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The United States Department of Labor (DOL) is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government, responsible for
occupational safety and health Occupational safety and health (OSH), also commonly referred to as occupational health and safety (OHS), occupational health, or occupational safety, is a multidisciplinary field concerned with the safety Safety is the state of being "safe", ...
, wage and hour standards,
unemployment benefits Unemployment benefits, also called unemployment insurance, unemployment payment, unemployment compensation, or simply unemployment, are payments made by authorized bodies to unemployed Unemployment, according to the OECD The Organisatio ...
, reemployment services, and occasionally, economic statistics. Many
U.S. state In the , a state is a , of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a , each state holds al jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory where it shares its with the . Due to this shared sovereignty, are both of t ...
s also have such departments. The Department of Labor is headed by the U.S. Secretary of Labor. The purpose of the Department of Labor is to foster, promote, and develop the well being of the wage earners, job seekers, and
retiree A pensioner is a person who receives a pension A pension (, from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around ...
s of the United States; improve working conditions; advance opportunities for profitable employment; and assure work-related benefits and rights. In carrying out this mission, the Department of Labor administers and enforces more than 180 federal laws and thousands of federal regulations. These mandates and the regulations that implement them cover many workplace activities for about 10 million employers and 125 million workers. Marty Walsh is the current secretary, having been confirmed by the
United States Senate The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress The United States Congress is the legislature A legislature is an deliberative assembly, assembly with the authority to make laws for a Polity, politi ...
on March 22, 2021. The department's headquarters is housed in the
Frances Perkins Building The Frances Perkins Building is the Washington, D.C. headquarters of the United States Department of Labor The United States Department of Labor (DOL) is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government responsible for occupational s ...
, named in honor of
Frances Perkins Frances Perkins (born Fannie Coralie Perkins; April 10, 1880 – May 14, 1965) was an American workers-rights advocate who served as the U.S. Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945, the longest serving in that position. She made history as ...

Frances Perkins
, the Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945.


History

In 1884, the U.S. Congress first established a
Bureau of Labor Statistics The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a unit of the United States Department of Labor The United States Department of Labor (DOL) is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government responsible for occupational safety and health, ...
with the Bureau of Labor Act, to collect information about labor and employment. This bureau was under the
Department of the Interior The United States Department of the Interior (DOI) is a federal executive department of the Federal government of the United States, U.S. government. It is responsible for the management and conservation of most federal lands and natural resource ...
. The Bureau started collecting economic data in 1884, and published their first report in 1886. Later, in 1888, the Bureau of Labor became an independent Department of Labor, but lacked executive rank. In February 1903, it became a bureau again when the
Department of Commerce and Labor The United States Department of Commerce and Labor was a short-lived Cabinet department of the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United ...
was established. United States President
William Howard Taft William Howard Taft (September 15, 1857March 8, 1930) was the 27th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the and of the . The president directs the of the and is the of the . The power of ...

William Howard Taft
signed the March 4, 1913, bill (the last day of his presidency), establishing the Department of Labor as a
Cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transparent glass sheets or transparent polycarbonate sheets * Filing ...
-level department.
William B. Wilson William Bauchop Wilson (April 2, 1862 – May 25, 1934) was an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America ...
was appointed as the first Secretary of Labor on March 5, 1913, by President Wilson. In October 1919, Secretary Wilson chaired the first meeting of the
International Labour Organization The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency whose mandate is to advance social and economic justice through setting international labour standards. Founded in October 1919 under the League of Nations, it is the fir ...
even though the U.S. was not yet a member. In September 1916, the
Federal Employees' Compensation Act The Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA), is a United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. I ...
introduced benefits to workers who are injured or contract illnesses in the workplace. The act established an agency responsible for federal workers’ compensation, which was transferred to the Labor Department in the 1940s and has become known as the
Office of Workers' Compensation Programs The Office of Workers' Compensation Programs administers four major disability compensation programs which provide wage replacement benefits, medical treatment, vocational rehabilitation and other benefits to certain workers or their dependents who ...
.
Frances Perkins Frances Perkins (born Fannie Coralie Perkins; April 10, 1880 – May 14, 1965) was an American workers-rights advocate who served as the U.S. Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945, the longest serving in that position. She made history as ...

Frances Perkins
, the first female cabinet member, was appointed to be Secretary of Labor by President Roosevelt on March 4, 1933. Perkins served for 12 years, and became the longest-serving Secretary of Labor. During the John F. Kennedy Administration, planning was undertaken to consolidate most of the department's offices, then scattered around more than 20 locations. In the mid‑1960s, construction on the "New Labor Building" began and construction was finished in 1975. In 1980, it was named in honor of Frances Perkins.
President President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group. The relationship between a president and a Chief Executive Officer, chi ...

President
Lyndon B. Johnson Lyndon Baines Johnson (; August 27, 1908January 22, 1973), often referred to by his initials LBJ, was the 36th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the ...

Lyndon B. Johnson
asked Congress to consider the idea of reuniting Commerce and Labor. He argued that the two departments had similar goals and that they would have more efficient channels of communication in a single department. However, Congress never acted on it. In the 1970s, following the
civil rights movement The 1954–1968 civil rights movement in the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North ...
, the Labor Department under Secretary
George P. Shultz George Pratt Shultz (; December 13, 1920February 6, 2021) was an American economist, diplomat, and businessman. He served in various positions under three different Republican Party (United States), Republican presidents and is one of only two pe ...
made a concerted effort to promote racial diversity in unions. In 1978, the Department of Labor created the Philip Arnow Award, intended to recognize outstanding career employees such as the
eponymous An eponym is a person, place, or thing after whom or which someone or something is, or is believed to be, named. The adjectives derived from eponym include ''eponymous'' and ''eponymic''. Word usage The term ''eponym'' functions in multiple ...

eponymous
Philip Arnow. In the same year, Carin Clauss became the department's first female solicitor of the department. In 2010, a local of the
American Federation of Government Employees The American Federation of Government Employees (AFGE) is an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America ...
stated their unhappiness that a longstanding
flextime Flextime (also spelled flexitime ritish English flex-time) is a flexible hours Schedule (workplace), schedule that allows workers to alter workday start and finish times. In contrast to traditional Wage labour, work arrangements that require employ ...
program reduced under the
George W. Bush administration George W. Bush's tenure as the List of presidents of the United States, 43rd president of the United States began with First inauguration of George W. Bush, his first inauguration on January 20, 2001, and ended on January 20, 2009. Bush, a Repub ...
had not been restored under the
Obama administration Barack Obama's tenure as the List of presidents of the United States, 44th president of the United States began with First inauguration of Barack Obama, his first inauguration on January 20, 2009, and ended on January 20, 2017. Obama, a Democr ...
. Department officials said the program was modern and fair and that it was part of ongoing contract negotiations with the local. In August 2010, the
Partnership for Public Service The Partnership for Public Service is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization based in Washington, D.C. ) , image_skyline = , image_caption = Clockwise from top left: the Washington Monument The Washington Monum ...
ranked the Department of Labor 23rd out of 31 large agencies in its annual "Best Places to Work in the Federal Government" list. In December 2010, then–Department of Labor Secretary
Hilda Solis Hilda Lucia Solis (; born October 20, 1957) is an American politician and a member of the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors The Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors (LACBOS) is the five-member Board of Supervisors, governing body of L ...

Hilda Solis
was named the chair of the U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness, of which Labor has been a member since its beginnings in 1987. In July 2011, , Assistant Secretary for VETS resigned due to his involvement in a contracting scandal. In March 2013, the department began commemorating its centennial. In July 2013,
Tom Perez Thomas Edward Perez (born October 7, 1961) is an American politician and attorney who served as the Chair of the Democratic National Committee The Democratic National Committee (DNC) is the governing body of the United States Democratic Party. ...
was confirmed as Secretary of Labor. According to remarks by Perez at his swearing-in ceremony, "Boiled down to its essence, the Department of Labor is the department of opportunity." In April 2017,
Alexander Acosta Rene Alexander Acosta (born January 16, 1969) is an American attorney and politician, who served as the 27th United States Secretary of Labor from 2017 to 2019. President Donald Trump Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is an Americ ...

Alexander Acosta
was confirmed as the new Secretary of Labor. In July 2019, Acosta resigned due to a scandal involving his role in the plea deal with
Jeffrey Epstein Jeffrey Edward Epstein ( ; January 20, 1953August 10, 2019) was an American financier and convicted sex offender A sex offender (sexual offender, sex abuser, or sexual abuser) is a person who has committed a Sex and the law, sex crime. Wh ...

Jeffrey Epstein
. He was succeeded on September 30, 2019, by . Scalia served until the beginning of the Biden administration on January 20, 2021. The present
Secretary A secretary, administrative professional, or personal assistant A personal assistant, also referred to as personal aide (PA) or personal secretary (PS), is a job title describing a person who assists a specific person with their daily busin ...
is Marty Walsh.


Freedom of Information Act processing performance

In the latest Center for Effective Government analysis of 15 federal agencies which receive the most Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests, published in 2015 (using 2012 and 2013 data, the most recent years available), the Labor Department earned a D by scoring 63 out of a possible 100 points, i.e., did not earn a satisfactory overall grade.Making the Grade: Access to Information Scorecard 2015
March 2015, 80 pages, Center for Effective Government, retrieved 21 March 2016


Agencies, boards, offices, programs, library and corporation of the department

*
Administrative Review Board The Administrative Review Board is a United States military The United States Armed Forces are the military forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended f ...
(ARB) * Benefits Review Board (BRB) *
Bureau of International Labor Affairs The Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB) is an operating unit of the United States Department of Labor which manages the department's international responsibilities. According to its mission statement: ''“The Bureau of International Lab ...
(ILAB) *
Bureau of Labor Statistics The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a unit of the United States Department of Labor The United States Department of Labor (DOL) is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government responsible for occupational safety and health, ...
(BLS) * Center for Faith and Opportunity Initiative (CFOI) *
Employee Benefits Security Administration The Employee Benefits Security Administration (EBSA) is an agency of the United States Department of Labor responsible for administering, regulating and enforcing the provisions of Title I of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, ...
(EBSA) * Employees' Compensation Appeals Board (ECAB) *
Ombudsman An ombudsman (, also , ), ombudsperson, ombud, ombuds, or public advocate is an official who is usually appointed by the government or by parliament but with a significant degree of independence. In some countries, an inspector general, citize ...
for the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program (EEOMBD) *
Employment and Training Administration The Employment and Training Administration (ETA) is part of the U.S. Department of Labor. Its mission is to provide training, employment Employment is a relationship between two party (law), parties, usually based on employment contract, contra ...
(ETA) *
Mine Safety and Health Administration The Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) () is a large agency of the United States Department of Labor The United States Department of Labor (DOL) is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government, responsible for occupation ...
(MSHA) *
Occupational Safety and Health Administration The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA ) is a large regulatory agency of the United States Department of Labor The United States Department of Labor (DOL) is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government, re ...
(OSHA) *
Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs The Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) is part of the U.S. Department of Labor. OFCCP is responsible for ensuring that employers doing business with the Federal government comply with the laws and regulations requiring nondisc ...
(OFCCP) *
Office of Inspector General In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Wash ...
(OIG) * Office of Labor-Management Standards (OLMS) *
Office of Workers' Compensation Programs The Office of Workers' Compensation Programs administers four major disability compensation programs which provide wage replacement benefits, medical treatment, vocational rehabilitation and other benefits to certain workers or their dependents who ...
(OWCP) *
Veterans' Employment and Training Service The United States Office of the Assistant Secretary for Veterans' Employment and Training (OASVET) was established by Secretary's Order No. 5-81 in December 1981. The assistant secretary position was created by P.L. 96-466 in October 1980, to repl ...
(VETS) *
Wage and Hour Division The Wage and Hour Division (WHD) of the United States Department of Labor The United States Department of Labor (DOL) is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government, responsible for occupational safety and health Occupation ...
(WHD) *
Women's Bureau
Women's Bureau
(WB) *
Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation The Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC) is a United States federally chartered corporation created by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) (, codified in part at ) is ...
** PBGC Office of the Inspector General * Office of Administrative Law Judges (OALJ) * Office of Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs (OCIA) * Office of the Assistant Secretary for Administration and Management (OASAM) ** Office of the Chief Information Officer (OCIO) * Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy (OASP) * Office of the Chief Financial Officer (OCFO) * Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP) * Office of Public Affairs (OPA) *
Office of Public Liaison The White House Office of Public Engagement is a unit of the White House Office The White House Office is an entity within the Executive Office of the President of the United States The Executive Office of the President (EOP) comprises the ...
(OPL) * Office of the Solicitor (SOL) * Office of the Secretary (OSEC) ** Office of the Deputy Secretary


Other

* Wirtz Labor Library *
Job Corps Job Corps is a voluntary program administered by the United States Department of Labor The United States Department of Labor (DOL) is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government responsible for occupational safety and health, wage ...


Related legislation

* 1926:
Railway Labor Act The Railway Labor Act is a United States federal law The law of the United States comprises many levels of codified and uncodified forms of law, of which the most important is the nation's Constitution of the United States, Constitution, which p ...
* 1949: Fair Labor Standards Amendment PL 81-393 * 1953: Small Business Act PL 83-163 * 1954:
Internal Revenue Code The Internal Revenue Code (IRC), formally the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, is the domestic portion of federal statutory tax law in the United States, published in various volumes of the United States Statutes at Large The ''United States Sta ...

Internal Revenue Code
PL 83-591 * 1955: Fair Labor Standards Amendment PL 84-381 * 1958: Small Business Administration extension PL 85-536 * 1961: Fair Labor Standards Amendment PL 87-30 * 1961: Area Redevelopment Act PL 87-27 * 1962: Manpower Development and Training Act PL 87-415 * 1962: Public Welfare Amendments PL 87-543 * 1963: Amendments to National Defense Education Act PL 88-210 * 1964:
Economic Opportunity Act The Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 () authorized the formation of local Community Action Agencies as part of the War on Poverty The war on poverty is the unofficial name for legislation first introduced by President of the United States, Unit ...

Economic Opportunity Act
PL 88-452 * 1965: Vocational Rehabilitation Act amended PL 89-333 * 1965:
Executive Order 11246 Executive Order 11246, signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson Lyndon Baines Johnson (; August 27, 1908January 22, 1973), often referred to by his initials LBJ, was the 36th president of the United States The president of the United S ...
* 1965: McNamara-O'Hara Service Contract Act * 1966: Fair Labor Standards Amendment PL 89-601 * 1970:
Occupational Safety and Health Act The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 is a US labor law United States labor law sets the rights and duties for employees, labor unions, and employer Employment is a relationship between two parties, usually based on contract A c ...
* 1973:
Comprehensive Employment and Training Act The Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA, ) was a United States federal law The law of the United States comprises many levels of codified and uncodified forms of law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, in ...
PL 93-203 * 1973: Section 503 of the Rehabilitation Act PL 93-112 * 1974: Fair Labor Standards Amendment PL 93-259 * 1974: Vietnam Era Veterans' Readjustment Assistance Act PL 92-540 * 1974:
Employee Retirement Income Security Act The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) (, codified in part at ) is a federal Federal or foederal (archaic) may refer to: Politics General *Federal monarchy, a federation of monarchies *Federation, or ''Federal state'' (fed ...
of 1974 (ERISA) Pub.L. 93-406 * 1975: Revenue Adjustment Act ( Earned Income Tax Credit) PL 94-12, 164 * 1976: Overhaul of
vocational education Vocational education is education Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, value (ethics), values, morals, beliefs, habits, and personal development. Educational methods include teach ...
programs PL 94-482 * 1976: Social Security Act Amendments (Aid to
Day Care Center Child care, otherwise known as day care, is the care and supervision of a child or multiple children at a time, whose ages range from two weeks to twenty years. Child care is a broad topic that covers a wide spectrum of professionals, institutions ...
s) PL 94-401 * 1977: Fair Labor Standards Amendment PL 95-151 * 1977: Federal Mine Safety and Health Act * 1978: Full Employment and Balanced Growth Act PL 95-523 * 1981:
Budget Reconciliation Act A budget is a financial plan for a defined accounting period, period, often one year. It may also include planned sales volumes and revenues, resource quantities, costs and expenses, assets, Liability (financial accounting), liabilities and cash ...
PL 97-35 * 1982:
Job Training Partnership Act The Job Training Partnership Act of 1982 (JTPA, , , et seq.) was a United States federal law passed October 13, 1982, by Congress with regulations promulgated by the United States Department of Labor during the Ronald Reagan administration. The law ...
PL 97-300 * 1983: Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Workers Protection Act PL 99-603 * 1988: Family Support Act PL 100-485 * 1988: Employee Polygraph Protection Act * 1989: Fair Labor Standards Amendment PL 101-157 * 1990: Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act PL 101-508 * 1993:
Family and Medical Leave Act The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (FMLA) is a United States labor law United States labor law sets the rights and duties for employees, Labor unions in the United States, labor unions, and employers in the United States. Labor law's basic a ...
PL 103-3 * 1993:
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation and Bankruptcy Act Omnibus may refer to: Film and television * ''Omnibus'' (film) * Omnibus (broadcast) An omnibus (or omnibus edition) is a compilation of several television or radio episodes into a single instalment. An omnibus is similar to, but distinct from, ...
PL 103-66 * 1996:
Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996The Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996 () is a United States federal law. It was sponsored by Rep. William Reynolds Archer, Jr., Bill Archer (Republican Party (United States), R-Texas, TX) and it was signed into law by President Bill Clinton. ...
PL 104-188 * 1996:
Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) is a United States federal law passed by the 104th United States Congress and signed into law by President Bill Clinton. The bill implemented major changes to S ...
PL 104-193 * 1996:
Veterans Employment Opportunities Act A veteran (from Latin ''vetus'', meaning "old") is a person who has a long career (and is usually adept and esteemed) in a particular occupation or Craft, field. A military veteran is a person who has served and is no longer serving in a milit ...
PL 105-339 * 1998:
Workforce Investment Act of 1998The Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA, ) was a United States federal law that was repealed and replaced by the 2014 Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act. Purpose The Workforce Investment Act is a federal act that "provides workforce investme ...
* 2014:
Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) is a United States public law that replaced the previous Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA) as the primary federal workforce development legislation to bring about increased coordination among ...


See also

*
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is a federal agency that was established via the Civil Rights Act of 1964 The Civil Rights Act of 1964 () is a landmark civil rights and United States labor law, labor law in the Un ...
*
National Labor Relations Board The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) is an independent agency A regulatory agency or regulatory authority, is a Public benefit corporation Public-benefit corporation is a term that has different meanings in different jurisdictions. In so ...

National Labor Relations Board
*
Occupational Information NetworkThe Occupational Information Network (O*NET) is a free online databaseAn online database is a database A database is an organized collection of data Data are units of information Information can be thought of as the resolution of uncert ...
(
Holland Codes The Holland Codes or the Holland Occupational Themes (RIASEC) refers to a theory of careers and vocational choice (based upon personality types) that was initially developed by American psychologist John L. Holland.Ticket to Work The United States Social Security Administration The United States Social Security Administration (SSA) is an Independent agencies of the United States government, independent agency of the Federal government of the United States, U.S. federal ...
*
Title 20 of the Code of Federal RegulationsCFR Title 20 - Employees' Benefits is one of fifty titles comprising the United States Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), containing the principal set of rules and regulations issued by federal agencies regarding employees' benefits. It is available ...
*
USA.gov USA.gov is the official of the . It is designed to improve the public's interaction with the US government by quickly directing website visitors to the services or information they are seeking, and by inviting the public to share ideas to impr ...
*
USAFacts USAFacts (c. 2017) is a non-profit organization and website that provides data and reports on the US population, its government's finances, and government's impact on society. History and background USAFacts was founded by former Microsoft CE ...


Notes and references


Bibliography

*


External links

*
Department of Labor
on USAspending.gov
U.S. Department of Labor
in the ''
Federal Register The ''Federal Register'' (FR or sometimes Fed. Reg.) is the official journal A government gazette (also known as official gazette, official journal, official newspaper, official monitor or official bulletin) is a periodical publication that h ...
'' {{DEFAULTSORT:United States Department Of Labor 1913 establishments in Washington, D.C. Government agencies established in 1913
Labor Labour or labor may refer to: * Childbirth, the delivery of a baby * Labour (human activity), or work ** Manual labour, physical work ** Wage labour, a socioeconomic relationship between a worker and an employer Literature * Labor (journal), ''L ...