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The Wakhan Corridor ( ps, واخان دهلېز, translit=wāxān dahléz,
Urdu Urdu (; ur, , ALA-LC ALA-LC (American Library Association The American Library Association (ALA) is a nonprofit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonpr ...

Urdu
: واخان راہداری fa, دالان واخان, translit=dâlân vâxân) is a narrow strip of territory in
Afghanistan Afghanistan (; Pashto Pashto (,; / , ), sometimes spelled Pukhto or Pakhto, is an Eastern Iranian language The Eastern Iranian languages are a subgroup of the Iranian languages The Iranian or Iranic languages are a branch of t ...

Afghanistan
, extending to
China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere ...

China
and separating
Tajikistan ) , image_map = Tajikistan (orthographic projection).svg , map_caption = , capital = Dushanbe Dushanbe ( tg, Душанбе, ; ; russian: Душанбе) is the Capital city, capital and largest ...

Tajikistan
from
Pakistan Pakistan, . Pronounced variably in English as , , , and . officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world's List of countries and dependencies by population, fifth-most populous country, with a popul ...

Pakistan
.International Boundary Study of the Afghanistan–USSR Boundary (1983)
by the US
Bureau of Intelligence and Research The Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR) is an intelligence Intelligence has been defined in many ways: the capacity for logic Logic (from Ancient Greek, Greek: grc, wikt:λογική, λογική, label=none, lit=possessed of reaso ...
Pg. 7
Archived
on 2011-06-07
From this high mountain valley the
Panj Panj () is a city in southern Tajikistan ) File:Tajikistan anthem.ogg, center , image_map = Tajikistan (orthographic projection).svg , map_caption = , capital = Dushanbe , coordinates = ...

Panj
and Pamir rivers emerge and form the
Amu Darya The Amu Darya, tk, Amyderýa/ uz, Amudaryo// tg, Амударё, Amudaryo ps, , tr, Ceyhun / Amu Derya grc, Ὦξος, Ôxos (also called the Amu, Amo River, or Jay-hoon, and historically known by its Latin language, Latin name or Greek ) i ...
. A trade route through the valley has been used by travellers going to and from
East
East
,
South South is one of the cardinal directions or compass points. South is the opposite of north and is perpendicular to the east and west. Etymology The word ''south'' comes from Old English ''sūþ'', from earlier Proto-Germanic language, Proto-Germa ...

South
and
Central Asia Central Asia is a region in Asia which stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China and Mongolia in the east, and from Afghanistan and Iran in the south to Russia in the north, including the former Soviet Union, Soviet republics of the Sov ...

Central Asia
since antiquity. The corridor was formed by an 1893 agreement between the
British Empire The British Empire was composed of the dominions, Crown colony, colonies, protectorates, League of Nations mandate, mandates, and other Dependent territory, territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. ...

British Empire
(
British India The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the Indian subcontinent. Collectively, they have been called British India. In one ...

British India
) and
Afghanistan Afghanistan (; Pashto Pashto (,; / , ), sometimes spelled Pukhto or Pakhto, is an Eastern Iranian language The Eastern Iranian languages are a subgroup of the Iranian languages The Iranian or Iranic languages are a branch of t ...
, creating the
Durand Line The Durand Line ( ps, د ډیورنډ کرښه; ur, ) forms the Afghanistan–Pakistan border, a international land border Borders are boundaries of or legal s, such as s, , , and other . Borders are established through agreements betwe ...
. This narrow strip acted as a
buffer zone
buffer zone
between the
Russian Empire The Russian Empire, . commonly referred to as Imperial Russia, was a historical empire that extended across Eurasia and North America from 1721, succeeding the Tsardom of Russia following the Treaty of Nystad that ended the Great Northern War. ...
and the
British Empire The British Empire was composed of the dominions, Crown colony, colonies, protectorates, League of Nations mandate, mandates, and other Dependent territory, territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. ...

British Empire
(the regions of
Russian Turkestan Russian Turkestan (russian: Русский Туркестан, Russkiy Turkestan) was the western part of Turkestan Turkestan, also spelled Turkistan ( fa, ترکستان, Torkestân, lit=Land of the Turks), is a historical region in Central As ...
, now in Tajikistan, and the part of British India now in Pakistan and the contested region of
Gilgit-Baltistan Gilgit-Baltistan (; , Balti language, Balti: རྒྱལ་སྐྱིད་ སྦལྟི་ཡུལ།), formerly known as the Northern Areas, is a region administered by Pakistan as an administrative territory, and constitutes the no ...

Gilgit-Baltistan
). Its eastern end bordered China's
Xinjiang Xinjiang (),, SASM/GNC: ''Xinjang''; zh, c=, p=Xīnjiāng; alternately romanized as Sinkiang officially the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR) and formerly romanized as Sinkiang, is a landlocked autonomous region An autonomous ...

Xinjiang
region, then ruled by the
Qing dynasty The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing (), was the last dynasty A dynasty (, ) is a sequence of rulers from the same family,''Oxford English Dictionary'', "dynasty, ''n''." Oxford University Press Oxford University Pr ...
. Politically, the corridor is in the
Wakhan District Wakhan District is one of the 28 districts of Badakhshan Province in eastern Afghanistan Afghanistan (; Pashto/Dari language, Dari: , Pashto: , Dari: ), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country at the crossro ...
of Afghanistan's
Badakhshan Province Badakhshan Province ( fa, بدخشان ولایت, ''Badaxšān wilāyat'') is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the farthest northeastern part of the country between Tajikistan and Pakistan's Gilgit-Baltistan region. It shares ...
. As of 2010, the Wakhan Corridor had 12,000 inhabitants. The northern part of the Wakhan, populated by the Wakhi and Pamiri peoples, is also referred to as the ''Pamir''.


Geography

The Wakhan Corridor forms the panhandle of Afghanistan's
Badakhshan Province Badakhshan Province ( fa, بدخشان ولایت, ''Badaxšān wilāyat'') is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the farthest northeastern part of the country between Tajikistan and Pakistan's Gilgit-Baltistan region. It shares ...
. At its western entrance near the Afghan town of Ishkashim, the corridor is wide. The western third of the corridor varies from in width and widens to in the central Wakhan. At its eastern end, the corridor forks into two prongs that wrap around a salient of Chinese territory, forming the boundary between the two countries. The
Wakhjir Pass The Wakhjir Pass, Ludwig W. Adamec. Historical and political gazetteer of Afghanistan Vol. 1. Badakhshan Province and northeastern Afghanistan. Graz : Akad. Druck- und Verl.-Anst., 1972.p. 185. also spelled Vakhjir Pass, is a mountain pass in th ...
, which is the easternmost point on the southeastern prong, is about from Ishkashim. The easternmost point of the northeastern prong is a nameless wilderness about from Ishkashim. On the Chinese side of the border is the
Tashkurgan Tajik Autonomous County Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County (also known as Taxkorgan County, sometimes spelled Tashkurgan, Tashkorgan and Tash Kurghan Tadzhik Autonomous Hsien) is an autonomous county Autonomous counties and autonomous banners are Counties of China, co ...
of
Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region Xinjiang (),, SASM/GNC romanization, SASM/GNC: ''Xinjang''; zh, c=, p=Xīnjiāng; Chinese postal romanization, alternately romanized as Sinkiang officially the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR) and Postal romanization, formerly roman ...
. The northern border of the corridor is formed by the
Pamir River The Pamir is a river in Tajikistan and Afghanistan. It is a tributary of the Panj River, and forms the northern boundary of Wakhan. The river has its sources in the Pamir Mountains in Gorno-Badakhshan province in the far eastern part of Tajikistan ...
and Lake
Zorkul Zorkul (or ''Sir-i-kol, Syr Kul, Kol-ye Zor Kol, Kōl-ye Zor Kōl, Lake Victoria, Ozero Zorkul', Ozero Zorkul’, Sar-i-Kol, Sar-i-Kul,...'') (russian: Зоркуль; tg, Зоркӯл/ Tajik latin script: Zārkul; zh, 佐库里湖) is a lake ...
in the west and the high peaks of the Pamir Mountains in the east. To the north is Tajikistan's
Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous region , native_name_lang = , settlement_type = Autonomous Region An autonomous administrative division (also referred to as an autonomous area, entity, unit, region, subdivision, or territory) is a subnational administrative div ...
. To the south, the corridor is bounded by the high mountains of the
Hindu Kush The Hindu Kush (Pashto Pashto (,; / , ), sometimes spelled Pukhto or Pakhto, is an Eastern Iranian language The Eastern Iranian languages are a subgroup of the Iranian languages The Iranian or Iranic languages are a branch of ...
and
Karakoram The Karakoram is a mountain range spanning the borders of China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in . It is the world's , with a of more than 1.4 billion. China spans five geographical and ...

Karakoram
. Along the southern flank of the corridor, there are two mountain passes that connect the corridor to its neighbours. The
Broghol Broghil, also spelled Broghol (el. 3798 m./12,460 ft), is a high mountain pass along the Durand Line border that crosses the Hindu Kush mountain range and connects Wakhan District of Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan with Chitral District of Kh ...
pass offers access to the
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (; ps, خیبر پښتونخوا; ), often abbreviated as KP or KPK and formerly known as the North-West Frontier Province, is one of the Administrative units of Pakistan, four provinces of Pakistan. It is located in the Geo ...

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
region of Pakistan, while the Irshad Pass connects the corridor to
Gilgit Baltistan Gilgit (; Shina language, Shina: ; ur, ) is the capital city of Gilgit-Baltistan, Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan. The city is located in a broad valley near the confluence of the Gilgit River and Hunza River, and is a major Tourism in Pakistan ...

Gilgit Baltistan
. The Dilisang Pass, which also connects to Gilgit-Baltistan, is disused. The easternmost pass, as indicated above, is the
Wakhjir Pass The Wakhjir Pass, Ludwig W. Adamec. Historical and political gazetteer of Afghanistan Vol. 1. Badakhshan Province and northeastern Afghanistan. Graz : Akad. Druck- und Verl.-Anst., 1972.p. 185. also spelled Vakhjir Pass, is a mountain pass in th ...
, which connects to China and is the only border connection between that country and Afghanistan. The corridor is higher in the east than in the west; (the Wakhjir Pass is in elevation) and descends to about at Ishkashim.FACTBOX-Key facts about the Wakhan Corridor
Reuters Reuters (, ) is an international news organisation owned by Thomson Reuters. It employs around 2,500 journalists and 600 photojournalists in about 200 locations worldwide. Reuters is one of the largest news agencies in the world. The agency w ...
. 12 June 2009
The Wakhjir River emerges from an ice cave on the Afghan side of the Wakhjir Pass and flows west, joining the Bozai Darya near the village of
Bozai Gumbaz Baza'i Gonbad or Bozai Gumbaz ( fa, بزای گمبز, translation=domes of the elders) is the site of a domed tomb (or gonbad) and nearby settlement of Kyrgyz people, Kyrgyz and Wakhi herders in the Wakhan in Badakhshan Province in north-eastern ...
to form the
Wakhan River Wakhan River ( fa, اب واخان), ''Abe Vâxân'' ( ps, دریائے واخان) Вахондарё, ''Vaxondaryo''), also known in English as Ab-i-Wakhan, is the name of the Sarhadd branch of the Panj River The Panj ( fa, رودخانه ...
. The Wakhan River then joins the Pamir River near Kala-i-Panj to form the
Panj River The Panj ( fa, رودخانه پنج) (; tg, Панҷ, پنج), also known as ''Pyandzh'' or ''Pyanj'' (derived from its Russian name "Пяндж"), is a tributary of the Amu Darya. The river is long and has a basin area of . ...

Panj River
, which then flows out of the Wakhan Corridor at Ishkashim. The Chinese consider
Chalachigu Valley Chalachigu Valley or Karachukur Valley is a valley in Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County (also known as Taxkorgan County, sometimes spelled Tashkurgan, Tashkorgan and Tash Kurghan Tadzhik Autonomous Hsien) is a ...
, the valley east of Wakhjir Pass on the Chinese side connecting
Taghdumbash Pamir Taghdumbash Pamir ( or historically ) or Taxkorgan Valley is a '' pamir'' or high valley in the south west of Tashkurgan Tajik Autonomous County, in Xinjiang Xinjiang, SASM/GNC: ''Xinjang''; zh, c=, p=Xīnjiāng; alternately romanized as S ...
, to be part of the Wakhan Corridor. The high mountain valley is about long. This valley, through which the Tashkurgan River flows, is generally about wide and less than at its narrowest point. This entire valley on the Chinese side is closed to visitors; however, local residents and herders from the area are permitted access.


History

Although the terrain is extremely rugged, the Corridor was historically used as a trading route between
Badakhshan Badakhshan is a historic region comprising parts of what is now northeastern Afghanistan Afghanistan (; Pashto Pashto (,; / , ), sometimes spelled Pukhto or Pakhto, is an Eastern Iranian language The Eastern Iranian languages ...

Badakhshan
and
Yarkand Yarkant County,, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency also Shache County,, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency also SASM/GNC rom ...
. It appears that
Marco Polo Marco Polo (, , ; September 15, 1254January 8, 1324) was a merchant, explorer, and writer who travelled through Asia along the between 1271 and 1295. His travels are recorded in ' (also known as ''Book of the Marvels of the World '' and '' ...

Marco Polo
came this way. The Portuguese Jesuit priest
Bento de Goes A is a single-portion take-out A take-out or takeout (U.S., Canada, & the Philippines); carry-out or to-go (Scotland and some dialects in the U.S. & Canada); take-away (U.K., Australia, Lebanon, South Africa, & Ireland, and occasionally in ...
crossed from the Wakhan to China between 1602 and 1606. In May 1906, Sir Aurel Stein explored the Wakhan and reported that at that time, 100 pony loads of goods crossed annually to China.Shahrani, M. Nazif (1979 and 2002) p.37 There were further crossings in 1874 by Captain T.E. Gordon of the British Army, in 1891 by
Francis Younghusband Lieutenant Colonel Lieutenant colonel ( or ) is a rank of commissioned officer An officer is a person who holds a position of authority as a member of an armed force A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a hea ...
, and in 1894 by
Lord Curzon George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, (11 January 1859 – 20 March 1925), was styled as Lord Curzon of Kedleston between 1898 and 1911, and as Earl Curzon of Kedleston between 1911 and 1921, was a British Conservative ...
. Early travellers used one of three routes: * A northern route led up the valley of the Pamir River to Zorkul Lake, then east through the mountains to the valley of the
Bartang River The Bartang is a river of Central Asia, tributary to the Panj (river), Panj and consequently to the Amu Darya. In its upper reaches, it is also known as the Murghab and Aksu; it flows through the Wakhan in Afghanistan, then through the Rushon Dis ...
, then across the Sarikol Range to
China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere ...

China
. * A southern route led up the valley of the Wakhan River to the Wakhjir Pass to China. This pass is closed for at least five months a year and is only open irregularly for the remainder. * A central route branched off the southern route through the
Little Pamir The Little Pamir ( Wakhi: ''Wuch Pamir''; KyrgyzKyrgyz, Kirghiz or Kyrgyzstani may refer to: *Things related to Kyrgyzstan *Kyrgyz people *Kyrgyz language *Kyrgyz culture *Kyrgyz cuisine *Yenisei Kirghiz *The Fuyu Kyrgyz language, Fuyü Gïrgïs ...
to the Murghab River valley. The corridor is in part a political creation from
The Great Game The Great Game was a political and diplomatic confrontation that existed for most of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th century between the British Empire The British Empire was composed of the dominions, Crown colony, colonies, ...
between the
United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer to use Britain as shorth ...

United Kingdom
and
Russian Empire The Russian Empire, . commonly referred to as Imperial Russia, was a historical empire that extended across Eurasia and North America from 1721, succeeding the Tsardom of Russia following the Treaty of Nystad that ended the Great Northern War. ...
. In the north, an agreement between the empires in 1873 effectively split the historic region of
Wakhan Wakhan, or "the Wakhan" (also spelt Vakhan; Persian Persian may refer to: * People and things from Iran, historically called ''Persia'' in the English language ** Persians, Persian people, the majority ethnic group in Iran, not to be conflated ...

Wakhan
by making the Panj and Pamir Rivers the border between
Afghanistan Afghanistan (; Pashto Pashto (,; / , ), sometimes spelled Pukhto or Pakhto, is an Eastern Iranian language The Eastern Iranian languages are a subgroup of the Iranian languages The Iranian or Iranic languages are a branch of t ...

Afghanistan
and the
Russian Empire The Russian Empire, . commonly referred to as Imperial Russia, was a historical empire that extended across Eurasia and North America from 1721, succeeding the Tsardom of Russia following the Treaty of Nystad that ended the Great Northern War. ...
. In the south, the Durand Line agreement of 1893 marked the boundary between
British India The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the Indian subcontinent. Collectively, they have been called British India. In one ...

British India
and Afghanistan. This left a narrow strip of land ruled by Afghanistan as a buffer between the two empires, which became known as the Wakhan Corridor in the 20th century. The corridor has been closed to regular traffic for over a century and there is no modern road. There is a rough road from Ishkashim to
Sarhad-e Broghil Sarhadd or Sarhad, also known as Sarhad-e Broghil or Sarhad-e Wakhan, is a village in the Wakhan in Badakhshan Province in north-eastern Afghanistan. Sarhadd lies at an altitude of 3,400 m on the Wakhan River, at a point where the river broadens ...
built in the 1960s,United Nations Environment Programme (2003) ''Wakhan Mission Report''
/ref> but only rough paths beyond. These paths run some from the road end to the Chinese border at Wakhjir Pass, and further to the far end of the Little Pamir. Jacob Townsend has speculated on the possibility of
drug smuggling The illegal drug trade or drug trafficking is a global black market Barcelona 2015 A black market, underground economy or shadow economy, is a clandestine ''The ClanDestine'' (also known simply as ''ClanDestine'') is an appellation ...
from Afghanistan to China via the Wakhan Corridor and Wakhjir Pass, but concluded that due to the difficulties of travel and border crossings, it would be minor compared to that conducted via Tajikistan's
Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province , native_name_lang = , settlement_type = Region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics ( physical geography), human impact characteristics ( human geography), and the interaction o ...
or through Pakistan, both having much more accessible routes into China."China and Afghan Opiates: Assessing the Risk"
(Chapter 4). June 2005
The remoteness of the region has meant that, despite the long-running wars of Afghanistan since the late 1970s, the region has remained virtually untouched by conflict and many locals, who are mostly composed of ethnic Pamir and
KyrgyzKyrgyz, Kirghiz or Kyrgyzstani may refer to: *Things related to Kyrgyzstan *Kyrgyz people *Kyrgyz language *Kyrgyz culture *Kyrgyz cuisine *Yenisei Kirghiz *The Fuyu Kyrgyz language, Fuyü Gïrgïs language in Northeastern China {{Disambig Languag ...

Kyrgyz
, are not aware of wars in the country. The closure of the Afghan-Chinese border crossing at the
Wakhjir Pass The Wakhjir Pass, Ludwig W. Adamec. Historical and political gazetteer of Afghanistan Vol. 1. Badakhshan Province and northeastern Afghanistan. Graz : Akad. Druck- und Verl.-Anst., 1972.p. 185. also spelled Vakhjir Pass, is a mountain pass in th ...
, on the east end of the Wakhan Corridor, has left the valley bereft of trade. The government of Afghanistan has asked the
People's Republic of China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere ...

People's Republic of China
on several occasions to open the border in the Wakhan Corridor for economic reasons or as an alternative supply route for fighting the
Taliban insurgency {{Infobox military conflict , partof = the War in Afghanistan (2001–2021) and the Afghanistan conflict , image = 2021 Taliban Offensive.png , image_size = 300px , caption = Map of the 2021 Taliban ...
. The Chinese have resisted, largely due to unrest in its far western province of
Xinjiang Xinjiang (),, SASM/GNC: ''Xinjang''; zh, c=, p=Xīnjiāng; alternately romanized as Sinkiang officially the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR) and formerly romanized as Sinkiang, is a landlocked autonomous region An autonomous ...

Xinjiang
, which borders the corridor. , it was reported that the
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States
had asked China to open the corridor. The area came under rebel control for the first time in July 2021 when it was taken by the
Taliban The Taliban (; ps, طالبان, ṭālibān, lit=students or 'seekers'), which refers to itself as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, Taliban Islamic Movement and/or Islamic Movement of Taliban is a Deobandi Deobandi ( hi, देव ...

Taliban
in the group's . It was reported that hundreds of ethnic Kyrgyz nomads along with their livestock attempted to flee north into Tajikistan.


See also

*
Wakhan Wakhan, or "the Wakhan" (also spelt Vakhan; Persian Persian may refer to: * People and things from Iran, historically called ''Persia'' in the English language ** Persians, Persian people, the majority ethnic group in Iran, not to be conflated ...

Wakhan
*
Wakhan District Wakhan District is one of the 28 districts of Badakhshan Province in eastern Afghanistan Afghanistan (; Pashto/Dari language, Dari: , Pashto: , Dari: ), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country at the crossro ...
*
Little Pamir The Little Pamir ( Wakhi: ''Wuch Pamir''; KyrgyzKyrgyz, Kirghiz or Kyrgyzstani may refer to: *Things related to Kyrgyzstan *Kyrgyz people *Kyrgyz language *Kyrgyz culture *Kyrgyz cuisine *Yenisei Kirghiz *The Fuyu Kyrgyz language, Fuyü Gïrgïs ...
*
Great PamirThe Great Pamir or Big Pamir ( Wakhi: ''Past Pamir''; Kyrgyz: ''Chang Pamir''; fa, پامیر کلان, translit=Pāmīr-e Kalān) is a broad U-shaped grassy valley or '' pamir'' in the eastern part of the Wakhan in north-eastern Afghanistan and th ...
*
Wakhjir Pass The Wakhjir Pass, Ludwig W. Adamec. Historical and political gazetteer of Afghanistan Vol. 1. Badakhshan Province and northeastern Afghanistan. Graz : Akad. Druck- und Verl.-Anst., 1972.p. 185. also spelled Vakhjir Pass, is a mountain pass in th ...
*
Durand Line The Durand Line ( ps, د ډیورنډ کرښه; ur, ) forms the Afghanistan–Pakistan border, a international land border Borders are boundaries of or legal s, such as s, , , and other . Borders are established through agreements betwe ...
*
Mount Imeon Mount Imeon () is an ancient name for the Central Asian complex of mountain ranges comprising the present Hindu Kush, Pamir Mountains, Pamir and Tian Shan, extending from the Zagros Mountains in the southwest to the Altay Mountains in the northeast, ...


References

;Citations ;Sources *


External links


Stranded on the Roof of the World
2013 National Geographic Magazine article
CIA Relief Map

Wakhan Development Partnership
a project working to improve the lives of the people of Wakhan since 2003
We Took the Highroad in Afghanistan
National Geographic November 1950 - Story of the first modern crossing of the Wakhan Corridor by Westerners.

article by Mark Jenkins in the November 2005 issue of ''Outside'' magazine
Wakhan & the Afghan Pamir - In the footsteps of Marco Polo
- Brochure of the region by
Aga Khan Foundation The Aga Khan Foundation (AKF) is a private, not-for-profit international development agency, which was founded in 1967 by Shah Karim Al Hussaini, Aga Khan IV, the 49th Hereditary Imam Imam (; ar, إمام '; plural: ') is an Islamic l ...
{{Authority control Geography of Afghanistan Sites along the Silk Road Wakhan Geopolitical corridors Landforms of Badakhshan Province hi:वाख़ान गलियारा