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The Italian title ''prov ditore'' (plural ''provveditori''; also known in gr, προνοητής, προβλεπτής; sh, providur), "he who sees to things" (
overseer Overseer may refer to: Professions *Supervisor or superintendent; one who keeps watch over and directs the work of others *Plantations_in_the_American_South#Overseer, Plantation overseer, often in the context of forced labor or Treatment_of_slaves_ ...
), was the style of various (but not all) local district governors in the extensive, mainly maritime empire of the
Republic of Venice The Republic of Venice ( it, Repubblica di Venezia; vec, Repùblega de Venèsia) or Venetian Republic ( it, Repubblica Veneta; vec, Repùblega Vèneta), traditionally known as La Serenissima ( en, Most Serene Republic Most Serene Republic ( ...
. Like many political appointments, it was often held by noblemen as a stage in their career, usually for a few years.


Adriatic home territory

*In the Stato di Terraferma, the continental part of northern Italy acquired by Venice, mainly in the 15th century, they were appointed in considerable number as part of a complex hierarchical structure, including territories (the upper level), '' podesterias, capitanatos, vicariatos'', ecclesiastical and private jurisdictions etc.


Overseas territories (Stato da Mar)

Some were Venetian possessions much earlier, but no data on the style of their governors exist; most were lost to the
Ottoman Empire The Ottoman Empire (; ', ; or '; )info page on bookat Martin Luther University) // CITED: p. 36 (PDF p. 38/338). was an empire that controlled much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa, Northern Africa between the 14th ...
.


Eastern Adriatic

*On the
Istria Istria ( ; Croatian Croatian may refer to: *Croatia *Croatian cuisine *Croatian language *Croatian name *Croats, people from Croatia, or of Croatian descent *Citizens of Croatia, see demographics of Croatia See also * Croatia (disambiguation) ...

Istria
peninsula, a further territorio (now partly in Slovenia), e.g.
Pola (Pula)
Pola (Pula)
*Further south, in Dalmatia - cfr. infra *
Cattaro (Kotor)
Cattaro (Kotor)
, see
List of Venetian governors of KotorThis is a list of Venetian governors of Kotor. The governors of Kotor, Cattaro (modern Kotor) held the titles of ''conte'' (count), ''capitano'' (captain), ''rettore'' (Rector (politics), rector), and ''provveditore'' (overseer). Kotor was under Vene ...


Individual Ionian Islands

*
Cephalonia Kefalonia or Cephalonia ( el, Κεφαλονιά), formerly also known as Kefallinia or Kephallenia (), is the largest of the Ionian Islands The Ionian Islands (Modern Greek Modern Greek (, , or , ''Kiní Neoellinikí Glóssa''), generally ...
, 1700−1799 *
Cerigo Kythira (, ; el, Κύθηρα, , also transliterated as Cythera, Kythera and Kithira) is an Greek islands, island in Greece lying opposite the south-eastern tip of the Peloponnese peninsula. It is traditionally listed as one of the seven main Ion ...
(Kythera), full style ''castellano e provveditore'', the first part referring to the citadel, cf. infra, 1698−1799 *
Santa Maura Lefkada ( el, Λευκάδα, ''Lefkáda'', ), also known as Lefkas or Leukas (Ancient Greek and Katharevousa: Λευκάς, ''Leukás'', modern pronunciation ''Lefkás'') and Leucadia, is a Greece, Greek list of islands of Greece, island in the ...
(Leucada/Lefkada), 1700−1797 *
Zante Zakynthos (also spelled Zakinthos; el, Ζάκυνθος, Zákynthos ; it, Zacinto ) or Zante meaning "amazing and loving" (, , ; el, Τζάντε, Tzánte ; from the Venetian form) is a Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Any ...
(Zakynthos), 1698−1807


Venetian coastal fortresses in continental Greece

*
Coron
Coron
, 1693−1715 * Modon (Methoni), 1697−1715 *
Patrasso
Patrasso
(Patras), 1687−1715 *
Preveza Preveza ( el, Πρέβεζα, ) is a city in the region of Epirus (region), Epirus, northwestern Greece, located on the northern peninsula at the mouth of the Ambracian Gulf. It is the capital of the Preveza (regional unit), regional unit of Prev ...

Preveza
, 1721−1791 *
Vonitsa Vonitsa ( el, Βόνιτσα) is a town in the northwestern part of Aetolia-Acarnania in Greece, seat of the municipality of Aktio-Vonitsa. Population 4,916 (2011). The beach town is situated on the south coast of the Ambracian Gulf, and is dominat ...

Vonitsa
, 1719−1797


Provveditore generale

The ''provveditore generale'', or governor-general, was the style of Venetian state officials supervising a whole region of the dogal sway: *
Venetian Dalmatia Venetian often means from or related to: * Venice, a city in Italy * Veneto, a region of Italy * Republic of Venice (697–1797), a historical nation in that area Venetian and the like may also refer to: * Venetian language, a Romance language sp ...
(1409−1797) *
Morea The Morea ( el, Μορέας or ) was the name of the Peloponnese The Peloponnese (), Peloponnesia, or Peloponnesus (; el, Πελοπόννησος, Pelopónnēsos, ) is a peninsula and geographic regions of Greece, geographic region in sou ...
(1688−1715), seat at
Nauplion Nafplio ( ell, Ναύπλιο, Nauplio or Nauplion in Italian and other Western European languages) is a seaport town in the Peloponnese The Peloponnese () or Peloponnesus (; el, Πελοπόννησος, Peloponnesos, ) is a peninsula A p ...
*
Provveditore generale da Mar The ''Provveditore Generale da Mar'' ("Superintendent General of the Sea") was a senior office in the Venetian navy and in the Stato da Mar, Venetian overseas empire. The ''Provveditore Generale da Mar'' was the supreme commander of the Venetian f ...
, seat at Corfu *
Provveditore generale di Candia The Realm or Kingdom of Candia ( it, Regno di Candia) or Duchy of Candia ( it, Ducato di Candia) was the official name of Crete during the island's period as an Stato da Màr, overseas colony of the Republic of Venice, from the initial Venetian conq ...
, seat at Candia (
Heraklion Heraklion or Iraklion ( ; el, Ηράκλειο, , ) is the largest city and the administrative capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in lar ...
)


Special local titles

*On the Ionian island of
Corfu Corfu (, ) or Kerkyra ( el, Κέρκυρα, Kérkyra, ), ; ; la, Corcyra. is a Greek island Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece, a country in Southern Europe: *Greeks, an ethnic group *Greek language, a branch ...

Corfu
, the equivalent Venetian governorship was styled ''
Baili ''Bailo'' or ''baylo'' (plural ''baili'' or ''bayli'') is a Venetian language, Venetian title that derives from the Latin language, Latin term '':wikt:baiulus, baiulus'', meaning "porter, bearer". In English, it may be translated bailiff, or otherw ...
'' ('Baillif') *Cerigotto (
Antikythera Antikythera or Anticythera ( ) is a Greek island lying on the edge of the Aegean Sea, between Crete and Peloponnese. In antiquity the island was known as (). Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality of Kythira i ...

Antikythera
) maintained its own feudal rulers, styled ''Moite'', accepting Venetian suzerainty since 1309 *Style not known for the Venetian fortresses in present Greece at
Parga Parga ( el, Πάργα ) is a town and municipality located in the northwestern part of the regional unit of Preveza in Epirus sq, Epiri rup, Epiru , native_name_lang = , settlement_type = Historical region Historical region ...

Parga
, nor for
Aegina Aegina (; el, Αίγινα, ''Aígina'' ; grc, Αἴγῑνα) is one of the Saronic Islands The Saronic Islands or Argo-Saronic Islands is an archipelago An archipelago ( ), sometimes called an island group or island chain, is a chain ...

Aegina
island *In
Cyprus Cyprus ; tr, Kıbrıs (), officially called the Republic of Cyprus,, , lit: Republic of Cyprus is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or poli ...

Cyprus
, the governorship was split between a civilian ''
luogotenente The Italian language, Italian word ''luogotenente'' (; plural ''luogotenenti'') is an etymological parallel to lieutenant, deriving from the Latin ''locum tenens'' "holding a place", i.e. someone who fills a position instead of another, as a substit ...

luogotenente
'' and a military ''capitano''


Later Napoleonic use

Under French rule, Dalmatia was styled a ''provveditorate generale'', or in French ''inspection générale'' in 1808, when it was integrated in the Napoleonic Italian kingdom, with three military subdivisions, Zara (
Zadar Zadar ( , ; see also Zadar#Etymology and historical names, other names) is the List of oldest continuously inhabited cities, oldest continuously inhabited Croatian city. It is situated on the Adriatic Sea, at the northwestern part of Ravni Kota ...

Zadar
), Spalato (
Split Split(s) or The Split may refer to: Places * Split, Croatia, the largest coastal city in Croatia * Split Island, Canada, an island in the Hudson Bay * Split Island, Falkland Islands * Split Island, Fiji, better known as Hạfliua Arts, entertain ...
, Spalatro), Bouches-du-Cattaro ('mouths of the river
Kotor Kotor (Montenegrin language, Montenegrin Cyrillic: Котор, ; it, Cattaro) is a coastal town in Montenegro. It is located in a secluded part of the Bay of Kotor. The city has a population of 13,510 and is the administrative center of Kotor ...

Kotor
'), soon joined be the absorbed
RagusaRagusa is the historical name of Dubrovnik. It may also refer to: Places Croatia * the Republic of Ragusa (or Republic of Dubrovnik), the maritime city-state of Ragusa * Cavtat (historically ' in Italian), a town in Dubrovnik-Neretva County, Croa ...
(Dubrovnik), but on 14 October 1809 abolished and annexed into France's
Illyrian provinces The Illyrian Provinces sl, Ilirske province hr, Ilirske provincije it, Province illirichegerman: Illyrische Provinzen, group=note were an autonomous province Autonomous province is a term for a type of province A province is almost always an a ...
.


References


WorldStatesmen
{{Republic of Venice Gubernatorial titles Government of the Republic of Venice