HOME

TheInfoList




Washington University in St. Louis (WashU, or WUSTL) is a
private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly two decades from the charts. Both "In Pri ...
research university A research university is a university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in v ...
in
Greater St. Louis Greater St. Louis is a bi-state metropolitan area A metropolitan area or metro is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core Urban means "related to a city". In that sense, the term may refer to: * Urban area, geographical a ...
with its main campus ( Danforth) mostly in unincorporated
St. Louis County, Missouri St. Louis County is located in the eastern-central portion of Missouri Missouri is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of Sta ...
, and
Clayton, Missouri Clayton is a city in and the seat SEAT S.A. (, ; ''Sociedad Española de Automóviles de Turismo'') is a Spanish car manufacturer, which sells its vehicles under the SEAT and Cupra brands. It was founded on 9 May 1950, by the Instituto Naciona ...
. It also has a West Campus in Clayton, North Campus in the
West End West End most commonly refers to: * West End of London, an area of central London, England * West End theatre, a popular term for mainstream professional theatre staged in the large theatres of London, England West End may also refer to: Place ...
neighborhood of
St. Louis St. Louis () is the second-largest city in Missouri Missouri is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State ( ...

St. Louis
, and Medical Campus in the
Central West End The Central West End is a Neighborhoods of St. Louis, Missouri, neighborhood in St. Louis, Missouri, stretching from Midtown St. Louis, Midtown's western edge to Union Boulevard and bordering on Forest Park (St. Louis), Forest Park with its outstand ...
neighborhood of St. Louis. Founded in 1853 and named after
George Washington George Washington (February 22, 1732, 1799) was an American soldier, statesman, and Founding Father The following list of national founding figures is a record, by country, of people who were credited with establishing a state. Natio ...

George Washington
, the university has students and faculty from all 50
U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state ...
s and more than 120 countries. Washington University is composed of seven
graduate Graduate refers to someone who has been the subject of a graduation, namely, someone who has completed the requirements of an academic degree. Education * Graduate, an alumnus * Graduate diploma, generally a postgraduate qualification, although ...
and undergraduate schools that encompass a broad range of academic fields. To prevent confusion over its location, the
Board of Trustees A board of directors is a group of people who jointly supervise the activities of an organization, which can be either a for-profit or a nonprofit organization such as a business, nonprofit organization, or a government agency. The powers, du ...

Board of Trustees
added the phrase "in St. Louis" in 1976. Washington University is a member of the
Association of American Universities The Association of American Universities (AAU) is an organization of American research universities A research university is a university that is committed to research as a central part of its mission. They can be public education, public or pr ...
and is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity". As of 2020, 25 Nobel laureates in economics, physiology and medicine, chemistry, and physics have been affiliated with Washington University, ten having done the major part of their pioneering research at the university. In 2019,
Clarivate Analytics Clarivate is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organization, or organisation (English in the Commonwealth of Na ...

Clarivate Analytics
ranked Washington University 7th in the world for most cited researchers. The university also received the 4th highest amount of
NIH The National Institutes of Health (NIH ) is the primary agency of the United States government The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government or U.S. government) is the national government of the United States ...
medical research grants among medical schools in 2019.


History


Early history (1853–1900)

Washington University was conceived by 17
St. Louis St. Louis () is the second-largest city in Missouri Missouri is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State ( ...

St. Louis
business, political, and religious leaders concerned by the lack of institutions of higher learning in the
Midwest The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the Midwest or the American Midwest, is one of four Census Bureau Region, census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2"). It occupies the northern central part of ...
. Missouri State Senator
Wayman Crow Wayman Crow (March 7, 1808 – May 10, 1885) was one of the founders of Washington University, a St. Louis businessman, and a politician. Early life Born in Hartford, Kentucky on March 7, 1808, Crow was the youngest of eight children. His parent ...

Wayman Crow
and
Unitarian Unitarian or Unitarianism may refer to: Christian and Christian-derived theologies A Unitarian is a follower of, or a member of an organisation that follows, any of several theologies referred to as Unitarianism: * Unitarianism (1565–present), ...
minister
William Greenleaf Eliot William Greenleaf Eliot (August 5, 1811 – January 23, 1887) was an American educator, Unitarianism, Unitarian minister, and civic leader in Missouri. He is most notable for founding Washington University in St. Louis, but also contributed to ...

William Greenleaf Eliot
, grandfather of the poet
T.S. Eliot Thomas Stearns Eliot (26 September 18884 January 1965) was a , , , , and .Bush, Ronald. "T. S. Eliot's Life and Career", in John A Garraty and Mark C. Carnes (eds), ''American National Biography''. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999, vi/ ...
, led the effort. The university's first chancellor was Joseph Gibson Hoyt. Crow secured the university charter from the
Missouri General Assembly The Missouri General Assembly is the State legislature (United States), state legislature of the U.S. state of Missouri. The bicameral General Assembly is composed of a 34-member Missouri Senate, Senate and a 163-member Missouri House of Represe ...
in 1853, and Eliot was named President of the Board of Trustees. Early on, Eliot solicited support from members of the local business community, including , but Eliot failed to secure a permanent endowment. Washington University is unusual among major American universities in not having had a prior financial endowment. The institution had no backing of a religious organization, single wealthy patron, or earmarked government support. During the three years following its inception, the university bore three different names. The board first approved "Eliot Seminary," but William Eliot was uncomfortable with naming a university after himself and objected to the establishment of a seminary, which would implicitly be charged with teaching a religious faith. He favored a nonsectarian university. In 1854, the Board of Trustees changed the name to "Washington Institute" in honor of
George Washington George Washington (February 22, 1732, 1799) was an American soldier, statesman, and Founding Father The following list of national founding figures is a record, by country, of people who were credited with establishing a state. Natio ...

George Washington
, and because the charter was coincidentally passed on Washington's birthday, February 22. Naming the university after the nation's first president, only seven years before the
American Civil War The American Civil War (also known by other names Other most often refers to: * Other (philosophy), a concept in psychology and philosophy Other or The Other may also refer to: Books * The Other (Tryon novel), ''The Other'' (Tryon nove ...
and during a time of bitter national division, was no coincidence. During this time of conflict, Americans universally admired George Washington as the father of the United States and a symbol of national unity. The Board of Trustees believed that the university should be a force of unity in a strongly divided Missouri. In 1856, the university amended its name to "Washington University." The university amended its name once more in 1976, when the Board of Trustees voted to add the suffix "in St. Louis" to distinguish the university from the over two dozen other universities bearing Washington's name. Although chartered as a university, for many years Washington University functioned primarily as a night school located on 17th Street and Washington Avenue in the heart of downtown St. Louis. Owing to limited financial resources, Washington University initially used public buildings. Classes began on October 22, 1854, at the Benton School building. At first the university paid for the evening classes, but as their popularity grew, their funding was transferred to the St. Louis Public Schools. Eventually the board secured funds for the construction of Academic Hall and a half dozen other buildings. Later the university divided into three departments: the Manual Training School, Smith Academy, and the
Mary Institute Mary may refer to: People * Mary (name) Mary is a feminine Femininity (also called womanliness or girlishness) is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles generally associated with women and girls. Although femininity is socially constru ...
. In 1867, the university opened the first private nonsectarian
law school A law school (also known as a law centre or college of law) is an institution specializing in legal education Legal education is the education of individuals in the principles, practices, and theory of law Law is a system A syste ...

law school
west of the
Mississippi River The Mississippi River is the second-longest river and chief river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases, a river flows into the ground and b ...

Mississippi River
. By 1882, Washington University had expanded to numerous departments, which were housed in various buildings across St. Louis. Medical classes were first held at Washington University in 1891 after the St. Louis Medical College decided to affiliate with the university, establishing the
School of Medicine A medical school is a tertiary education Tertiary education, also referred to as third-level, third-stage or post-secondary education, is the education Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowled ...

School of Medicine
. During the 1890s, , the president of the Board of Trustees, undertook the tasks of reorganizing the university's finances, putting them onto a sound foundation, and buying land for a new campus. In 1896, Holmes Smith, professor of Drawing and History of Art, designed what would become the basis for the modern day university seal. The seal is made up of elements from the Washington family coat of arms, and the symbol of
Louis IX Louis IX (25 April 1214 – 25 August 1270), commonly known as Saint Louis or Louis the Saint, was King of France The monarchs of the Kingdom of France ruled from the establishment of the West Francia, Kingdom of the West Franks in 843 ...

Louis IX
, whom the city is named after.


Modern era (1900–1955)

Washington University spent its first half century in downtown St. Louis bounded by Washington Ave., Lucas Place, and Locust Street. By the 1890s, owing to the dramatic expansion of the Medical School and a new benefactor in Robert Brookings, the university began to move west. The university board of directors began a process to find suitable ground and hired the landscape architecture firm Olmsted, Olmsted & Eliot of Boston. A committee of Robert S. Brookings,
Henry Ware Eliot Henry Ware Eliot (November 25, 1843 – January 7, 1919) was an American industrialist A business magnate is someone who has achieved great success and enormous wealth through the ownership of multiple lines of enterprise. The term characte ...
, and William Huse found a site of just beyond
Forest ParkForest Park may refer to: * A type of park, see Park#Forest park Towns and villages *Forest Park, Ontario, Canada *Forest Park, Georgia, USA *Forest Park, Illinois, USA *Forest Park, Indiana, USA *Forest Park, Ohio, Hamilton County, USA *Forest Pa ...

Forest Park
, located west of the city limits in
St. Louis CountySt. Louis County is the name of two counties in the United States: *St. Louis County, Missouri *St. Louis County, Minnesota {{Geodis, uscounty ...
. The elevation of the land was thought to resemble the
Acropolis An acropolis (Ancient Greek: ἀκρόπολις, ''akropolis''; from ''akros'' (άκρος) or ''akron'' (άκρον), "highest, topmost, outermost" and ''polis'' (πόλις), "city"; plural in English: ''acropoles'', ''acropoleis'' or ''acropol ...

Acropolis
and inspired the nickname of "Hilltop" campus, renamed the Danforth campus in 2006 to honor former chancellor William H. Danforth.In 1899, the university opened a national design contest for the new campus. The renowned Philadelphia firm
Cope & Stewardson Image:Penn campus 2.jpg, 286x286px, Quadrangle Dormitories (University of Pennsylvania), Philadelphia (1895). Cope and Stewardson (1885–1912) was a Philadelphia architecture firm founded by Walter Cope and John Stewardson, and best known for its ...
(same architects who designed a large part of the
University of Pennsylvania The University of Pennsylvania (Penn or UPenn) is a in , Pennsylvania. The university, established as the College of Philadelphia in 1740, is one of the nine chartered prior to the . , Penn's founder and first president, advocated an edu ...

University of Pennsylvania
and
Princeton University Princeton University is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly tw ...

Princeton University
) won unanimously with its plan for a row of
Collegiate Gothic Collegiate Gothic is an architectural style An architectural style is a set of characteristics and features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable. It is a sub-class of Style (visual arts), style i ...
quadrangles inspired by
Oxford Oxford () is a city in England. It is the county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' u ...

Oxford
and
Cambridge Cambridge ( ) is a university city and the county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' ...

Cambridge
Universities. The cornerstone of the first building, Busch Hall, was laid on October 20, 1900. The construction of
Brookings Hall 300px, Brookings Hall designed by Cope & Stewardson Brookings Hall is a Collegiate Gothic landmark on the campus of Washington University in St. Louis. The building, first named "University Hall", was built between 1900 and 1902 and served as t ...

Brookings Hall
, Ridgley, and Cupples began shortly thereafter. The school delayed occupying these buildings until 1905 to accommodate the
1904 World's Fair The Louisiana Purchase Exposition, informally known as the St. Louis World's Fair, was an international exposition held in St. Louis St. Louis () is the second-largest city in Missouri Missouri is a U.S. state, state in the Midwest ...
and
Olympics The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (french: Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes An athlete (also sportsman or sportswoman) is a pe ...
. The delay allowed the university to construct ten buildings instead of the seven originally planned. This original cluster of buildings set a precedent for the development of the Danforth Campus; Cope & Stewardson's original plan and its choice of building materials have, with few exceptions, guided the construction and expansion of the Danforth Campus to the present day. By 1915, construction of a new medical complex was completed on Kingshighway in what is now St. Louis's Central West End. Three years later, Washington University admitted its first women medical students. In 1922, a young physics professor,
Arthur Holly Compton Arthur Holly Compton (September 10, 1892 – March 15, 1962) was an American physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1927 for his 1923 discovery of the Compton effect, which demonstrated the particle In the Outline of physical ...

Arthur Holly Compton
, conducted a series of experiments in the basement of Eads Hall that demonstrated the "particle" concept of electromagnetic radiation. Compton's discovery, known as the "
Compton Effect Compton scattering, discovered by Arthur Compton, Arthur Holly Compton, is the scattering of a photon after an interaction with a electric charge, charged particle, usually an electron. If it results in a decrease in energy (increase in wavelengt ...

Compton Effect
," earned him the Nobel Prize in physics in 1927. During World War II, as part of the
Manhattan Project The Manhattan Project was a research and development Research and development (R&D, R+D), known in Europe as research and technological development (RTD), is the set of innovative activities undertaken by corporations or governments in ...
, a
cyclotron A cyclotron is a type of particle accelerator , a synchrotron collider type particle accelerator at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), Batavia, Illinois, USA. Shut down in 2011, until 2007 it was the most powerful particle ac ...

cyclotron
at Washington University was used to produce small quantities of the newly discovered element
plutonium Plutonium is a radioactive Radioactive decay (also known as nuclear decay, radioactivity, radioactive disintegration or nuclear disintegration) is the process by which an unstable atomic nucleus loses energy by radiation. A material co ...

plutonium
via
neutron The neutron is a subatomic particle, symbol or , which has a neutral (not positive or negative) charge, and a mass slightly greater than that of a proton. Protons and neutrons constitute the nuclei of atoms. Since protons and neutrons behav ...

neutron
bombardment of . The plutonium produced there in 1942 was shipped to the
Metallurgical Laboratory The Metallurgical Laboratory (or Met Lab) was a scientific laboratory at the University of Chicago The University of Chicago (UChicago) is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third sing ...
Compton had established at the
University of Chicago The University of Chicago (UChicago) is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an abse ...
where
Glenn Seaborg Glenn Theodore Seaborg (; April 19, 1912February 25, 1999) was an American chemist whose involvement in the synthesis Synthesis or synthesize may also refer to: Science Chemistry and biochemistry *Chemical synthesis, the execution of c ...
's team used it for extraction, purification, and characterization studies of the exotic substance. After working for many years at the University of Chicago, Arthur Holly Compton returned to St. Louis in 1946 to serve as Washington University's ninth chancellor. Compton reestablished the Washington University football team, making the declaration that athletics were to be henceforth played on a "strictly amateur" basis with no athletic scholarships. Under Compton's leadership, enrollment at the university grew dramatically, fueled primarily by World War II veterans' use of their GI Bill benefits. In 1947,
Gerty Cori Gerty Theresa Cori (née Radnitz; August 15, 1896 – October 26, 1957) was an - who in 1947 was the third woman to win a in science, and the first woman to be awarded the , for her significant role in the "discovery of the course of the cat ...
, a professor at the School of Medicine, became the first woman to win a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Professors Carl and Gerty Cori became Washington University's fifth and sixth Nobel laureates for their discovery of how glycogen is broken down and resynthesized in the body. The process of desegregation at Washington University began in 1947 with the School of Medicine and the School of Social Work. During the mid and late 1940s, the university was the target of critical editorials in the local African American press, letter-writing campaigns by churches and the local
Urban League The National Urban League, formerly known as the National League on Urban Conditions Among Negroes, is a nonpartisan historic civil rights Civil and political rights are a class of rights Rights are legal Law is a system of rules ...
, and legal briefs by the NAACP intended to strip its tax-exempt status. In spring 1949, a Washington University student group, the Student Committee for the Admission of Negroes (SCAN), began campaigning for full racial integration. In May 1952, the Board of Trustees passed a resolution desegregating the school's undergraduate divisions.


Recent history (1955–present)

During the latter half of the 20th century, Washington University transitioned from a strong regional university to a national research institution. In 1957, planning began for the construction of the "South 40," a complex of modern residential halls which primarily house Freshmen and some Sophomore students. With the additional on-campus housing, Washington University, which had been predominantly a "streetcar college" of commuter students, began to attract a more national pool of applicants. By 1964, over two-thirds of incoming students came from outside the St. Louis area. In 1971, the Board of Trustees appointed Chancellor
William Henry Danforth William Henry Danforth II (April 10, 1926 – September 16, 2020) was a physician A physician (American English), medical practitioner (English in the Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth English), medical doctor, or simply doctor, is ...
, who guided the university through the social and financial crises of the 1970s and strengthened the university's often strained relationship with the St. Louis community. During his 24-year chancellorship, Danforth significantly improved the
School of Medicine A medical school is a tertiary education Tertiary education, also referred to as third-level, third-stage or post-secondary education, is the education Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowled ...

School of Medicine
, established 70 new faculty chairs, secured a $1.72 billion endowment, and tripled the amount of student scholarships. In 1995, , former Provost at
MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private land-grant research university A research university is a university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institution, institution of higher education, hi ...

MIT
, was elected the university's 14th chancellor. During Chancellor Wrighton's tenure undergraduate applications to Washington University more than doubled. Since 1995, the university has added more than 190 endowed professorships, revamped its Arts & Sciences curriculum, and completed more than 30 new buildings. The growth of Washington University's reputation coincided with a series of record-breaking fund-raising efforts during the last three decades. From 1983 to 1987, the "Alliance for Washington University" campaign raised $630.5 million, which was then the most successful fund-raising effort in national history. From 1998 to 2004, the "Campaign for Washington University" raised $1.55 billion, which was applied to additional scholarships, professorships, and research initiatives. In 2002, Washington University co-founded the
Cortex Innovation Community Cortex Innovation Community, Cortex Innovation District, or Cortex is an innovation district Innovation districts are zones in cities where public and private actors work to attract entrepreneurs, startups, Business incubator, business incubators, ...
in St. Louis's Midtown neighborhood.
Cortex Cortex or cortical may refer to: Science Anatomy * Cortex (anatomy), the outermost or superficial layer of an organ * Cortex (hair), the middle layer of a strand of hair * Adrenal cortex, the portion of the adrenal gland that produces cortisol and ...
is the largest innovation hub in the
midwest The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the Midwest or the American Midwest, is one of four Census Bureau Region, census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2"). It occupies the northern central part of ...
, home to offices of
Square In Euclidean geometry Euclidean geometry is a mathematical system attributed to Alexandrian Greek mathematics , Greek mathematician Euclid, which he described in his textbook on geometry: the ''Euclid's Elements, Elements''. Euclid's method ...
,
Microsoft Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company, technology corporation which produces Software, computer software, consumer electronics, personal computers, and related services. Its best-know ...

Microsoft
, Aon,
Boeing The Boeing Company () is an American multinational corporation A multinational company (MNC) is a corporate A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personal ...

Boeing
, and Centene. The innovation hub has generated more than 3,800 tech jobs in 14 years. In 2005, Washington University founded the
McDonnell International Scholars Academy Washington University in St. Louis (WashU, or WUSTL) is a Private university, private research university in Greater St. Louis with its main campus (Danforth Campus, Danforth) mostly in unincorporated St. Louis County, Missouri, and Clayton, Mis ...
, an international network of premier research universities, with an initial endowment gift of $10 million from John F. McDonnell. The academy, which selects scholars from 35 partner universities around the world, was created with the intent to develop a cohort of future leaders, strengthen ties with top foreign universities, and promote global awareness and social responsibility. In 2019, Washington University unveiled a $360 million campus transformation project known as the "East End Transformation". The transformation project, built on the original 1895 campus plan by Olmsted, Olmsted & Eliot, encompassed 18 acres of the
Danforth Campus The Danforth Campus is the main campus File:Université Laval.svg, Map of the main campus of Université Laval in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. A campus is traditionally the land on which a college or university and related institutional buildings ...
, adding five new buildings, expanding the university's
Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum The Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum is an art museum located on the campus of Washington University in St. Louis, within the university's Sam Fox School of Design & Visual Arts. It was founded in 1881 as the St. Louis School and Museum of Fine Arts, ...
, relocating hundreds of surface parking spaces underground, and creating an expansive new park. In June 2019, Andrew D. Martin, former dean of the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts at the
University of Michigan , mottoeng = "Arts, Knowledge, Truth" , former_names = Catholepistemiad, or University of Michigania (1817–1821) , budget = $8.99 billion (2018) , endowment = $17 billion (2021)As of October 25, 2021. ...

University of Michigan
, was elected the university's 15th chancellor. On the day of his inauguration, Chancellor Martin announced the "WashU Pledge", a financial aid program allowing full-time Missouri and southern
Illinois Illinois ( ) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspape ...

Illinois
students who are Pell Grant-eligible or from families with annual incomes of $75,000 or less to attend the university cost-free.


U.S. presidential and vice-presidential debates

Washington University has been selected by the
Commission on Presidential Debates The Commission on Presidential Debates (CPD) is a nonprofit A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a collecti ...
to host more presidential and vice-presidential debates than any other institution in history.
United States presidential election debates 350px, John F. Kennedy (standing, left) and Richard Nixon (standing, right) participate in the second 1960 presidential debate, held in the NBC studios in Washington D.C. and moderated by Frank McGee (journalist)">Frank McGee. During United St ...
were held at the Washington University Athletic Complex in 1992, 2000,
2004 2004 was designated as the International Year of Rice Rice is the seed A seed is an embryonic ''Embryonic'' is the twelfth studio album by experimental rock band the Flaming Lips released on October 13, 2009, on Warner Bros. Re ...
, and 2016. A presidential debate was planned to occur in 1996, but owing to scheduling difficulties between the candidates, the debate was canceled. The university hosted the only 2008 vice presidential debate, between
Republican Republican can refer to: Political ideology * An advocate of a republic, a type of government that is not a monarchy or dictatorship, and is usually associated with the rule of law. ** Republicanism, the ideology in support of republics or against ...
Sarah Palin Sarah Louise Palin (; née Heath; born February 11, 1964) is an American politician, commentator, author, and reality television personality, who served as the List of Governors of Alaska, ninth governor of Alaska from 2006 until Resignation o ...

Sarah Palin
and
Democrat Democrat, Democrats, or Democratic may refer to: *A proponent of democracy, or democratic government; a form of government involving rule by the people. *A member of a Democratic Party: **Democratic Party (United States) (D) **Democratic Party (Cy ...
Joe Biden Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. ( ; born November 20, 1942) is an American politician who is the 46th and current president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of th ...

Joe Biden
, on October 2, 2008, also at the Washington University Athletic Complex. The university hosted the second 2016 presidential debate, between Republican Party candidate
Donald Trump Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is an American politician A politician is a person active in party politics A political party is an organization that coordinates candidate A candidate, or nominee, is the prospective reci ...

Donald Trump
and Democratic Party candidate
Hillary Clinton Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton ( Rodham; born October 26, 1947) is an American politician, diplomat, lawyer, writer, and public speaker who served as the 67th United States secretary of state The United States secretary of state is an of ...

Hillary Clinton
, on October 9, 2016. Although Chancellor Wrighton had noted after the 2004 debate that it would be "improbable" that the university will host another debate and was not eager to commit to the possibility, he subsequently changed his view and the university submitted a bid for the 2008 debates. "These one-of-a-kind events are great experiences for our students, they contribute to a national understanding of important issues, and they allow us to help bring national and international attention to the St. Louis region as one of America's great metropolitan areas," said Wrighton. Since 1992, Washington University has hosted five Presidential or Vice Presidential debates, more than any other institution. The university decided not to host a 2020 presidential debate, against the majority opinion of the student body.


Geography and campuses


Danforth Campus

The main, or Danforth Campus (formerly known as the Hilltop Campus) is mostly between Forest Park Parkway, Wydown Boulevard, North Big Bend Boulevard, and North Skinker Boulevard. Although the school includes "St. Louis" in its name, the majority of the school's main campus (including Brookings Hall) is located in
unincorporated Unincorporated may refer to: * Unincorporated area Sign at Heinola, an unincorporated community in Otter Tail County, Minnesota.">Minnesota.html" ;"title="Otter Tail County, Minnesota">Otter Tail County, Minnesota. An unincorporated area is ...
St. Louis CountySt. Louis County is the name of two counties in the United States: *St. Louis County, Missouri *St. Louis County, Minnesota {{Geodis, uscounty ...
and suburban Clayton. Danforth Campus includes * Edison Theater *
Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum The Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum is an art museum located on the campus of Washington University in St. Louis, within the university's Sam Fox School of Design & Visual Arts. It was founded in 1881 as the St. Louis School and Museum of Fine Arts, ...

The Center for Teaching and Learning
* Olin Business School In 2019, a $360 million renovation project, the "East End Transformation", was unveiled on the Danforth Campus, building on the original 1895 campus plan by Olmsted, Olmsted & Eliot. The project included the creation of the Gary M. Sumers Welcome Center, which now houses undergraduate admissions; the Craig and Nancy Schnuck Pavilion, which houses a café, the Environmental Studies program and the Office of Sustainability; the Henry A. and Elvira H. Jubel Hall, which houses the Department of Mechanical Engineering & Materials Science in the McKelvey School of Engineering; and the James M. McKelvey, Sr. Hall, which will be completed in 2020 and open in 2021 and will house the McKelvey School of Engineering's Department of Computer Science & Engineering. All new buildings on the east end have been designed to achieve LEED-Gold certification, and include
solar panel A solar cell panel, solar electric panel, photo-voltaic (PV) module or just solar panel is an assembly of photo-voltaic cells mounted in a framework for installation. Solar panels use sunlight Sunlight is a portion of the given off by ...

solar panel
s located on many of the roofs to generate renewable electricity. In addition to the five new buildings, the project relocated 6 acres of parking lots underground, renovated and expanded the
Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum The Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum is an art museum located on the campus of Washington University in St. Louis, within the university's Sam Fox School of Design & Visual Arts. It was founded in 1881 as the St. Louis School and Museum of Fine Arts, ...
, and created the Ann and Andrew Tisch Park. In 2020, the Princeton Review ranked the Danforth Campus among the top 10 "Most Beautiful Campuses" in the United States.


Medical Campus

Washington University Medical Center The Washington University Medical Center (WUMC), located in St. Louis, Missouri, is a large scale health-care focused commercial development located in St. Louis' Central West End neighborhood. The Washington University Medical Center Redevelopm ...
comprises spread over approximately 12 city blocks, located along the eastern edge of
Forest ParkForest Park may refer to: * A type of park, see Park#Forest park Towns and villages *Forest Park, Ontario, Canada *Forest Park, Georgia, USA *Forest Park, Illinois, USA *Forest Park, Indiana, USA *Forest Park, Ohio, Hamilton County, USA *Forest Pa ...

Forest Park
within the
Central West End The Central West End is a Neighborhoods of St. Louis, Missouri, neighborhood in St. Louis, Missouri, stretching from Midtown St. Louis, Midtown's western edge to Union Boulevard and bordering on Forest Park (St. Louis), Forest Park with its outstand ...
neighborhood of
St. Louis St. Louis () is the second-largest city in Missouri Missouri is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State ( ...

St. Louis
. The campus is home to the
Washington University School of Medicine Washington University School of Medicine (WUSM) is the medical school of Washington University in St. Louis in St. Louis, Missouri. Founded in 1891, the School of Medicine has 1,260 students, 604 of which are pursuing a Doctor of Medicine, me ...

Washington University School of Medicine
and its associated teaching hospitals,
Barnes-Jewish Hospital Barnes-Jewish Hospital is the largest hospital in the U.S. state of Missouri. Located in the Central West End, St. Louis, Central West End neighborhood of St. Louis, it is the adult teaching hospital for the Washington University School of Medic ...
and
St. Louis Children's Hospital St. Louis Children's Hospital is a dedicated pediatric hospital in St. Louis, Missouri, and has a primary service region covering six states. As the pediatric teaching hospital for Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis Children's H ...
. Many of the buildings are connected via a series of
skyway A skyway, skybridge, or skywalk is an elevated type of pedway connecting two or more buildings in an urban area, or connecting elevated points within mountainous recreational zones. Urban skyways very often take the form of Covered bridge, enclo ...

skyway
s and corridors. The School's 2,100 employed and volunteer faculty physicians also serve as the medical staff of Barnes-Jewish and St. Louis Children's hospitals, which are part of BJC HealthCare. Washington University and BJC have taken on many joint venture projects, such as the Center for Advanced Medicine, completed in December 2001. BJC Institute of Health at Washington University is the newest research building with . In 2020, Washington University announced the construction of a new $616 million, 11 story, 609,000-square-foot
neuroscience Neuroscience is the scientific study of the nervous system In biology, the classical doctrine of the nervous system determines that it is a Complex system, highly complex part of an animal that coordinates its Behavior, actions and Sens ...

neuroscience
research building which will sit at the eastern edge of the Medical Campus in the
Cortex Innovation Community Cortex Innovation Community, Cortex Innovation District, or Cortex is an innovation district Innovation districts are zones in cities where public and private actors work to attract entrepreneurs, startups, Business incubator, business incubators, ...
. Construction of the building is set to be finished in 2023. Olin
Residence Hall A dormitory (originated from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to shar ...

Residence Hall
, named for Spencer T. Olin, provides residential services for 200 medical and graduate students. The Medical Campus is accessible via the Central West End MetroLink station, which provides a quick link to the Danforth, North, and West Campuses. All full-time Washington University students and employees are eligible for a Metro Transit U-Pass, which allows students to use the MetroLink and Metro buses for free. Medical Campus Includes: *
Barnes-Jewish Hospital Barnes-Jewish Hospital is the largest hospital in the U.S. state of Missouri. Located in the Central West End, St. Louis, Central West End neighborhood of St. Louis, it is the adult teaching hospital for the Washington University School of Medic ...
* Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology *
Central Institute for the Deaf Central Institute for the Deaf (CID) is a school for the deaf that teaches students using listening and spoken language, also known as the auditory-oral approach. The school is located in St. Louis, Missouri. CID is affiliated Washington Universi ...

Central Institute for the Deaf
*
St. Louis Children's Hospital St. Louis Children's Hospital is a dedicated pediatric hospital in St. Louis, Missouri, and has a primary service region covering six states. As the pediatric teaching hospital for Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis Children's H ...
* Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center *Rehabilitation Institute of St. Louis *Center for Advanced Medicine *Women & Infants Center *Eric P. Newman Education Center (conference and convention center)


North and West Campuses

Washington University's North Campus and West Campus principally house administrative functions that are not student focused. North Campus lies in St. Louis City near the
Delmar Loop The Delmar Loop, often referred to by St. Louis residents simply as The Loop, is an entertainment, cultural and restaurant district in University City, Missouri and the adjoining western edge of St. Louis, Missouri near Washington University in ...
. The university acquired the building and adjacent property in 2004, formerly home to the Angelica Uniform Factory. Several university administrative departments are located at the North Campus location, including offices for Quadrangle Housing, Accounting and Treasury Services, Parking and Transportation Services,
Army ROTC The Army Reserve Officers' Training Corps (AROTC) is the United States Army The United States Army (USA) is the land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at el ...
, and Network Technology Services. The North Campus location also provides off-site storage space for the
Performing arts The performing arts are arts such as music, dance, and drama which are performed for an audience. It is different from visual arts The visual arts are Art#Forms, genres, media, and styles, art forms such as painting, drawing, printmaking, s ...
Department. Renovations are still ongoing; recent additions to the North Campus space include a small eatery operated by Bon Appétit Management Company, the university's on-campus food provider, completed during spring semester 2007, as well as the Family Learning Center, operated by Bright Horizons and opened in September 2010. The West Campus is located about to the west of the Danforth Campus in
Clayton, Missouri Clayton is a city in and the seat SEAT S.A. (, ; ''Sociedad Española de Automóviles de Turismo'') is a Spanish car manufacturer, which sells its vehicles under the SEAT and Cupra brands. It was founded on 9 May 1950, by the Instituto Naciona ...
, and primarily consists of a four-story former
department store A department store is a retail Retail is the sale of goods In economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the Production (economics), production, distribution (economics) ...
building housing mostly administrative space. The West Campus building was home to the Clayton branch of the
Famous-Barr The Famous-Barr Co. (originally Famous and Barr Co.) was a division of Macy's, Inc. (formerly Federated Department Stores). Headquartered in St. Louis, Missouri, in the Railway Exchange Building, it was the flagship store of The May Department S ...
department store until 1990, when the university acquired the property and adjacent parking and began a series of renovations. Today, the basement level houses the West Campus Library, the University Archives, the Modern Graphic History Library, and conference space. The ground level still remains a retail space. The upper floors house consolidated capital gifts, portions of alumni and development, and
information systems An information system (IS) is a formal, sociotechnical Sociotechnical systems (STS) in organizational development is an approach to complex organizational work design that recognizes the interaction between people and technology in wiktionary:Wo ...
offices from across the Danforth and Medical School campuses. There is also a music rehearsal room on the second floor. Both the North and West Campuses are accessible by the St. Louis MetroLink, which, with the
Delmar Loop The Delmar Loop, often referred to by St. Louis residents simply as The Loop, is an entertainment, cultural and restaurant district in University City, Missouri and the adjoining western edge of St. Louis, Missouri near Washington University in ...
and Forsyth MetroLink Stations directly adjacent to these campuses, provides easy travel around the St. Louis metropolitan area, including all of Washington University's campuses.


Tyson Research Center

Tyson Research Center Tyson Research Center is a environmental field station owned and operated by Washington University in St. Louis in the St. Louis, Missouri, St. Louis, Missouri metropolitan area east of Eureka, Missouri, Eureka. It is part of the Henry Shaw Ozark C ...
is a field station located west of
St. Louis St. Louis () is the second-largest city in Missouri Missouri is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State ( ...

St. Louis
on the
Meramec River The Meramec River (), sometimes spelled Maramec River, is one of the longest free-flowing waterways in the U.S. state of Missouri, draining Blanc, Caldwell, and Hawk. "Location" while wandering Blanc, Caldwell, and Hawk. "Executive Summary" f ...

Meramec River
. Washington University obtained Tyson as surplus property from the federal government in 1963. It is used by the university as a biological field station and research/education center. In 2010 the Living Learning Center was named one of the first two buildings accredited nationwide as a "living building" under the Living Building Challenge, opened to serve as a biological research station and classroom for summer students.


Academics


Arts and Sciences

Arts & Sciences is home to the College of Arts & Sciences as well as graduate programs across its many departments. Feng Sheng Hu is the Dean of the Faculty of Arts & Sciences. * The College of Arts & Sciences is the central undergraduate unit of the university with 330 tenured and
tenure Tenure is a category of academic appointment existing in some countries. A tenured post is an indefinite academic appointment that can be terminated only for cause or under extraordinary circumstances, such as financial exigency or program disco ...

tenure
-track faculty along with over 100 research scientists, lecturers,
artists in residence Artist-in-residence programs exist to invite artists, academicians, and curators to reside within the premises of an institution. Depending on the talent involved, the program may be entitled composer-in-residence or writer-in-residence. Comic art ...
, and visitors serving more than 3,700 undergraduates in 40 academic departments divided into divisions of Humanities,
Social sciences Social science is the branch The branches and leaves of a tree. A branch ( or , ) or tree branch (sometimes referred to in botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biol ...

Social sciences
, and
Natural science Natural science is a branch A branch ( or , ) or tree branch (sometimes referred to in botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or ph ...

Natural science
s and
Mathematics Mathematics (from Greek: ) includes the study of such topics as numbers (arithmetic and number theory), formulas and related structures (algebra), shapes and spaces in which they are contained (geometry), and quantities and their changes (cal ...
. The College of Arts & Sciences has an average class size of 18 students, with over 80% having fewer than 24. Almost one-half of the undergraduate classes have fewer than 10 students. The student-faculty ratio is 7:1. * The College of Arts & Sciences offers courses in over a dozen languages, including
Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East The Middle East is a list of transcontinental countries, transcontinental region ...

Arabic
,
Hebrew Hebrew (, , or ) is a Northwest Semitic languages, Northwest Semitic language of the Afroasiatic languages, Afroasiatic language family. Historically, it is regarded as one of the spoken languages of the Israelites and their longest-survivi ...
, Spanish, German, French,
Swahili Swahili may refer to: * Swahili language, a Bantu language official in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda and widely spoken in the African Great Lakes * Swahili people, an ethnic group in East Africa * Swahili culture, the culture of the Swahili people * Sw ...
, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Russian, Greek, Italian,
Hindi Hindi (Devanagari: , हिंदी, ISO 15919, ISO: ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: , ISO 15919, ISO: ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in Hindi Belt, North India. Hindi has been described as a Standard la ...

Hindi
, Portuguese, and
Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became ...

Latin
. University College in Arts & Sciences also offers course work in Swedish,
Vietnamese Vietnamese may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to Vietnam, a country in Southeast Asia ** A citizen of Vietnam. See Demographics of Vietnam. * Vietnamese people, or Kinh people, a Southeast Asian ethnic group native to Vietnam ** Oversea ...

Vietnamese
, Irish, and Czech.


Business

Founded as the School of Commerce and Finance in 1917, the
Olin Business School The Olin Business School is one of seven academic schools at Washington University in St. Louis. Founded in 1917, the business school was renamed for entrepreneur John M. Olin in 1988. The school offers BSBA, Master of Business Administration ...

Olin Business School
was named after entrepreneur John M. Olin in 1988. The school's academic programs include BSBA, MBA, Professional MBA (PMBA), Executive MBA (EMBA), MS in Finance, MS in Supply Chain Management, MS in Customer Analytics, Master of Accounting, Global Master of Finance Dual Degree program, and Doctorate programs, as well as non-degree
Executive Education Executive education (ExEd or Exec. Ed) refers to academic programs at graduate-level business school A business school is a university-level institution that confers degrees in business administration or management. A business school may also be ...
. In 2002, an
Executive MBA A Master of Business Administration (MBA; also Master's in Business Administration) is a graduate degree Postgraduate education (graduate education in North America North America is a continent A continent is any of seve ...
program was established in Shanghai, in cooperation with
Fudan University Fudan University () is a major public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organization, or organisation (English in th ...
. Olin has a network of more than 16,000 alumni worldwide. Over the last several years, the school's endowment has increased to $213
million One million (1,000,000), or one thousand thousand, is the natural number In mathematics, the natural numbers are those used for counting (as in "there are ''six'' coins on the table") and total order, ordering (as in "this is the ''third'' l ...

million
(2004) and annual gifts average $12 million per year. Simon Hall was opened in 1986 after a donation from John E. Simon. On May 2, 2014, the $90 million conjoined Knight and Bauer Halls were dedicated, following a $15 million gift from Charles F. Knight and Joanne Knight and a $10 million gift from George and Carol Bauer through the Bauer Foundation. In October 2019, Olin Business School ranked #1 on Inc.com's Best Business Schools for Entrepreneurship. In January 2020, Olin was named the Poets&Quants MBA Program of 2019. Undergraduate BSBA students take 40–60% of their courses within the business school and are able to formally declare majors in eight areas: accounting, entrepreneurship, finance, healthcare management, marketing,
managerial economics Managerial economics is a branch of economics which deals with the application of economic concepts, theories, tools, and methodologies to solve practical problems in a business. Managerial economics analyzes the economic implications of short- and ...
and strategy, organization and
human resources Human resources is the set of people who make up the workforce The workforce or labour force is the labour Labour or labor may refer to: * Childbirth Childbirth, also known as labour or delivery, is the ending of pregnancy where one ...

human resources
,
International Business International business refers to the trade of goods, services, technology, capital and/or knowledge across national borders and at a global or transnational scale. It involves cross-border transactions of goods and services between two or mor ...
, and operations and
supply chain management In commerce Commerce is the exchange of goods and services Goods are items that are usually (but not always) tangible, such as pens, salt, apples, and hats. Services are activities provided by other people, who include doctors, lawn ...
. Graduate students are able to pursue an MBA either full-time or part-time. Students may also take elective courses from other disciplines at Washington University, including law and many other fields. Mark P. Taylor is the Dean of the Olin Business School.


School of Design and Visual Arts

The Sam Fox School of Design & Visual Arts was created in 2005 by merging the existing Colleges of Art and Architecture. The School comprises: *College of Architecture *Graduate School of Architecture & Urban Design *College of Art *Graduate School of Art *
Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum The Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum is an art museum located on the campus of Washington University in St. Louis, within the university's Sam Fox School of Design & Visual Arts. It was founded in 1881 as the St. Louis School and Museum of Fine Arts, ...
, considered one of the most distinguished university art collections in the country Architecture offers BS and BA degrees as well as MArch and MUD. There is a combined six-year BS and MArch degree program as well as joint MArch programs with most of the other schools in the university. The Graduate School of Architecture and Urban design was ranked 5th in the nation by the journal ''DesignIntelligence'' in its 2008 edition of "America's Best Architecture & Design Schools." Art offers the BFA and MFA in Art in the context of a full university environment. Students take courses in the College of Arts & Sciences as well as courses in the Art school, College of Art to provide a well rounded background. One third of students in the school pursue a combined study degree program, second major, and/or minors in other undergraduate divisions at Washington University. ''U.S. News & World Report'' ranked the MFA program 13th in the nation in 2012. In October 2006 the Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum moved into new facilities designed by Pritzker Prize-winning architect, and former faculty member, Fumihiko Maki. Carmon Colangelo is the dean of the Sam Fox School of Design & Visual Arts. Bruce Lindsey is dean of the College of Architecture and the Graduate School of Architecture & Urban Design. Franklin Spector is the dean of the College and Graduate School of Art.


McKelvey School of Engineering

The McKelvey School of Engineering at Washington University in St. Louis (WashU Engineering) is a school with 88 tenured and tenure-track professors, 40 additional full-time faculty, 1,300 undergraduate students, 560 master's students, 380 PhD students, and more than 20,000 alumni. Aaron Bobick serves as dean of the school. With approximately $27 million in annual research awards, the school focuses intellectual efforts on medicine and health, energy and environment, entrepreneurship, and security. The school is ranked among the top 50 by the magazine U.S. News & World Report, and the biomedical engineering graduate program was ranked 12th by ''U.S. News & World Report'' in 2012–2013. On January 31, 2019, the School of Engineering & Applied Science was renamed the James McKelvey School of Engineering, in honor of trustee and distinguished alumnus Jim McKelvey, Jim McKelvey Jr., the co-founder of
Square In Euclidean geometry Euclidean geometry is a mathematical system attributed to Alexandrian Greek mathematics , Greek mathematician Euclid, which he described in his textbook on geometry: the ''Euclid's Elements, Elements''. Euclid's method ...
, after his donation of an undisclosed sum that the school's dean, Aaron Bobick, said has been the largest in the school's 162-year history. Departments include: *Biomedical Engineering *Computer Science & Engineering *Electrical Engineering, Electrical & Systems Engineering *Energy, Environmental Engineering, Environmental & Chemical Engineering *Mechanical Engineering & Materials Science


School of Law

Washington University School of Law offers joint-degree programs with the Olin Business School, the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, the School of Medicine, and the School of Social Work. It also offers an LLM in Intellectual Property and Technology Law, an LLM in Taxation, an LLM in US Law for Foreign Lawyers, a Master of Juridical Studies (MJS), and a Juris Doctoris (JD). The law school offers 3 semesters of courses in the Spring, Summer, and Fall, and requires at least 85 credit hours of coursework for the JD. In the 2021 ''U.S. News & World Report'' rankings, the law school ranked 16th nationally. The law school offers a Full-time equivalent, full-time day program, beginning in August, for the J.D. degree. The law school is located in Anheuser-Busch Hall (opened in 1997). Nancy Staudt is the Dean of the School of Law.


Medicine

The
Washington University School of Medicine Washington University School of Medicine (WUSM) is the medical school of Washington University in St. Louis in St. Louis, Missouri. Founded in 1891, the School of Medicine has 1,260 students, 604 of which are pursuing a Doctor of Medicine, me ...

Washington University School of Medicine
was founded in 1891. In the 2021 ''U.S. News & World Report'' rankings of U.S. medical schools, it was ranked 6th for research and tied for 31st for primary care. The McDonnell Genome Institute (directed by Richard K. Wilson) is housed within the Washington University School of Medicine; it is one of three NIH-funded major DNA sequencing centers in the U.S. and played a significant role in the Human Genome Project. In 2019, the Washington University School of Medicine was the 4th medical school in the United States that received the most
NIH The National Institutes of Health (NIH ) is the primary agency of the United States government The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government or U.S. government) is the national government of the United States ...
funding. The medical school partners with
St. Louis Children's Hospital St. Louis Children's Hospital is a dedicated pediatric hospital in St. Louis, Missouri, and has a primary service region covering six states. As the pediatric teaching hospital for Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis Children's H ...
and
Barnes-Jewish Hospital Barnes-Jewish Hospital is the largest hospital in the U.S. state of Missouri. Located in the Central West End, St. Louis, Central West End neighborhood of St. Louis, it is the adult teaching hospital for the Washington University School of Medic ...
(part of BJC HealthCare), where all physicians are members of the school's faculty.


Social Work and Public Health

With roots dating back to 1909 in the university's School of Social Economy, the George Warren Brown School of Social Work (commonly called GWB, the Brown School, or Brown) was founded in 1925. Brown's academic degree offerings include a Master of Social Work (MSW), a Master of Public Health (MPH), a PhD in Social Work, and a PhD in Public Health Sciences. It is currently ranked first among Master of Social Work programs in the United States. The school was endowed by Bettie Bofinger Brown and named for her husband, George Warren Brown, a St. Louis philanthropist and co-founder of the Brown Shoe Company. The school was the first in the country to have a building for the purpose of social work education, and it is also a founding member of the Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health.


McDonnell International Scholars Academy

The ''McDonnell International Scholars Academy'' (MISA) is an alliance between universities that supports collaboration on research, development of joint educational opportunities, and joint research conferences. The program is named after John F. McDonnell, who provided an initial $10 million gift to establish the Academy in 2005. MISA features a graduate-level endowed scholarship program for international students to study at Washington University. Founded in 2005, the Academy's core mission is to develop a community of future global leaders from partner institutions worldwide. The program is believed to be the first of its kind in the United States.


Former dental school

Founded as the Missouri Dental College in 1866, the Washington University School of Dental Medicine was the first dental school west of the Mississippi River and the sixth dental school in the U.S. The first dean of the school was Homer Judd. The school closed in 1991.


Rankings and reputation

Washington University's undergraduate program is ranked 14th in the nation in the 2022 ''U.S. News & World Report'' National Universities ranking, and 11th by ''The Wall Street Journal'' in their 2018 rankings. The university is ranked 22nd in the world for 2019 by the ''Academic Ranking of World Universities''. Undergraduate admission to Washington University is characterized by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, Carnegie Foundation and ''U.S. News & World Report'' as "most selective". The ''Princeton Review'', in its 2020 edition, gave the university an admissions selectivity rating of 99 out of 99. The acceptance rate for the class of 2024 (those entering in the fall of 2020) was 12.8%, with students selected from more than 27,900 applications. Of students admitted, 92 percent were in the top 10 percent of their class. ''The Princeton Review'' ranked Washington University 1st for Best College Dorms and 3rd for Best College Food, Best-Run Colleges, and Best Financial Aid in its 2020 edition. Niche (company), ''Niche'' listed the university as the best college for architecture and the second-best college campus and college dorms in the United States in 2020. The
Washington University School of Medicine Washington University School of Medicine (WUSM) is the medical school of Washington University in St. Louis in St. Louis, Missouri. Founded in 1891, the School of Medicine has 1,260 students, 604 of which are pursuing a Doctor of Medicine, me ...

Washington University School of Medicine
was ranked 6th for research by ''U.S. News & World Report'' in 2020 and has been listed among the top ten medical schools since the rankings were first published in 1987. Additionally, ''U.S. News & World Report'' ranked the university's genetics and physical therapy as tied for first place. ''QS World University Rankings'' ranked Washington University 6th in the world for anatomy and physiology in 2020. In January 2020,
Olin Business School The Olin Business School is one of seven academic schools at Washington University in St. Louis. Founded in 1917, the business school was renamed for entrepreneur John M. Olin in 1988. The school offers BSBA, Master of Business Administration ...

Olin Business School
was named the Poets&Quants MBA Program of 2019. Washington University has also been recognized as the 12th best university employer in the country by Forbes. Washington University was named one of the "25 New Ivy League, Ivies" by ''Newsweek'' in 2006 and has also been called a Hidden Ivies, "Hidden Ivy". A 2014 study ranked Washington University #1 in the country for income inequality, when measured as the ratio of number of students from the top 1% of the income scale to number of students from the bottom 60% of the income scale. About 22% of Washington University's students came from the top 1%, while only about 6% came from the bottom 60%. In 2015, university administration announced plans to increase the number of Pell-eligible recipients on campus from 6% to 13% by 2020, and in 2019 15% of the university's student body was eligible for Pell Grants. In October 2019, then newly inaugurated Chancellor Andrew D. Martin announced the "WashU Pledge", a financial aid program that provides a free undergraduate education to all full-time Missouri and Southern Illinois students who are Pell Grant-eligible or from families with annual incomes of $75,000 or less. The university's refusal to divest from the fossil fuel industry has drawn controversy in recent years.


Research, research centers, and institutes

Virtually all faculty members at Washington University engage in academic research, offering opportunities for both undergraduate and graduate students across the university's seven schools. Known for its interdisciplinarity and departmental collaboration, many of Washington University's research centers and institutes are collaborative efforts between many areas on campus. More than 60% of undergraduates are involved in faculty research across all areas; it is an institutional priority for undergraduates to be allowed to participate in advanced research. According to the Center for Measuring University Performance, it is considered to be one of the top 10 private research universities in the nation. A dedicated Office of Undergraduate Research is located on the
Danforth Campus The Danforth Campus is the main campus File:Université Laval.svg, Map of the main campus of Université Laval in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. A campus is traditionally the land on which a college or university and related institutional buildings ...
and serves as a resource to post research opportunities, advise students in finding appropriate positions matching their interests, publish undergraduate research journals, and award research grants to make it financially possible to perform research. According to the National Science Foundation, Washington University spent $816 million on research and development in 2018, ranking it 27th in the nation. The university has over 150 National Institutes of Health funded inventions, with many of them licensed to private companies. Governmental agencies and non-profit foundations such as the NIH, United States Department of Defense, National Science Foundation, and NASA provide the majority of research grant funding, with Washington University being one of the top recipients in NIH grants from year-to-year. Nearly 80% of NIH grants to institutions in the state of Missouri went to Washington University alone in 2007. Washington University and its Medical School play a large part in the Human Genome Project, where it contributes approximately 25% of the finished sequence. The Genome Sequencing Center has decoded the genome of many animals, plants, and cellular organisms, including the platypus, chimpanzee, cat, and corn. NASA hosts its Planetary Data System Geosciences Node on the campus of Washington University. Professors, students, and researchers have been heavily involved with many unmanned missions to Mars. Professor Raymond Arvidson has been deputy principal investigator of the Mars Exploration Rover mission and co-investigator of the Phoenix lander robotic arm. Washington University professor Joseph Lowenstein, with the assistance of several undergraduate students, has been involved in editing, annotating, making a digital archive of the first publication of poet Edmund Spenser's collective works in 100 years. A large grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities has been given to support this ambitious project centralized at Washington University with support from other colleges in the United States. In 2019, Folding@home, Folding@Home, a distributed computing project for performing molecular dynamics simulations of protein dynamics, was moved to Washington University School of Medicine from Stanford University. The project, currently led by Dr. Greg Bowman, uses the idle CPU time of personal computers owned by volunteers to conduct protein folding research. Folding@home's research is primarily focused on biomedical problems such as Alzheimer's disease, Cancer, Coronavirus disease 2019, and Ebola virus disease. In April 2020, Folding@home became the world's first Exascale computing, exaFLOP computing system with a peak performance of 1.5 exaflops, making it more than seven times faster than the world's fastest supercomputer, Summit (supercomputer), Summit, and more powerful than the top 100 supercomputers in the world, combined.


Museums and library system

With 14 libraries, the Washington University library system is the largest in the state of Missouri, containing over 4.2 million volumes. The main library, Olin Library, is centrally located on the Danforth Campus. In 2020, the Princeton Review ranked the Olin Library among the top 10 "Best College Libraries" in the United States. Other libraries in the system include: *Washington University Libraries#Specialty libraries, Kranzberg Art & Architecture Library *Washington University Libraries#Specialty libraries, Business Library *Washington University Libraries#Specialty libraries, Chemistry Library *Washington University Libraries#Specialty libraries, East Asian Library *Washington University Libraries#Specialty libraries, Law Library *Washington University Libraries#Specialty libraries, Medical Library (Becker) *Washington University Libraries#Specialty libraries, Music Library *Washington University Libraries#Specialty libraries, Physics Library *Washington University Libraries#Specialty libraries, Social Work Library *Washington University Libraries#Specialty libraries, Special Collections & Archives *Washington University Libraries#Specialty libraries, West Campus Library The
Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum The Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum is an art museum located on the campus of Washington University in St. Louis, within the university's Sam Fox School of Design & Visual Arts. It was founded in 1881 as the St. Louis School and Museum of Fine Arts, ...
, established in 1881, is one of the oldest teaching museums in the country. The collection includes works from 19th-, 20th-, and 21st-century American and European artists, including George Caleb Bingham, Thomas Cole, Pablo Picasso, Max Ernst, Alexander Calder, Jackson Pollock, Rembrandt, Robert Rauschenberg, Barbara Kruger, and Christian Boltanski. Also in the complex is the Newman Money Museum exhibiting the collection of American Numismatics, numismatist Eric P. Newman. In October 2006, the Kemper Art Museum moved from its previous location, Steinberg Hall, into a new facility designed by former faculty member Fumihiko Maki. The new Kemper Art Museum is located directly across from Steinberg Hall, which was Maki's first commission in 1959.


Campus life


Student organizations

Washington University has over 300 undergraduate student organizations on campus. Most are funded by the Washington University Student Union, which, as of fiscal year 2020, has an annual budget of $3.6 million that is completely student-controlled and is one of the largest student government budgets in the country. Known as SU for short, the Student Union sponsors large-scale campus programs including Walk in lay down, WILD (a semesterly concert in the quad) and free copies of the ''New York Times'', ''USA Today'', and the ''St. Louis Post-Dispatch'' through The Collegiate Readership Program; it also funds the campus television station, WUTV, and the radio station, KWUR. KWUR was named best radio station in St. Louis of 2003 by the Riverfront Times despite the fact that its signal reaches only a few blocks beyond the boundaries of the campus. There are 11 fraternities and 9 sororities, with approximately 35% of the student body being involved in Greek life. The Congress of the South 40 (CS40) is a Residential Life and Events Programming Board, which operates outside of the SU sphere. CS40's funding comes from the Housing Activities Fee of each student living on the South 40. Many of these organizations and other campus life amenities are housed in the $43 million Danforth Campus#Student Centers, Danforth University Center on the
Danforth Campus The Danforth Campus is the main campus File:Université Laval.svg, Map of the main campus of Université Laval in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. A campus is traditionally the land on which a college or university and related institutional buildings ...
, also dedicated in honor of the Danforth family. The building opened on August 11, 2008 and earned Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, LEED Gold certification for its environmentally friendly design. Washington University has a large number of student-run musical groups on campus, including 12 official a cappella groups. The Pikers, an all-male group, is the oldest such group on campus. The Greenleafs, an all-female group is the oldest (and only) female group on campus. The Mosaic Whispers, founded in 1991, is the oldest co-ed group on campus. They have produced 9 albums and have appeared on a number of compilation albums, including Ben Folds' Ben Folds Presents: University A Cappella! The Amateurs, who also appeared on this album, is another co-ed a cappella group on campus, founded in 1991. They have recorded seven albums and toured extensively. After Dark is a co-ed a cappella group founded in 2001. It has released three albums and has won several Contemporary A Capella Recording (CARA) awards. In 2008 the group performed on MSNBC during coverage of the vice presidential debate with specially written songs about
Joe Biden Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. ( ; born November 20, 1942) is an American politician who is the 46th and current president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of th ...

Joe Biden
and
Sarah Palin Sarah Louise Palin (; née Heath; born February 11, 1964) is an American politician, commentator, author, and reality television personality, who served as the List of Governors of Alaska, ninth governor of Alaska from 2006 until Resignation o ...

Sarah Palin
. The Ghost Lights, founded in 2010, is the campus's newest and only Broadway, Movies, and Television soundtrack group. They have performed multiple philanthropic concerts in the greater St. Louis area and were honored in November 2010 with the opportunity to perform for Nobel Laureate Douglass North at his birthday celebration. More Fools than Wise is a chamber jazz group, and The Aristocats feature Disney songs. The campus newspaper is Student Life (newspaper), Student Life. The paper is published twice a week under the auspices of Washington University Student Media, Inc., an independent not-for-profit organization incorporated in 1999. The paper was first founded in 1878, making it one of the oldest student newspapers in the country. Washington University also boasts a successful Bridge (card game), bridge team, and in fact has the largest bridge club of all colleges in the country. Washington University in St. Louis is home to Izagani Omega Pi, the university's first and only fratority as of 2022. Over 50 students (primarily first years) are involved in the Izagani Omega Pi Fratority, all genders are welcome to join, and there is no hazing. Fratority siblings participate in numerous activities including Mario Kart tournaments, zoo trips, traditional waffle nights, games of capture the flag, and arts and crafts activities among others. Furthermore, the Izagani Omega Pi Fratority has its own official bathroom on campus on the first floor of Seigle Hall.


Greek life

Washington University has eleven fraternities and nine sororities on campus. Approximately 45% of women and 30% of men participate in Greek life, totaling 35% of the student body. In 2012, the chapter of Sigma Alpha Mu was closed following violations of drug and alcohol policies among students. In 2020, a large number of Greek life members, primarily from sororities permanently deactivated from their chapters as a result of perceived systematic oppression, racism, and sexism. Many students are now calling for the total abolition of Greek Life on campus. ;Washington University Interfraternity Council *Alpha Delta Phi *Alpha Epsilon Pi *Beta Theta Pi *Delta Chi *Kappa Sigma *Sigma Alpha Epsilon *Sigma Chi *Sigma Nu *Sigma Phi Epsilon *Tau Kappa Epsilon *Theta Xi *Zeta Beta Tau ;Washington University Panhellenic Council *Alpha Epsilon Phi *Alpha Omicron Pi *Alpha Phi *Chi Omega *Delta Gamma *Gamma Phi Beta *Kappa Delta *Kappa Kappa Gamma


Residences

Washington University is number one on the Princeton Review's "Best College Dorms" list for 2020. Over 50% of undergraduate students live on campus. Most of the residence halls on campus are located on the South 40, named because of its adjacent location on the south side of the
Danforth Campus The Danforth Campus is the main campus File:Université Laval.svg, Map of the main campus of Université Laval in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. A campus is traditionally the land on which a college or university and related institutional buildings ...
and its size of . It is the location of all the freshman buildings as well as several sophomore buildings, which are set up in the traditional residential college system. All of the residential halls are co-ed. The dormitories on the South 40 have grown national recognition for their large size and large number of amenities. The South 40 is organized as a pedestrian-friendly environment wherein residences surround a central recreational lawn known as the Swamp. Bear's Den (the largest dining hall on campus), the Habif Health and Wellness Center (Student Health Services), the Residential Life Office, University police Headquarters, various student-owned businesses (e.g. the laundry service, Wash U Wash), and the baseball, softball, and intramural fields are also located on the South 40. Another group of residences, known as the Village, is located in the northwest corner of
Danforth Campus The Danforth Campus is the main campus File:Université Laval.svg, Map of the main campus of Université Laval in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. A campus is traditionally the land on which a college or university and related institutional buildings ...
. Only open to upperclassmen and January Scholars, the North Side consists of Millbrook Apartments, The Village, Village East on-campus apartments, and all fraternity houses except the Zeta Beta Tau house, which is off campus and located just northwest of the South 40. Sororities at Washington University do not have houses by their own accord. The Village is a group of residences where students who have similar interests or academic goals apply as small groups of 4 to 24, known as BLOCs, to live together in clustered suites along with non-BLOCs. Like the South 40, the residences around the Village also surround a recreational lawn. In addition to South 40 and North Side residence halls, Washington University owns several apartment buildings within walking distance to Danforth Campus, which are open to upperclassmen.


Student media

Washington University supports four major student-run media outlets. The university's student newspaper, Student Life (newspaper), ''Student Life'', is available for students. KWUR (90.3 FM) serves as the students' official radio station; the station also attracts an audience in the immediately surrounding community due to its eclectic and free-form musical programming. WUTV is the university's closed-circuit television, closed-circuit television channel. The university's main student-run political publication is the Washington University Political Review (nicknamed "WUPR"), a self-described "multipartisan" monthly magazine. Washington University undergraduates publish two literary and art journals, The Eliot Review and Spires Intercollegiate Arts and Literary Magazine. A variety of other publications also serve the university community, ranging from in-house academic journals to glossy alumni magazines to ''WUnderground'', the student-run satirical newspaper.


Athletics

Washington University's sports teams are called the Bears. They are members of the National Collegiate Athletic Association and participate in the University Athletic Association at the NCAA Division III, Division III level. The Bears have won 23 NCAA Division III Championships— two in women's Cross country running, cross country (2011, 2018), one in women's indoor track and field (2017), one in women's outdoor track and field (2017), one in men's tennis (2008), two in men's basketball (2008, 2009), five in women's basketball (1998–2001, 2010), ten in women's volleyball (1989, 1991–1996, 2003, 2007, 2009), and one in women's soccer (2016) – and 217 University Athletic Association, UAA titles in 16 different sports. The Athletic Department was headed by John Schael for 34 years, who served as Athletic director, director of athletics in the period 1978–2014. The 2000 Division III (NCAA), Division III Central Region winner of the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics/Continental Airlines Athletics Director of the Year award, Schael helped orchestrate the Bears athletics transformation into one of the top departments in Division III. Schael was succeeded by Josh Whitman, 2014–2016. The department is now led by Anthony J. Azama. Washington University also has an extensive club sports program, with teams ranging from men's volleyball to women's Ultimate Frisbee. The Washington University men's club water polo team has been particularly successful, capturing the Collegiate Water Polo Association Division III Club National Championship title in 2011, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, and 2019. Funding for club sports comes from the Student Union budget, as each club is deemed a campus group. Washington University is home of Francis Field (St. Louis), Francis Field, site of the 1904 Summer Olympics. Francis Field (St. Louis), Francis Field is also home of the Washington University football, soccer, and track and field teams.


Traditions

* Walk In Lay Down, WILD – Walk In, Lay Down, the semesterly concert in the Quad which brings in popular musical acts. * Thurtene Carnival – The oldest and largest student-run carnival in the nation, run by Thurtene Honorary. * Vertigo – A dance party put on by the Engineering School Council (EnCouncil), featuring an innovative computer-controlled modular LED illuminated dance floor built by students. * Cultural shows – Each year Washington University student groups put on several multicultural shows. Ashoka, the South Asian student association, puts on a performance for Diwali, the Indian festival of lights, that includes a skit and dances. Black Anthology is a student-run performance arts show celebrating African American culture, black culture. Lunar New Year Festival is a collaboration between the many East and Southeast Asian organizations on campus culminating in a show to celebrate the Asian and Asian American experience with a skit and performances from Vietnamese culture, Vietnamese, Chinese culture, Chinese, Japanese culture, Japanese, and Korean culture, Korean cultures among others. Africa Week and the African Film Festival are annual events hosted by the African Students Association. Finally, the Association of Latin American Students showcases various forms of Latin and Spanish dances during their performance, Carnaval. *
Brookings Hall 300px, Brookings Hall designed by Cope & Stewardson Brookings Hall is a Collegiate Gothic landmark on the campus of Washington University in St. Louis. The building, first named "University Hall", was built between 1900 and 1902 and served as t ...

Brookings Hall
– A superstition among students to never step on the university seal at Brookings Hall. It is said that doing so will prevent one from graduating on time. *Convocation – A large gathering for new students and their families intended to welcome them to the university. Among others, it includes speeches from seniors and university leadership. *DUC N’ Donuts – Taking place on the first Friday of every month at the Danforth University Center (DUC), this tradition allows students to learn about monthly events while enjoying free coffee and donuts. *Art Prom – Every Spring, students from the Sam Fox School of Design and Visual Arts host a “formal” dance with a creative twist. *Underpass Panels – A series of panels along the walls of the underpass connecting the South 40 to the main
Danforth Campus The Danforth Campus is the main campus File:Université Laval.svg, Map of the main campus of Université Laval in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. A campus is traditionally the land on which a college or university and related institutional buildings ...
. Tradition involves the painting of each panel by students and clubs to advertise upcoming events. Located adjacent to the underpass is a large concrete ball, also painted to advertise student events.


Alumni

*Washington University counts more than 114,000 living alumni, 29 Rhodes Scholars, and 25 Nobel laureates affiliated with the university as faculty or students. *Notable recent graduates of the college include: Jim McKelvey, co-founder and director of Square, Inc., Square, Inc; Avram Glazer, chairman of Manchester United F.C., Manchester United; Jon Feltheimer, CEO of Lionsgate Films; Andrew McCabe, former Deputy Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, FBI; George Zimmer, founder of Men's Wearhouse; Phil Radford, CEO of Greenpeace; Michael L. Riordan, founder of Gilead Sciences; Siniša Mali, Serbian Minister of Finance; former Missouri Senator Jim Talent; Nevada Senator Chic Hecht; former Nebraska Congressman Hal Daub; Pulitzer Prize-winning journalists Ken Cooper and Hank Klibanoff; Leana Wen, former President of Planned Parenthood; actor and director Harold Ramis (''Ghostbusters'', ''Caddyshack''); baseball player Dal Maxvill; science-show host Deanne Bell (''Design Squad''); NASA astronaut Bob Behnken; New York Times best-selling author Susannah Cahalan; sociologist Pepper Schwartz; CDC director Rochelle Walensky *Earlier undergraduate alumni include J. C. R. Licklider, pioneer in artificial intelligence; Charles Nagel, founder of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce; Julian W. Hill, co-inventor of nylon; Clyde Cowan, co-discoverer of the neutrino; James R. Thompson, Governor of Illinois; David R. Francis, Governor of Missouri; William H. Webster, former Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, FBI and Central Intelligence Agency, CIA; U.S. Ambassador to Belgium Sam Fox; Edward Singleton Holden, president of the University of California; Thomas Lamb Eliot, founder of Reed College; and Abram L. Sachar, founding president of Brandeis University. Graduates of the College of Architecture include George Hellmuth, Gyo Obata, and George Kassabaum, founders of Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum, HOK, the world's fourth-largest architectural firm. *The
School of Medicine A medical school is a tertiary education Tertiary education, also referred to as third-level, third-stage or post-secondary education, is the education Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowled ...

School of Medicine
graduated Nobel laureates Earl Sutherland, Edwin Krebs, and Daniel Nathans. Businessman and adventurer Steve Fossett earned his MBA from the business school. Law school graduate, Joseph Poindexter was governor of Hawaii during the Pearl Harbor attack. Doctoral alumni include the former presidents of Johns Hopkins, Clemson University, Clemson, Wake Forest University, Wake Forest, Morehouse College, Morehouse, Mount Union, Yonsei, and Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. An alumnus of the Graduate School of Architecture, C. P. Wang (March 1973), designed Taipei 101, the world's second-tallest building. *Notable students who dropped out: Charles Eames (who was expelled for defending modernist architecture); actor Peter Sarsgaard (''Boys Don't Cry (1999 film), Boys Don't Cry'', ''An Education'', ''Flightplan, Flight Plan''); Tennessee Williams (who left in protest at not winning a playwriting prize); Enterprise Rent-a-Car founder Jack C. Taylor (who withdrew to fight in World War II); actor Robert Guillaume (who withdrew to study opera); Pulitzer Prize winner and bestselling author Bill Dedman (who left to become a newspaper reporter); and IQ-record holder Marilyn vos Savant (to help with a family investment business). File:Jim Studio Headshow.jpeg, Jim McKelvey, Co-founder and Director of Square, Inc. File:Charles Nagel, 1849–1940.jpg, Charles Nagel, Founder of the United States Chamber of Commerce File:J. C. R. Licklider.jpg, J. C. R. Licklider, Pioneer in artificial intelligence and the Internet File:Sarsgaard at WUSTL 2007.jpg, Peter Sarsgaard, Award-winning actor File:Clyde Cowan.jpg, Clyde Cowan, Co-discoverer of the Neutrino File:Phoebe W Couzins.jpg, Phoebe Couzins, First woman U.S. Marshal List of Washington University faculty and staff (past and present): economist and Nobel Memorial Prize winner Douglass North; Marriage, husband and wife biochemists and co-Nobel Prize winners Carl Ferdinand Cori, Carl and
Gerty Cori Gerty Theresa Cori (née Radnitz; August 15, 1896 – October 26, 1957) was an - who in 1947 was the third woman to win a in science, and the first woman to be awarded the , for her significant role in the "discovery of the course of the cat ...
; physicist and Nobel Prize winner
Arthur Holly Compton Arthur Holly Compton (September 10, 1892 – March 15, 1962) was an American physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1927 for his 1923 discovery of the Compton effect, which demonstrated the particle In the Outline of physical ...

Arthur Holly Compton
; novelists Stanley Elkin and William Gass; poets Carl Phillips and Mary Jo Bang; architect Fumihiko Maki; neurologist and Nobel Prize winner Rita Levi-Montalcini; notable artist Max Beckmann; Sexology, sex researchers Masters and Johnson, William Masters and Virginia Johnson; United States Poet Laureate, Poets Laureate Howard Nemerov and Mona Van Duyn; sociologist and "outlaw Marxist" Alvin Ward Gouldner; attorney, former Counsel to Vice-President Al Gore and former Tennessee Attorney General Charles Burson; writer and culture critic Gerald Early; economist, and former Chair of President Ronald Reagan's Council of Economic Advisors, Murray Weidenbaum; chemist Joseph W. Kennedy, co-discoverer of the chemical element, element
plutonium Plutonium is a radioactive Radioactive decay (also known as nuclear decay, radioactivity, radioactive disintegration or nuclear disintegration) is the process by which an unstable atomic nucleus loses energy by radiation. A material co ...

plutonium
; computer scientist Jonathan S. Turner, internationally renowned expert in computer networking; computer scientist Raj Jain, pioneer in the field of network congestion; Law Professor Troy A. Paredes, currently on leave as a commissioner of the SEC; sociologist Adia Harvey Wingfield; chemist Holden Thorp, editor-in-chief of Science (journal), ''Science Magazine'', and Law Professor Peter Mutharika, president of Malawi. File:Arthur Compton 1927.jpg, Arthur Compton, Arthur Holly Compton, Discoverer of the Compton effect File:Peter Mutharika 2014-08-05.jpg, Peter Mutharika, President of Malawi File:Edward A Doisy.jpg, Edward Adelbert Doisy, Discoverer of Vitamin K File:Gerty Theresa Cori.jpg,
Gerty Cori Gerty Theresa Cori (née Radnitz; August 15, 1896 – October 26, 1957) was an - who in 1947 was the third woman to win a in science, and the first woman to be awarded the , for her significant role in the "discovery of the course of the cat ...
, First woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine File:Douglass North.jpg, Douglass North, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, Nobel Laureate Economist File:Alfred Hershey.jpg, Alfred Hershey, List of Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine, Nobel Laureate bacteriologist known for the Hershey–Chase experiment File:Joseph W. Kennedy Los Alamos ID.png, Joseph W. Kennedy, Co-discoverer of Plutonium


References


External links

*
Washington University Athletics website
* * {{Authority control Washington University in St. Louis, Educational institutions established in 1853 1853 establishments in Missouri Gothic Revival architecture in Missouri Collegiate Gothic architecture in Missouri Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design gold certified buildings Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design platinum certified buildings Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design basic silver certified buildings Private universities and colleges in Missouri Universities and colleges in St. Louis Universities and colleges in St. Louis County, Missouri