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.ir
.IR is the Internet
Internet
country code top-level domain (ccTLD ) for Iran
Iran
. It is managed by the Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences
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Country Code
COUNTRY CODES are short alphabetic or numeric geographical codes (geocodes ) developed to represent countries and dependent areas , for use in data processing and communications . Several different systems have been developed to do this. The term country code frequently refers to international dialing codes, the E.164 country calling codes
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ICANN
The INTERNET CORPORATION FOR ASSIGNED NAMES AND NUMBERS (ICANN, /ˈaɪkæn/ EYE-kan ) is a nonprofit organization responsible for coordinating the maintenance and procedures of several databases related to the namespaces of the Internet
Internet
, ensuring the network's stable and secure operation. ICANN
ICANN
performs the actual technical maintenance work of the central Internet
Internet
address pools and DNS root zone registries pursuant to the Internet
Internet
Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) function contract. The contract regarding the IANA stewardship functions between ICANN
ICANN
and the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) of the United States
United States
Department of Commerce ended on October 1, 2016, formally transitioning the functions to the global multistakeholder community
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Internet Service Provider
An INTERNET SERVICE PROVIDER (ISP) is an organization that provides services accessing and using the Internet
Internet
. Internet
Internet
service providers may be organized in various forms, such as commercial, community-owned , non-profit , or otherwise privately owned . Internet
Internet
services typically provided by ISPs include Internet
Internet
access , Internet
Internet
transit , domain name registration, web hosting , Usenet service and colocation
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Internet
The INTERNET is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists of private, public, academic, business, and government networks of local to global scope, linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless, and optical networking technologies. The Internet
Internet
carries a vast range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents and applications of the World Wide Web
World Wide Web
(WWW), electronic mail , telephony , and file sharing . The origins of the Internet
Internet
date back to research commissioned by the United States Federal Government in the 1960s to build robust, fault-tolerant communication via computer networks
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DNSSEC
The DOMAIN NAME SYSTEM SECURITY EXTENSIONS (DNSSEC) is a suite of Internet Engineering Task Force
Internet Engineering Task Force
(IETF) specifications for securing certain kinds of information provided by the Domain Name System
Domain Name System
(DNS) as used on Internet Protocol
Internet Protocol
(IP) networks. It is a set of extensions to DNS which provide to DNS clients (resolvers) origin authentication of DNS data, authenticated denial of existence, and data integrity, but not availability or confidentiality
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Learned Society
A LEARNED SOCIETY (also known as a LEARNED ACADEMY, SCHOLARLY SOCIETY, or ACADEMIC ASSOCIATION) is an organization that exists to promote an academic discipline , profession , or a group of related disciplines such as the arts . Membership may be open to all, may require possession of some qualification, or may be an honor conferred by election. Most learned societies are non-profit organizations , and many are professional associations . Their activities typically include holding regular conferences for the presentation and discussion of new research results and publishing or sponsoring academic journals in their discipline. Some also act as professional bodies , regulating the activities of their members in the public interest or the collective interest of the membership
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Domain Name Registry
A DOMAIN NAME REGISTRY is a database of all domain names and the associated registrant information in the top level domains of the Domain Name System
Domain Name System
(DNS) of the Internet
Internet
that allow third party entities to request administrative control of a domain name. Most registries operate on the top-level and second-level of the DNS. A REGISTRY OPERATOR, sometimes called a NETWORK INFORMATION CENTER (NIC) maintains all administrative data of the domain and generates a zone file which contains the addresses of the nameservers for each domain. Each registry is an organization that manages the registration of domain names within the domains for which it is responsible, controls the policies of domain name allocation, and technically operates its domain. It may also fulfill the function of a domain name registrar , or may delegate that function to other entities
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Top-level Domain
A TOP-LEVEL DOMAIN (TLD) is one of the domains at the highest level in the hierarchical Domain Name System
Domain Name System
of the Internet
Internet
. The top-level domain names are installed in the root zone of the name space. For all domains in lower levels, it is the last part of the domain name , that is, the last label of a fully qualified domain name . For example, in the domain name www.example .com , the top-level domain is com . Responsibility for management of most top-level domains is delegated to specific organizations by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), which operates the Internet
Internet
Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), and is in charge of maintaining the DNS root zone
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Perso-Arabic Script
NASTAʿLīQ (Persian : نستعلیق, from نسخ Naskh and تعلیق Taʿlīq) is one of the main calligraphic hands used in writing the Persian script , and traditionally the predominant style in Persian calligraphy
Persian calligraphy
. It was developed in Iran
Iran
in the 14th and 15th centuries. It is sometimes used to write Arabic-language text (where it is known as Taʿliq or Persian and is mainly used for titles and headings), but its use has always been more popular in the Persian, Turkic and Urdu
Urdu
sphere of influence. Nastaʿlīq has extensively been (and still is) practised in Iran
Iran
, Pakistan
Pakistan
, India
India
, Afghanistan
Afghanistan
and other countries for written poetry and as a form of art
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ISO 3166-1 Alpha-2
ISO 3166-1 ALPHA-2 codes are two-letter country codes defined in ISO 3166-1 , part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization
Standardization
(ISO), to represent countries , dependent territories , and special areas of geographical interest. They are the most widely used of the country codes published by ISO (the others being alpha-3 and numeric ), and are used most prominently for the Internet
Internet
's country code top-level domains (with a few exceptions). They were first included as part of the ISO 3166 standard in its first edition in 1974
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.sch
In the domain name system (DNS), .SCH is a second-level domain used by several countries, including Iran (.ir ), Saudi Arabia (.sa ), and the United Kingdom (.uk ), as a subdomain to represent primary and secondary schools
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.bi
.BI is the Internet
Internet
country code top-level domain (ccTLD ) for Burundi
Burundi
. It is administered by the Burundi
Burundi
National Center of Information Technology . The registry site states that ".BI Registry has a rather liberal policy about domain names as soon as the domain name is in relation with the business name or one of its marks. The general principle is that a domain must reflect the truth." Registrations are open to anybody worldwide, but are not supposed to be registered or used for misleading purposes, though apparently no pre-screening is done to ensure this. The site also states that "We strongly discourage the use of suffixes of our country for misleading people
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.bh
.BH is the Internet
Internet
country code top-level domain (ccTLD ) for Bahrain
Bahrain

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.at
.AT is the Internet
Internet
country code top-level domain (ccTLD ) for Austria
Austria
. It is administered by NIC.AT. CONTENTS * 1 Second-level domains * 2 Known domain hacks * 3 Properties * 4 References * 5 External links SECOND-LEVEL DOMAINSThe .at top-level domain has a number of second-level domains (.co.at, .or.at, .gv .at and .ac.at). However, it is also possible to register directly at the top level. Given the number of English words that end with -at, this presents the possibility for many domain hacks . KNOWN DOMAIN HACKSMany Austrian domain names were registered for English words that end with "at". Domain hacks treating "at" as a word in its own right (such as arrive.at) are widespread. As of today, there are very few such domain names left available on the domain prime market as the result of the domain name speculation
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.bj
.BJ is the Internet
Internet
country code top-level domain (ccTLD ) for Benin . It is administered by the Office of Stations and Telecommunications of Benin
Benin
. The zone “.bj” is broken up into two separate categories: public domains (such as: .bj, .gouv.bj, .mil.bj, .edu.bj, .gov.bj, .asso.bj, etc.) and sectoral fields (such as: .barreau.bj, .com.bj, etc.)
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