HOME

TheInfoList




The seven hills of Rome ( la, Septem colles/montes Romae, it, Sette colli di Roma ) east of the river
Tiber The Tiber (; la, Tiberis; it, Tevere ) is the third-longest and the longest in Central Italy, rising in the in and flowing through , , and , where it is joined by the River , to the , between and . It estimated at . The river has achi ...

Tiber
form the geographical heart of
Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Lazio, Italy).svg , map_caption = The te ...

Rome
, within the
walls
walls
of the city.


Hills

The seven hills are: *
Aventine Hill The Aventine Hill (; la, Collis Aventinus; it, Aventino ) is one of the Seven Hills on which ancient Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus Romulus was the legend ...
(Latin: ''Collis Aventinus''; Italian: ''Aventino'') *
Caelian Hill The Caelian Hill (; la, Collis Caelius; it, Celio ) is one of the famous seven hills of Rome. Geography The Caelian Hill is a sort of long promontory about long, to wide, and tall in the park near the Temple of Claudius. The hill ove ...

Caelian Hill
(''Collis Caelius'', originally the ''Mons Querquetulanus''; ''Celio'') *
Capitoline Hill The Capitolium or Capitoline Hill ( ; it, Campidoglio ; la, Mons Capitolinus ), between the Forum Forum (plural forums or fora) may refer to: Common uses * Forum (legal), designated space for public expression in the United States *For ...
(''Mons Capitolinus''; ''Campidoglio'') *
Esquiline Hill The Esquiline Hill (; la, Collis Esquilinus; it, Esquilino ) is one of the seven hills of Rome, Seven Hills of Rome. Its southernmost cusp is the ''Oppius'' (Oppian Hill). Etymology The origin of the name ''Esquiline'' is still under much d ...
(''Collis Esquilinus''; ''Esquilino'') *
Palatine Hill The Palatine Hill, (; la, Collis Palatium or Mons Palatinus; it, Palatino ) which is the centremost of the seven hills of Rome The seven hills of Rome ( la, Septem colles/montes Romae, it, Sette colli di Roma ) east of the river Tiber ...

Palatine Hill
(''Collis'' or ''Mons Palatinus''; ''Palatino'') *
Quirinal Hill The Quirinal Hill (; la, Collis Quirinalis; it, Quirinale ) is one of the Seven Hills of Rome, at the north-east of the city center. It is the location of the official residence of the Italian head of state, who resides in the Quirinal Palace; ...
(''Collis Quirinalis''; ''Quirinale'') *
Viminal Hill The Viminal Hill (; la, Collis Vīminālis ; it, Viminale ) is the smallest of the famous Seven Hills of Rome The seven hills of Rome ( la, Septem colles/montes Romae, it, Sette colli di Roma ) east of the river Tiber form the geographical ...
(''Collis Viminalis''; ''Viminale'') The
Vatican Hill Vatican Hill (; la, Mons Vaticanus; it, Colle Vaticano) is a hill located across the Tiber river Rome Historical marker, flood marker, 1598, set into a pillar of the Ospedale di Santo Spirito in Sassia, Santo Spirito Hospital near Basilica di ...
(Latin ''Collis Vaticanus'') lying northwest of the
Tiber The Tiber (; la, Tiberis; it, Tevere ) is the third-longest and the longest in Central Italy, rising in the in and flowing through , , and , where it is joined by the River , to the , between and . It estimated at . The river has achi ...

Tiber
, the
Pincian Hill The Pincian Hill (; it, Pincio ; la, Mons Pincius) is a hill in the northeast quadrant of the historical centre of Rome. The hill lies to the north of the Quirinal Hill, Quirinal, overlooking the Campus Martius. It was outside the original b ...
(''Mons Pincius''), lying to the north, the
Janiculan Hill The Janiculum ( it, Gianicolo ), occasionally the Janiculan Hill, is a hill in western Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rom ...
(Latin ''Janiculum''), lying to the west, and the
Sacred Mount __NoToC__ The Mons Sacer, Sacer Mons, or Sacred Mount is a hill in Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city ...
(Latin ''Mons Sacer''), lying to the northeast, are not counted among the traditional Seven Hills, being outside the boundaries of the most ancient part of Rome. Separate also are the seven hills associated with the
Septimontium The Septimontium was a proto-urban Urban means "related to a city". In that sense, the term may refer to: * Urban area, geographical area distinct from rural areas * Urban culture, the culture of towns and cities. Urban may also refer to: Gene ...

Septimontium
, a proto-urban festival celebrated by the residents of the seven communities associated with the hills or peaks of Rome. These were the Oppius,
Palatium The Palatine Hill, (; la, Collis Palatium or Mons Palatinus; it, Palatino ) which is the centremost of the Seven Hills of Rome, is one of the most ancient parts of the city and has been called "the first nucleus of the Roman Empire." The s ...

Palatium
,
Velia , alternate_name = Hyele, Ele, Elea , image = Velia Excavation and Tower.jpg , alt = , caption = View of the excavations and the tower at Velia , map_type = Italy , map_alt = , map_size = , relief = , coordinates = , location = Veli ...
, Fagutal, Cermalus,
Caelius
Caelius
, and
Cispius Cispius is the '' nomen'' of the Roman '' gens Cispia''. Cispius Laevus The '' Mons Cispius'', or Cispian Hill, is one of several summits of the Esquiline Hill The Esquiline Hill (; la, Collis Esquilinus; it, Esquilino ) is one of the sev ...
. These are sometimes confused with the traditional seven hills.


History

Tradition A tradition is a belief A belief is an attitude Attitude may refer to: Philosophy and psychology * Attitude (psychology) In psychology Psychology is the science of mind and behavior. Psychology includes the study of conscious ...

Tradition
holds that
Romulus and Remus 350px, Altar to Mars (divine father of Romulus and Remus) and Venus (their divine ancestress) depicting elements of their legend. Tiberinus, the Father of the Tiber and the infant twins being suckled by a she-wolf in the Ostia, now at the Na ...

Romulus and Remus
founded the original city on the Palatine Hill on April 21, 753 BC, and that the seven hills were first occupied by small settlements that were not grouped. The seven hills' denizens began to interact, which began to bond the groups. The city of Rome, thus, came into being as these separate settlements acted as a group, draining the marshy valleys between them and turning them into markets ('' fora'' in Latin). Later, in the early 4th century BC, the
Servian Walls The Servian Wall ( la, Murus Servii Tullii; it, Mura Serviane) was an ancient Roman defensive barrier constructed around the city of Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulu ...
were constructed to protect the seven hills. In modern Rome, five of the seven hills—the Aventine, Caelian, Esquiline, Quirinal, and Viminal Hills—are now the sites of monuments, buildings, and parks. The Capitoline Hill is the location of Rome's city hall, and the Palatine Hill is part of the main archaeological area. A smaller area was covered by the seven peaks associated with the festival of the
Septimontium The Septimontium was a proto-urban Urban means "related to a city". In that sense, the term may refer to: * Urban area, geographical area distinct from rural areas * Urban culture, the culture of towns and cities. Urban may also refer to: Gene ...

Septimontium
: the Cispian Hill (''Cispius Mons''),
Oppian Hill The Oppian Hill (Latin language, Latin, ''Oppius Mons''; it, Colle Oppio) is the southern spur of the Esquiline Hill, one of the Seven hills of Rome, Seven Hills of Rome, Italy. It is separated from the Cispius on the north by the valley of the ...
(''Oppius Mons''), and Fagutal Hill (''Fagutalis Mons''), three spurs of the Esquiline Hill, along with the Palatium and Cermalus, the peaks of the Palatine Hill, the
Velian Hill The Velia — or Velian Hill or Velian Ridge — is a or stretching out from the middle of the north side of the towards the (itself a spur of the ) in . In later times, the Velia was called ''Summa Sacra Via'' ("Summit of the ") — since ...
, a ridge joining the Palatine and Oppian Hills, and the Caelian Hill.


Other cities with seven hills

Sheffield Sheffield is a and in , England. The name derives from the which runs through the city. It is a part of , although some southern suburbs have been annexed from . It is situated east of , south of and north of . It is the largest settlement ...

Sheffield
,
Constantinople la, Constantinopolis ota, قسطنطينيه , alternate_name = Byzantion (earlier Greek name), Nova Roma ("New Rome"), Miklagard/Miklagarth (Old Norse Old Norse, Old Nordic, or Old Scandinavian is a stage of development of North Germa ...

Constantinople
,
Lisbon Lisbon (; pt, Lisboa ) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 544,851 within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2. Grande Lisboa, Lisbon's urban area extends beyond the city's admin ...

Lisbon
,
Providence Providence often refers to: * Providentia, the divine personification of foresight in ancient Roman religion * Divine providence, divinely ordained events and outcomes in Christianity * Providence, Rhode Island, the capital of Rhode Island in the ...

Providence
and the
Massachusetts Massachusetts (, ), officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * ...

Massachusetts
cities of
Worcester Worcester may refer to: Places United Kingdom * Worcester, England, a city in Worcestershire ** Worcester (UK Parliament constituency) * Worcester Park, London, England * Worcestershire, a county in England United States * Worcester, Massachus ...
, Somerville, and
Newton Newton most commonly refers to: * Isaac Newton (1642–1726/1727), English scientist * Newton (unit), SI unit of force named after Isaac Newton Newton may also refer to: Arts and entertainment * Newton (film), ''Newton'' (film), a 2017 Indian fil ...
are also said to have been built on seven hills, following the example of Rome.


In the New Testament

In the
Book of Revelation The Book of Revelation (also called the Apocalypse of John, Revelation to John or Revelation from Jesus Christ) is the final book of the New Testament The New Testament grc, Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, Transliteration, transl. ; ...
, the
Whore of Babylon Babylon the Great, commonly known as the Whore of Babylon, refers to both a symbolic female figure and place of evil Evil, in a general sense, is defined by what it is not—the opposite or absence of good. It can be an extremely broad conce ...

Whore of Babylon
sits on "seven mountains", typically understood as the seven hills of Rome.Beckwith, Isbon T. ''The Apocalypse of John''. New York: MacMillan, 1919; reprinted, Eugene: Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2001.


In modern literature

In a 2019 interview
Lindsey Davis Lindsey Davis (born 1949) is an English historical novelist, best known as the author of the Marcus Didius Falco, Falco series of historical mystery, historical crime stories set in ancient Rome and its empire. She is a recipient of the Cartier Di ...
revealed her plan to set a series of books on the seven hills of Rome, now accomplished with the publication of '' A Capitol Death'', seventh in the Flavia Albia series which began with '' The Ides of April'', set on the Aventine Hill.


See also

;Other Roman hills *
Mons Sacer __NoToC__ The Mons Sacer, Sacer Mons, or Sacred Mount is a hill in Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city ...
*
Monte Mario Monte Mario (English: Mount Mario) is the hill that rises in the north-west area of Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome ...
* Oppian Hill (Oppio) * Velian Hill (Velia) *
Pincian Hill The Pincian Hill (; it, Pincio ; la, Mons Pincius) is a hill in the northeast quadrant of the historical centre of Rome. The hill lies to the north of the Quirinal Hill, Quirinal, overlooking the Campus Martius. It was outside the original b ...
*
Monte Testaccio Monte Testaccio (alternatively spelled Monte Testaceo; also known as Monte dei cocci) is an artificial mound in Rome composed almost entirely of ''testae'' ( it, cocci), fragments of broken ancient Roman pottery Pottery was produced in enormous ...

Monte Testaccio
, an artificial hill composed primarily of broken
amphorae An amphora (; grc, ἀμφορεύς, ''amphoreús''; English plural: amphorae or amphoras) is a type of container with a pointed bottom and characteristic shape and size which fit tightly (and therefore safely) against each other in storag ...

amphorae
*
Janiculan Hill (Gianicolo)
 Janiculan Hill (Gianicolo)
;General * Seven hills


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:Seven Hills Of Rome Cultural lists