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Vladimir Volfovich Zhirinovsky (russian: Владимир Вольфович Жириновский, ''né'' Eidelstein, Эйдельштейн; born 25 April 1946) is a Russian politician and leader of the
Liberal Democratic Party of Russia LDPR — Liberal Democratic Party of Russia (russian: ЛДПР — Либерально-демократическая партия России, LDPR — Liberal'no-demokraticheskaya partiya Rossii) is a Right-wing populism, right-wing populist ...
. He has been described as fiercely nationalist and as "a showman of Russian politics, blending populist and nationalist rhetoric, anti-Western invective and a brash, confrontational style".


Early life and politics

Zhirinovsky was born in
Almaty Almaty (; ; cyrl, Алматы), formerly known as Alma-Ata and Verny (russian: Верный), is the largest city in Kazakhstan, with a population of about 2,000,000 people, about 11% of the country's total population, and more than 2.7 milli ...

Almaty
, the capital of the
Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic ; kk, Қазақ Советтік Социалистік Республикасы, ''Qazaq Sovettik Sosıalıstik Respýblıkasy'') *1991: Republic of Kazakhstan (russian: Республика Казахстан; kk, Қазақстан Респ ...
, modern-day Kazakhstan. His father, Volf Isaakovich Eidelshtein (or Wolf Andreyevich Eidelshtein), was a
Ukrainian Jew The history of the Jews in Ukraine goes back over a thousand years. Jews, Jewish communities have existed in the territory of Ukraine from the time of the Kievan Rus' (late 9th to mid-13th century) and developed many of the most distinctive mod ...
from
Kostopil File:Kostopil, Zamchysko river.jpg, Zamchysko River in Kostopil Kostopil ( uk, Косто́піль, pl, Kostopol) is a small city, originally named Ostlec Wielki or Ostaltsi, on the Zamchysko river in Rivne Oblast of western Ukraine (historic ...

Kostopil
in western
Ukraine Ukraine ( uk, Україна, Ukraïna, ) is a country in . It is the in Europe after , which it borders to the east and north-east. Ukraine also shares borders with to the north; , , and to the west; and to the south; and has a coastli ...

Ukraine
, and his mother, Alexandra Pavlovna (née Makarova), was of Russian background from
Mordovia The Republic of Mordovia (russian: Респу́блика Мордо́вия, r=Respublika Mordoviya, p=rʲɪsˈpublʲɪkə mɐrˈdovʲɪjə; Moksha language, Moksha/Erzya language, Erzya: Мордовия Республикась, ''Mordoviya ...
region.Zhirinovsky admits Jewish roots
''
BBC News BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a public service broadcaster Public broadcasting involves radio Radio is the technology of signali ...

BBC News
'', 19 July 2001
Zhirinovsky inherited his surname through Andrei Vasilievich Zhirinovsky, Alexandra's first husband. His paternal grandfather was a wealthy industrialist in Kostopil,Владимир Жириновский: я – не "сын юриста". Рассказ об отце
время публикации: 25 июня 2006 г, Newsru.co.il (Russian)
who owned the largest sawmill in (what is now) Ukraine and was head of the Jewish community.
25 февраля 2014 г., 21:14, NewsRU.co.il
His grandfather's mill today has an income of $32 million a year, and over the years Zhirinovsky has demanded successive Ukrainian governments return it to him. Four of Zhirinovsky's relatives had been killed during
the Holocaust The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was the genocide Genocide is the attempted destruction of a people, usually defined as an ethnic An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identity (social science), identify wi ...
. Zhirinovsky's parents split while he was still an infant. Abandoning the family, Zhirinovsky's father, Wolf Eidelstein, emigrated to Israel in 1949 (together with his new wife Bella and his brother), where he worked as an agronomist in
Tel Aviv Tel Aviv-Yafo ( he, תֵּל־אָבִיב-יָפוֹ, ''Tel Aviv-Yafo'' ; ar, تَلّ أَبِيب - يَافَا, ''Tall ʾAbīb-Yāfā''), often referred to as just Tel Aviv, is the most populous city in the metropolitan area of . Locate ...

Tel Aviv
. Zhirinovsky's father was a member of the right-wing nationalist
Herut , Esther Raziel Naor, and Menachem Begin Menachem Begin ( ''Menaḥem Begin'' (); (Polish birth name), pl, Menachem Begin (Polish documents, 1931–1937); ''Menakhem Volfovich Begin''; 16 August 1913 – 9 March 1992) was an Israeli politic ...
party in Israel, and died in 1983 when he was run over by a bus near
Dizengoff Street Dizengoff Street ( he, רחוב דיזנגוף, ''Rehov Dizengoff'') is a major street in central Tel Aviv, named after Tel Aviv's first mayor, Meir Dizengoff. The street runs from the corner of Ibn Gabirol Street in its southernmost point to the T ...

Dizengoff Street
in Tel Aviv. Zhirinovsky did not find out the details of his father's life in Israel until many years later, or even that he had died. Zhirinovsky says that he is an Orthodox Christian. In July 1964, Zhirinovsky moved from Almaty to Moscow, where he began his studies in the Department of Turkish Studies, Institute of Asian and African Studies at
Moscow State University Moscow State University (MSU; russian: Московский государственный университет имени М. В. Ломоносова, often abbreviated МГУ, ''MGU'') is a public university, public research university locate ...

Moscow State University
(MSU), from which he graduated in 1969. Zhirinovsky then went into
military service Military service is service by an individual or group in an army An army (from Latin ''arma'' "arms, weapons" via Old French ''armée'', "armed" eminine, ground force or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land. In th ...
in
Tbilisi Tbilisi ( ; ka, თბილისი ), in some languages still known by its pre-1936 name Tiflis ( ), is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters ...

Tbilisi
during the early 1970s. He would later get a law degree and work at various posts in state committees and unions. He was awarded a Dr.Sci. in philosophy by MSU in 1998. Although he participated in some reformist groups, Zhirinovsky was mostly inconsequential in Soviet political developments during the 1980s. While he contemplated a role in politics, a nomination attempt for a seat as a People's Deputy in 1989 was quickly abandoned. In 1989, he served as a director of Shalom, a Jewish cultural organization; unknown in Jewish circles before, he is thought to have been invited to join by the Anti-Zionist Committee of the Soviet Public, but subsequently forcefully opposed its influence in the group.


Founding of the Liberal Democratic Party

In April 1991 Zhirinovsky, along with Vladimir Bogachev, took initiatives which led to the founding of the
Liberal Democratic Party of the Soviet Union The Liberal Democratic Party of the Soviet Union (LDPSU; russian: Либерально-демократическая партия Советского Союза (ЛДПСС), ''Liberal'no-demokraticheskaya Partiya sovetskogo Soyuza'' (''LDPSS'') ...
, the second registered party in the
Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a that spanned during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a of multiple national ; in practice and were highly until its final years. The ...
and therefore the first officially sanctioned
opposition party In politics Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with Decision-making, making decisions in Social group, groups, or other forms of Power (social and political), power relations between individuals, such as the d ...
. According to the former
CPSU Politburo The Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (or Politburo, rus, Политбюро, p=pəlʲɪtbʲʊˈro; abbreviated: ) was the highest policy-making authority within the Communist Party of the Sovie ...
member
Alexander Nikolaevich Yakovlev Alexander Nikolaevich Yakovlev (russian: Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Я́ковлев; 2 December 1923 – 18 October 2005) was a Soviet and Russia, Russian politician and historian. During the 1980s he was a member of the CPSU P ...
, this party started as a joint project of the
Communist Party of the Soviet Union The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU). Abbreviated in Russian as КПСС or ''KPSS''. was the founding and ruling political party of the Soviet Union. The CPSU was the One-party state, sole governing party of the Soviet Union until 19 ...
(CPSU) leadership and the
KGB The KGB ( rus, links=no, Комитет государственной безопасности (КГБ), a=ru-KGB.ogg, p=kəmʲɪˈtʲet ɡəsʊˈdarstvʲɪn(ː)əj bʲɪzɐˈpasnəsʲtʲɪ, Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti), translated ...
.In Moscow, Zhirinovsky Is Remembered as Jewish Advocate
''
The New York Times ''The New York Times'' is an American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. Founded in 1851, the ''Times'' has since won List of Pulitzer Prizes awarded to The New York Times, 132 Pulitzer Prizes, the most of a ...

The New York Times
'', 16 December 1993
Yakovlev wrote in his memoirs that KGB director
Vladimir Kryuchkov Vladimir Alexandrovich Kryuchkov (russian: Влади́мир Алекса́ндрович Крючко́в, link=no; 29 February 1924 – 23 November 2007) was a Soviet Union, Soviet lawyer, diplomat, and head of the KGB, member of the Poli ...

Vladimir Kryuchkov
presented the project of the puppet LDPR party at a meeting with
Mikhail Gorbachev Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (born 2 March 1931) is a Russian and former Soviet politician, lawyer, and statesman. The List of leaders of the Soviet Union, eighth and final leader of the Soviet Union, he was the General Secretary of the ...

Mikhail Gorbachev
and informed him about the selection of the LDPR leader. According to Yakovlev, the name of the party was chosen by KGB General
Philipp Bobkov Filipp Denisovich Bobkov (russian: Фили́пп Дени́сович Бобко́в; December 1, 1925 – June 17, 2019) was a Russian KGB functionary, who worked as the chief of the KGB subunit responsible for repressing dissent (Fifth Main ...
. However, Bobkov said that he was against the creation of " Zubatov's pseudo-party under KGB control that would direct the interests and sentiments of certain social groups". Zhirinovsky's first political breakthrough came in June 1991 when he came third in Russia's first
presidential election A presidential election is the election An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual or multiple individuals to hold Public administration, public office. Elections have been the usual m ...
, gathering more than six million votes or 7.81%. This view was further encouraged by rumors, denied by Zhirinovsky,Vladimir Zhirinovsky (Russian politician) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia
''Encyclopædia Britannica''. (26 April 1946) – note: nothing there, or any other primary source, about "vice-chairman of the Duma"
that he was an agent of the KGB and that the LDPR was a farcical creation meant to either discredit or distract earnest opposition to the government. Such impressions would last even as the Soviet Union was dissolved and the Russian Communist Party itself took an opposition role. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the party was succeeded by the
Liberal Democratic Party of Russia LDPR — Liberal Democratic Party of Russia (russian: ЛДПР — Либерально-демократическая партия России, LDPR — Liberal'no-demokraticheskaya partiya Rossii) is a Right-wing populism, right-wing populist ...
, continuing to be led by Zhirinovsky. In 1992 Zhirinovsky made contact with
Jean-Marie Le Pen Jean Louis Marie Le Pen (; born 20 June 1928) is a French far-right Far-right politics, also referred to as the extreme right or right-wing extremism, are politics further on the right of the left–right political spectrum The left–r ...

Jean-Marie Le Pen
, leader at that time of France's
Front National The National Rally (french: Rassemblement national, ; RN), until June 2018 known as the National Front (french: link=no, Front national, ; FN), is a Far-right politics, far-right List of political parties in France, political party in France ...
(FN).
Eduard Limonov Eduard Limonov (russian: Эдуард Лимонов, real name Eduard Veniaminovich Savenko, russian: Эдуард Вениаминович Савенко; 22 February 1943 – 17 March 2020) was a Russian writer, poet, publicist, political di ...

Eduard Limonov
of the National-Bolshevik Party introduced the men to each other and the FN later "provided logistical support o the LDPR including computers and fax machines". Zhirinovsky suggested establishing the International Centre of Right-wing Parties in Moscow and invited Le Pen to Moscow. The Liberal Democratic Party remained a significant force in
Russian politics The politics of Russia take place in the framework of the federation, federal semi-presidential system, semi-presidential republic of Russia. According to the Constitution of Russia, the President of Russia is head of state, and of a multi-part ...
. At the height of its fortunes, the LDPR gathered 23% of the vote in the 1993 Duma elections and achieved a broad representation throughout the country – the LDPR being the top vote-getter in 64 out of 87 regions. This fact encouraged Zhirinovsky to once again vie for the presidential office, this time against incumbent
Boris Yeltsin Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin ( rus, links=no, Борис Николаевич Ельцин, a=ru-Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin.ogg, p=bɐˈrʲis nʲɪkɐˈlaɪvʲɪtɕ ˈjelʲtsɨn; 1 February 1931 – 23 April 2007) was a Russian and former Soviet ...

Boris Yeltsin
. The fact that Yeltsin's candidacy seemed seriously challenged by Russian nationalist groups and a rejuvenated Communist Party alarmed many outside observers, particularly in the Western world, who expressed concern that such developments pose a serious threat to the survival of Russian democracy, already in a very fragile state. Zhirinovsky became a focal point of harsh criticism and seemed the living embodiment of
authoritarianism Authoritarianism is a form of government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a mon ...
and
militarism Militarism is the belief or the desire of a government or a people that a state should maintain a strong military A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for w ...
in modern Russia. While some observers inclined to consider his controversial statements as stark efforts to drum up nationalist support, not viewable as anything more severe than electoral fodder meant for domestic consumption, there was considerable dismay at the fact that in February 1996, months before a
presidential election A presidential election is the election An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual or multiple individuals to hold Public administration, public office. Elections have been the usual m ...
, Zhirinovsky placed second in opinion polls, behind Communist
Gennady Zyuganov Gennady Andreyevich Zyuganov (russian: link=no, Геннадий Андреевич Зюганов; born 26 June 1944) is a Russian politician, who has been the General Secretary Secretary is a title often used in organizations to indicate ...

Gennady Zyuganov
and ahead of Boris Yeltsin. In the end, however, Zhirinovsky placed fifth with a 5.7% share in the first round of voting. Since then, the party's fortunes have stabilized somewhat, with the 2003 election seeing an LDPR vote share of 11.7%. In 2004, Zhirinovsky declined even to be nominated by the party, leaving that role to
Oleg Malyshkin Oleg Alexandrovich Malyshkin (russian: Оле́г Алекса́ндрович Малышкин) is a Russian politician and member of the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia. He was a member of the State Duma of Russia between 2003 and 2007, and s ...

Oleg Malyshkin
, who received 2% support from voters. For his part, Zhirinovsky has done a great deal to foster a reputation as a loud and boisterous
populist Populism refers to a range of political stances that emphasize the idea of "the people" and often juxtapose this group against "the elite". The term developed in the late 19th century in connection to the Populist Party and has been applied ...

populist
who speaks on behalf of the Russian nation and people, even when the things he says are precisely what many people, at home or abroad, do not want to hear. Zhirinovsky infamously promised voters in 1991 that if he were elected, free
vodka Vodka ( pl, wódka , russian: водка , sv, vodka ) is a clear distilled alcoholic beverage. Different varieties originated in Poland Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is div ...

vodka
would be distributed to all. Similarly, he once remarked, during a political rally inside a Moscow department store, that if he were made president,
underwear Undergarments or underwear are items of clothing Clothing (also known as clothes, apparel, and attire) are items worn on the body. Typically, clothing is made of fabrics or textile A textile is a flexible material made by ...

underwear
would be freely available. Zhirinovsky has on several occasions become involved in altercations with other politicians and debate opponents. As a candidate, he also took part in the
2000 2000 was designated as the International Year for the Culture of Peace and the World Mathematics, Mathematical Year. Popular culture holds the year 2000 as the first year of the 21st century and the 3rd millennium due to a tendency of group ...
and 2008 presidential elections, promising a "
police state A police state describes a state where its government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a State (polity), state. In the case of its broad associative definition, government n ...
",Nuclear Threats and Busty Ladies in the Race for Second-Place in Russia
''
Der Spiegel ''Der Spiegel'' (, lit. ''"The Mirror"'') is a German weekly news magazine A news magazine is a typed, printed, and published magazine A magazine is a periodical publication Periodical literature (also called a periodical publicatio ...

Der Spiegel
'', 28 February 2008
and to institute
summary execution A summary execution is an execution Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is the state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Departmen ...
s. A BBC documentary from 1995 showed Zhirinovsky telling the crowd at a campaign rally: "Help us, and you'll never have to vote again! I'm not saying, "Vote for us and maybe in 20 years' time somebody will do something". No, these will be the last elections! The last ones!".Tripping with Zhirinovsky
BBC The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a public service broadcaster, headquartered at Broadcasting House in Westminster, London. It is the world's oldest national broadcaster, and the largest broadcasting, broadcaster in the world by ...

BBC
, 1995
During the 1990s, some commentators described Zhirinovsky as a fascist, having fascist tendencies, or a
neo-fascist Neo-fascism is a post-World War II ideology that includes significant elements of fascism. Neo-fascism usually includes ultranationalism, racial supremacy, populism, authoritarianism, Nativism (politics), nativism, xenophobia and anti-immigrati ...
.Zhirinovsky's A-Z. (Russian parliamentary elections favored Vladimir Zhirinovsky's fascist Liberal Democratic Party)
''
The Economist ''The Economist'' is an international weekly newspaper A weekly newspaper is a general-news or current affairsCurrent affairs may refer to: Media * Current Affairs (magazine), ''Current Affairs'' (magazine), a bimonthly magazine of cult ...
'', December 1993.
The New Russia of Vladimir Zhirinovsky: Fascist Tendencies in the Liberal-Democratic Party of Russia
(
NATO The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO, ; french: Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique nord, ), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance A military alliance is a formal agreement betwe ...
)
Abroad at Home; When You Appease Fascism
''
The New York Times ''The New York Times'' is an American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. Founded in 1851, the ''Times'' has since won List of Pulitzer Prizes awarded to The New York Times, 132 Pulitzer Prizes, the most of a ...

The New York Times
'', 17 December 1993
He is considered by Russian scholars as a neo-Eurasianist.


Views

Zhirinovsky has expressed admiration for the
1996 United States presidential election The 1996 United States presidential election was the 53rd quadrennial presidential election A presidential election is the election An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual or multip ...
contender
Pat Buchanan Patrick Joseph Buchanan (; born November 2, 1938) is an Americans, American paleoconservative political commentator, columnist, politician and broadcaster. Buchanan was an assistant and special consultant to U.S. Presidents Richard Nixon, Geral ...

Pat Buchanan
, referring positively to a comment in which Buchanan labelled the
United States Congress The United States Congress is the legislature of the federal government of the United States. It is Bicameralism, bicameral, comprising a lower body, the United States House of Representatives, House of Representatives, and an upper body, t ...

United States Congress
"Israeli-occupied territory." Zhirinovsky said that both the United States and the Russian Federation were "under occupation" and that "to survive, we could set aside places on U.S. and Russian territories to deport this small but troublesome tribe." Buchanan strongly rejected this endorsement, saying he would provide safe haven to persecuted minorities if Zhirinovsky were ever elected Russia's president, eliciting a harsh response by Zhirinovsky: "You soiled your pants as soon as you got my congratulations. Who are you afraid of,
Zionists was the founder of the Modern Zionist movement. In his 1896 pamphlet ''Der Judenstaat ''Der Judenstaat'' ( German, literally ''The Jews' State'', commonly rendered as ''The Jewish State'') is a pamphlet written by Theodor Herzl and publishe ...
?"Russia's Zhirinovsky now blasts Buchanan as 'crap'
''
Jewish News Weekly ''J. The Jewish News of Northern California'', formerly known as ''Jweekly'', is a weekly print newspaper in Northern California, with its online edition updated daily. It is owned and operated by San Francisco Jewish Community Publications In ...
'', 1 March 1996
Zhirinovsky repeatedly denied his father's Jewishness until he published ''Ivan Close Your Soul'' in July 2001, describing how his father, Volf Isaakovich Eidelshtein, changed his surname from Eidelshtein to Zhirinovsky. He
rhetoric Rhetoric () is the Art (skill), art of persuasion, which along with grammar and logic (or dialectic – see Martianus Capella), is one of the Trivium, three ancient arts of discourse. Rhetoric aims to study the techniques writers or sp ...
ally asked, "Why should I reject Russian blood, Russian culture, Russian land, and fall in love with the Jewish people only because of that single drop of blood that my father left in my mother's body?" Another frequently cited quote from Zhirinovsky is "My mother was Russian and my father was a lawyer". Zhirinovsky later disowned the statement, after researching his father's life in Israel (where, after leaving Zhrinovsky's mother, he had immigrated in 1949 with a new wife, and worked as an agronomist in Tel Aviv). Discussing the statement, Zhirinovsky says: "Journalists mocked me: for saying I was the son of a lawyer. And I am really the son of an agronomist." Discussing his father, Zhirinovsky says with tears in his eyes: "All my life I was looking for him. I believed that he was alive. I believed that someday he would find me... But there is a silver lining. I tried to imitate him... And I was able to achieve a certain position in life, even without the support of my father."Zhirinovsky has Israeli relatives, including his uncle and cousin, who he met and befriended for the first time only after discovering more about his family's story in Israel. Zhirinovsky's Israeli family did not know that he was a celebrity and politician in Russia but responded warmly to his invitation to stay with him in Moscow. Zhirinovsky has led several official Russian delegations to Israel, on behalf of the Russian government. Visiting Israel, he says that he is concerned mainly about the economic situation for the more than one million Russians living in Israel. He also states that "Russia will never allow any violence against Israel." Besides expressing his concern for Turks and Caucasians displacing the Russian population from their settled territory, Zhirinovsky also advocated for all
Chinese Chinese can refer to: * Something related to China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in . It is the world's , with a of more than 1.4 billion. China spans five geographical and 14 different count ...
and Japanese people in Russia, Japanese to be deported from the Russian Far East. During his 1992 visit to the United States, Zhirinovsky called on television "for the preservation of the white people, white race" and warned that the white Americans were in danger of turning their country over to black people, black and Hispanic people.The World; Here Comes the Clown. No Joke.
''
The New York Times ''The New York Times'' is an American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. Founded in 1851, the ''Times'' has since won List of Pulitzer Prizes awarded to The New York Times, 132 Pulitzer Prizes, the most of a ...

The New York Times
'', 6 November 1994
In 2004, Zhirinovsky spoke at the City Court of Saint Petersburg, in reference to the assassination of Galina Starovoytova. After accusing Starovoytova of having worked for foreign intelligence, he said "I have always said openly that for democrats of pro-Western orientation there are only three roads: prison, the grave, and emigration." In August 2016, Zhirinovsky prayed for the Republican 2016 United States presidential election, presidential election nominee, Donald Trump, whose antics were similar to Zhirinovsky's but different in backgrounds, to defeat Hillary Clinton, whom he considered dangerous, in order to take his party's ideology global. He also expressed his desire to test his DNA to determine whether he and Trump were related. In April 2017, Zhirinovsky promised to drink the champagne for Donald Trump's Impeachment in the United States, impeachment, saying: "A half of Americans voted for different foreign policies. Trump breaks his promises, and if he continues breaking them, his impeachment is inevitable."


''The Last Break Southward''

''The Last Break Southward'' (1995) is the magnum opus of Zhirinovsky in which he expressed his worldview. "Since the 1980s, I have elaborated a geopolitical conception—the last break southward, Russia's reach to the shores of the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean." This is "really the solution for the salvation of the Russian nation … It solves all problems and we gain tranquility." Russia will rule the space "from Kabul to Istanbul." The United States would feel safer with the Russian rule in the region, since wars there would cease under the Russian rule. Perhaps, some people in Kabul, Teheran, or Ankara would not like it but many people would feel better. "The Persians and Turks would suffer a bit but all the rest would gain." The "bells of the Orthodox Church must bell from the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean." And Jerusalem becomes close. It is necessary that "the Christian world reunifies in Jerusalem." The Palestinian problem can be solved by partial transfer of the Palestinian population to the former territories of Turkey and Iran. The great Russian language and Russian ruble would wield Near Eastern and Central Asian peoples into one Russian citizenship. Along the Russia southern sphere from India to Bosporus, other spheres of influence will stretch from north to south in the forthcoming world order, Latin America would be in the American sphere, Africa in the European sphere. and Japan and China will rule Southeast Asia, Indonesia and Australia. Everywhere "the direction is the same—north-south." Geopolitically, it is logical. "Hence, the distribution along such a geopolitical formula would be very beneficent for the whole of humanity, and all over the planet would be established warm and clear political climate." "On this occasion, we need a man with at least planetary thinking," who would realise "the geopolitical formula, guaranteeing the interests of the majority on the planet … This is the fate of Russia. It is destination, fate … We must do it, for we have no choice … This is geopolitics." We would do it, assured Zhirinovsky alluding to himself, by the efforts of an "honest, perseverant, patriotically inspired President."


Foreign relations and military excursions

Zhirinovsky is well known for his boasts pertaining to other countries, having expressed a desire to reunite countries of the ex-Soviet "near abroad" with Russia to within the Russia's borders of 1900 (including Finland and Poland). He has advocated forcibly retaking Alaska from the United States (which would then become "a great place to put the Ukrainians"), turning Kazakhstan into "Russia's back yard", and provoking wars between the clans and the nations of the former Soviet Union and occupying what will remain of it when the wars are over.Vladimir Zhirinovsky
Information Technology Services at SUNY Brockport
Zhirinovsky, who encourages separatism within the Russian minority group, minority in the Baltic countries, endorsed the forcible re-occupation of these countries and said nuclear waste should be dumped there. Zhirinovsky supports Israel-Russia relations, but says that Israel has to make Russian its official language. He also believes that Israel has to pay more attention to the Russian Orthodox Church. He believes that Russians are endangered in Israel and should come under the protection of the Russian police. In 1999, at the start of the Second Chechen War, Zhirinovsky, an ardent supporter of First Chechen War, the first war in Chechnya in the mid-1990s, advocated hitting some Chechnya, Chechen villages with tactical nuclear weapons. He has also advocated using nuclear weapons and naval blockade-imposed starvation in the event of a Russian war against Japan. In 2008, during the resulting political row between the United Kingdom and Russia, he suggested dropping nuclear bombs over the Atlantic Ocean in an effort to flood Britain. Zhirinovsky hailed what he described as "the democratic process" in Iraq under Saddam Hussein, whom he supported strongly. The friendship dated from at least the Gulf War, Persian Gulf War in 1991, during which time Zhirinovsky sent several armed volunteers from the "Falcons of Zhirinovsky" group to support the Iraqi president. Allegations have dogged Zhirinovsky closely since 2003 invasion of Baghdad, the fall of Baghdad that he personally profited from illicit oil sales as part of the Oil-for-Food Programme, Oil-for Food scandal, a charge investigated in 2005 by the Independent Inquiry Committee into the Oil-for-Food Programme (Paul Volcker, Volcker Commission) and the United States Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, US Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations (PSI). He is also close to the Serbian nationalist leader and war crimes suspect Vojislav Šešelj. Zhirinovsky said he is dreaming of the day "when Russian soldiers can wash their boots in the warm waters of the Indian Ocean and switch to year-round summer uniforms"Ultra-right gains in poll
''The Age'', 9 December 2003
following Russia's conquest of Afghanistan, Iran and Turkey and occupation of the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean.Zhirinovsky is Russia's big bad wolf – success of Vladimir Wolfovich Zhirinovsky in recent Russian elections – Column
Findarticles.com (24 January 1994).
He also declared that Bulgaria should annexation, annex the Republic of Macedonia, and said that Romania is an artificial state supposedly created by Italian Romani people, Gypsies who seized territory from Russia, Bulgaria and Hungary.Hello, I Must Be Going
''Time (magazine), Time'', 10 January 1994
Russia's southern neighbour Georgia has been another frequent target of Zhirinovsky's rhetoric. After Aslan Abashidze was 2004 Adjara crisis, ousted from power in 2004 as leader of Adjara, Ajara, an autonomous Georgian region, Zhirinovsky worried that similar revolutions would occur in Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Highly critical of Georgia's pro-Western line, he is an energetic supporter of the republic of Abkhazia that broke away from the Republic of Georgia; in a high-profile incident in August 2004, he departed on a campaign to promote a tourist season in Abkhazia aboard a cruise ship which was briefly intercepted by a Georgian coast guard vessel. After 2008 South Ossetia war, war broke out between Russia and Georgia in 2008, Zhirinovsky argued in favour of Russian recognition of Abkhazian and South Ossetian independence. "We should have taken the whole territory of Georgia under control," he complained, and "arrested all Georgian officers and taken them here, like to Guantanamo, arrested Mikheil Saakashvili, Saakashvili and handed him over for trial by a military tribunal and gone to the border with Turkey." In 2009, he called the decision to hold
NATO The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO, ; french: Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique nord, ), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance A military alliance is a formal agreement betwe ...
Cooperative 09, military exercises in Georgia during Victory Day (9 May), Soviet WW2 Victory Day celebrations in Moscow a "total revision of the history of the Great Patriotic War" and suggested that Russia should respond by conducting large-scale joint military drills with Cuba and Venezuela in the Caribbean Sea. Zhirinovsky has been expelled from Bulgaria for insulting its president and was barred from entry to Germany. In 2005, Kazakhstan declared Zhirinovsky ''persona non grata'' on the territory of his historical homeland, due to the politician's controversial speech about the change of the Russia-Kazakhstan border, in which he questioned the Kazakhs' place in history. In 2006, Zhirinovsky became ''persona non grata'' in Ukraine as well, following his statements regarding the January 2006 Russia–Ukraine gas dispute. His ban was revoked in 2007. In reaction to Condoleezza Rice, U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice's criticism of Foreign relations of Russia, Russian foreign policy during the dispute, Zhirinovsky stated, "Condoleezza Rice needs a company of soldiers [and] needs to be taken to barracks where she would be satisfied." At the premiere of the film ''Taras Bulba (2009 film), Taras Bulba'' in 2009 he stated: "Everyone who sees the film will understand that Russians and Ukrainians are one people – and that the enemy is from the West". In February 2010 Zhirinovsky claimed that Eastern Ukraine would become part of Russia "in five years" claiming that "the population is largely Russian" and called President-elect of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych "basically Russian" (Yanukovych's father was an ethnic Polish-Belarusian, and his mother Russian). On the November 2006 death by poisoning of Russian defection, defector Alexander Litvinenko in London, Zhirinovsky said: "Any traitor must be eliminated using any methods. If you have joined the special services to work, then you should work, but to betray, to run away abroad, to give up the secrets you learned while working – all of this looks bad."Former KGB Agent Dies
Associated Press, 24 November 2006
Sergei Abeltsev, Zhirinovsky's former bodyguard and State Duma member from the LDPR, added: "The deserved punishment reached the traitor. I am sure his terrible death will be a warning to all the traitors that in Russia the treason is not to be forgiven. I would recommend to citizen Boris Berezovsky (businessman), Berezovsky to avoid any food at the commemoration for his crime accomplice Litvinenko." In the 2007 Russian legislative election, 2007 election, political patronage from Zhirinovsky enabled Litvinenko murder suspect Andrei Lugovoi to win election to the Russian parliament and thus obtain formal parliamentary immunity.Interview with Lugovoi
BBC The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a public service broadcaster, headquartered at Broadcasting House in Westminster, London. It is the world's oldest national broadcaster, and the largest broadcasting, broadcaster in the world by ...

BBC
Hard Talk, 19 February 2008
He also accused Great Britain (according to him, "the most barbaric country on the planet") of fomenting World War I, the October Revolution, World War II, and the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Writing about Marine Le Pen he said that she could outdo her father because "Instead of saying that Islam is terrorism, she simply insists that France is a secular nation that will not stand for hundreds of thousands of Muslims practicing their religious traditions. With this argument, Marine has cleverly defended the French people's right to a secular nation." In that vein he said that she has the "chance to represent the French majority." In 2013, when asked about former Ukrainian prime minister Yulia Tymoshenko, he said, "Yulia Tymoshenko, I'm sorry, is a woman. I don't like them, as it's easier to persuade a woman. [...] Women are more compliant, and it's dangerous."


Controversies


Violent controversies

Zhirinovsky also has a history of igniting personal violence in political contexts. In his notorious debate with Boris Nemtsov in 1995 a "juice fight" broke out. In 2003, Zhirinovsky engaged in a fistfight after a television debate with Mikhail Delyagin. In 2005, Zhirinovsky ignited a brawl in the parliament by spitting at a Rodina (political party), Rodina party legislator, Andrei Saveliyev. In 2008, he showed himself shooting a rifle at the targets representing his political rivals. During the 2008 televised presidential debate, he threatened Nikolai Gotsa, the representative of Democratic Party of Russia candidate Andrei Vladimirovich Bogdanov, Andrei Bogdanov with violence, saying he's going to "smash his head" and ordering his bodyguard to "shoot that bastard over there in the corridor". Gotsa sued Zhirinovsky in civil court for 1 million rubles (approximately US$38,000) in damages and eventually received a judgment of 30,000 rubles (approximately US$1,150). In April 2014, Zhirinovsky made strong verbal threats against a pregnant journalist during a press conference in the Duma, including ordering his aide to rape the journalist, who had asked Zhirinovsky about possible sanctions against Ukraine amidst the 2014 Russian military intervention in Ukraine, military tensions between the two countries.


Donkey video for 2012 presidential election

On 6 February 2012, Zhirinovsky released a 30-second election video on the Internet that featured him on a sleigh which was harnessed with a black donkey, which represents the country. The video was widely discussed on the Internet,''Zhirinovsky Explains why He Swatted Ass''
RIAN 7 February 2012
and received mostly negative reactions from Russian users. International organizations People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) and World Society for the Protection of Animals (Now known as World Animal Protection), as well as Russian animal rights activists, have accused Zhirinovsky of cruelty to animals. Zhirinovsky responded to criticism, saying that similar treatment is commonplace in the Arab world and that in fact the animal had been treated "better than many people".


Other controversies

He proposed setting up large fans on the borders to blow airborne radioactive waste into the Baltic states. To eradicate Influenzavirus A, bird flu, he proposed arming all of Russia's population and ordering them and the troops to shoot down the migrant birds returning to Russia from wintering. He also threatened to remove restrictions on arms sales to Iran and proposed to sell the disputed Kuril Islands to Japan for US$50 billion.Zhirinovsky: Russia's political eccentric
''
BBC News BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a public service broadcaster Public broadcasting involves radio Radio is the technology of signali ...

BBC News
'', 10 March 2000
In a 2003 video, a drunken Zhirinovsky threatened George W. Bush in offensive language. He called the United States a "second-hand goods store" filled with "cocksuckers, handjobbers, and faggots", and claimed that Russian scientists are able to change the gravitational field of the Earth and sink the entire country. In the video Bill Clinton, Monica Lewinsky and Condoleezza Rice are also mentioned. Zhirinovsky calls Condoleezza Rice: "a black whore who needs a good cock. Send her here, one of our divisions will make her happy in the barracks one night. She will choke on Russian sperm as it will be leaking out of her ears ... until she crawls to the US embassy in Moscow on her knees." In the wake of the February 2013 Chelyabinsk meteor, Zhirinovsky was quoted by the Russian International News Agency as claiming "It's not meteors falling, it's the test of a new weapon by the Americans." At the same time, he derided the Russian Academy of Sciences for anarchism, having scientists that are so old that their brains and reproductive organs don't work any longer, and told the "elders" to go home and collect their pensions. On 4 April 2014, in the wake of the Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, annexation of Crimea, the franchises of the fast-food restaurant McDonald's were unable to continue because they had been cut off by their Ukrainian franchisor. Zhirinovsky suggested that McDonald's "should be evicted from Russia" for the affront. At a press conference in April, when asked whether Russians should reciprocate the Ukrainian sex strike, he replied that all Ukrainian women were "nymphomaniacs" like the journalist who had asked the question, Stella Dubovitskaya. He then ordered two of his aides to "violently rape" the journalist for Rossiya Segodnya, who had to be briefly hospitalised for shock. He later apologised with "I spoke a bit rudely when I replied to a young woman". On 25 July 2014, amidst 2014 insurgency in Donbass, an armed insurgency in Eastern Ukraine, the Ukrainian Interior Ministry launched criminal proceedings against Zhirinovsky and Communist Party of the Russian Federation leader
Gennady Zyuganov Gennady Andreyevich Zyuganov (russian: link=no, Геннадий Андреевич Зюганов; born 26 June 1944) is a Russian politician, who has been the General Secretary Secretary is a title often used in organizations to indicate ...

Gennady Zyuganov
for "financing actions aimed at changing the boundaries of the territory and the state border of Ukraine". On 10 August 2014, Zhirinovsky threatened Poland and the Baltic states with carpet bombing, dooming and wiping out all of them.
What will remain of the Baltics? Nothing will remain of them. NATO airplanes are stationed there. There's an anti-missile defense system. In Poland – the Baltics – they are on the whole doomed. They'll be wiped out. There will be nothing left. Let them re-think this, these leaders of these little dwarf states. How they are leaving themselves vulnerable. Nothing threatens America, it's far away. But Eastern Europe countries will place themselves under the threat of total annihilation. Only they themselves will be to blame. Because we cannot allow missiles and planes to be aimed at Russia from their territories. We have to destroy them half an hour before they launch. And then we have to do carpet bombing so that not a single launch pad remains or even one plane. So – no Baltics, no Poland. Let NATO immediately ask for negotiations with our Foreign Ministry. Then we'll stop. Otherwise well have to teach them the lessons of May 1945.
On 23 August 2014, he voiced the opinion that Russia ought to abolish political parties in favour of an autocratic system in which the leader would be chosen by the "five to six thousand wisest people" in the country. He also proposed returning to the Imperial flag and God Save the Tsar!, anthem. In the same year, he threatened Washington with a Russian attack while giving a speech to listeners. In February 2015, he suggested to "burn all Paris" and "sturm Berlin" during a speech at the Duma. In May 2015 he stated that former President of Georgia, and then governor of the Ukrainian city of Odessa, Mikheil Saakashvili, should be killed. "We will shoot all of your governors, starting with Saakashvili, then they'll be afraid. And there will be a different situation in Europe and Ukraine. ... Let's aim at Berlin, Brussels, London, and Washington." He then said Ukrainian political prisoner Nadiya Savchenko should be shot and hanged in Belgrade. In November 2015, after the incident of a Turkish 2015 Russian Sukhoi Su-24 shootdown, F-16 fighter jet shooting down a Russian Sukhoi Su-24M jet near the Syria–Turkey border, he stated in a speech to the Duma that Russia must detonate a nuclear bomb on the Bosporus, Bosphorus to create a 10 meters high tsunami wave that would wipe out at least 9 million Istanbul residents. In September 2016, inspired by Donald Trump's signature Trump wall, border wall proposal, Zhirinovsky proposed building a border wall and banning Muslims from entering Russia. On 12 October 2016, Zhirinovsky warned on Reuters that a vote for Hillary Clinton in the 2016 United States presidential election, US presidential election is a vote for the eruption of World War III, a third World War, leading to Hiroshimas and Nagasakis everywhere. He also noted that, on the contrary, Trump wouldn't care about US interventions in Syria, Libya, Iraq, and Ukraine, and thus offering peace. In March 2018, opposition journalist Renat Davletgildeyev accused Zhirinovsky of sexual harassment.Allegations against Moscow lawmakers signal Russia’s MeToo moment
Financial Times. 23 March 2018


Electoral history


See also

*Aleksandr Dugin *Russian nationalism


References


External links


Liberal Democratic Party of Russia websiteZhirinovsky videos with English subtitlesZhirinovsky's 2007 political manifesto (in Russian and English)
* * *

''Time Magazine, TIME'', 10 January 1994
Zhirinovsky: Russia's political eccentric
BBC News BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a public service broadcaster Public broadcasting involves radio Radio is the technology of signali ...

BBC News
, 10 March 2000
The trademark Zhirinovsky is up for grabs in Russia
''International Herald Tribune'', 10 July 2007
ZHIRINOVSKY'S FOLLIES: Nuclear Threats and Busty Ladies in the Race for Second-Place in Russia
''
Der Spiegel ''Der Spiegel'' (, lit. ''"The Mirror"'') is a German weekly news magazine A news magazine is a typed, printed, and published magazine A magazine is a periodical publication Periodical literature (also called a periodical publicatio ...

Der Spiegel
'', 28 February 2008
Zhirinovsky backed "Julia-2". Elena Berkova ready
{{DEFAULTSORT:Zhirinovsky, Vladimir Vladimir Zhirinovsky, 1946 births Living people People from Almaty Russian nationalists Critics of Islam Far-right politics in Russia Liberal Democratic Party of Russia politicians People of the 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt First convocation members of the State Duma (Russian Federation) Second convocation members of the State Duma (Russian Federation) Third convocation members of the State Duma (Russian Federation) Fourth convocation members of the State Duma (Russian Federation) Fifth convocation members of the State Duma (Russian Federation) Sixth convocation members of the State Duma (Russian Federation) Seventh convocation members of the State Duma (Russian Federation) Eighth convocation members of the State Duma (Russian Federation) Moscow State University alumni Political controversies in Russia Candidates in the 1991 Russian presidential election, Zhirinovsky Candidates in the 1996 Russian presidential election, Zhirinovsky Candidates in the 2000 Russian presidential election, Zhirinovsky Candidates in the 2008 Russian presidential election, Zhirinovsky Candidates in the 2012 Russian presidential election, Zhirinovsky Candidates in the 2018 Russian presidential election, Zhirinovsky Liberal Democratic Party of Russia presidential nominees, Zhirinovsky Russian anti-communists Russian monarchists Russian lawyers Russian military personnel Kazakhstani people of Jewish descent Kazakhstani people of Russian descent Kazakhstani emigrants to Russia Russian Orthodox Christians from Russia Recipients of the Order "For Merit to the Fatherland", 2nd class Recipients of the Order "For Merit to the Fatherland", 3rd class Recipients of the Order "For Merit to the Fatherland", 4th class Russian conspiracy theorists Russian white nationalists Russian people of Jewish descent Recipients of the Order of Alexander Nevsky 20th-century Russian lawyers 21st-century Russian lawyers Political party founders Anti-Americanism Critics of Marxism