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Product data management (PDM) or product information management (PIM) is the business function often within
product lifecycle management In industry, product lifecycle management (PLM) is the process of managing the entire lifecycle of a product from its inception through the engineering, design, and manufacture, as well as the service and disposal of manufactured products. PLM ...

product lifecycle management
(PLM) that is responsible for the management and publication of product data. In software engineering, this is known as
version control In software engineering Software engineering is the systematic application of engineering Engineering is the use of scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other items, including bridges, tunnels, roads, v ...
. The goals of product data management include ensuring all stakeholders share a common understanding, that confusion during the execution of the processes is minimized, and that the highest standards of quality controls are maintained.


Introduction

Product data management is the use of software or other tools to track and control data related to a particular product. The data tracked usually involves the technical specifications of the product, specifications for manufacture and development, and the types of materials that will be required to produce goods. The use of product data management allows a company to track the various costs associated with the creation and launch of a product. Product data management is part of product lifecycle management and
configuration management Configuration management (CM) is a systems engineering Systems engineering is an field of and that focuses on how to design, integrate, and manage s over their s. At its core, systems engineering utilizes principles to organize this bod ...
, and is primarily used by engineers. Within PDM the focus is on managing and tracking the creation, change and archive of all information related to a product. The information being stored and managed (on one or more file servers) will include engineering data such as
computer-aided design Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of computers (or ) to aid in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design. This software is used to increase the productivity of the designer, improve the quality of design, improve com ...
(CAD) models, drawings and their associated documents. Product data management (PDM) serves as a central knowledge repository for process and product history, and promotes integration and data exchange among all business users who interact with products — including project managers, engineers, sales people, buyers, and quality assurance teams. The central database will also manage
metadata Metadata is "data Data (; ) are individual facts, statistics, or items of information, often numeric. In a more technical sense, data are a set of values of qualitative property, qualitative or quantity, quantitative variable (research), v ...

metadata
such as owner of a file and release status of the components. The package will: control check-in and check-out of the product data to multi-user; carry out
engineering change managementThe change request management process in systems engineering Systems engineering is an interdisciplinary field of engineering and engineering management that focuses on how to design, integrate, and manage complex systems over their enterprise lif ...
and release control on all versions/issues of components in a product; build and manipulate the product structure
bill of materials A bill of materials or product structure (sometimes bill of material, BOM or associated list) is a list of the raw materials, sub-assemblies, intermediate assemblies, sub-components, parts, and the quantities of each needed to manufacture an end p ...
(BOM) for assemblies; and assist in configurations management of product variants. This enables automatic reports on product costs, etc. Furthermore, PDM enables companies producing complex products to spread product data into the entire
PLM
PLM
launch-process. This significantly enhances the effectiveness of the launch process. Product data management is focused on capturing and maintaining information on products and/or services through its development and useful life. Typical information managed in the PDM module include *Brand name *Part number *Part description *Supplier/vendor *Vendor part number and description *Unit of measure *Cost/price *Schematic or CAD drawing *Material data-sheets


Advantages

* Track and manage all changes to product related data * Spend less time organizing and tracking design data * Improve productivity through reuse of product design data * Enhance collaboration * Helps using visual management


Industrial Applications

Product Data Management is closely related and often used interchangeably with Product Information Management (PIM). PDM software applications are commonly used by companies involved with manufacturing and retailing. Examples of PDM software vendors include CMPRO, SOLIDWORKS, Zentail.


History

PDM stems from traditional engineering design activities that created product drawings and schematics on paper and using CAD tools to create parts lists (Bills of Material structures – BOM). The PDM and BOM data are used in enterprise resource planning ( ERP) systems to plan and coordinate all transactional operations of a company (sales order management, purchasing, cost accounting, logistics, etc.) In 2001, the
Open Icecat Open Icecat is an Open Content Free content, libre content, or free information is any kind of functional work, work of art, or other creative Content (media and publishing), content that meets the definition of a Definition of Free Cultural ...
PDM, the open product content initiative, was launched. First, in the tech sector, but later in other sectors as well. It's globally used, multilingual data model stimulated software vendors to develop add-ons. PDM is a subset of a larger concept of product lifecycle management (
PLM
PLM
). PLM encompasses the processes needed to launch new products ( NPI), manage changes to existing products ( ECN/ ECO) and retire products at the end of their life ( EoL).


References


External links

* * {{DEFAULTSORT:Product Data Management Business software Product lifecycle management