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Ángel De Peredo
Ángel de Peredo (1623 in the small town of Queveda in Cantabria, Spain
Spain
–?) a Knight of the Order of Santiago. Biography[edit] He was the President of the Real Audiencia of Chile and then temporary Royal Governor of Chile from May 1662 to February 1664. During his government, he founded the city of Santa Maria de Guadalupe near the fortress of San Miguel Arcángel de Colcura, built previously by Pedro Porter Casanate south east of the modern city of Lota in the valley of Colcura. At the end of his governorship the new governor Francisco de Meneses Brito accused Peredo of creating more places for officials than the royal army needed and of selling the positions. He ordered his arrest, but Peredo managed to escape from Chile. Meneses also attacked the friends of Peredo, among them the Oidor Alonso de Solórzano y Velasco who opposed the measures of the new Governor
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Cantabria
Cantabria
Cantabria
(/kænˈtæbriə/, /-ˈteɪ-/;[2] Spanish: [kanˈtaβɾja]) is a historic Spanish community[3] and autonomous community with Santander as its capital city. It is bordered on the east by the Basque Autonomous Community (province of Biscay), on the south by Castile and León
Castile and León
(provinces of León, Palencia
Palencia
and Burgos), on the west by the Principality of Asturias, and on the north by the Cantabrian Sea
Cantabrian Sea
(Bay of Biscay). Cantabria
Cantabria
belongs to Green Spain, the name given to the strip of land between the Bay of Biscay
Biscay
and the Cantabrian Mountains, so called because of its particularly lush vegetation, due to the wet and moderate oceanic climate
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Tucumán Province
Tucumán (Spanish pronunciation: [tukuˈman]) is the most densely populated, and the smallest by land area, of the provinces of Argentina. Located in the northwest of the country, the province has the capital of San Miguel de Tucumán, often shortened to Tucumán. Neighboring provinces are, clockwise from the north: Salta, Santiago del Estero and Catamarca. It is nicknamed El Jardín de la República (The Garden of the Republic), as it is a highly productive agricultural area.Contents1 Etymology 2 History 3 Geography 4 Climate 5 Economy 6 Political division 7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External linksEtymology[edit] The word Tucumán probably originated from the Quechua languages. It may represent a deformation of the term Yucumán, which denotes the "place of origin of several rivers". It can also be a deformation of the word Tucma, which means "the end of things"
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Francisco López De Zúñiga, 2nd Marquis Of Baides
López is a surname of Spanish origin.[2] It was originally a patronymic, meaning "Son of Lope", Lope itself being a Spanish given name deriving from Latin lupus, meaning "wolf". The surname is first attested in Old Castile in the heart of Spain, where the name originated in Visigothic times;[3] however, the name is not of Germanic origin. Its Portuguese equivalent is Lopes, its Italian equivalent is Lupo, its French equivalent is Loup (or Leu), its Romanian equivalent is Lupu or Lupescu and its Valencian equivalent is Llopis. López is the fifth most common hispanic surname globally and in Spain and the USA. It is the most common surname in the province of Lugo
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José Toribio Medina
José Toribio Medina
José Toribio Medina
Zavala (October 21, 1852 - December 11, 1930) was a Chilean bibliographer, prolific writer, and historian.Contents1 Biography 2 Exhaustive study of Magellan 3 Additional works 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksBiography[edit] Jose Toribio Medina was born in Santiago, Chile. He was the eldest son of José del Pilar Medina y Valderrama and Mariana Zavala y Almeida, a woman of Basque descent.[1] His father was a lawyer, and he was constantly traveling due to his position as a magistrate. For this reason, Medina spent his childhood in different cities like Santiago, Talca, and Valparaiso. At the age of thirteen, he returned to Santiago to support his father who had lost the use of his legs. Later on, Medina joined the National Institute under the direction of the great historian Diego Barros Arana
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Diego Barros Arana
Diego Jacinto Agustín Barros Arana (August 16, 1830 – November 4, 1907) was a Chilean professor, legislator, minister and diplomat. He is considered the most important Chilean historian of the 19th century. His main work General History of Chile
Chile
(Spanish: Historia General de Chile) is a 15-volume work that spanned over 300 years of the nation's history. Barros Arana was of Basque descent.[1] He also was an educator and a diplomat. He was director of the Instituto Nacional, a public high school, and of the University of Chile.Contents1 Works1.1 List of works2 See also 3 References 4 External linksWorks[edit]Estudios históricos sobre Vicente Benavides y las campañas del Sur: 1818–1822 (in Spanish). Santiago, Chile: Imprenta de Julio Belin y Compañia. 1850.  Historia General de la Independencia de Chile
Chile
(in Spanish). I–IV. Santiago, Chile: Imprenta del Ferrocarril
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Gran Chaco
Gran may refer to:Contents1 People 2 Places 3 Spanish language 4 Other 5 See alsoPeople[edit] Gran (name)Places[edit]Gran, the historical German name for Esztergom, a city and the primatial metropolitan see of Hungary Gran, Norway Gran (island), SwedenSpanish language[edit] In Spanish Gran means "Great" or "Greater", and may refer to: Gran Canaria, an island of the Canary Islands, Spain Gran Colombia
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Mocoví(tribe)
The Mocoví are an indigenous tribe of the Gran Chaco.[citation needed] They speak the Mocoví language and are one of the ethic groups belonging to the Guaycuru peoples.[1] See also[edit]Indigenous peoples of the Americas portalReferences[edit]^ "Mocoví". www.everyculture.com (in eng)
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Oidor
An oidor (Spanish pronunciation: [oiˈðor]) was a judge of the Royal Audiencias and Chancillerías, originally courts of Kingdom of Castile, which became the highest organs of justice within the Spanish Empire. The term comes from the verb oír, "to hear," referring to the judge's obligation to listen to the parts of a judicial process, particularly during the phase of pleas.Contents1 Origins 2 Spanish America and the Philippines 3 Marriage disputes 4 Ecclesiastical judges 5 ReferencesOrigins[edit] The Cortes of Alcalá of 1348 asked that King Henry II of Castile publicly hear cases at least once or twice a week along with his advisors, because under medieval Castilian jurisprudence the king was to personally hear all cases that fell under his jurisdiction, but the caseload was becoming too great
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Spain
Coordinates: 40°N 4°W / 40°N 4°W / 40; -4Kingdom of Spain Reino de España  (Spanish)6 other official names[a][b]Aragonese: Reino d'EspanyaAsturian: Reinu d'EspañaBasque: Espainiako ErresumaCatalan: Regne d'EspanyaGalician: Reino de EspañaOccitan: Reiaume d'EspanhaFlagCoat of armsMotto: "Plus Ultra" (Latin) "Further Beyond"Anthem: "Marcha Real" (Spanish)[2] "Royal March"Location of  Spain  (dark green) – in Europe  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)Capital and largest city Madrid 40°26′N 3°42′W / 40.433°N 3.700°W / 40.433; -3.700Official language and national language Spanish[c]Co-official languages in certain autonomous communities Catalan Galician Basque OccitanEthnic groups (2015)89.9% Spanish 10.1% othersReligi
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San Miguel Arcángel De Colcura
Fort Colcura was a small fort that was the first Spanish settlement that existed in the commune of Lota, Chile. It was on a small height on the edge of the Bay of Arauco, a little more than two kilometers to the southeast of the modern city of Lota. From its position it dominated the north slope of cerro Marihueñu and the valley of Colcura in whose extreme west is the mouth of the riachuelo Colcura that empties into the cove of Colcura. This place was established as a small fort at the start of the conquest, and was several times destroyed by the Moluches and repaired
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Royal Audiencia Of Santiago
The Royal Audiencia of Santiago (Spanish: Real Audiencia de Santiago) was an Audiencia Real or royal law court that functioned in Santiago de Chile during the Spanish colonial period. This body heard both civil and criminal cases
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Order Of Santiago
The Order of Santiago
Order of Santiago
(Galician: Orde de Santiago, Spanish: Orden de Santiago), also known as "The Order of St. James of the Sword," was founded in the 12th century, and owes its name to the national patron of Galicia and Spain, Santiago (St. James the Greater). Its initial objective was to protect the pilgrim of St. James' Way, to defend Christendom and to remove the Muslim Moors
Moors
from the Iberian Peninsula.[1] After the death of the Grand Master Alfonso de Cárdenas in 1493, the Catholic Monarchs
Catholic Monarchs
incorporated the Order into the Spanish Crown. Pope Adrian VI
Adrian VI
forever united the office of grandmaster of Santiago to the crown in 1523. The first Republic suppressed the Order in 1873 and, although it was re-established in the Restoration, it was reduced to a nobiliary institute of honorable character
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Alonso De Figueroa Y Córdoba
Alonso de Figueroa y Cordova (1589? Spain – 1652); Spanish soldier who, in the days of the reign of Philip IV of Spain, temporarily carried out the position of Captain General and Royal Governor of Chile, besides president of its Real Audiencia of Chile. His government lasted for 13 months, between April 1649 and May 1650. He was the grandfather of the Chilean historian Pedro de Cordoba y Figueroa.Contents1 Earlier life 2 Governorship 3 References 4 SourcesEarlier life[edit] Born in Cordoba; became a soldier in Lisbon. He arrived in Chile at the age of 16 years, in 1605, enlisted in the company of captain Bartolome Paez Clavijo, in the thousand man reinforcement for the Captaincy General of Chile
Captaincy General of Chile
brought from the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
by general Antonio de Mosquera to support the Arauco War. In the following years he rose through the ranks of the army of the Mapuche frontier
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Francisco De Álava Y Nureña
Francisco de Alava y Nureña, (born ca. 1567) was the brother-in-law of the Royal Governor of Chile, Pedro Osores de Ulloa. He was designated as temporary governor of the Captaincy General of Chile
Captaincy General of Chile
by Osores on his death bed in September 1624. Upon hearing of the death of Osores and the temporary appointment of Álava, the Viceroy of Peru, Diego Fernández de Córdoba, Marquis of Guadalcázar
Diego Fernández de Córdoba, Marquis of Guadalcázar
decided to replace him with his nephew Luis Fernández de Córdoba y Arce, hoping that he would have occasion to display his military skills in the War of Arauco. Córdoba replaced Álava in May 1625. Sources[edit]Medina, José Toribio (1906). Diccionario Biográfico Colonial de Chile (PDF) (in Spanish)
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Pedro Osores De Ulloa
Pedro Osores de Ulloa (Saa, Vigo, 1554 – Concepcion, Chile, September 18, 1624) was Royal Governor of Chile from November 1621 to September 1624. He replaced Cristóbal de la Cerda y Sotomayor. On his death bed Osores appointed his brother-in-law Francisco de Álava y Nureña as temporary governor in September 1624. Was a knight of the Order of Alcántara Sources[edit]Medina, José Toribio (1906). Diccionario Biográfico Colonial de Chile (PDF) (in Spanish). Santiago, Chile: Imprenta Elzeviriana. p. 627. Government officesPreceded by Cristóbal de la Cerda Royal Governor of Chile 1621–1624 Succeeded by Francisco de Álavav t eRoyal Governors of ChileValdivia F. Villagra Hurtado de Mendoza F. Villagra P
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