The United Nationalist Democratic Organization (UNIDO) was the main political multi-party electoral alliance
of the traditional political opposition during the turbulent last years of Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos
in the mid-1980s. It was formed in January 1980, and was originally known as the United Democratic Opposition from 1980 to 1982. It was initially a union of eight major and minor political parties and organizations with the main aim to oust President Marcos through a legal political process. In April 1982, the coalition received its present name, and increased its members to twelve parties. Shortly after the assassination of popular opposition senator Benigno Aquino Jr.
, the party was led by Senator Salvador Laurel
The political leaders forming UNIDO such as prominent anti-Marcos leaders like former Senator and Batangas Assemblyman Salvador Laurel
, former president Diosdado Macapagal
, Zamboanga City Mayor Cesar Climaco
, Senator Gerardo Roxas
, Manila Assemblyman Lito Atienza
, Antique Governor Evelio Javier
, Mandaluyong Assemblyman Neptali Gonzales
, Pampanga Governor Joe Lingad
, Senator John Osmeña
, Senator Dominador Aytona
, Senator and renowned nationalist statesman Lorenzo Tañada
, Senator Eva Estrada-Kalaw
, Senator Rene Espina, Senator Mamintal Tamano
, Senator Domocao Alonto and nephew Abul Kharyl, Assemblyman Raul Gonzales
, Assemblyman Homobono Adaza, former Philippine Collegian editor-in-chief and leftist-bent journalist Abe Sarmiento, and all significant personalities that contributed to the fall of the Marcos dictatorship.
The political groups allied with UNIDO were the Partido Demokratiko Pilipino–Lakas ng Bayan (PDP–Laban
) represented by Senator Aquilino Pimentel, Jr.
, Bansang Nagkakaisa sa Diwa at Layunin
(BANDILA) led by Agapito Aquino
, the younger brother of Ninoy Aquino and one of the founders of the August Twenty-One Movement (ATOM).
UNIDO gained momentum in the last week of November 1985, when President Ferdinand Marcos called for a presidential election due to mounted political pressures. At first, UNIDO supported Senator Salvador Laurel
of Batangas as its standard bearer, but business tycoon Chino Roces
was not convinced that Laurel or Jovito Salonga
could defeat Marcos in the polls. Roces argued that Corazon Aquino
, the widow of assassinated Senator Aquino, should be the candidate for president. Roces initiated the ''Cory Aquino for President Movement'' (CAPM) to gather one million signatures in one week to urge Aquino to run as president, convincing Aquino to do so. Aquino was made the presidential bet of the Partido Demokratiko Pilipino–Lakas ng Bayan
party. However, Laurel did not give way to Aquino for the opposition's nomination as President until he was convinced by Cardinal Jaime Sin
to run as her running-mate. Aquino had previously approached Laurel with a deal, wherein Aquino would give up her allegiance to the PDP–LABAN party and run as president under the UNIDO banner, with Laurel running for Vice President, effectively uniting the opposition groups against Marcos. Laurel had also previously offered Aquino the Vice Presidential nomination for UNIDO. In any case, Aquino ran for president under the UNIDO banner, with PDP–LABAN endorsing UNIDO coalition.
The campaign was made in the month of January 1986, for the February election. Although she was officially reported to have lost the election to Marcos, the elections were widely believed to be fraudulent. Both Marcos and Aquino claimed to have won, and held rival inaugurations on February 25, but Marcos then fled in the face of huge popular demonstrations and the refusal of the military to intervene against them.
UNIDO was dissolved after the 1987 legislative and general elections, when new parties were formed and parties parted ways. Among the parties formed from UNIDO, the Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino
, became the dominant party of the Philippines until 1992.
1987 Philippine Legislative Elections
The Lakas ng Bayan
coalition for the elections was composed of PDP–Laban
, Lakas ng Bansa, UNIDO, the Liberal Party-Salonga Wing, the National Union of Christian Democrats-United Muslim Democrats of the Philippines
, the Philippine Democratic Socialist Party
, BANDILA and Pinaghiusa.
was split into the Pimentel and Cojuangco wings. The Lakas ng Bansa, headed by Ramon Mitra
, and PDP–Laban
's Cojuangco wing, joined forces to found a new party that would support President Cory Aquino's programs, the Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino
or LDP, thus shaking the anti-Aquino alliance into confusion.
2016 National Elections
After 29 years, UNIDO returned to the Philippine political scene as an accredited party-list group
that participated in the 2016 national elections, but lost.
2019 National Elections
In the 2019 election, UNIDO ran for a seat in Congress, but again lost.
Category:Defunct political party alliances in the Philippines
Category:Political parties established in 1980
Category:Political parties disestablished in 1987
Category:People Power Revolution