HOME

TheInfoList




The Province of the Transvaal ( af, Provinsie Transvaal), commonly referred to as the Transvaal (; ), was a province of
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital citie ...

South Africa
from 1910 until 1994, when a new constitution subdivided it following the end of
apartheid Apartheid (South African English South African English (SAfrE, SAfrEng, SAE, en-ZA) is the set of English language dialects native to South Africans. History British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * B ...

apartheid
. The name "Transvaal" refers to the province's geographical location to the north of the
Vaal River The Vaal River ( ; Khoemana ǃOrakobab or ''Khoemana'', also known as Korana, ǃOra, or Griqua, is a Moribund language, moribund Khoe languages, Khoe language of South Africa. Names "Khoemana" (from ''khoe'' 'person' + ''mana'' 'language') i ...

Vaal River
. Its capital was
Pretoria Pretoria is one of South Africa’s three Capital city, capital cities, serving as the seat of the executive branch of government, and as the host to all foreign embassies to South Africa. Cape Town is the legislature, legislative capital wher ...

Pretoria
, which was also the country's executive capital.


History

In 1910, four British colonies united to form the
Union of South Africa The Union of South Africa ( nl, Unie van Zuid-Afrika; af, Unie van Suid-Afrika ) was the historical predecessor to the present-day Republic of South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost ...
. The
Transvaal Colony The Transvaal Colony () was the name used to refer to the Transvaal region during the period of direct British rule and military occupation between the end of the Second Boer War The Second Boer War ( af, Tweede Vryheidsoorlog, lit. "Se ...
, which had been formed out of the bulk of the old
South African Republic The South African Republic ( nl, Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek; the ZAR; also known as the Transvaal Republic, af, Suid-Afrikaanse Republiek) was an independent republic A republic () is a form of government A government is t ...
after the
Second Boer War The Second Boer War ( af, Tweede Vryheidsoorlog, lit. "Second Freedom War", 11 October 189931 May 1902), also known as the Boer War, the Anglo–Boer War, or the South African War, was a conflict fought between the British Empire and the two B ...
, became the Transvaal Province in the new union. Half a century later, in 1961, the union ceased to be part of the
Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of Nations, generally known simply as the Commonwealth, is a political association of 54 member states, almost all of which are former territories A territory is an administrative division, usually an area that is under the ...

Commonwealth of Nations
and became the
Republic of South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the Southern Africa, southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of South Africa, 60 million people, it is the world's List of countries by population, 23rd-most ...

Republic of South Africa
. The PWV (Pretoria-
Witwatersrand The Witwatersrand () (locally the Rand or, less commonly, the Reef) is a , north-facing scarp in South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of So ...

Witwatersrand
-
Vereeniging Vereeniging () is a city located in the south of Gauteng province, South Africa, situated where the Klip River empties into the northern loop of the Vaal River. It is also one of the constituent parts of the Vaal Triangle region and was formerly si ...
)
conurbation A conurbation is a region comprising a number of metropolis A metropolis () is a large city or conurbation A conurbation is a region comprising a number of metropolis in the background A metropolis () is a large city or conurbati ...
in the Transvaal, centred on Pretoria and Johannesburg, became South Africa's economic powerhouse, a position it still holds today as
Gauteng Gauteng ( ; tn, Gauteng; Northern and Southern Sotho: ; zu, eGoli; ts, Gauteng/; Ndebele Ndebele may refer to: *Southern Ndebele people, located in South Africa *Northern Ndebele people, located in Zimbabwe and Botswana About It is a lang ...
Province. In 1994, after the fall of
apartheid Apartheid (South African English South African English (SAfrE, SAfrEng, SAE, en-ZA) is the set of English language dialects native to South Africans. History British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * B ...

apartheid
, the former provinces were abolished, and the Transvaal ceased to exist. The south-central portion (including the PWV) became
Gauteng Gauteng ( ; tn, Gauteng; Northern and Southern Sotho: ; zu, eGoli; ts, Gauteng/; Ndebele Ndebele may refer to: *Southern Ndebele people, located in South Africa *Northern Ndebele people, located in Zimbabwe and Botswana About It is a lang ...
, the northern portion became
Limpopo Limpopo is the northernmost Provinces of South Africa, province of South Africa. It is named after the Limpopo River, which forms the province's western and northern borders. The capital and largest city in the province is Polokwane (formerly ...
and the southeastern portion became
Mpumalanga Mpumalanga () is a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, ...
. Most of the North West came from the southwestern portion of the old Transvaal, and a tiny segment of the Transvaal joined
KwaZulu-Natal KwaZulu-Natal (, also referred to as KZN and known as "the garden province"; zu, iKwaZulu-Natali; xh, KwaZulu-Natala; af, KwaZoeloe-Natal) is a province of South Africa that was created in 1994 when the Zulu Zulu may refer to: Zulu people ...
. Even before 1994, the Transvaal Province was subdivided into regions for a number of purposes (such as municipal and district courts, and sporting divisions). These divisions included Northern Transvaal (present-day
Limpopo Limpopo is the northernmost Provinces of South Africa, province of South Africa. It is named after the Limpopo River, which forms the province's western and northern borders. The capital and largest city in the province is Polokwane (formerly ...

Limpopo
and Pretoria), Eastern Transvaal (currently
Mpumalanga Mpumalanga () is a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, ...

Mpumalanga
), Western Transvaal (currently part of
North West Province North West ( tn, Bokone Bophirima; Sotho language, Southern Sotho: ; nso, Leboa-Bodikela) is a Provinces of South Africa, province of South Africa. Its capital is Mahikeng. The province is located to the west of the major population centre of ...
) and Southern Transvaal (now
Gauteng Gauteng ( ; tn, Gauteng; Northern and Southern Sotho: ; zu, eGoli; ts, Gauteng/; Ndebele Ndebele may refer to: *Southern Ndebele people, located in South Africa *Northern Ndebele people, located in Zimbabwe and Botswana About It is a lang ...
Province).


Geography

The Transvaal province lay between the
Vaal River The Vaal River ( ; Khoemana ǃOrakobab or ''Khoemana'', also known as Korana, ǃOra, or Griqua, is a Moribund language, moribund Khoe languages, Khoe language of South Africa. Names "Khoemana" (from ''khoe'' 'person' + ''mana'' 'language') i ...

Vaal River
in the south, and the
Limpopo River The Limpopo River rises in South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area ...
in the north, roughly between and S, and 25 and 32 E. To its south it bordered with the
Orange Free State The Orange Free State ( nl, Oranje Vrijstaat, af, Oranje-Vrystaat, abbreviated as OVS) was an independent Boer Boers () ( af , Boere) refers to the descendants of the proto-Afrikaans-speaking colonist A settler is a person who ha ...
and
Natal NATAL or Natal may refer to: Places * Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, a city in Brazil * Natal, South Africa (disambiguation), a region in South Africa ** Natalia Republic, a former country (1839–1843) ** Colony of Natal, a former British colony (18 ...
provinces, to its west were the
Cape Province The Province of the Cape of Good Hope ( af, Provinsie Kaap die Goeie Hoop), commonly referred to as the Cape Province ( af, Kaapprovinsie) and colloquially as The Cape ( af, Die Kaap), was a province A province is almost always an administra ...
and the
Bechuanaland Protectorate The Bechuanaland Protectorate () was a protectorate A protectorate is a state that is controlled and protected by another sovereign state. It is a dependent territory A dependent territory, dependent area, or dependency (sometimes ref ...
(later
Botswana Botswana (, also ), officially the Republic of Botswana ( tn, Lefatshe la Botswana, label=Setswana; Kalanga language, Kalanga: ''Hango yeBotswana''), is a landlocked country in Southern Africa. Botswana is topographically flat, with up to 70 ...

Botswana
), to its north
Rhodesia Rhodesia (, ), officially from 1970 the Republic of Rhodesia, was an unrecognised state in Southern Africa Southern Africa is the south South is one of the cardinal directions or compass points. South is the opposite of north and is p ...

Rhodesia
(later Zimbabwe), and to its east Portuguese East Africa (later Mozambique) and Swaziland. Except on the south-west, these borders were mostly well defined by natural features. Several Bantustans were entirely inside the Transvaal: Venda, KwaNdebele, Gazankulu, KaNgwane and Lebowa. Parts of Bophuthatswana were also in the Transvaal, with other parts in
Cape Province The Province of the Cape of Good Hope ( af, Provinsie Kaap die Goeie Hoop), commonly referred to as the Cape Province ( af, Kaapprovinsie) and colloquially as The Cape ( af, Die Kaap), was a province A province is almost always an administra ...
and
Orange Free State The Orange Free State ( nl, Oranje Vrijstaat, af, Oranje-Vrystaat, abbreviated as OVS) was an independent Boer Boers () ( af , Boere) refers to the descendants of the proto-Afrikaans-speaking colonist A settler is a person who ha ...
. Within the Transvaal lies the Waterberg Massif, a prominent ancient geological feature of the South African landscape.


Regions

* PWV region (later Gauteng province) consisting of the
Witwatersrand The Witwatersrand () (locally the Rand or, less commonly, the Reef) is a , north-facing scarp in South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of So ...

Witwatersrand
, which in turn consists of the West Rand and the East Rand, as well as Johannesburg; the Vaal Triangle and Pretoria. * The North West *
Limpopo Limpopo is the northernmost Provinces of South Africa, province of South Africa. It is named after the Limpopo River, which forms the province's western and northern borders. The capital and largest city in the province is Polokwane (formerly ...

Limpopo
*
Mpumalanga Mpumalanga () is a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, ...

Mpumalanga


Districts in 1991

Districts of the province and population at the 1991 census. * Johannesburg: 1,574,631 * Alberton, Gauteng, Alberton: 367,929 * Germiston: 171,541 * Boksburg: 195,905 * Benoni, Gauteng, Benoni: 288,629 * Kempton Park, Gauteng, Kempton Park: 354,787 * Randburg: 341,430 * Roodepoort: 219,149 * Westonaria: 160,531 * Oberholzer: 177,768 * Randfontein: 116,405 * Krugersdorp: 196,213 * Brakpan: 130,463 * Springs, Gauteng, Springs: 157,702 * Nigel, Gauteng, Nigel: 92,881 * Delmas, Mpumalanga, Delmas: 48,614 *
Pretoria Pretoria is one of South Africa’s three Capital city, capital cities, serving as the seat of the executive branch of government, and as the host to all foreign embassies to South Africa. Cape Town is the legislature, legislative capital wher ...

Pretoria
: 667,700 * Wonderboom, Pretoria, Wonderboom: 266,153 * Soshanguve: 146,334 * Cullinan, Gauteng, Cullinan: 32,006 * Vanderbijlpark: 434,004 *
Vereeniging Vereeniging () is a city located in the south of Gauteng province, South Africa, situated where the Klip River empties into the northern loop of the Vaal River. It is also one of the constituent parts of the Vaal Triangle region and was formerly si ...
: 250,511 * Heidelberg, Gauteng, Heidelberg: 77,055 * Balfour, Mpumalanga, Balfour: 38,311 * Standerton: 85,893 * Hoëveldrif (Highveld Ridge): 155,881 * Bethal: 77,780 * Volksrust: 29,924 * Amersfoort, Mpumalanga, Amersfoort: 33,461 * Wakkerstroom: 33,246 * Piet Retief, Mpumalanga, Piet Retief: 64,052 * Ermelo, Mpumalanga, Ermelo: 111,082 * Carolina, Mpumalanga, Carolina: 30,438 * Bronkhorstspruit: 38,605 * Witbank: 173,281 * Middelburg, Mpumalanga, Middelburg: 140,015 * Belfast, Mpumalanga, Belfast: 28,973 * Waterval-Boven: 9,300 * Groblersdal: 57,742 * Moutse (main town Dennilton): 102,179 * Nelspruit: 61,921 * Barberton, Mpumalanga, Barberton: 72,165 * Witrivier: 30,235 * Pilgrim's Rest, Mpumalanga, Pelgrimsrus (main town Sabie): 29,063 * Lydenburg: 36,976 * Greater Letaba Local Municipality, Letaba (main town Tzaneen): 59,900 * Phalaborwa: 30,126 * Soutpansberg (main town Louis Trichardt): 35,839 * Musina, Messina: 22,959 * Polokwane, Pietersburg: 64,207 * Mokopane, Potgietersrus: 69,571 * Waterberg District Municipality, Waterberg (main town Nylstroom): 48,991 * Ellisras: 24,530 * Thabazimbi: 48,844 * Bela Bela, Warmbad: 41,692 * Brits, North West, Brits: 111,798 * Rustenburg: 125,307 * Swartruggens: 12,607 * Groot Marico, Marico: 38,983 * Koster, North West, Koster: 29,228 * Ventersdorp: 36,315 * Coligny, South Africa, Coligny: 22,154 * Lichtenburg, North West, Lichtenburg: 79,013 * Delareyville: 36,036 * Potchefstroom: 185,552 * Klerksdorp: 321,478 * Wolmaransstad: 61,497 * Schweizer-Reneke: 46,893 * Bloemhof: 15,291 * Christiana, South Africa, Christiana: 13,596


Administrators


Sports

The province was divided into a number of sporting teams. These teams were renamed after the Transvaal became defunct, however their traditional territories have remained unchanged in many cases, even though they overlap the boundaries of the Transvaal's successor provinces. Examples of this include the Blue Bulls (formerly ''Northern Transvaal''), which governs rugby in Pretoria (now part of Gauteng) and Limpopo Province, and the Golden Lions (formerly ''Transvaal'') formed in 1889. The Orlando Pirates Football Club was founded in 1937 and was originally based in Orlando, Soweto and Kaizer Chiefs were founded. January 1970. Mamelodi Sundowns F.C. originated from Marabastad, a cosmopolitan area north west of the Pretoria CBD in the early 1960s. Cricket teams from the former Transvaal include ''Transvaal'' (later Gauteng (cricket team), Gauteng) which represented the southern parts of the province, and ''Northern Transvaal'' (later Northerns (cricket team), Northerns) that represents the northern parts of Gauteng, including Pretoria, as well as areas further north.


References

{{Coord, 25, S, 30, E, type:country_source:kolossus-nlwiki, display=title History of South Africa Former provinces of South Africa States and territories established in 1910 States and territories disestablished in 1994 1910 establishments in South Africa 1994 disestablishments in South Africa