A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from 'almost' and 'island') is a
A landform is a natural or artificial feature of the solid surface of the Earth or other planetary body. Landforms together make up a given terrain, and their arrangement in the landscape is known as topography. Landforms include hills, mountain ...
surrounded by water on most of its border while being connected to a
Mainland is defined as "relating to or forming the main part of a country
A country is a distinct territory, territorial body
or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an individual's birth, residence or citizenship.
A co ...
from which it extends. The surrounding water is usually understood to be continuous, though not necessarily named as a body of water. A river which courses through a very tight meander is also sometimes said to form a "peninsula" within the (almost closed) loop of water. A peninsula is land with bodies of water on three sides of it.
There is no precise definition distinguishing peninsulas from less prominent extensions, and extensions conventionally considered peninsulas are not always named as such; they can also be referred to as a
A headland, also known as a head, is a coast
The coast, also known as the coastline or seashore, is defined as the area where land meets the sea or ocean, or as a line that forms the boundary between the land and the ocean or a lake. Earth has ...
A cape is a sleeveless outer garment, which drapes the wearer's back, arms, and chest, and connects at the neck.
Capes were common in medieval Europe, especially when combined with a hood in the chaperon. They have had periodic re ...
A promontory is a raised mass of land
Land is the solid surface of the Earth that is not permanently covered by water. The vast majority of human activity throughout history has occurred in land areas that support agriculture
, bill, point, fork, or spit
. A point is generally considered a piece of land projecting into a body of water that is less prominent than a cape. The area of peninsulas can range from tiny to very large.
A form of the peninsula is the headland and the particularly narrow spit
that has been washed up . If a peninsula is located in an inland body of water (lake, river) it is also referred to as an "inland peninsula".
Barrier islands are coastal landforms and a type of dune system that are exceptionally flat or lumpy areas of sand that form by wave and tidal action parallel to the mainland coast. They usually occur in chains, consisting of anything from a fe ...
List of peninsulas
A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from ' "almost" and ' "island") is a landform surrounded by water on most of its border while being connected to a mainland from which it extends. The surrounding water is usually understood to be cont ...
An isthmus ( or ; plural: isthmuses or isthmi; from grc, ἰσθμός, isthmós, neck) is a narrow piece of land connecting two larger areas across an expanse of water by which they are otherwise separated. A tombolo is an isthmus that consists ...