The Province of the Transvaal ( af|Provinsie Transvaal), commonly referred to as the Transvaal (; ), was a province of South Africa
from 1910 until 1994, when a new constitution subdivided it following the end of apartheid
. The name "Transvaal" refers to the province's geographical location to the north of the Vaal River
. Its capital was Pretoria
, which was also the country's executive capital.
In 1910, four British colonies united to form the Union of South Africa
. The Transvaal Colony
, which had been formed out of the bulk of the old South African Republic
after the Second Boer War
, became the Transvaal Province in the new union. Half a century later, in 1961, the union ceased to be part of the Commonwealth of Nations
and became the Republic of South Africa
. The PWV
in the Transvaal, centred on Pretoria and Johannesburg, became South Africa's economic powerhouse, a position it still holds today as Gauteng
In 1994, after the fall of apartheid
, the former provinces were abolished, and the Transvaal ceased to exist. The south-central portion (including the PWV) became Gauteng
, the northern portion became Limpopo
and the southeastern portion became Mpumalanga
. Most of the North West
came from the southwestern portion of the old Transvaal, and a tiny segment of the Transvaal joined KwaZulu-Natal
Even before 1994, the Transvaal Province was subdivided into regions for a number of purposes (such as municipal and district courts, and sporting divisions). These divisions included Northern Transvaal (present-day Limpopo
and Pretoria), Eastern Transvaal (currently Mpumalanga
), Western Transvaal (currently part of North West Province
) and Southern Transvaal (now Gauteng
The Transvaal province lay between the Vaal River
in the south, and the Limpopo River
in the north, roughly between and S, and 25 and 32 E. To its south it bordered with the Orange Free State
provinces, to its west were the Cape Province
and the Bechuanaland Protectorate
), to its north Rhodesia
), and to its east Portuguese East Africa
) and Swaziland
. Except on the south-west, these borders were mostly well defined by natural features.
s were entirely inside the Transvaal: Venda
. Parts of Bophuthatswana
were also in the Transvaal, with other parts in Cape Province
and Orange Free State
Within the Transvaal lies the Waterberg Massif
, a prominent ancient geological feature of the South African landscape.
* PWV region (later Gauteng province) consisting of the Witwatersrand
, which in turn consists of the West Rand
and the East Rand
, as well as Johannesburg; the Vaal Triangle
* The North West
Districts in 1991
Districts of the province and population at the 1991 census.
* Kempton Park
* Piet Retief
(main town Dennilton
(main town Sabie
(main town Tzaneen
(main town Louis Trichardt
(main town Nylstroom
The province was divided into a number of sporting teams. These teams were renamed after the Transvaal became defunct, however their traditional territories have remained unchanged in many cases, even though they overlap the boundaries of the Transvaal's successor provinces.
Examples of this include the Blue Bulls
(formerly ''Northern Transvaal''), which governs rugby in Pretoria (now part of Gauteng) and Limpopo Province, and the Golden Lions
(formerly ''Transvaal'') formed in 1889.
The Orlando Pirates Football Club
was founded in 1937 and was originally based in Orlando, Soweto and Kaizer Chiefs
were founded. January 1970. Mamelodi Sundowns F.C.
originated from Marabastad, a cosmopolitan area north west of the Pretoria CBD in the early 1960s.
Cricket teams from the former Transvaal include ''Transvaal'' (later Gauteng
) which represented the southern parts of the province, and ''Northern Transvaal'' (later Northerns
) that represents the northern parts of Gauteng, including Pretoria, as well as areas further north.
Category:History of South Africa
Category:Former provinces of South Africa
Category:States and territories established in 1910
Category:States and territories disestablished in 1994
Category:1910 establishments in South Africa
Category:1994 disestablishments in South Africa