HOME

TheInfoList




A nonbuilding structure, also referred to simply as a structure, refers to any body or system of connected parts used to support a load that was not designed for continuous human
occupancy Within the context of building A building, or edifice, is a structure with a roof and walls standing more or less permanently in one place, such as a house or factory. Buildings come in a variety of sizes, shapes, and functions, and have been a ...
. The term is used by
architect An architect is a person who plans, designs and oversees the construction of buildings. To practice architecture means to provide services in connection with the design of buildings and the space within the site surrounding the buildings that h ...

architect
s,
structural engineer Structural engineers analyze, design, plan, and research structural components and structural system The term structural system or structural frame in structural engineering refers to the load-resisting sub-system of a building or object. The ...
s, and
mechanical engineers Mechanical engineering is an engineering Engineering is the use of scientific method, scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other items, including bridges, tunnels, roads, vehicles, and buildings. The discip ...

mechanical engineers
to distinctly identify built
structure A structure is an arrangement and organization of interrelated elements in a material object or system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A ...

structure
s that are not
building A building, or edifice, is a structure with a roof and walls standing more or less permanently in one place, such as a house or factory. Buildings come in a variety of sizes, shapes, and functions, and have been adapted throughout history for a ...

building
s.


Examples

*
Aerial lift pylonImage:Kitzsteinhorn stuetze.JPG, 200px, Pylon of the Glacial Aerial Tramway Kaprun, the tallest in the world until 2017 An aerial lift pylon is a Lattice tower, pylon-like construction bearing the cables of an aerial lift such as an aerial tramway o ...
*
Aqueduct Aqueduct may refer to: Bridges *Aqueduct (bridge), a bridge to convey water over an obstacle, such as a ravine or valley *Navigable aqueduct, or water bridge, a structure to carry navigable waterway canals over other rivers, valleys, railways or r ...
*
Avalanche dam Avalanche control or avalanche defense activities reduce the hazard avalanche An avalanche (also called a snowslide) is a rapid flow of snow down a Grade (slope), slope, such as a hill or mountain. Avalanches can be set off spontaneously, by su ...
*
Barriers
Barriers
Prasad, Deo K.. ''Designing with solar power: a source book for building integrated photovoltaics (BiPV''). Mulgrave, Vic.: Images ;, 2005. Print. *
Blast furnace A blast furnace is a type of used for to produce industrial metals, generally , but also others such as or . ''Blast'' refers to the combustion air being "forced" or supplied above atmospheric pressure. In a blast furnace, fuel (), , and ( ...
s *
Boat lift (Belgium, Wallonia) (Scotland) Image:PeterboroughLiftLock23.jpg, Peterborough Lift Lock (Canada) A boat lift, ship lift, or lift lock is a machine for transporting boats between water at two different elevations, and is an alternative to the cana ...
s * Brick kilns *
Bridge A bridge is a structure A structure is an arrangement and organization of interrelated elements in a material object or system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules t ...

Bridge
s and bridge-like structures (
aqueduct Aqueduct may refer to: Bridges *Aqueduct (bridge), a bridge to convey water over an obstacle, such as a ravine or valley *Navigable aqueduct, or water bridge, a structure to carry navigable waterway canals over other rivers, valleys, railways or r ...
s,
overpass An overpass (called an overbridge or flyover in the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as ...

overpass
es,
trestles Trestles is a collection of surfing spots between northern San Onofre State Beach in San Diego County and southern San Clemente, California, San Clemente in Orange County, California, Orange County in California.
,
viaduct A viaduct is a specific type of bridge that consists of a series of arches, pier (architecture), piers or columns supporting a long elevated railway or road. Typically a viaduct connects two points of roughly equal elevation, allowing direct over ...

viaduct
s, etc.) *
Bus stop A bus stop is a designated place where buses A bus (contracted from omnibus, with variants multibus, motorbus, autobus, etc.) is a designed to carry many s. Buses can have a capacity as high as 300 passengers. The most common type is t ...

Bus stop
s *
Canal Canals are waterways channels Channel, channels, channeling, etc., may refer to: Geography * Channel (geography), in physical geography, a landform consisting of the outline (banks) of the path of a narrow body of water. Australia * ...

Canal
*
Carport A carport is a covered structure used to offer limited protection to vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine A machine is any physical system with ordered structural and functional properties. It may represent human-made o ...
*
Chimney A chimney is an architectural ventilation structure made of masonry, clay or metal that isolates hot toxic exhaust gas Exhaust gas or flue gas Flue gas is the gas exiting to the atmosphere via a flue, which is a pipe or channel for c ...

Chimney
s and
flue-gas stack A flue-gas stack, also known as a smoke stack, chimney stack or simply as a stack, is a type of chimney A chimney is an architectural ventilation structure made of masonry, clay or metal that isolates hot toxic exhaust gas Exhaust gas o ...
s *
Coke oven Coke is a grey, hard, and porous fuel with a high carbon Carbon (from la, carbo "coal") is a chemical element Image:Simple Periodic Table Chart-blocks.svg, 400px, Periodic table, The periodic table of the chemical elements In chem ...
s *
Communications tower Radio masts and towers are typically tall structures designed to support antenna (radio), antennas for telecommunications and broadcasting, including television. There are two main types: guyed and self-supporting structures. They are among the ta ...

Communications tower
* Conservatory *
Covered bridge A covered bridge is a timber-truss bridge A truss bridge is a bridge whose load-bearing superstructure is composed of a truss, a structure of connected elements, usually forming triangular units. The connected elements (typically straight) may ...
s
Kunreuther, Howard Howard C. Kunreuther (born 1938) is an American economist An economist is a practitioner in the social sciences, social science discipline of economics. The individual may also study, develop, and apply theories and concepts from economics and ...
, and Richard J. Roth. Paying the price the status and role of insurance against natural disasters in the United States. Washington, D.C.: Joseph Henry Press, 1998. Print.
*
Dam A dam is a barrier that stops or restricts the flow of surface water An example of surface water is Lake Kinney. Surface water is water Water is an Inorganic compound, inorganic, Transparency and translucency, transparent, tas ...

Dam
s *
Dock (maritime) A dock (from Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''flemish'') Dutch may also refer to:" Castle ...
*
Dolphin (structure) A dolphin is a man-made marine structure that extends above the water level and is not connected to shore. Usage as mooring point Dolphins are usually installed to provide a fixed structure when it would be impractical to extend the shore to ...
*
Electricity grid Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and motion Image:Leaving Yongsan Station.jpg, 300px, Motion involves a change in position In physics, motion is the phenomenon in which an object changes its positio ...
*
Fountain A fountain, from the "fons" ( "fontis"), meaning source or , is a decorative reservoir for discharging into a basin to supply . It is also a structure that jets water into the air for a decorative or dramatic effect. Fountains were original ...

Fountain
*
Ferris wheel A Ferris wheel (or big wheel in the United Kingdom, also called giant wheels or observation wheels) is an amusement ride Amusement rides, sometimes called carnival rides, are mechanical devices or structures that move people to create enjoyme ...

Ferris wheel
s *
Ferry slip ferry barge with integral ramp at each end Image:Village Bay Ferry Dock.jpg, 250px, docking facility that receives a ferry">Dock_(maritime).html" ;"title="BC Ferries Dock seen from the ship about to dock A ferry slip is a specialized Dock (maritim ...
*
Flume A flume is a human-made channel for water, in the form of an open declined gravity chute whose walls are raised above the surrounding terrain, in contrast to a trench A trench is a type of or depression in the ground that is generally deeper ...

Flume
*
Fortification A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare, and is also used to establish rule in a region during peacetime. The term is derived from Latin ''fortis'' ("strong") and ''facere'' ( ...

Fortification
* *
Gate A gate or gateway is a point of entry to or from a space enclosed by wall A wall is a structure and a surface that defines an area; carries a load; provides security Security is freedom from, or resilience against, potential Potentia ...

Gate
s *
Granary A granary is a storehouse or room in a barn in Lubbock, Texas, U.S., was used as a teaching facility until 1967. , Coggeshall, England, originally part of the Cistercian monastery of Coggeshall. Dendrochronologically dated from 1237–12 ...

Granary
*
Greenhouse A greenhouse (also called a glasshouse, or, if with sufficient heating, a hothouse) is a structure with walls and roof made chiefly of transparent material, such as glass, in which plant Plants are predominantly photosynthetic Photo ...

Greenhouse
*
Hayrack A hayrack ( sl, kozolec) is a freestanding vertical drying rack found chiefly in Slovenia Slovenia ( ; sl, Slovenija ), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene: , abbr.: ''RS''), is a country in Central Europe Central Europe is the ...
* Hay barrack *
Headframe , NSW A headframe (also known as a gallows frame, winding tower, hoist frame,Ernst, Dr.-Ing. Richard (1989). ''Wörterbuch der Industriellen Technik'' (5th ed.). Wiesbaden: Oscar Brandstetter, 1989. pit frame, shafthead frame, headgear, headst ...
*
Infrastructure Infrastructure is the set of fundamental facilities and systems that support the sustainable functionality of households and firms. Serving a country, city, or other area, including the services and facilities necessary for its economy An ec ...

Infrastructure
*
Lattice tower A lattice tower or truss tower is a freestanding vertical framework tower A tower is a tall structure, taller than it is wide, often by a significant factor. Towers are distinguished from masts by their lack of guy-wires and are therefore, ...
*
Marina A marina (from Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (disambig ...

Marina
*
Monument A monument is a type of structure A structure is an arrangement and organization of interrelated elements in a material object or system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to ...

Monument
s *
Oil depot An oil terminal (also called a tank farm, tankfarm, oil installation or oil depot) is an industrial facility for the storage of oil, petroleum and petrochemical Petrochemicals (sometimes abbreviated as petchems) are the chemical products obt ...
*
Oil platform An oil platform, offshore platform, or offshore drilling rig is a large structure with facilities for well drilling to explore, extract, store, and process petroleum and natural gas that lies in rock formations beneath the seabed. Many oil pla ...

Oil platform
* Offshore
oil platform An oil platform, offshore platform, or offshore drilling rig is a large structure with facilities for well drilling to explore, extract, store, and process petroleum and natural gas that lies in rock formations beneath the seabed. Many oil pla ...

oil platform
s (except for the production and housing facilities) *
Pier Seaside pleasure pier in Brighton, England. The first seaside piers were built in England in the early 19th century.">England.html" ;"title="Brighton, England">Brighton, England. The first seaside piers were built in England in the early 19th ...

Pier
s *
Pyramid A pyramid (from el, πυραμίς ') is a structure A structure is an arrangement and organization of interrelated elements in a material object or system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act ...

Pyramid
*
Radio masts and towers Radio is the technology of signaling and communicating Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share") is the act of developing Semantics, meaning among Subject (philosophy), entities or Organization, groups through the use o ...
*
Railroad Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine A machine is any physical system with ordered structural and functional p ...

Railroad
s * Ramada (shelter) *
Road A road is a wide way leading from one place to another, typically one with a specially prepared surface which vehicles and bikes can use. Roads consist of one or two roadway A carriageway (British English British English (BrE) is the ...

Road
s *
Roller coaster A roller coaster, or rollercoaster, is a type of amusement ride Amusement rides, sometimes called carnival rides, are mechanical devices or structures that move people to create enjoyment. Types of rides *Flat rides are usually considered to ...

Roller coaster
s *
Retaining wall Retaining walls are relatively rigid walls used for supporting soil laterally so that it can be retained at different levels on the two sides. Retaining walls are structures designed to restrain soil to a slope that it would not naturally keep to ( ...

Retaining wall
s *
Shed A shed is typically a simple, single-story roofed structure in a back garden A back garden is a residential garden located at the rear of a property, on the other side of the house from the front garden. Such gardens have a special place in ...

Shed
*
Silo A silo (from the Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is ap ...

Silo
s *
Storage tank Storage tanks are containers that hold liquids, compressed gases (gas tank; or in U.S.A "pressure vessel", which is not typically labeled or regulated as a storage tank) or mediums used for the short- or long-term storage of heat or cold. The t ...
s *
Street light A street light, light pole, lamppost, street lamp, light standard, or lamp standard is a raised source of light on the edge of a road or path. Similar lights may be found on a railway platform A railway platform is an area alongside a railwa ...

Street light
s *
Street sign Traffic signs or road signs are signs erected at the side of or above road A road is a wide way leading from one place to another, typically one with a specially prepared surface which vehicles and bikes can use. Roads consist of one or tw ...

Street sign
s *
Swimming pool A swimming pool, swimming bath, wading pool, paddling pool, or simply pool, is a structure designed to hold water to enable Human swimming, swimming or other leisure activities. Pools can be built into the ground (in-ground pools) or built ...

Swimming pool
s * Structures designed to support, contain or convey liquid or gaseous matter, including **
Cooling tower A cooling tower is a heat rejection device that rejects waste heat Waste heat is heat that is produced by a machine, or other process that uses energy, as a byproduct of doing Work (thermodynamics), work. All such processes give off some w ...

Cooling tower
s ** Distillation equipment and structural supports at chemical and petrochemical plants and
oil refineries An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial processes, industrial process Factory, plant where petroleum (crude oil) is transformed and refining, refined into useful products such as gasoline (petrol), diesel fuel, asphalt, asphalt ba ...
* Tank farm *
Tower A tower is a tall structure A structure is an arrangement and organization of interrelated elements in a material object or system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of ru ...

Tower
s of some types *
Tram A tram (also known as a streetcar or trolley in North America) is a train that runs on tramway track Tramway track is used on tramways or light rail operations. Groove (engineering), Grooved rails (or Rail profile#Grooved rail, girder ...

Tram
ways and
Aerial tramway Aerial may refer to: Music * ''Aerial'' (album), by Kate Bush * ''Aerials'' (song), from the album ''Toxicity'' by System of a Down Bands *Aerial (Canadian band) Aerial was a Canadians, Canadian pop and rock band from Toronto, active dur ...
s *
Transmission tower A transmission tower, also known as an electricity pylon or simply a pylon in British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect A standard language (also standard variety, standard dialect, and standard) is a language variety ...

Transmission tower
s *
Triumphal arch A triumphal arch is a free-standing monumental structure in the shape of an arch An arch is a vertical curved structure that Span (architecture), spans an elevated space and may or may not support the weight above it, or in case of a horizon ...

Triumphal arch
*
Tunnel A tunnel is an underground passageway, dug through the surrounding soil/earth/rock and enclosed except for entrance and exit, commonly at each end. A pipeline Pipeline may refer to: Electronics, computers and computing * Pipeline (comput ...

Tunnel
s *
Underwater habitat Underwater habitats are underwater The underwater environment refers to the region below the surface of, and immersed in, liquid water Water is an Inorganic compound, inorganic, Transparency and translucency, transparent, tasteles ...
*
Water tower A water tower is an elevated structure supporting a water tank A water tank is a container for storing water. Water tanks are used to provide storage of water for use in many applications, drinking water, irrigation agriculture, fire suppre ...

Water tower
s *
Wharves A wharf, quay (, also ), or staith(e) is a structure on the shore of a harbour A harbor (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of var ...

Wharves
*
Windmill A windmill is a structure that converts wind power into rotational energy by means of vanes called windmill sail, sails or blades, specifically to mill (grinding), mill grain (gristmills), but the term is also extended to windpumps, wind turbine ...

Windmill


Exceptions

Some structures that are occupied periodically and would otherwise be considered "nonbuilding structures" are categorized as "buildings" for life and
fire safety #REDIRECT Fire safety#REDIRECT Fire safety Fire safety is the set of practices intended to reduce the destruction caused by fire BBQ. Fire is the rapid oxidation of a material in the exothermic chemical process of combustion, releasing hea ...
purposes: * *
Factories A factory, manufacturing plant or a production plant is an industrial Industrial may also refer to: Industry * Industrial archaeology, the study of the history of the industry * Industrial engineering, engineering dealing with the optimization ...

Factories
*
Kiosk Historically, a kiosk () was a small garden pavilion In architecture upright=1.45, alt=Plan d'exécution du second étage de l'hôtel de Brionne (dessin) De Cotte 2503c – Gallica 2011 (adjusted), Plan of the second floor (attic ...

Kiosk
s *
Lighthouse A lighthouse is a tower, building, or other type of structure designed to emit light from a system of lamps and lenses A lens is a transmissive optics, optical device that focuses or disperses a light beam by means of refraction. A simple ...

Lighthouse
s *
Outhouse An outhouse is a small structure, separate from a main building, which covers a toilet A toilet is a piece of hardware that collects human and , and sometimes , usually for disposal. use water, while do not. They can be designed f ...

Outhouse
s *
Power station A power station, also referred to as a power plant and sometimes generating station or generating plant, is an industrial facility for the generation A generation is "all of the people born and living Living or The Living may refer to: ...

Power station
s *
Refineries A refinery is a production facility composed of a group of chemical engineering Chemical engineering is a certain type of engineering Engineering is the use of scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other i ...
*
Warehouse A warehouse is a building for storing goods In economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the Production (economics), production, distribution (economics), distribution, an ...

Warehouse
s


See also

*
Architectural structure Architectural engineering, also known as building engineering or architecture engineering, is an engineering discipline Discipline is action ACTION is a bus operator in , Australia owned by the . History On 19 July 1926, the comm ...


References

{{Reflist *
nonbuilding Infrastructure is the set of fundamental facilities and systems that support the sustainable functionality of households and firms. Serving a country, city, or other area, including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function. ...