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A van is a type of road
vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine A machine is any physical system with ordered structural and functional properties. It may represent human-made or naturally occurring device molecular machine A molecular machine, nanite, or ...

vehicle
used for transporting goods or people. Depending on the type of van, it can be bigger or smaller than a
truck A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle A motor vehicle, also known as motorized vehicle or automotive vehicle, is a self-propelled vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine that transports people or cargo. Vehicles include ...

truck
and
SUV A sport utility vehicle or SUV is a car classification Governments and private organizations have developed car classification schemes that are used for various purposes including regulation, description, and categorization of car A c ...

SUV
, and bigger than a common
car A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle Electric bicycles parked in Yangzhou's main street, Wenchang Lu. They are a very common way of transport in this city, in some areas almost outnumbering regular bicycles A motor vehicle, also k ...

car
. There is some varying in the scope of the word across the different English-speaking countries. The smallest vans,
microvan A microvan is a van or minivan which is within the Japanese kei car classification or similar, and is smaller than a mini MPV. In China, these vehicles are nicknamed ''mian bao che'' ("bread-loaf vehicle") because of their shape.
s, are used for transporting either goods or people in tiny quantities.
Mini MPV Mini MPV— an abbreviation for mini multi-purpose vehicle— is a vehicle size class for the smallest size of minivans/MPVs. The mini MPV size class sits below the compact MPV size class and the vehicles are often built on the platforms of B-s ...
s,
compact MPV Compact MPV (an abbreviation for Compact Multi-Purpose Vehicle Minivan (sometimes called simply as van) is a North American car classification for vehicles designed to transport passengers in the rear seating row(s), with reconfigurable sea ...
s, and MPVs are all small vans usually used for transporting people in small quantities. Larger vans with passenger seats are used for institutional purposes, such as transporting students. Larger vans with only front seats are often used for business purposes, to carry goods and equipment. Specially-equipped vans are used by television stations as mobile studios. Postal services and courier companies use large step vans to deliver packages.


Word origin and usage

Van meaning a type of vehicle arose as a contraction of the word
caravan Caravan or caravans may refer to: Transport and travel *Caravan (travellers), a group of travellers journeying together **Caravanserai, a place where a caravan could stop *Camel train, a convoy using camels as pack animals *Convoy, a group of veh ...
. The earliest records of a van as a vehicle in English are in the mid 19th century meaning a covered wagon for transporting goods; the earliest reported record of such was in 1829. Caravan with the same meaning has records since the 1670s. A caravan, meaning one wagon, had arisen as an extension or corruption of caravan meaning a convoy of multiple wagons. The word ''van'' has slightly different, but overlapping, meanings in different forms of English. While the word now applies everywhere to boxy cargo vans, other applications are found to a greater or lesser extent in the different English-speaking countries; some examples follow:


Australia

In
Australian English Australian English (AusE,AusEng, AuE, AuEng, en-AU) is the set of variety (linguistics), varieties of the English language native to Australia. Australian English is the country's national and ''de facto'' common language. English is the Lan ...
, the term ''van'' is commonly used to describe a
minivan Minivan (sometimes called simply as van) is a North American car classification Governments and private organizations have developed car classification schemes that are used for various purposes including regulation, description, and categori ...

minivan
, a passenger
minibus A minibus, microbus, minicoach, or commuter (in Zimbabwe Zimbabwe (), officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country A landlocked country is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or po ...

minibus
, or an Australian
panel van A panel van, also known as a blind van, car-derived van (United Kingdom) or sedan delivery (United States), is a small cargo vehicle utilizing a passenger car chassis A chassis (, ; plural ''chassis'' from French châssis ) is the load Load ...
as manufactured by companies such as
Holden Holden, formerly known as General Motors-Holden, was an Australian automobile marque owned by General Motors General Motors Company (GM) is an American Multinational corporation, multinational Automotive industry, automotive manufacturing c ...

Holden
and
Ford Ford commonly refers to: * Ford Motor Company The Ford Motor Company, commonly known as Ford, is an American multinational automaker that has its main headquarters in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit (strait) , nicknames ...
at various times. A
full-size van A van is a type of road vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine A machine is any physical system with ordered structural and functional properties. It may represent human-made or naturally occurring device molecular mach ...
used for commercial purposes is also known as a ''van'' in Australia; however, a passenger vehicle with more than 7 or 8 seats is more likely to be called a ''minibus''. Finally, the term ''van'' can sometimes be used interchangeably with what Australians usually call a ''caravan'', which in the U.S. is referred to as a
travel trailer A caravan, travel trailer, camper, tourer or camper trailer is towed behind a road vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine that transports people or cargo. Vehicles include wagons, bicycles, motor vehicles (motorcycles, cars, t ...
. The British term ''people mover'' is also used in Australian English to describe a passenger van. The American usage of ''van'' that describes a cargo box trailer or semi-trailer is used rarely, if ever, in Australia.


India

In India, the van is one of the most common modes of transport and is often used for transporting school children to and from schools, usually when parents, especially working parents, are often too busy to pick their children up from school or when school buses are full and unable to accommodate other children. Vans are also extensively used for commercial purposes and office cabs. Some of the popular vans include Maruti Suzuki
Omni Omni is a Latin prefix meaning "all" or "every". Omni may also refer to: Mormonism * Omni (Book of Mormon prophet), a man in the ''Book of Mormon'' * The ''Book of Omni'', one of the books in the ''Book of Mormon'' Vehicles * Dodge Omni, a vehi ...

Omni
and the Maruti Suzuki
Eeco The Maruti Suzuki Eeco is a microvan Image:Hijet-cargo.jpg, The Daihatsu Hijet Cargo (ninth generation) A microvan is a van or minivan which is within the Japanese kei car classification or similar, and is smaller than a mini MPV. In China, th ...
.


Japan

Early Japanese vans include the
Kurogane Baby The Kurogane Baby was a '' keitora'' and microvan A microvan is a van or minivan which is within the Japanese kei car classification or similar, and is smaller than a mini MPV. In China, these vehicles are nicknamed ''mian bao che'' ("bread-l ...
,
Mazda Bongo The , also known as Mazda E-Series and the Ford Econovan, is a van A van is a type of road vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine that transports people or cargo. Vehicles include wagons, bicycles, motor vehicles (motorcy ...

Mazda Bongo
and the
Toyota LiteAce The Toyota LiteAce and TownAce are a line of light commercial and derivative passenger vans produced by the Japanese car manufacturer Toyota is a Japanese multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporat ...
van. The Japanese also produced many vans based on the American flat nose model, but also mini-vans which for the American market have generally evolved to the long-wheelbase front-wheel drive form factor. The
Nissan Prairie The Nissan Prairie is a mini MPV Mini MPV— an abbreviation for mini multi-purpose vehicle— is a vehicle size class for the smallest size of minivans/MPVs. The mini MPV size class sits below the compact MPV size class and the vehicles are o ...

Nissan Prairie
and
Mitsubishi Chariot The Mitsubishi Chariot is a small multi-purpose vehicle Minivan (sometimes called simply as van) is a North American car classification for vehicles designed to transport passengers in the rear seating row(s), with reconfigurable seats in two ...
as well as
microvan A microvan is a van or minivan which is within the Japanese kei car classification or similar, and is smaller than a mini MPV. In China, these vehicles are nicknamed ''mian bao che'' ("bread-loaf vehicle") because of their shape.
s that fulfill
kei car Kei car (or , kanji: , "light automobile", ), known variously outside Japan as Japanese city car, ultramini, or Japanese microcar, is the Vehicle size class#Japan, Japanese vehicle category for the smallest highway-legal passenger cars. Similar ...
regulations, are popular for small business. The term is also used to describe full-fledged station wagons (passenger car front sheet metal, flat-folding back seats, windows all around) and even hatchbacks with a basic trim package intended for commercial use. These are referred to as "Light Vans" ( ja, ライトバン), with "light" referring to the glazing rather than the weight of the vehicle.


United Kingdom

In
British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect A standard language (also standard variety, standard dialect, and standard) is a language variety that has undergone substantial codification of grammar and usage and is employed by a populatio ...
, the word van refers to vehicles that carry goods only, either on roads or on rails. What would be called a
minivan Minivan (sometimes called simply as van) is a North American car classification Governments and private organizations have developed car classification schemes that are used for various purposes including regulation, description, and categori ...

minivan
in American English is called a ''people-carrier'' or ''MPV'', or multi-purpose vehicle, and larger passenger vehicles are called a
minibus A minibus, microbus, minicoach, or commuter (in Zimbabwe Zimbabwe (), officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country A landlocked country is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or po ...

minibus
. The ''Telegraph'' newspaper introduced the idea of "
White Van Man Image:White vans Oxford.JPG, Reconstruction work on Mansfield Road, Oxford, with assorted white vans "White van man" is a stereotype used in the United Kingdom for a smaller-sized commercial van driver, typically perceived as a selfish, inconside ...
", a typical
working class The working class (or labouring class) comprises those engaged in manual-labour occupations or industrial work, who are remunerated via waged or salaried contracts. Working-class occupations (see also "Designation of workers by collar color ...
man or small business owner who would have a white
Ford Transit The Ford Transit, also known as the Ford T-Series in some markets, is a family of light commercial vehicle A light commercial vehicle (LCV) in the European Union The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of Member ...

Ford Transit
,
Mercedes-Benz Sprinter The Mercedes-Benz Sprinter is a light commercial vehicle A light commercial vehicle (LCV) in the European Union, Australia, New Zealand is a commercial carrier vehicle with a gross vehicle weight of no more than 3.5 Tonne, metric tons (tonn ...
, or similar panel van. Today the phrase "man and van" refers to light removal firms normally operated by a sole business owner transporting anything from the contents of a whole house to just a few boxes. The word "van" also refers to railway covered goods wagons, called "boxcars" in the
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States
.


United States

In the United States, a ''van'' can also refer to a box-shaped trailer or
semi-trailer A semi-trailer is a trailer without a front axle. In the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily locate ...
used to carry goods. In this case, there is a differentiation between a "dry van", used to carry most goods, and a
refrigerated The term refrigeration means cooling a space, substance or system to lower and/or maintain its temperature below the ambient one (while the removed heat is rejected at a higher temperature).International Dictionary of Refrigeration, http://dictio ...

refrigerated
van, or ''reefer'', used for cold goods. A railway
car A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle Electric bicycles parked in Yangzhou's main street, Wenchang Lu. They are a very common way of transport in this city, in some areas almost outnumbering regular bicycles A motor vehicle, also k ...

car
used to carry baggage is also called a ''van''. A vehicle referred to in the US as a
full-size van A van is a type of road vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine A machine is any physical system with ordered structural and functional properties. It may represent human-made or naturally occurring device molecular mach ...
is usually a large, boxy vehicle that has a platform and powertrain similar to their
light truck Light truck or light-duty truck is a US classification for truck A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle A motor vehicle, also known as motorized vehicle or automotive vehicle, is a self-propelled vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehic ...
counterparts. These vans may be sold with the space behind the front seats empty for transporting of goods (cargo van), or furnished for passenger use by either the manufacturer (wagon), or another company for more personal comforts (
conversion van A conversion van is a full-sized cargo van that is sent to third-party companies to be outfitted with various luxuries for road trips and camping. It can also mean a full-size passenger van in which the rear seating have been rearranged for taxi ...
). Full-size vans often have a short hood, with the engine placed under the passenger cabin. A
cutaway van chassis Cutaway van chassis are used by second stage manufacturer A second stage manufacturer, known in the industry as "bodybuilder," builds such products as bus and truck mining truck A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle designed to transport ...
is a variation of the full-size van which was developed for use by
second stage manufacturer A second stage manufacturer, known in the industry as "bodybuilder," builds such products as bus and truck mining truck A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle designed to transport cargo. Trucks vary greatly in size, power, and configuration ...
s. Such a unit has a van front end and driver controls in a cab body which extends to a point aft of the front seats, where the rest of the van body is cutoff (leading to the terminology "cutaway"). From that point aft, only the chassis frame rails and running gear extend to the rear when the unit is shipped as an "incomplete vehicle". A second stage manufacturer, commonly known as a bodybuilder, will complete the vehicle for uses such as
recreational vehicle A recreational vehicle, often abbreviated as RV, is a motor vehicle A motor vehicle, also known as motorized vehicle or automotive vehicle, is a self-propelled vehicle, commonly wheeled, that does not operate on Track (rail transport), rails ...

recreational vehicle
s, small
school bus A school bus is a type of bus trolleybus in Toronto Toronto is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731,571 in 2016, it is the List of the 100 la ...

school bus
es, minibuses, type III
ambulance An ambulance is a medically equipped vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine A machine is any physical system with ordered structural and functional properties. It may represent human-made or naturally occurring device ...

ambulance
s, and delivery trucks. A large proportion of cutaway van chassis are equipped with dual rear wheels. Second stage manufacturers sometimes add a third weight-bearing single wheel "tag axle" for their larger minibus models. The term ''van'' in the US may also refer to a
minivan Minivan (sometimes called simply as van) is a North American car classification Governments and private organizations have developed car classification schemes that are used for various purposes including regulation, description, and categori ...

minivan
. Minivans are usually distinguished by their smaller size and
front wheel drive Front-wheel drive (FWD) is a form of engine An engine or motor is a machine A machine is any physical system with ordered structural and functional properties. It may represent human-made or naturally occurring device molecular mac ...
powertrain, although some are equipped with
four wheel drive Four-wheel drive, also called 4x4 ("four by four") or 4WD, refers to a two-axled vehicle drivetrain The drivetrain, also frequently spelled as drive train, or sometimes drive-train, is the group of components of a motor vehicle that deliver ...
. Minivans typically offer seven or eight-passenger
seating capacity Seating capacity is the number of people A people is any plurality of person A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has certain capacities or attributes such as reason Reason is the capacity of consciously applying logic ...
, and better fuel economy than full-sized vans, at the expense of power, cargo space, and towing capacity. Minivans are often equipped with dual side sliding doors.


Examples

The precursor to American vans would be the sedan deliveries of the 1930s to late-1950s. The first generation of American vans were the 1960s
compact van A compact van is a type of van A van is a type of road vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine that transports people or cargo. Vehicles include wagons, bicycles, motor vehicles (motorcycles, cars, trucks, buses), railed ...
s, which were patterned in size after the
Volkswagen BusVolkswagen Bus or Volkswagen Van is a type of vehicle produced by Volkswagen. There have been a number of notable versions of it produced. Volkswagen Bus Light commercial vehicles Six generations of Volkswagen vans: *Volkswagen Type 2 **Volkswagen ...
. The
CorvairCorvair may refer to *Chevrolet Corvair, a compact car produced by General Motors from 1960 to 1969 *Corvair Monza GT, a mid-engined experimental prototype car built for Chevrolet in 1962 *The Caledonia Corvairs (1961–2012), a Junior C ice hockey ...
-based entry even imitated the rear-mounted, air-cooled engine design. The
Ford Falcon Ford Falcon is an automobile nameplate applied to several vehicles worldwide. * Ford Falcon (North America) The Ford Falcon is a model line of cars that was produced by Ford from the 1960 to 1970 model years. The first compact car Compa ...
-based first-generation Econoline had a flat nose, with the engine mounted between and behind the front seats. The
Dodge A100 The A100 is a range of compact van Image:68 Dodge Sporstman Van (6255320295).jpg, Dodge A100 A compact van is a type of van characterized by a flat front design, mechanicals based on a compact car, an engine placed either at the rear or between ...
had a similar layout and could accommodate a
V8 engine A V8 engine is an eight-cylinder A cylinder (from ) has traditionally been a Solid geometry, three-dimensional solid, one of the most basic of curvilinear geometric shapes. Geometrically, it can be considered as a Prism (geometry), prism w ...
. Chevrolet also switched to this layout. The Ford, Dodge, and Corvair vans were also produced as pickup trucks. The ''standard'' or ''full size'' vans appeared with Ford's innovation of moving the engine forward under a short hood and using pickup truck components. The engine cockpit housing is often called a ''dog house''. Over time, they evolved longer noses and sleeker shapes. The
Dodge Sportsman The Dodge B series was a range of full-size vans that were produced by Chrysler, Chrysler Corporation from 1970 to 2003. Through their production, the full-size vans were sold under several different nameplates. Most examples were sold by the Dodg ...
was available with an extension to the rear of its long-wheelbase model to create a 15-passenger van. Vehicles have been sold as both cargo and passenger models, as well as in
cutaway van chassis Cutaway van chassis are used by second stage manufacturer A second stage manufacturer, known in the industry as "bodybuilder," builds such products as bus and truck mining truck A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle designed to transport ...
versions for
second stage manufacturer A second stage manufacturer, known in the industry as "bodybuilder," builds such products as bus and truck mining truck A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle designed to transport cargo. Trucks vary greatly in size, power, and configuration ...
s to make box vans, ambulances, campers, and other vehicles. Second stage manufacturers also modify the original manufacturer's body to create custom vans. Dodge ended production of their full-size vans during the 2003 model year and replaced it with the
Dodge Sprinter The Mercedes-Benz Sprinter is a () built by of , Germany as a large , , , and . In the past the Sprinter has been sold under the , , , and nameplates. In the U.S. it is built from (CKD) kits by . They are now primarily marketed by Mercedes- ...
, which is based on a more fuel-efficient European design pattern. Typical versions of the Sprinter are taller than other vans, with a more aerodynamic profile in front. They have been adopted primarily for delivery and lightweight Class-C van cab motor home applications.


Use

In urban areas of the United States, full-size vans have been used as ''commuter vans'' since 1971, when Dodge introduced a van that could transport up to 15 passengers. Commuter vans are used as an alternative to
carpool Carpooling (also car-sharing, ride-sharing and lift-sharing) is the sharing of Automobile, car journeys so that more than one person travels in a car, and prevents the need for others to have to drive to a location themselves. By having more p ...
ing and other ride-sharing arrangements. Many mobile businesses use a van to carry almost their entire business to various places where they work. For example, those who come to homes or places of business to perform various services, installations, or repairs. Vans are also used to shuttle people and their luggage between
hotel A hotel is an establishment that provides paid lodging on a short-term basis. Facilities provided inside a hotel room may range from a modest-quality mattress in a small room to large suites with bigger, higher-quality beds, a dresser, a ref ...

hotel
s and
airport An airport is an aerodrome An aerodrome (Commonwealth English The use of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval En ...

airport
s, to transport
commuter
commuter
s between
parking Parking is the act of stopping and disengaging a vehicle and leaving it unoccupied. Parking on one or both sides of a road is often permitted, though sometimes with restrictions. Some buildings have parking facilities for use of the buildings' ...

parking
lots and their places of work, and along established routes as minibusses. Vans are also used to transport elderly and mobility-impaired worshipers to and from church services or to transport youth groups for outings to amusement parks, picnics, and visiting other churches. Vans are also used by schools to drive sports teams to
intramuralIntramural sports are recreational sports Sport pertains to any form of competitive physical activity or game with separate sliding drawer, from 1390–1353 BC, made of glazed faience, dimensions: 5.5 × 7.7 × 21 cm, ...
games. Vans have been used by touring music groups to haul equipment and people to music venues around the country.


Full-size van

A full-size van is a
marketing Marketing is the process of intentionally stimulating demand for and purchases of goods and services; potentially including selection of a target audience; selection of certain attributes or themes to emphasize in advertising; operation of adv ...

marketing
term used in
North America North America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven geographical regions are commonly regarded as continen ...

North America
for a van larger than a
minivan Minivan (sometimes called simply as van) is a North American car classification Governments and private organizations have developed car classification schemes that are used for various purposes including regulation, description, and categori ...

minivan
, that is characterized by a large, boxy appearance, a short hood, and heavy cargo/passenger-hauling capacity. The first full-size van was the 1969
Ford Econoline
Ford Econoline
, which used components from the
Ford F-Series The Ford F-Series is a series of trucks marketed and manufactured by Ford Ford commonly refers to: * Ford Motor Company The Ford Motor Company, commonly known as Ford, is an American multinational automaker that has its main headquar ...

Ford F-Series
pickup
pickup
s.
General Motors General Motors Company (GM) is an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinat ...

General Motors
and the
Dodge Ram Van The Dodge B series was a range of full-size van A van is a type of road vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine A machine is any physical system with ordered structural and functional properties. It may represent human ...
would follow suit with designs with the engines placed farther forward, and succeeding generations of the Econoline introduced longer hoods. For the 2020 model year, full-size vans in the American market include:
Mercedes-Benz Sprinter The Mercedes-Benz Sprinter is a light commercial vehicle A light commercial vehicle (LCV) in the European Union, Australia, New Zealand is a commercial carrier vehicle with a gross vehicle weight of no more than 3.5 Tonne, metric tons (tonn ...
, Nissan NV,
Ford Transit The Ford Transit, also known as the Ford T-Series in some markets, is a family of light commercial vehicle A light commercial vehicle (LCV) in the European Union The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of Member ...

Ford Transit
,
Ram ProMaster The Fiat Ducato is a light commercial vehicle officially developed by Stellantis and produced since 1981. It was also sold as the Citroën C25, Peugeot J5, Alfa Romeo AR6 and Talbot Express for the first generation, while the second and third gen ...
, and Chevrolet Express/GMC Savana.


Step van

Another type of van specific to North America is the ''
step van Multi-stop trucks (also known as walk-in delivery or step vans) are a type of light-duty and medium-duty truck created for local deliveries to residences and businesses. They are designed to be driven either sitting down or standing up, and ofte ...
,'' so-named because of the ease with which one can step in and out. Widely used by delivery services, courier companies, and the parcel division of the US Postal Service and Canada Post, they are often seen driven with the door open. Step vans have more boxy shapes, wider bodies, and higher rooftops than other vans, and are rarely employed for carrying passengers.


Rollover safety

A van is taller than a typical passenger car, resulting in a higher
center of gravity In physics, the center of mass of a distribution of mass Mass is the physical quantity, quantity of ''matter'' in a physical body. It is also a measure (mathematics), measure of the body's ''inertia'', the resistance to acceleration (change ...

center of gravity
. The suspension is also higher to accommodate the weight of 15 passengers, who can weigh over one ton alone. In the United States, it is common for only the front seat passengers to use their
safety belt A seat belt (also known as a safety belt) is a vehicle safety device designed to secure the driver or a passenger of a vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine that transport Transport (commonly used in the U.K.), or tra ...
s. The U.S.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA ) is an agency Agency may refer to: * a governmental or other institution Institutions, according to Samuel P. Huntington, are "stable, valued, recurring patterns of behavior". Ins ...
(NHTSA) has determined that belted passengers are about four times more likely to survive in rollover crashes. Safety can be improved by understanding the unique characteristics of 12- and 15-passenger vans and by following guidelines developed for their drivers, according to the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). A summary of this information is available at "Reducing The Risk of Rollover Crashes in 15-Passenger Vans". Some car rental companies have added stickers to warn renters about the difference in handling while compared to standard cars.


Safety equipment

Many commercial vans are fitted with
cargo barrier A cargo barrier is a vehicle accessory installed into motor vehicles to aid occupancy safety when carrying loads or domestic pets, (usually dogs) in the rear section of a vehicle. Other terms used for cargo barriers include: dog guard, mesh part ...
s behind the front seats (or rear seats, if fitted) to prevent injuries caused by unsecured cargo in the event of sudden deceleration, collision, or a rollover. Cargo barriers in vans are sometimes fitted with doors permitting the driver to pass through to the cargo compartment of the vehicle.


See also


References

{{Automobile configuration Commercial vehicles