and scattered king lists, such as the Sumerian King List and the Babylonian Canon of Kings . In East Asia, reckoning by era names chosen by ruling monarchs ceased in the 20th century except for Japan
Japan
, where they are still used
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Hebrew Calendar
The HEBREW or JEWISH CALENDAR (הַלּוּחַ הָעִבְרִי‎, Ha-Luah ha-Ivri) is a lunisolar calendar used today predominantly for Jewish religious observances. It determines the dates for Jewish holidays and the appropriate public reading of Torah portions , yahrzeits (dates to commemorate the death of a relative), and daily Psalm
Psalm
readings, among many ceremonial uses. In Israel
Israel
, it is used for religious purposes, provides a time frame for agriculture and is an official calendar for civil purposes, although the latter usage has been steadily declining in favor of the Gregorian calendar . The present Hebrew calendar
Hebrew calendar
is the product of evolution, including a Babylonian influence
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Ethiopian Calendar
The ETHIOPIAN CALENDAR ( Amharic : የኢትዮጵያ ዘመን አቆጣጠር? ; yä'Ityoṗṗya zämän aḳoṭaṭär) is the principal calendar used in Ethiopia
Ethiopia
and also serves as the liturgical year for Christians in Eritrea
Eritrea
and Ethiopia
Ethiopia
belonging to the Orthodox Tewahedo Churches , Eastern Catholic Churches
Eastern Catholic Churches
and Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria . It is a solar calendar which in turn derives from the Egyptian Calendar , but like the Julian Calendar
Julian Calendar
, it adds a leap day every four years without exception, and begins the year on August 29th or August 30th in the Julian Calendar
Julian Calendar

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List Of 16th-century Religious Leaders
This is a list of the top-level leaders for religious groups with at least 50,000 adherents, and that led anytime from January 1, 1501, to December 31, 1600. It should likewise only name leaders listed on other articles and lists
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Bengali Calendar
The BENGALI CALENDAR or BANGLA CALENDAR (বঙ্গাব্দ Bônggabdô or Banggabda) is a solar calendar used in the region of Bengal
Bengal
. A revised version of the calendar is the national and official calendar in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
and an earlier version of the calendar is followed in the Indian states of West Bengal
Bengal
, Tripura
Tripura
and Assam
Assam
. The New Year in the Bengali calendar
Bengali calendar
is known as Pôyla Bôishakh . The Bengali era is called Bengali Sambat (BS) or the Bengali year (বাংলা সন Bangla Sôn, বাংলা সাল Bangla sal, or Bangabda) has a zero year that starts in 593/594 CE. It is 594 less than the AD or CE year in the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
if it is before Pôhela Bôishakh, or 593 less if after Pôhela Bôishakh
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Berber Calendar
The BERBER CALENDAR is the agricultural calendar traditionally used by Berbers . It is also known as the fellaḥi (ﻓﻼّﺣﻲ "rustic" or ﻋﺠﻤﻲ ʿajamī "foreign" calendar). The calendar is utilized to regulate the seasonal agricultural works. It is used in lieu of the Islamic calendar , a lunar calendar considered ill-adapted for agriculture because it does not relate to seasonal cycles. The current Berber calendar
Berber calendar
is a legacy of the Roman province of Mauretania Caesariensis , as it is a surviving form of the Julian calendar . The latter calendar was used in Europe before the adoption of the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
, with month names derived from Latin. Berber populations previously used various indigenous calendars, such as that of the Guanche autochthones of the Canary Islands
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Chinese Sexagenary Cycle
The SEXAGENARY CYCLE, also known as the STEMS-AND-BRANCHES or GANZHI, is a cycle of sixty terms used for reckoning time in China and the East Asian cultural sphere . It appears as a means of recording days in the first Chinese written texts, the Shang oracle bones of the late second millennium BC. Its use to record years began around the middle of the 3rd century BC. The cycle and its variations have been an important part of the traditional calendrical systems in Chinese-influenced Asian states and territories, particularly those of Japan , Korea , and Vietnam , with the old Chinese system still in use in Taiwan . This traditional method of numbering days and years no longer has any significant role in modern Chinese time keeping or the official calendar
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Rat (zodiac)
The RAT (子 ) is one of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac
Chinese zodiac
related to the Chinese calendar
Chinese calendar
. The YEAR OF THE RAT is associated with the Earthly Branch symbol 子 . CONTENTS * 1 Years and the Five Elements * 2 Chinese Zodiac Rat
Rat
* 3 Basic astrology elements * 4 Description * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading YEARS AND THE FIVE ELEMENTSPeople born within these date ranges can be said to have been born in the "Year of the Rat", while also bearing the following elemental sign: The following is a chart of the dates of western calendar of those born in the year of the Rat
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Ox (zodiac)
The OX (丑 ) is the 2nd of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac
Chinese zodiac
related to the Chinese calendar
Chinese calendar
. The YEAR OF THE OX is denoted by the Earthly Branch symbol 丑 . The name is also translated into English as COW. In the Vietnamese zodiac , the water buffalo occupies the position of the Ox. In the Gurung zodiac, the Ox is replaced by the cow
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Coptic Calendar
The COPTIC CALENDAR, also called the ALEXANDRIAN CALENDAR, is a liturgical calendar used by the Coptic Orthodox Church and still used in Egypt. This calendar is based on the ancient Egyptian calendar . To avoid the calendar creep of the latter, a reform of the ancient Egyptian calendar was introduced at the time of Ptolemy III (Decree of Canopus , in 238 BC) which consisted of the intercalation of a sixth epagomenal day every fourth year. However, this reform was opposed by the Egyptian priests, and the idea was not adopted until 25 BC, when the Roman Emperor Augustus
Augustus
formally reformed the calendar of Egypt
Egypt
, keeping it forever synchronized with the newly introduced Julian calendar . To distinguish it from the Ancient Egyptian calendar, which remained in use by some astronomers until medieval times, this reformed calendar is known as the Coptic calendar
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