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White South Africans ( af, Blankes/Europeërs) refers to
South Africans The population of South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of South Africa, 59 million people, it is the world's List of countries by popu ...
of primarily
European European, or Europeans, may refer to: In general * ''European'', an adjective referring to something of, from, or related to Europe ** Ethnic groups in Europe ** Demographics of Europe ** European cuisine, the cuisines of Europe and other Western ...

European
descent. In
linguistic Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo ...
, cultural, and historical terms, they are generally divided into the
Afrikaans Afrikaans (, ) is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most po ...
-speaking descendants of the
Dutch East India Company The Dutch East India Company, officially the United East India Company ( nl, Vereenigde Oost Indische Compagnie; VOC), was a multinational corporation A multinational company (MNC) is a corporate A corporation is an organization—u ...

Dutch East India Company
's original settlers, known as
Afrikaners Afrikaners () are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identity (social science), identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that distinguish them from other groups. Those attributes can i ...
, and the
Anglophone descendants
Anglophone descendants
of predominantly British colonists. In 2016, 57.9% were native Afrikaans speakers, 40.2% were native
English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually become the World language, leading lan ...
speakers, and 1.9% spoke another language as their mother tongue, such as
Portuguese Portuguese may refer to: * anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Portugal ** Portuguese cuisine, traditional foods ** Portuguese language, a Romance language *** Portuguese dialects, variants of the Portuguese language ** Portug ...

Portuguese
,
Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approximately 10.7 million as of ...
, or
German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law * German language The German la ...

German
. White South Africans are by far the largest population of White people in Africa. ''White'' was a legally defined
racial classification A race is a categorization of humans based on shared physical or social qualities into categories generally viewed as distinct within a given society. The term was first used to refer to speakers of a common language and then to denote nation ...
during
apartheid Apartheid (South African English South African English (SAfrE, SAfrEng, SAE, en-ZA) is the set of English language dialects native to South Africans. History British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * B ...

apartheid
. Most White Afrikaners trace their ancestry back to the mid 17th century and have developed a separate cultural identity including a distinct language. The majority of English-speaking White South Africans trace their ancestry to the
1820 Settlers The 1820 Settlers were several groups of British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people, nationals or natives of the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories, and Crown Dependencies. ** Britishness, the Bri ...
. The remainder of the White South African population consists of later immigrants from Europe such as Greeks and
Jews Jews ( he, יְהוּדִים ISO 259-2 ISO The International Organization for Standardization (ISO ) is an international standard An international standard is a technical standard A technical standard is an established norm (social), ...
(many of whom left after the end of
Apartheid Apartheid (South African English South African English (SAfrE, SAfrEng, SAE, en-ZA) is the set of English language dialects native to South Africans. History British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * B ...

Apartheid
).
Portuguese Portuguese may refer to: * anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Portugal ** Portuguese cuisine, traditional foods ** Portuguese language, a Romance language *** Portuguese dialects, variants of the Portuguese language ** Portug ...
immigrants arrived after the collapse of the Portuguese colonial administrations in
Mozambique Mozambique (), officially the Republic of Mozambique ( pt, Moçambique or , ; ny, Mozambiki; sw, Msumbiji; ts, Muzambhiki), is a country located in Southeastern Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean The Indian Ocean is the third-lar ...

Mozambique
and
Angola , national_anthem = "Angola Avante "Angola Avante" (, ) is the national anthem A national anthem is a song that officially symbolizes a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often r ...

Angola
, although many also originate from
Madeira Madeira ( , , ), officially the Autonomous Region of Madeira ( pt, Região Autónoma da Madeira), is one of the two autonomous Regions of Portugal, autonomous regions of Portugal, the other being the Azores. It is an archipelago situated in t ...

Madeira
.


History

The history of White settlement in South Africa started in 1652 with the settlement of the
Cape of Good Hope A cape is a sleeveless outer garment, which drapes the wearer's back, arms, and chest, and connects at the neck. History Capes were common in medieval Europe, especially when combined with a Hood (headgear), hood in the Chaperon (headgear), ...

Cape of Good Hope
by the
Dutch East India Company The Dutch East India Company, officially the United East India Company ( nl, Vereenigde Oost Indische Compagnie; VOC), was a multinational corporation A multinational company (MNC) is a corporate A corporation is an organization—u ...

Dutch East India Company
(VOC) under
Jan van Riebeeck Johan Anthoniszoon "Jan" van Riebeeck (21 April 1619 – 18 January 1677) was a Dutch navigator and colonial administrator who founded Cape Town Cape Town (Afrikaans File:WIKITONGUES- Alaric speaking Afrikaans.webm, Alaric speaking A ...

Jan van Riebeeck
. Despite the preponderance of officials and colonists from the
Netherlands ) , national_anthem = ( en, "William of Nassau") , image_map = EU-Netherlands.svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = BES islands location map.svg , map_caption2 = , image_map3 ...

Netherlands
, there were also a number of French
Huguenot The Huguenots ( , also , ) were a Religious denomination, religious group of French people, French Protestantism, Protestants who held to the Reformed, or Calvinist, tradition of Protestantism. The term, which may be derived from the name of a ...

Huguenot
s fleeing
religious persecution Religious persecution is the systematic mistreatment of an individual or a group of individuals as a response to their religious beliefs or affiliations or their lack thereof. The tendency of societies or groups within societies to alienate or r ...

religious persecution
at home and German soldiers or sailors returning from service in Asia. The
Cape Colony The Cape Colony ( nl, Kaapkolonie), also known as the Cape of Good Hope, was a British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people, nationals or natives of the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories, and Cro ...

Cape Colony
remained under Dutch rule for two more centuries, after which it was annexed by the United Kingdom around 1806. At that time, South Africa was home to about 26,000 people of white ancestry, a relative majority of whom were still of Dutch origin. However, the Dutch settlers grew into conflict with the British government over the
abolition of the slave trade The history of slavery spans many cultures Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior Social behavior is behavior Behavior (American English) or behaviour (British English; American and British English spellin ...
and limits on colonial expansion into African lands. In order to prevent a frontier war, the
British Parliament The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kin ...
decided to send British settlers to start farms on the eastern frontier. Beginning in 1818 thousands of British immigrants arrived in the growing
Cape Colony The Cape Colony ( nl, Kaapkolonie), also known as the Cape of Good Hope, was a British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people, nationals or natives of the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories, and Cro ...
, intending to join the local workforce or settle directly on the frontier. Ironically most of the farms failed due to the difficult terrain, forcing the British settlers to encroach on African land in order to practice
pastoralism Pastoralism is a form of animal husbandry where domesticated animals known as livestock are released onto large vegetated outdoor lands (pastures) for grazing, historically by nomadic people who moved around with their herds. The species invol ...
. About a fifth of the Cape's original
Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''flemish'') Dutch may also refer to:" Castle * Dutch Castle Places * ...
-speaking white population migrated eastwards during the
Great Trek The Great Trek ( af, Die Groot Trek; nl, De Grote Trek) was an eastward migration of Dutch-speaking settlers who travelled by wagon train ''Wagon Train'' is an American Western Western may refer to: Places *Western, Nebraska, a vil ...
in the 1830s and established their own autonomous
Boer republics 500px, Boer Republics and Griqua states in Southern Africa, 19th century The Boer Republics (sometimes also referred to as Boer states) were independent, self-governing republic A republic () is a form of government A government i ...
further inland. Nevertheless, the population of white ancestry (mostly European origin) continued increasing in the Cape as a result of immigration, and by 1865 had reached 181,592 people. Between 1880 and 1910, there was an influx of
Jews Jews ( he, יְהוּדִים ISO 259-2 ISO The International Organization for Standardization (ISO ) is an international standard An international standard is a technical standard A technical standard is an established norm (social), ...

Jews
(mainly via
Lithuania Lithuania (; lt, Lietuva ), officially the Republic of Lithuania ( lt, Lietuvos Respublika, links=no), is a country in the Baltic region The terms Baltic Sea Region, Baltic Rim countries (or simply Baltic Rim), and the Baltic Sea countr ...
) and immigrants from
Lebanon Lebanon ( , ar, لُبْنَان, translit=lubnān, ), officially the Republic of Lebanon or the Lebanese Republic, is a country in Western Asia Western Asia, West Asia, or Southwest Asia, is the westernmost subregion A subregion is a part ...
and
Syria Syria ( ar, سُورِيَا or ar, سُورِيَة, ''Sūriyā''), officially the Syrian Arab Republic ( ar, ٱلْجُمْهُورِيَّةُ ٱلْعَرَبِيَّةُ ٱلسُّورِيَّةُ, al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah as-S ...

Syria
arriving in South Africa. Recent immigrants from the of Western Asia were originally classified as
Asian Asian may refer to: * Items from or related to the continent of Asia: ** Asian people, people in or descending from Asia ** Asian culture, the culture of the people from Asia ** Asian cuisine, food based on the style of food of the people from Asi ...
, and thus "non-white", but, in order to have the right to purchase land, they successfully argued that they were "white". The main reason being that they were from the lands where
Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic The Abrahamic religions, also referred to collectively as the world of Abrahamism and Semitic religions, are a group of Semitic-originated religion Religion is a social system, social-cultural system of ...

Christianity
and
Judaism Judaism is an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic, monotheism, monotheistic, and ethnic religion comprising the collective religious, cultural, and legal tradition and civilization of the Jewish people. It has its roots as an organized religion ...
originated from, and that the race laws did not target Jews, who were also a
Semitic people Semitic most commonly refers to the Semitic languages The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family Afroasiatic (Afro-Asiatic), also known as Afrasian or Hamito-Semitic or Semito-Hamitic, is a large language family ...
. Therefore arguing that if the laws targeted other people from the Levant, it should also affect the Jews. The first nationwide census in South Africa was held in 1911 and indicated a white population of 1,276,242. By 1936, there were an estimated 2,003,857 white South Africans, and by 1946 the number had reached 2,372,690. The country began receiving tens of thousands of European immigrants, namely from
Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,769,495 inh ...
,
Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps The Alps ; german: Alpen ; it, Alpi ; rm, Alps; sl, Alpe ) are the highest ...
,
the Netherlands ) , national_anthem = ( en, "William of Nassau") , image_map = EU-Netherlands.svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = BES islands location map.svg , map_caption2 = , image_map3 ...

the Netherlands
,
Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, Elláda, ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeastern Europe Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe () is a geographical subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geogr ...
, and the territories of the
Portuguese Empire The Portuguese Empire ( pt, Império Português), also known as the Portuguese Overseas (''Ultramar Português'') or the Portuguese Colonial Empire (''Império Colonial Português''), was composed of the overseas colonies In political scie ...
during the mid to late twentieth century. South Africa's white population increased to over 3,408,000 by 1965, reached 4,050,000 in 1973, and peaked at 5,044,000 in 1990. The number of white South Africans resident in their home country began gradually declining between 1990 and the mid-2000s as a result of increased emigration. Today, white South Africans are also considered to be the last major white population group of European and certain West Asian ancestry on the African continent, due in part to the mass exodus of colonialists from most other African states during regional
decolonisation Decolonization (American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States ( ...
. Whites continue to play a role in the South African economy and across the political spectrum. The current number of white South Africans is not exactly known, as no recent census has been measured, although the overall percentage of up to 9% of the population represents a decline, both numerically and proportionately, since the country's first non-racial elections in 1994. Just under a million white South Africans are also living as
expatriate An expatriate (often shortened to expat) is a person residing in a country other than their native country. In common usage, the term often refers to professionals, skilled workers, or artists taking positions outside their home country, eit ...
workers abroad, which forms the majority of South Africa's .


Apartheid era

Under the Population Registration Act of 1950, each inhabitant of South Africa was classified into one of several different race groups, of which White was one. The Office for Race Classification defined a white person as one who "in appearance is obviously a white person who is generally not accepted as a coloured person; or is generally accepted as a white person and is not in appearance obviously a white person." Many criteria, both physical (e.g. examination of head and body hair) and social (e.g. eating and drinking habits, familiarity with Afrikaans or a
European language European, or Europeans, may refer to: In general * ''European'', an adjective referring to something of, from, or related to Europe ** Ethnic groups in Europe ** Demographics of Europe ** European cuisine, the cuisines of Europe and other Western ...

European language
) were used when the board decided to classify someone as white or coloured. This was virtually extended to all those considered the children of two white persons, regardless of appearance. The Act was repealed on 17 June 1991.


Post-apartheid era

In an attempt at post-Apartheid redress, the Act of 1994, legislation promotes employment of black people (
Black Africans Black people is a Racialization, racialized classification of people, usually a Politics, political and Human skin color, skin color-based category for specific populations with a mid to dark brown complexion. Not all people considered "black" ...
,
Indian Indian or Indians refers to people or things related to India, or to the indigenous people of the Americas, or Aboriginal Australians until the 19th century. People South Asia * Indian people, people of Indian nationality, or people who come ...
,
Chinese Chinese can refer to: * Something related to China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's most populous country, with a populat ...
, and
Coloured Coloureds ( af, Kleurlinge or , ) are a multiracial people, multiracial ethnic group Indigenous peoples of Africa, native to Southern Africa who have ancestry from more than one of the various populations inhabiting the region, including Khoi ...
population groups, as well as
disabled people A disability is a societal imposition on people who have impairments, making it more difficult for people to do certain activities or interact with the world around them. Due to cognitive Cognition () refers to "the mental action or proce ...

disabled people
).
Black Economic Empowerment Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) is an integration programme launched by the South African government The Republic of South Africa is a parliamentary republic with three-tier system of government and an independent judiciary, operating in a par ...
legislation further empowers blacks as the government considers ownership, employment, training and social responsibility initiatives, which empower black South Africans, as important criteria when awarding tenders, private enterprises also must adhere to this legislation. Some reports indicate a growing number of whites in poverty compared to the pre-apartheid years and attribute this to such laws – a 2006 article in
The Guardian ''The Guardian'' is a British daily newspaper. It was founded in 1821 as ''The Manchester Guardian'', and changed its name in 1959. Along with its sister papers ''The Observer ''The Observer'' is a British newspaper published on Sun ...

The Guardian
stated that over 350,000 Afrikaners may be classified as poor, and alluded to research claiming that up to 150,000 were struggling for survival. As a consequence of Apartheid policies, Whites are still widely regarded as being one of 4 defined race groups in South Africa. These groups (blacks, whites, Coloureds and Indians) still tend to have strong racial identities, and to identify themselves, and others, as members of these race groups and the classification continues to persist in government policy due to attempts at redress like Black Economic Empowerment and Employment Equity.


Diaspora and emigration

Since the 1990s, there has been a significant emigration of whites from South Africa. Between 1995 and 2005, more than one million South Africans emigrated, citing violence as the main reason, as well as the lack of employment opportunities for whites.


Current trends

In recent decades, there has been a steady proportional decline in South Africa's white community, due to higher birthrates among other South African ethnic groups, as well as a high rate of emigration. In 1977, there were 4.3 million whites, constituting 16.4% of the population at the time. As of 2016, it is estimated that at least 800,000 white South Africans have emigrated since 1995. Like many other communities strongly affiliated with the
West 250px, A compass rose with west highlighted in black West or Occident is one of the four cardinal directions or points of the compass The points of the compass are the vectors by which planet-based directions are conventionally defined. A co ...
and Europe's in Africa, white South Africans were in the past often economically better off than their black African neighbours and have surrendered political dominance to majority rule. There were also some white Africans in South Africa who lived in poverty—especially during the 1930s and increasingly since the end of minority rule. Current estimates of white poverty in South Africa run as high as 12%, though fact-checking website Africa Check described these figures as "grossly inflated" and suggested that a more accurate estimate was that "only a tiny fraction of the white population – as few as 7,754 households – are affected." The new phenomenon of white poverty is mostly blamed on the government's
affirmative action Affirmative action refers to a set of policies and practices within a government or organization seeking to increase the representation of particular groups based on their gender, race, sexuality, creed or nationality in areas in which they are u ...
employment legislation, which reserves 80% of new jobs for black people and favours companies owned by black people (see
Black Economic Empowerment Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) is an integration programme launched by the South African government The Republic of South Africa is a parliamentary republic with three-tier system of government and an independent judiciary, operating in a par ...
). In 2010,
Reuters Reuters (, ) is an international news organisation owned by Thomson Reuters. It employs around 2,500 journalists and 600 photojournalists in about 200 locations worldwide. Reuters is one of the largest news agencies in the world. The agency w ...
stated that 450,000 whites live below the poverty line according to
Solidarity Solidarity is an awareness of shared interests, objectives, standards, and sympathies creating a psychological sense of unity of groups or classes, which rejects the class conflict Class conflict, also referred to as class struggle and clas ...
and civil organisations, with some research saying that up to 150,000 are struggling for survival. However, the proportion of white South Africans living in poverty is still much lower than for other groups in the country, since approximately 50% of the general population fall below the upper-bound
poverty line The poverty threshold, poverty limit, poverty line or breadline is the minimum level of income In microeconomics, income is the Consumption (economics), consumption and saving opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, w ...
. A further concern has been crime. Some white South Africans living in affluent white suburbs, such as
Sandton Sandton is an affluent area in the Gauteng Province Gauteng ( ; tn, Gauteng; Northern and Southern Sotho: ; zu, eGoli; ts, Gauteng/; Ndebele Ndebele may refer to: *Southern Ndebele people, located in South Africa *Northern Ndebele people, ...

Sandton
, have been affected by the 2008 13.5% rise in house robberies and associated crime. In a study, Johan Burger, senior researcher at the
Institute for Security Studies The Institute for Security Studies, also known as ISS or ISS Africa (to distinguish itself from other similarly named institutes in other parts of the world), described itself as follows: "an African organisation which aims to enhance human securi ...
(ISS), said that criminals were specifically targeting wealthier suburbs. Burger explained that several affluent suburbs are surrounded by poorer residential areas and that inhabitants in the latter often target inhabitants in the former. The report also found that residents in wealthy suburbs in
Gauteng Gauteng ( ; tn, Gauteng; Northern and Southern Sotho: ; zu, eGoli; ts, Gauteng/; Ndebele Ndebele may refer to: *Southern Ndebele people, located in South Africa *Northern Ndebele people, located in Zimbabwe and Botswana About It is a lang ...
were not only at more risk of being targeted but also faced an inflated chance of being murdered during the robbery. The
global financial crisis Global means of or referring to a globe A globe is a spherical physical model, model of Earth, of some other astronomical object, celestial body, or of the celestial sphere. Globes serve purposes similar to maps, but unlike maps, they do not dis ...
slowed the high rates of white people emigrating overseas and has led to increasing numbers of white emigrants returning to live in South Africa. Charles Luyckx, CEO of Elliot International and a board member of the Professional Movers Association said that in the past six months leading to December (2008), emigration numbers had dropped by 10%. Meanwhile, he revealed that "people imports" had increased by 50%. As of May 2014, Homecoming Revolution has estimated that around 340,000 white South Africans have returned to South Africa in the last decade. Furthermore, immigration from Europe has also supplemented the white population. The 2011 census found that 63,479 white people living in South Africa were born in Europe; of these, 28,653 had moved to South Africa since 2001. At the end of apartheid in 1994, 85% of South Africa's
arable land Arable land (from the la, arabilis, "able to be plough A plough or plow ( US; both ) is a farm tool for loosening or turning the soil before sowing seed or planting. Ploughs were traditionally drawn by oxen and horses, but in modern farms ...

arable land
was owned by whites. The land reform program introduced after the end of apartheid intended that, within 20 years, 30% of white-owned commercial farm land should be transferred to black owners. Thus, in 2011, the farmers' association, Agri South Africa, coordinated efforts to resettle farmers throughout the African continent. The initiative offered millions of hectares from 22 African countries that hoped to spur development of efficient commercial farming. The 30 percent target was not close to being met by the 2014 deadline. According to a 2017 government audit, 72% of the nation's private farmland is owned by white people. In February 2018, the
Parliament of South Africa The Parliament of the Republic of South Africa is South Africa's legislature; under the present Constitution of South Africa, the bicameral Parliament comprises a National Assembly (South Africa), National Assembly and a National Council of Pro ...
passed a motion to review the property ownership clause of the constitution, to allow for the expropriation of land, in the public interest, without compensation, which was supported within South Africa's ruling
African National Congress The African National Congress (ANC) is the Republic of South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populo ...
on the grounds that the land was originally seized by whites without just compensation. In August 2018, the South African government began the process of taking two white-owned farmlands. Western Cape ANC secretary Faiez Jacobs referred to the property clause amendment as a "stick" to force dialogue about the transfer of land ownership, with the hope of accomplishing the transfer "in a way that is orderly and doesn’t create a 'them' and 'us' ituation"


Demographics

The
Statistics South Africa Statistics South Africa (frequently shortened to Stats SA) is the national statistical service of South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of Sou ...
Census 2011 showed that there were about 4,586,838 white people in South Africa, amounting to 8.9% of the country's population. This is a 6.8% increase since the 2001 census. According to the Census 2011, South African English is the
first language A first language, native tongue, native language, or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1) is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) ...
of 36% of the white population group and Afrikaans is the first language of 61% of the white population group. The majority of white South Africans identify themselves as primarily ''South African'', regardless of their first language or ancestry.


Religion

Approximately 87% of white South Africans are
Christian Christians () are people who follow or adhere to Christianity, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus in Christianity, Jesus Christ. The words ''Christ (title), Christ'' and ''Christian'' derive from the Koi ...
, 9% are
irreligious Irreligion or nonreligion is the absence or rejection of religion Religion is a - of designated and practices, , s, s, , , , , or , that relates humanity to , , and elements; however, there is no scholarly consensus over what precise ...
, and 1% are
Jewish Jews ( he, יְהוּדִים ISO 259-2 , Israeli pronunciation ) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and nation originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is ...
. The largest
Christian denomination A Christian denomination is a distinct religious Religion is a - of designated and practices, , s, s, , , , , or , that relates humanity to , , and elements; however, there is no scholarly consensus over what precisely constitutes a rel ...
is the
Dutch Reformed Church The Dutch Reformed Church (, abbreviated NHK) was the largest Christian denomination in the Netherlands from the onset of the Protestant Reformation until 1930. It was the foremost Protestant denomination, and—since 1892—one of the two maj ...
(NGK), with 23% of the white population being members. Other significant denominations are the
Methodist Church Methodism, also called the Methodist movement, is a group of historically related denominations Denomination may refer to: * Religious denomination, such as a: ** Christian denomination ** Jewish denomination ** Islamic denomination ** Hindu d ...
(8%), the
Roman Catholic Church The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Baptism (from the Greek language, Greek noun βάπτισμα ''báptisma'') is a Christians, Christian ...
(7%), and the
Anglican Church Anglicanism is a Western Western may refer to: Places *Western, Nebraska, a village in the US *Western, New York, a town in the US *Western Creek, Tasmania, a locality in Australia *Western Junction, Tasmania, a locality in Australia * ...
(6%).


Migrations

Many
white Africans of European ancestry White Africans of European ancestry refers to people in Africa Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region ...
have migrated to South Africa from other parts of the continent due to political or economic turmoil in their respective homelands. Thousands of
Portuguese Mozambicans Portuguese Mozambicans ( pt, luso-moçambicanos) are Mozambique, Mozambican-born descendants of Portuguese people, Portuguese settlers. History Portuguese explorers turned to present-day Mozambique and two other Portuguese-speaking African countr ...
, Portuguese Angolans, and white Zimbabweans emigrated to South Africa during the 1970s and 1980s. However, the overwhelming majority of European migration correlated with the historic colonization of the region (some migrating for the purpose of capitalizing on the exploitation of resources, minerals and other lucrative elements found in South Africa, others for a better life and farming opportunities without many restrictions in newly colonised lands). Meanwhile, many white South Africans have also emigrated to Western countries over the past two decades, mainly to English-speaking countries such as the
United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer to use Britain as shorth ...
,
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...
and
New Zealand New Zealand ( mi, Aotearoa ''Aotearoa'' (; commonly pronounced by English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon Engl ...
. However, the financial crisis has slowed the rate of emigration and as of May 2014, the Homecoming Revolution has estimated that around 340,000 white South Africans have returned in the last decade.


Distribution

According to
Statistics South Africa Statistics South Africa (frequently shortened to Stats SA) is the national statistical service of South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of Sou ...
, white South Africans make up 8.9% (Census 2011) of the total population in South Africa. Their actual proportional share in municipalities is likely to be higher, given the undercount in the 2001 census. The following table shows the distribution of white people by
province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are g ...
, according to the
2011 census2011 censuses were conducted in the following countries: * Australia: Census in Australia * Austria: Demographics of Austria * Bangladesh: 2011 Bangladesh Census * Bulgaria: Demographics of Bulgaria * Canada: Canada 2011 Census * Croatia: 2011 Censu ...
:


Politics

White South Africans continue to participate in politics, having a presence across the whole
political spectrum A political spectrum is a system to characterize and classify different political positions Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions In psychology, decision-making (also spelled decision makin ...

political spectrum
from left to right. Former South African President
Jacob Zuma Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma (; born 12 April 1942) is a South African politician who was the fourth president of South Africa The President of the Republic of South Africa is the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is t ...

Jacob Zuma
commented in 2009 on Afrikaners being "the only white tribe in a black continent or outside of
Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of scienc ...

Europe
which is truly African", and said that "of all the white groups that are in South Africa, it is only the Afrikaners that are truly South Africans in the true sense of the word''.''" These remarks have led to the Centre for Constitutional Rights (CCR) laying a complaint with the
Human Rights Commission A human rights commission, also known as a human relations commission, is a body set up to investigate, promote or protect human rights. The term may refer to international, national or subnational bodies set up for this purpose, such as national ...
against Zuma. In 2015, a complaint was investigated for
hate speech Hate speech is defined by the ''Cambridge Dictionary ''Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary'' 3rd Edition CD-ROM The ''Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary'' (unofficially ''Cambridge English Dictionary'' or ''Cambridge Dictionary'' ...
against Jacob Zuma who said "You must remember that a man called Jan van Riebeeck arrived here on 6 April 1652, and that was the start of the trouble in this country." Former South African President
Thabo Mbeki Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki (; born 18 June 1942) is a South African politician who served as the second president of post-apartheid Apartheid (South African English South African English (SAfrE, SAfrEng, SAE, en-ZA) is the set o ...

Thabo Mbeki
stated in one of his speeches to the nation that: "South Africa belongs to everyone who lives in it. Black and White." The history of white people in South Africa dates back to the sixteenth century. Prior to 1994, a white minority held complete political power under a system of
racial segregation Racial segregation is the systematic separation of people into race (human classification), racial or other Ethnicity, ethnic groups in daily life. Racial segregation can amount to the international crime of apartheid and a crimes against hum ...
called
apartheid Apartheid (South African English South African English (SAfrE, SAfrEng, SAE, en-ZA) is the set of English language dialects native to South Africans. History British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * B ...

apartheid
. During
apartheid Apartheid (South African English South African English (SAfrE, SAfrEng, SAE, en-ZA) is the set of English language dialects native to South Africans. History British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * B ...

apartheid
, immigrants from
Taiwan Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and N ...

Taiwan
,
South Korea South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korea, Korean Peninsula and sharing a Korean Demilitarized Zone, land border with North Korea. Its western border is for ...
, and
Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an in ...
were considered ''
honorary whites Honorary whites is a term that was used by the apartheid Apartheid (South African English: ; , segregation; lit. "aparthood") was a system of institutionalised racial segregation that existed in South Africa and South West Africa ...
'' in the country, as the government had maintained diplomatic relations with these countries. These were granted the same privileges as white people, at least for purposes of residence. Some African Americans such as
Max Yergan Max Yergan (July 19, 1892 – April 11, 1975) was an African-American activist notable for being a Baptist Baptists form a major branch of Christianity distinguished by baptizing professing believers only (, as opposed to ), and doing so ...

Max Yergan
were granted an "honorary white" status as well.


Statistics


Historical population

Statistics for the white population in South Africa vary greatly. Most sources show that the white population peaked in the period between 1989 and 1995 at around 5.2 to 5.6 million. Up to that point, the white population largely increased due to high birth rates and immigration. Subsequently, between the mid-1990s and the mid-2000s, the white population decreased overall. However, from 2006 to 2013, the white population increased.


Fertility rates

Contraception Birth control, also known as contraception, anticonception, and fertility control, is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring In biology, offsp ...
among white South Africans is stable or slightly falling: 80% used contraception in 1990, and 79% used it in 1998. The following data shows some fertility rates recorded during South Africa's history. However, there are varied sources showing that the white fertility rate reached below replacement (2.1) by 1980. Likewise, recent studies show a range of fertility rates, ranging from 1.3 to 2.4. The Afrikaners tend to have a higher birthrate than that of other white people.


Life expectancy

The average life expectancy at birth for males and females


Unemployment


Income

Average annual household income by population group of the household head.


Percentage of workforce


Languages


Religion

Religion among white South Africans remains high compared to other white ethnic groups, but likewise it has shown a steady proportional drop in both membership and
church attendance Church attendance is a central religious practice for many Christians Christians () are people who follow or adhere to Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic Monotheism, monotheistic religion based on the Life of Je ...
with until recently the majority of white South Africans attending regular church services.


Notable White South Africans


Science and technology

*
Christiaan Barnard Christiaan Neethling Barnard (8 November 1922 – 2 September 2001) was a South African cardiac surgeon Cardiothoracic surgery is the field Field may refer to: Expanses of open ground * Field (agriculture), an area of land used for agric ...
, surgeon who performed first successful human heart transplant *
Mike BothaMike Botha is a master Diamond cutting, diamond cutter, with close to five decades in the profession, his training and subsequent career began in South Africa and has led him to Mauritius, Russia and Canada – from Vancouver to the Northwest Territo ...
,
diamond cutter Diamond cutting is the practice of shaping a Diamond (gemstone), diamond from a rough stone into a faceted gem. Cutting diamond requires specialized knowledge, tools, equipment, and techniques because of its extreme difficulty. The first guild of d ...
and educator; Yves Landry Award for Outstanding Innovation in Education, Canada *
Peter Sarnak Peter Clive Sarnak (born 18 December 1953) is a South African-born mathematician with dual South-African and American nationalities. Sarnak has been a member of the permanent faculty of the School of Mathematics at the Institute for Advanced Stu ...

Peter Sarnak
,
Princeton Princeton University is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly tw ...

Princeton
's Eugene Higgins professor of mathematics, specialising in
number theory Number theory (or arithmetic or higher arithmetic in older usage) is a branch of devoted primarily to the study of the s and . German mathematician (1777–1855) said, "Mathematics is the queen of the sciences—and number theory is the queen ...

number theory
* Stanley Skewes, mathematician whose work in number theory produced the record breaking Skewes number * Percy Deift, mathematician specialising in analysis *
Sydney Brenner Sydney Brenner (13 January 1927 – 5 April 2019) was a South African biologist A biologist is a professional who has specialized knowledge in the field of biology, understanding the underlying mechanisms that govern the functioning ...
,
biologist A biologist is a professional who has specialized knowledge in the field of biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structure, Biochemistry, chemical processes, Mol ...
; Nobel Prize, Physiology/Medicine 2002 *
Michael Levitt Michael Levitt, ( he, מיכאל לויט; born 9 May 1947) is a South African-born jewish biophysicist and a professor of structural biology at Stanford University, a position he has held since 1987. Levitt received the 2013 Nobel Prize in Ch ...

Michael Levitt
,
biophysicist uses protein domain dynamics on nanoscales to walk along a microtubule Microtubules are polymers of tubulin that form part of the cytoskeleton and provide structure and shape to Eukaryote, eukaryotic cells. Microtubules can grow as long as 50&n ...
; Nobel Prize, Chemistry 2013 * Allan McLeod Cormack,
physicist A physicist is a scientist A scientist is a person who conducts scientific research The scientific method is an Empirical evidence, empirical method of acquiring knowledge that has characterized the development of science since at leas ...

physicist
; Nobel Prize, Medicine 1979 *
Gordon Murray Ian Gordon Murray (born 18 June 1946 in Durban Durban ( ) ( zu, eThekwini, from meaning 'the port'), nicknamed ''Durbs'',Ishani ChettyCity nicknames in SA and across the worldArticle on ''news24.com'' from 25 October 2017. Retrieved 202 ...
, designer of Formula One race cars, including the Championship winning
McLaren MP4/4 The McLaren MP4/4, also known as the McLaren-Honda MP4/4, is one of the most successful Formula One car designs of all time. Powered by Honda in Formula One, Honda's RA168E 1.5-litre V6-turbo engine and driven by teammates Alain Prost and Ayrton ...
and the ultra-exclusive
McLaren F1 The McLaren F1 is a sports car A sports car is a car designed with an emphasis on dynamic performance, such as Automobile handling, handling, acceleration, top speed, or thrill of driving. Sports cars originated in Europe in the early 1900 ...

McLaren F1
Roadcar *
Elon Musk Elon Reeve Musk (; born June 28, 1971) is an entrepreneur and business magnate A business magnate is someone who has achieved great success and enormous wealth through the ownership of multiple lines of enterprise. The term characteris ...

Elon Musk
, entrepreneur & engineer:
SpaceX Space Exploration Technologies Corp. (SpaceX) is an American aerospace manufacturer and space transportation services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California. It was founded in 2002 by Elon Musk with the goal of reducing space trans ...
,
Tesla Motors Tesla, Inc. ( or ) is an American electric vehicle An electric vehicle (EV) is a vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine that transport Transport (commonly used in the U.K.), or transportation (used in the U.S. ...

Tesla Motors
, and
PayPal PayPal Holdings, Inc. is an American multinational financial technology company operating an online payments system in the majority of countries that support online money transfers, and serves as an electronic alternative to traditional pape ...

PayPal
*
Basil Schonland Sir Basil Ferdinand Jamieson Schonland OMG CBE Fellow of the Royal Society, FRS (2 February 1896 – 24 November 1972) was noted for his research on lightning, his involvement in the development of radar during World War II and for being the fir ...
, physicist *
Mark Shuttleworth Mark Richard Shuttleworth (born 18 September 1973) is a South African-British entrepreneur who is the founder and CEO of Canonical Canonical may refer to: Science and technology * Canonical form In mathematics Mathematics (from Ancien ...

Mark Shuttleworth
, founder of
Ubuntu Ubuntu ( ) is a Linux distribution A Linux distribution (often abbreviated as distro) is an operating system An operating system (OS) is system software System software is software designed to provide a platform for other software. E ...
, a
Linux Linux ( or ) is a family of open-source Open source is source code that is made freely available for possible modification and redistribution. Products include permission to use the source code, design documents, or content of the product ...

Linux
based computer
Operating system An operating system (OS) is system software System software is software designed to provide a platform for other software. Examples of system software include operating systems (OS) like macOS, Linux, Android (operating system), Android and Mi ...

Operating system
; first African in
space Space is the boundless three-dimensional Three-dimensional space (also: 3-space or, rarely, tri-dimensional space) is a geometric setting in which three values (called parameter A parameter (from the Ancient Greek language, Ancient Gre ...
*
Neil Turok Neil Geoffrey Turok (born 16 November 1958) is a South African physicist. He is a director emeritus of the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics since 2019. He specializes in mathematical physics and early-universe physics, including the ...
,
cosmologist Cosmology (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is appro ...
* George F. R. Ellis, cosmologist *
Max Theiler Max Theiler (30 January 1899 – 11 August 1972) was a South African-American virologist and physician. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine ) , name = The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine , image = Nobel ...
,
virologist Virology is the scientific study of virus A virus is a submicroscopic infectious agent that Viral replication, replicates only inside the living Cell (biology), cells of an organism. Viruses infect all types of life forms, from animals ...
; Nobel Prize, Medicine 1951 *
Phillip Tobias Phillip Vallentine Tobias (14 October 1925 – 7 June 2012) was a South African palaeoanthropologist and Professor Emeritus at the University of the Witwatersrand A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an institution of higher (or ...
, palaeo-anthropologist


Military

* Flight Lieutenant
Andrew Beauchamp-Proctor Andrew Frederick Weatherby (Anthony) Beauchamp-Proctor, (4 September 1894 – 21 June 1921) was a South African airman and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to Britis ...
,
DSO DSO may refer to: Organisations * Defence Science Organisation, now known as DSO National Laboratories, Singapore * Defense Sciences Office, part of the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency * Directorate of Special Operations, a South Afric ...
, and
bar Bar or BAR may refer to: Food *Bar (establishment) A bar is a long raised narrow table or bench designed for dispensing beer or other alcoholic beverage, alcoholic drinks. They were originally chest high, and a bar, often brass, ran the len ...
, DFC
fighter ace A flying ace, fighter ace or air ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft An aircraft is a vehicle that is able to flight, fly by gaining support from the Atmosphere of Earth, air. It counters the ...
, * Major
William Bloomfield Major William Anderson Bloomfield Victoria Cross, VC (30 January 1873 – 12 May 1954) was a Scotland, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to Un ...
VC, South African East African campaign, 1st World War * Captain William Faulds VC MC,
Delville Wood The Battle of Delville Wood was a series of engagements in the 1916 Battle of the Somme in the First World War World War I or the First World War, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from ...
, 1st World War * Major John Frost DFC (UK), DFC, South African Air Force fighter ace during the Second World War * Lieutenant Colonel Reginald Frederick Johnson Hayward VC, Western Front (World War I), Western Front, 1st World War * Captain Petrus Hugo DSO DFC, fighter ace, Second World War * Squadron Leader Albert Gerald Lewis DFC, South African fighter ace, 2nd World War * Adolph Malan, Adolph "Sailor" Malan, Second World War ace fighter pilot * Squadron Leader John Dering Nettleton VC, Battle of Britain * Major Oswald Reid VC, 1st World War * Captain Clement Robertson VC, Western Front * Lieutenant Colonel John Sherwood-Kelly VC CMG DSO, Second Boer War, Bambatha Rebellion, 1st World War * Captain Quentin Smythe VC, North African campaign, North Africa 2nd World War * Major Edwin Swales DFC (UK), DFC, pilot during the Second World War * Lieutenant Kevin Winterbottom Honoris Crux (1975), HC, South African Air Force * Staff Sergeant Danny Roxo HC, 32 Battalion (South Africa), 32 Battalion, South African Army * General Constand Viljoen Star of South Africa (1952), SSA Southern Cross Decoration, SD South African Police Star for Outstanding Service, SOE Southern Cross Medal (1952), SM Military Merit Medal (South Africa), MMM MP, former List of South African military chiefs, South African military chief and former leader of the Freedom Front Plus *Air Vice Marshal John Howe (RAF officer), John Frederick George Howe, CB, Order of the British Empire, CBE, Air Force Cross (United Kingdom), AFC (26 March 1930 – 27 January 2016)


Royalty and aristocracy

* Her Serene Highness, H.S.H. Charlene, Princess of Monaco * His Grace Bruce Murray, 12th Duke of Atholl


Arts and media

* Jani Allan, columnist and radio commentator * Melinda Bam, Miss South Africa 2011 * Joyce Barker, opera singer - soprano * Rolene Strauss, Miss World 2014 * David Bateson, voice actor in the ''Hitman (franchise), Hitman'' video game series * Bok van Blerk, singer * Neill Blomkamp, director * Herman Charles Bosman, writer * Johan Botha (tenor), Johan Botha, opera singer - tenor * Breyten Breytenbach, writer and painter * Andre Brink, novelist * Johnny Clegg, musician noted for performing in Juluka and Savuka * Penelope Coelen, Miss World 1958 * Mimi Coertse, soprano - opera singer * J. M. Coetzee, novelist; Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Prize, Literature 2003 * Megan Coleman, Miss South Africa 2006 * Elizabeth Connell, opera singer - mezzo soprano, soprano * Sharlto Copley, actor * John Cranko, ballet dancer and choreographer * Robyn Curnow, CNN International's anchor * Frederick Dalberg, opera singer - bass * Embeth Davidtz, actress, South African Americans, South African-American, born to South African parents in Indiana * Kurt Darren, singer * Die Antwoord, band; Hip house, rap-rave group formed in Cape Town * Collette Dinnigan, South African born fashion designer. * Kim Engelbrecht, actress * Elisabeth Eybers, poet * Duncan Faure, singer-songwriter and musician * Nicole Flint, Miss South Africa 2008 * Athol Fugard, playwright * Edwin Gagiano, South African-born Actor, filmmaker, singer-songwriter based in Los Angeles. * Dean Geyer, actor and singer * Goldfish (band), Goldfish, electronic duo originating from Cape Town. * Nadine Gordimer, writer; Nobel Prize, Literature 1991 * Stefans Grové, composer and writer * Cariba Heine, actress * Snotkop, François Henning, singer * Sonja Herholdt, recording artist * Jacques Imbrailo, opera singer - baritone * Sid James, actor, ''Carry On (film series), Carry On'' List of Carry On films cast members, team * Trevor Jones (composer), Trevor Jones, composer * Ingrid Jonker, poet * John Joubert (composer), John Joubert, Composer * Peter Klatzow, composer * Gé Korsten, opera singer - tenor, actor * Alice Krige, actress * Antjie Krog, writer * Kongos (band), Kongos; Band (rock and pop), rock band * Caspar Lee, YouTuber, actor * Locnville, electro hop music duo * Lara Logan, journalist and war correspondent * Eugène Marais, Eugène Nielen Marais, poet, writer, lawyer and naturalist * Monica Mason, ballet dancer and director of the The Royal Ballet, Royal Ballet * Dalene Matthee, writer * Dave Matthews, Grammy Award-winning singer-songwriter * Deon Meyer, writer * Shaun Morgan, singer and guitarist for the rock band Seether * Marita Napier, opera singer - soprano * Anton Nel, pianist * Demi-Leigh Nel-Peters, Miss Universe 2017 * The Parlotones, indie rock band from Johannesburg * Alan Paton, writer * Graham Payn, actor, singer * Madelaine Petsch, actress, model, YouTuber * Sasha Pieterse, actress in the hit American Broadcasting Company, ABC family series ''Pretty Little Liars'' * Brendan Peyper, singer * Tanit Phoenix, actress, fashion model * Hubert du Plessis, composer * William Plomer, novelist, poet and literary editor *Sir Laurens van der Post, controversial author, Conservation movement, conservationist, explorer, journalist and confidant to His Royal Highness, H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, The Prince of Wales * Behati Prinsloo, Supermodel, model * Trevor Rabin, musician and composer, member of the rock band Yes (band), Yes * Basil Rathbone, actor * J. R. Rotem, productor, songwriter and music publisher * Neil Sandilands, actor, director and cinematographer * Stelio Savante American Movie Award-winning and Screen Actors Guild Award, SAG Nominated actor * Olive Schreiner, South African writer, remembered for her novel ''The Story of an African Farm'' (1883). * Leon Schuster, comedian, filmmaker, actor, presenter and singer * Sir Antony Sher, actor * Troye Sivan, YouTuber, singer (half Australian) * Cliff Simon, actor and athlete * Phyllis Spira, ballerina, Prima Ballerina Assoluta * Winston Sterzel, YouTuber, first China vlogger and cofounder of ADVChina * Gerhard Steyn, singer * Miriam Stockley, singer * Tammin Sursok, actress, born in South Africa, but raised in Australia * Candice Swanepoel, Supermodel, model. * Esta TerBlanche, actress and model * Charlize Theron, Academy Awards, Academy Award-winning Actor * Elize du Toit, actress * Totius (poet), Jakob Daniël du Toit, poet * Pieter-Dirk Uys, performer and List of satirists and satires, satirist, creator of ''Evita Bezuidenhout'' * Musetta Vander, actress * Kevin Volans, composer and pianist * Arnold Vosloo, actor * Casper de Vries, comedian * Justine Waddell, actress * Deon van der Walt, opera singer - tenor * Kyle Watson (musician), Kyle Watson, record producer and DJ. * Arnold van Wyk, composer * N. P. van Wyk Louw, poet


Business

* Etienne de Villiers, investor; media and sports executive * Ivan Glasenberg, CEO of Glencore Xstrata, one of the world's largest Commodity market, commodity trading and List of mining companies, mining companies * Sol Kerzner, accountant and business magnate mainly in the Casino hotel, casino resort sector * Harry Oppenheimer, chairman of Anglo American Corporation for 25 years and De Beers Consolidated Mines for 27 years * Nicky Oppenheimer, chairman of the De Beers diamond mining company and its subsidiary, the Diamond Trading Company * Anton Rupert, founder of the Rembrandt Group * Johann Rupert, chairman of the Swiss-based Luxury goods, luxury-goods company Richemont and South Africa-based company Remgro * Desmond Sacco, Chairman and managing director of Assore Limited * Christo Wiese, consumer Retail business magnate


Politics

* Louis Botha, farmer, soldier, statesman; first Prime Minister of South Africa * P. W. Botha, former State President of South Africa * F. W. de Klerk, former State President of South Africa * Marike de Klerk, former First Lady of South Africa, murdered in her home in 2001 * Patrick Duncan (South African politician), Sir Patrick Duncan Governor-General of South Africa, Governor-General at the start of the Second World War * Ruth First, anti-apartheid activist and scholar * Sir James Percy FitzPatrick, author, politician and businessman * Derek Hanekom, Deputy Minister of Technology; prominent African National Congress, ANC member of Parliament * Nicholas Haysom, Former legal adviser to Nelson Mandela, former United Nations Special Representative to Afghanistan *Geordin Hill-Lewis, Mayor of Cape Town *Sandra Laing, white girl reclassified as "Coloured" during the apartheid era * D. F. Malan, former Prime Minister of South Africa * Pieter Mulder, former Deputy Minister of Agriculture, Forestry, Fisheries; leader of the Freedom Front Plus * Andries Pretorius, former leader of the Voortrekkers who was instrumental in the creation of the South African Republic * Harry Schwarz, lawyer, politician, diplomat and anti-apartheid leader * Joe Slovo, former leader of the South African Communist Party played key part in Negotiations to end apartheid in South Africa, constitutional negotiations in 1990s * Field Marshal (United Kingdom), Field Marshal Jan Smuts, soldier, politician and former Prime Minister of South Africa during both World war, World Wars. Only person to sign both world War peace treaties on the winning side. * Jan Steytler, first leader of Progressive Party (South Africa), Progressive Party of South Africa, former MP * Helen Suzman, Anti-Apartheid Movement, anti-apartheid activist and Parliament of South Africa, former MP, solo anti-apartheid parliamentarian from 1961 to 1974 representing Progressive Party (South Africa), served on first Independent Electoral Commission (South Africa), Independent Electoral Commission supervising first non-racial national elections in South Africa * Colin Eglin, former leader of the Progressive Party (South Africa) and its successors and former MP, played key role in building up parliamentary opposition to apartheid in the 1970s and 1980s, and in constitutional negotiations in 1990s * Zach de Beer, former Progressive Party (South Africa) MP, subsequent leader of Democratic Party (South Africa, 1973), Democratic Party and post-apartheid ambassador to The Netherlands, also played key part in constitutional negotiations in 1990s * Rick Crouch, City Councillor in the eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality * Eugène Terre'Blanche, former leader of the Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging; murdered * Marthinus van Schalkwyk, previous Minister of Tourism and ANC member of Parliament; played a key role in merging the National Party (South Africa), National Party into the ANC * Hendrik Verwoerd, former Prime Minister of South Africa; primary architect of
Apartheid Apartheid (South African English South African English (SAfrE, SAfrEng, SAE, en-ZA) is the set of English language dialects native to South Africans. History British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * B ...

Apartheid
; assassinated in Cape Town, in the House of Assembly of South Africa, House of Assembly * Helen Zille, former leader of the Democratic Alliance (South Africa), Democratic Alliance and Premier of the Western Cape


Sport

* Willem Alberts, professional rugby player * Kevin Anderson (tennis), Kevin Anderson, professional tennis player * Clive Barker (soccer), Clive Barker, former footballer and football coach, led the South Africa national football team to victory in the 1996 African Cup of Nations * Matthew Booth (soccer), Matthew Booth, former footballer * Francois Botha, Professional boxing, professional boxer * Michael Botha, professional rugby player * Mark Boucher, former professional cricketer * Vincent Breet, rower * Okkert Brits, former pole vaulter, holds the African record and only African in the "6 metres club" * Schalk Brits, professional rugby player * Zola Budd, former track and field runner, broke the world record in the women's 5000 metres, 5000 m twice in under three years * Schalk Burger, former professional rugby player * Jan-Henning Campher, rugby player * Bradley Carnell, former footballer * Gerrie Coetzee, former boxer, first boxer from Africa to win a World heavyweight titles, world heavyweight title * Tony Coyle, former footballer * Hansie Cronje, professional cricketer * Lood de Jager, professional rugby player * Faf de Klerk, professional rugby player * Quinton de Kock, professional cricketer * Roger De Sá, former footballer * AB de Villiers, professional batsman * Giniel de Villiers, Auto racing, racing driver and winner of the 2009 Dakar Rally * Jean de Villiers, former professional rugby player * Allan Donald, professional cricketer * Faf du Plessis, professional cricketer * Natalie du Toit, paralympian swimmer * Pieter-Steph du Toit, professional rugby player * Thomas du Toit, professional rugby player * Ernie Els, professional golfer, former Official World Golf Rankings#Number 1 ranked golfers, World No. 1 and winner of four Men's major golf championships, Majors * Eben Etzebeth, professional rugby player * Brett Evans, former footballer and current football coach * Paul Evans (footballer, born 1973), Paul Evans, former footballer * Rowen Fernández, former footballer * Lyndon Ferns, former swimmer and Olympic gold medal, gold medallist in the 4 × 100 metres relay, 4x100m freestyle relay at the 2004 Summer Olympics * Wayne Ferreira, former tennis player * Mark Fish, former footballer * Dean Furman, footballer, captain of South African team * Retief Goosen, professional golfer, twice U.S. Open (golf), US Open champion * Penelope Heyns, Penny Heyns, former swimmer, the only woman in the history of the Olympic Games to have won both the 100 m and 200 m breaststroke events, at the 1996 Summer Olympics * Pierre Issa, former footballer * Liam Jordan, footballer * Steven Kitshoff, professional rugby player * Vincent Koch, professional rugby player * Johan Kriek, former professional tennis player and winner of the 1981 Australian Open * Jesse Kriel, professional rugby player * Patrick Lambie, former professional rugby player * Grant Langston (motorcyclist), Grant Langston, former professional motocross rider who competed in Europe and the US * Chad le Clos, swimmer and gold medalist in the 200m Butterfly stroke, butterfly at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London * Adam Rose, Raymond Leppan, Professional wrestling, professional wrestler, formerly signed with World Wrestling Entertainment performing under the name "Adam Rose" * Paul Lloyd Jr., professional wrestler, formerly signed with World Wrestling Entertainment where he performed under the name Justin Gabriel * Francois Louw, professional rugby player * Calvin Marlin, former footballer * Malcolm Marx, professional rugby player * Victor Matfield, former professional rugby player * Hank McGregor, Surf ski, surf skier and kayak marathon champion * Elana Meyer, former Long-distance running, long-distance runner, set 15 km road running and half marathon African records * Percy Montgomery, former rugby union player and current record holder for both cap (sport), caps and points for the South Africa national rugby union team, Springboks * Albie Morkel, cricketer * Morne Morkel, cricketer * Franco Mostert, professional rugby player * Karen Muir, former swimmer * Franco Naudé, professional rugby player * Ryk Neethling, former swimmer and gold medallist in the 4x100m freestyle relay at the 2004 Summer Olympics * Ricardo Nunes, footballer * Louis Oosthuizen, professional golfer, winner of 2010 Open Championship * François Pienaar, former captain of the South Africa national rugby union team, Springboks, leading South Africa to victory in the 1995 Rugby World Cup * Kevin Pietersen, former England international cricketer * Gary Player, professional golfer * Oscar Pistorius, former Paralympic Games, paralympic athlete; convicted of the murder of his girlfriend * Handré Pollard, professional rugby player * Jacques Potgieter, former professional rugby player * Gary Player, former professional golfer, widely regarded as one of the greatest players in the history of golf * André Pretorius, former rugby player * Cobus Reinach, professional rugby player * Jonty Rhodes, professional cricketer * Glen Salmon, former footballer * Corrie Sanders, in 2003 became the World Boxing Organization, WBO heavyweight champion; murdered in 2012 * Jody Scheckter, former Formula One auto-racer and winner of 1979 Formula One season * Louis Schreuder, professional rugby player * Roland Schoeman, swimmer and gold medallist in the 4x100m freestyle relay at the 2004 Summer Olympics * Charl Schwartzel, professional golfer and winner of the 2011 Masters Tournament * Dillon Sheppard, former footballer * Jan Serfontein, professional rugby player * Dillon Sheppard, former footballer * John Smit, former captain of the South Africa national rugby union team, Springboks, leading South Africa to victory in the 2007 Rugby World Cup * Graeme Smith, former captain of the South Africa national cricket team, Proteas * Kwagga Smith, professional rugby player * R.G. Snyman, professional rugby player * Dale Steyn, cricket pace bowler * Carla Swart, collegiate cyclist, won nineteen individual and team cycling titles * Eric Tinkler, former footballer * Neil Tovey, former captain of the South Africa national football team, leading the team to victory in the 1996 African Cup of Nations * Darian Townsend, swimmer and gold medallist in the 4x100m freestyle relay at the 2004 Summer Olympics * Andrew Tucker (footballer), Andrew Tucker, former footballer * Hans Vonk (footballer), Hans Vonk, former footballer, South Africa national football team, South Africa's first choice goalkeeper during 1998 Fifa World Cup * Cameron van der Burgh, swimmer who represented South Africa at the 2008 Summer Olympics and at the 2012 Summer Olympics winning gold at the 100-meter breaststroke in a new world record * Rassie van der Dussen, professional cricketer * Janine van Wyk, footballer and captain of South Africa women's national football team * Duane Vermeulen, professional rugby player * Douglas Whyte, horse racing jockey, 13-time Hong Kong champion jockey * Ivan Winstanley, former footballer * Neil Winstanley, former footballer


Other

* Mariette Bosch, murderer executed by the Politics of Botswana, government of Botswana in 2001 for the murder of South African Ria Wolmarans * Henri van Breda, murderer who killed his parents and brother in January 2015


See also

* White Africans of European ancestry * Bantu peoples of South Africa * Coloureds * Khoisan * Asian South Africans * Indian South Africans * Japanese South Africans * Chinese South Africans * Romani people


References

{{authority control White South African people, European South African, South African people of European descent, European diaspora in Africa, South Africa Ethnic groups in South Africa