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William C. Redfield (March 26, 1789 – February 12, 1857) was an American
meteorologist A meteorologist is a scientist who studies and works in the field of meteorology Meteorology is a branch of the (which include and ), with a major focus on . The study of meteorology dates back , though significant progress in meteorology ...
. He was the first president of the
American Association for the Advancement of Science The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is an American international non-profit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution ...
(1843). Redfield is known in meteorology for his observation of the directionality of winds in
hurricane A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation Atmospheric circulation is the large-scale movement of Atmosphere of Earth, air and together with oc ...

hurricane
s (being among the first to propose that hurricanes are large circular vortexes (
John Farrar John Clifford Farrar ( ; born 8 November 1945) is an Australian Record producer, music producer, songwriter, arranger, singer, and guitarist. As a musician, Farrar is a former member of several rock and roll groups including The Mustangs (1963 ...
had made similar observations six years earlier), though his interests were varied and influential. Redfield organized and was a member of the first expedition to
Mount Marcy Mount Marcy (MohawkMohawk may refer to: Related to Native Americans *Mohawk people, an indigenous people of North America (Canada and New York) *Mohawk language, the language spoken by the Mohawk people *Mohawk hairstyle, from a hairstyle onc ...
in 1837; he was the first to guess that Marcy was the highest peak in the Adirondacks, and therefore in New York. Mount Redfield was named in his honor by
Verplanck Colvin Verplanck Colvin (1847–1920) was a lawyer, author, illustrator and topographical engineer whose understanding and appreciation for the environment of the Adirondack Mountains The Adirondack Mountains () form a massif in northeastern New York ( ...
. He was elected a member of the
American Philosophical Society The American Philosophical Society (APS), founded in 1743 in Philadelphia Philadelphia (colloquially known simply as Philly) is the largest city in the Commonwealth A commonwealth is a traditional English term for a political community ...
in 1844 and an Associate Fellow of the
American Academy of Arts and Sciences The American Academy of Arts and Sciences, founded 1780, (abbreviation: AAAS) is one of the oldest learned societies A learned society (; also known as a learned academy, scholarly society, or academic association) is an organization ...

American Academy of Arts and Sciences
in 1845. At a meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, in 1854, Redfield mentioned a storm-path in which no less than seventy odd vessels had been wrecked, dismasted, or damaged.Maury's p. 66 __NOTOC__


Notes


References

* Moore, Peter (2015), "The Weather Experiment, the pioneers who sought to see the future", New York,
Farrar, Straus and Giroux Farrar, Straus and Giroux (FSG) is an American book publishing company, founded in 1946 by Roger Williams Straus Jr. and John C. Farrar. FSG is known for publishing literary books, and its authors have won numerous awards, including Pulitzer Pri ...
, *


External links

* * {{DEFAULTSORT:Redfield, William Charles 1789 births 1857 deaths American meteorologists
Fellows of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences Fellows, Associate Fellows and Foreign Honorary Members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. {{CatAutoTOC, numerals=no American Academy of Arts and Sciences Fellows of learned societies of the United States, Arts and Sciences, American Ac ...
People from Middletown, Connecticut