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Unity ( rus, Еди́нство, Yedinstvo) was a Russian political party that was created in September 1999 and registered on 15 October 1999, supported by Russia’s President
Boris Yeltsin Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin ( rus, links=no, Борис Николаевич Ельцин, a=ru-Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin.ogg, p=bɐˈrʲis nʲɪkɐˈlaɪvʲɪtɕ ˈjelʲtsɨn; 1 February 1931 – 23 April 2007) was a Russian and former Soviet ...

Boris Yeltsin
,
Prime Minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transpar ...
Vladimir Putin Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, (born 7 October 1952) is a Russian politician and former intelligence officer who is serving as the current . He has been serving in this position since 2012, and he previously held this office from 1999 unti ...

Vladimir Putin
and dozens of Russian governors to counter the threat which the
Kremlin The Moscow Kremlin ( rus, Московский Кремль, r=Moskovskiy Kreml, p=mɐˈskofskʲɪj krʲemlʲ), or simply the Kremlin, is a fortified complex in the center of Moscow founded by Russian ruling dynasty of Rurikids. It is the bes ...

Kremlin
perceived from the Fatherland-All Russia alliance. It was also unofficially dubbed "Medved’" (the bear) or "Medvedi" (bears), as "MeDvEd" was an acronym of its full name (Mezhregionalnoye Dvizheniye "Edinstvo"; Interregional movement "Unity"). Later the party adopted a brown bear for its symbol.


History

The rise of Unity was meteoric given the short time period it had to create an identity, plan its campaign strategy and carry out its ambitious objectives. The establishment of the movement followed a declaration signed by 39 governors expressing their dissatisfaction with the political battles being fought in Russia. The initial meeting of these governors to form a new electoral movement was held on 24 September 1999. It was at this meeting that Minister of Emergency Situations
Sergey Shoygu Sergey Kuzhugetovich Shoigu, ; tyv, Сергей Күжүгет оглу Шойгу, translit=Sergey Kyzhyget oglu Shoygu, . (born 21 May 1955) is a Russian politician and Army general (Russia), General of the Army who has served as Ministry of ...
was selected as Unity’s leader. Prime Minister Putin immediately pledged support for the new bloc, saying it could help stabilize the political situation in Russia. On November 24, 1999 he told reporters that in his capacity as premier, he "should not define his political preferences" with respect to election blocs but "as an ordinary citizen" he will vote for Unity. The party’s leading candidates in 1999 State Duma elections were Sergey Shoygu, nine-times world wrestling champion
Alexander Karelin Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Karelin (, rus, Александр Александрович Карелин, p=ɐlʲɪkˈsandr ɐlʲɪkˈsandrəvʲɪtɕ kəˈrʲelʲɪn; born 19 September 1967) is a retired Greco-Roman wrestler Greco-Roman (Amer ...
and former senior police official Alexander Gurov. Unity, backed up by popular support for the
Second Chechen War The Second Chechen War (russian: Втора́я чече́нская война́, ) was an armed conflict in Chechnya and the border regions of the North Caucasus between the Russia, Russian Federation and the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, ...
, relied on a campaign of verbal attacks to discredit the Fatherland-All Russia alliance. It was also heavily promoted by the ORT TV channel and especially "
Sergey Dorenko , birth_name = Sergey Leonidovich Dorenko , birth_date = , birth_place = Kerch, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union , death_date = , death_place = Moscow, Russia , other_names = , education ...
's Program". In the 1999, State Duma elections on December 19, Unity received 23.32 percent of the vote and won 72 of 441 seats (second result after the
Communist Party of the Russian Federation , anthem = "The Internationale "The Internationale" (french: "L'Internationale", italic=no, ) is a left-wing anthem. It has been a standard of the socialism, socialist movement since the late nineteenth century, when the Second ...
). Later ten more seats joined the faction. Shoygu remained Emergencies Minister and did not go into the new
State Duma The State Duma ( rus, Госуда́рственная ду́ма, r=Gosudárstvennaya dúma), commonly abbreviated in Russian as Gosduma ( rus, Госду́ма), is the lower house A lower house is one of two chambers Chambers may refer to ...
. On January 12, 2000 the party elected
Boris Gryzlov Boris Vyacheslavovich Gryzlov (also spelled Grizlov; russian: Борис Вячеславович Грызлов, ; born December 15, 1950), is a Russia Russia (russian: link=no, Россия, , ), or the Russian Federation, is a country sp ...

Boris Gryzlov
leader of its faction. The party supported
Vladimir Putin Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, (born 7 October 1952) is a Russian politician and former intelligence officer who is serving as the current . He has been serving in this position since 2012, and he previously held this office from 1999 unti ...

Vladimir Putin
in the 2000 presidential elections. In April 2001, the Unity party and the Fatherland - All Russia movement took the decision to unite into a single political party,
United Russia United Russia ( rus, links=no, Единая Россия, Yedinaya Rossiya, (j)ɪˈdʲinəjə rɐˈsʲijə) is the ruling Political parties in Russia, political party of Russia. United Russia is the largest party in Russia, and it holds 336 (or ...
.


Electoral results


Presidential elections


Legislative elections


See also

*
United Russia United Russia ( rus, links=no, Единая Россия, Yedinaya Rossiya, (j)ɪˈdʲinəjə rɐˈsʲijə) is the ruling Political parties in Russia, political party of Russia. United Russia is the largest party in Russia, and it holds 336 (or ...


References


External links


Sudden rise of the Unity party, BBC News, 20.12.1999Interregional political movement "Unity"("Edinstvo"). An analysis of recent trends in Russian politicsPolitical groups and parties: UnityYedinstvo (Medved’)
(In Russian) {{Defunct Russian political parties Defunct political parties in Russia Political parties established in 1999 United Russia 1999 establishments in Russia History of Russia (1992–present) 2001 disestablishments in Russia Political parties disestablished in 2001 National conservative parties