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Warrandyte is a suburb of
Melbourne Melbourne ( ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller ...

Melbourne
,
Victoria Victoria most commonly refers to: * Victoria (Australia), a state of the Commonwealth of Australia * Victoria, British Columbia, provincial capital of British Columbia, Canada * Victoria (mythology), Roman goddess of Victory * Victoria, Seychelles ...
,
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...

Australia
, 24 km north-east of Melbourne's
Central Business District A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business center of a city. It contains commercial space and offices. In larger cities, it is often synonymous with the city's "financial district". Geographically, it often coincides with ...
. Its
local government area A local government area (LGA) is an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, ar ...
is the City of Manningham. At the , Warrandyte had a population of 5,520. At the 2016 census, Warrandyte had a population of 5,502 and a median age of 43 years old. Warrandyte is bounded in the west by the
Mullum Mullum Creek Mullum Mullum Creek is a Stream, creek in the outer eastern suburbs of Melbourne, Victoria (Australia), Victoria, Australia. It is the main watercourse of the Mullum Mullum Valley, a tributary of the Yarra River and Yarra Valley. For tens of thou ...

Mullum Mullum Creek
and Target Road, in the north by the
Yarra River The Yarra River or historically, the Yarra Yarra River, (Kulin languages: ''Berrern'', ''Birr-arrung'', ''Bay-ray-rung'', ''Birarang'', ''Birrarung'', and ''Wongete'') is a perennial stream, perennial river in south-central Victoria (Australia ...

Yarra River
, in the east by Jumping Creek and Anzac Road, and in the south by an irregular line from Reynolds Road, north of Donvale, Park Orchards and Warrandyte South. Warrandyte was founded as a Victorian town, located in the once
gold Gold is a chemical element In chemistry, an element is a pure Chemical substance, substance consisting only of atoms that all have the same numbers of protons in their atomic nucleus, nuclei. Unlike chemical compounds, chemical elemen ...

gold
-rich rolling hills east of Melbourne, and is now on the north-eastern boundary of suburban Melbourne. Gold was first discovered in the town in 1851 and together, with towns like
Bendigo Bendigo is a city in Victoria Victoria most commonly refers to: * Victoria (Australia), a state of the Commonwealth of Australia * Victoria, British Columbia, provincial capital of British Columbia, Canada * Victoria (mythology), Roman goddes ...

Bendigo
and
Ballarat Ballarat () is a city in the Central Highlands of Victoria Victoria most commonly refers to: * Victoria (Australia), a state of the Commonwealth of Australia * Victoria, British Columbia, provincial capital of British Columbia, Canada * Vic ...

Ballarat
, led the way in gold discoveries during the
Victorian gold rush The Victorian gold rush cut the travel time from New York to San Francisco in seven months to four months in the 1849 California Gold Rush, Gold Rush. A gold rush or gold fever is a discovery of gold—sometimes accompanied by other precious ...
. Today Warrandyte retains much of its past in its surviving buildings of the Colonial period and remains a twin community with North Warrandyte, which borders the Yarra River to its north.


Etymology

In
Australian Aboriginal mythology Australian Aboriginal religion and mythology is the sacred spirituality represented in the stories performed by Aboriginal Australians Aboriginal Australians are the various Indigenous peoples Indigenous peoples, also referred to ...
(see
dreamtime The Dreaming, also referred to as Dreamtime, is a term devised by early anthropologists to refer to a religio-cultural worldview attributed to Australian Aboriginal mythology, Australian Aboriginal beliefs. It was originally used by Francis Ja ...
), a
Wurundjeri The Wurundjeri are an Aboriginal Australian Aboriginal Australians are the various Indigenous peoples Indigenous peoples, also referred to as first peoples, first nations, aboriginal peoples, native peoples (with these terms often ...
dreamtime The Dreaming, also referred to as Dreamtime, is a term devised by early anthropologists to refer to a religio-cultural worldview attributed to Australian Aboriginal mythology, Australian Aboriginal beliefs. It was originally used by Francis Ja ...
story tells of a great eagle; "the all powerful, ever watchful creator of the world", named ''Bunjil'', who "once gazed down upon his people from the star Altair and saw their wrong doing. Awaiting their return, with a mighty crash of thunder, he hurled down a star to destroy them". Where the star struck created a gorge in which much of the town today is located. Bunjil's people remembered the spot, and referred to it as ''Warrandyte'', speculated to mean "that which is thrown".''Warrandyte Diary, Number 389, August 2006."


History

In 1851, gold was first discovered in Victoria, in Warrandyte, at Anderson's Creek, by Louis John Michel, Louis Michel, the approximate location of the site is marked by a cairn on Fourth Hill, in the Warrandyte State Park. While some mining did occur in the area throughout the peak of the gold rush, it was not until the late 19th century, after gold discoveries reduced in the more popular regions, that the area around Warrandyte was intensively mined, particularly around Fourth Hill and Whipstick Gully. Some areas continued to be mined up until the 1960s. Warrandyte Post Office opened on 1 August 1857. In the early 20th century, Warrandyte became a popular destination for artists of the Heidelberg School, who sought subject matter further into the bush. This led to the development of an artists camp and small colony. Though not as substantial as the older colonies at Heidelberg and Box Hill artists' camp, Box Hill, several artists, such as Clara Southern and Walter Withers, who were associated with the Heidelberg School, took up residence in Warrandyte. Others followed, including Penleigh Boyd, Harold Herbert, Jo Sweatman and Gus McLaren.


Bushfires

Major bushfires have swept through Warrandyte throughout history, and the town was at the centre of the Black Friday bushfires in 1939, in which 71 people lost their lives. The 1962 fires also devastated North Warrandyte. Many houses were destroyed and many lives lost. In 2009 the Black Saturday bushfires, Black Saturday fires in Kinglake, Victoria, Kinglake were 15 minutes away from North Warrandyte. On 9 February 2014, a bushfire broke out in Warrandyte burning approximately 10 hectares and destroying 3 houses. Major bushfires to have swept through Warrandyte include: *1851 - 6 February "Black Thursday" *1939 - 13 January "Black Friday (1939), Black Friday" *1962 - 14–16 January *2014 - 9 February


Geography

Warrandyte is situated on the southern banks of the Yarra River. The river and hills surrounding the town were once rich in gold and the ruins of mineshafts and tunnels can be found throughout the Warrandyte State Park, amongst other locations. While the central town itself is nestled into a gorge on the river, the suburb covers a reasonably large area of land and can be divided up into the following sections: Central Warrandyte comprises the main street of Ringwood-Warrandyte Road and Heidelberg-Warrandyte Road (Yarra Street), Pound Bend and the southern banks of the Yarra River. Andersons Creek flows from neighbouring South Warrandyte and Warranwood, Victoria, Warranwood into the Yarra just before the beginning of Pound Bend. This area is where several Gully, gullies converge and create a geographical hole, with Fourth Hill to the east and the hills on the eastern banks of the Mullum Mullum Creek to the west. This becomes evident when driving through Warrandyte on Heidelberg-Warrandyte Road, as the hills guide the road down towards Andersons Creek. The Eastern banks of the Mullum Mullum Creek were home to vast orchards overflowing from neighbouring East Doncaster, Victoria, East Doncaster and as a result, much of the vegetation has been cleared. Today the area is covered in large residential properties due to local council regulations allowing land to be subdivided into larger sites.


Transportation

Warrandyte is serviced primarily by the private car, however a bus service actively operates along the main roads of Ringwood-Warrandyte Road and Heidelberg-Warrandyte Road (Yarra Street).


Community

The Warrandyte Festival, one of the last remaining volunteer-run festivals in Victoria, is held every year in mid March. Typically, the festival features a variety of attractions. Many stalls sell local produce or crafts and there are numerous historical exhibits, as well as safety demonstrations by the Country Fire Authority, CFA. Warrandyte is serviced by the community newspaper Warrandyte Diary. established in 1970 by local screenwriter Cliff Green and Journalist Lee Tindale and Cartoonist Jock Macneish. The Diary has provided news, information and entertainment to Warrandyte and its surrounding communities for more than 50 years.


Facilities

Warrandyte contains a general post office, tennis courts, a community centre, an RSL, several bed and breakfasts, restaurants, a police station, a CFA Fire Station, two kindergartens, two recreational ovals (AFL Football and Cricket), Warrandyte Community Church, Uniting and Anglican places of worship, Andersons Creek Cemetery and a Scouting in Victoria, Scout hall, canoe launching ramps, a skatepark, nurseries and tearooms and the Crystal Brook Holiday Centre.''Melways Street Directory, 33rd Edition 2006.'' It also has a thriving arts community including theatre, pottery and painting centred at the Mechanics Institute Hall. Warrandyte has two completely community owned and run micro-retirement villages operated as a co-operative - unique in Victoria. Educational Facilities in Warrandyte: * Warrandyte High School * Andersons Creek Primary School * Warrandyte Primary School Places of Worship:
St Stephen's Anglican Church, Stiggants Road Shopping Strips & Centres: * Goldfields Plaza * Street Shops either side of the Main Roads, around the main bridge.


Parklands and recreation

Activities include walking, bike riding, mountain biking, tennis, basketball, football (AFL), cricket, swimming in the Yarra River, canoeing, kayaking, skateboarding and bushwalking, among many others. Parks, Gardens and Reserves in Warrandyte: * Warrandyte State Park (including Pound Bend, Fourth Hill, Black Flat, Mount Lofty and other areas) * Geography of the Yarra River, Pound Bend Reserve * Stiggants Reserve * Warrandyte Reserve/Taroona Reserve (Home to the Warrandyte Cricket Club, which was formed in 1855, Warrandyte "The Bloods" Australian Rules, Football Club, competing in the Eastern Football League (Australia), Eastern Football League and Junior Football Clubs and Warrandyte Netball Club) * Longridge Farm * Alexander Reserve * Currawong Bush Park (Environment Centre and Wildlife Enclosure) * Wildflower Reserve * Andersons Creek Streamside Reserve


See also

* City of Doncaster and Templestowe - the former local government area of which Warrandyte was a part * Electoral district of Warrandyte * List of Melbourne suburbs *
Victorian gold rush The Victorian gold rush cut the travel time from New York to San Francisco in seven months to four months in the 1849 California Gold Rush, Gold Rush. A gold rush or gold fever is a discovery of gold—sometimes accompanied by other precious ...
* Manningham Municipal Council Offices (see City of Manningham)


References


External links

* {{DEFAULTSORT:Warrandyte, Victoria Suburbs of Melbourne Mining towns in Victoria (Australia)