A request for qualifications (RFQ) is a step sometimes used in the formal process of procuring a product or service, for example by a government agency. It is typically used as a screening step to establish a pool of vendors (businesses or individuals to provide a product or service) that are then qualified, and thus eligible to submit responses to a
request for proposals A request for proposal (RFP) is a document that solicits proposal, often made through a bidding process, by an agency or company interested in procurement of a commodity, service, or valuable asset, to potential suppliers to submit business ...
(RFP). In this two-step process, the response to the RFQ will describe the company or individual's general qualifications to perform a service or supply a product but generally will not include specific details or price proposals.

Benefits of including a RFQ step

For the procurer, an RFQ provides a pre-screening step, so at the request for proposal phase there are fewer proposals to evaluate. The Request for Qualifications thus becomes a means by which the purchasing agency can add vendors to their select sellers list, i.e. list of vendors eligible to bid. For the respondent, they do not spend the time and effort to write a full proposal only to find out they were not qualified as a firm. In some jurisdictions, the RFQ is a required step for some types of procurement. In the United States, the
Federal Highway Administration The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is a division of the United States Department of Transportation that specializes in highway transportation. The agency's major activities are grouped into two programs, the Federal-aid Highway Program a ...
denotes a request for qualifications as a "phase one solicitation" for
design–build Design–build (or design/build, and abbreviated D–B or D/B accordingly) is a Project delivery method, project delivery system used in the construction industry. It is a method to deliver a project in which the design and construction services ar ...


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