The Transhimalaya (also spelled Trans-Himalaya), or "Gangdise – Nyenchen Tanglha range", is a mountain range in China
, extending in a west–east direction parallel to the main Himalaya
n range. Located north of Yarlung Tsangpo
river on the southern edge of the Tibetan Plateau
, the Transhimalaya is composed of the Gangdise
range to the west and the Nyenchen Tanglha
range to the east.
The name ''Trans-Himalaya'' was introduced by the Swedish geographer Sven Hedin
in early 20th century.Sven Hedin's "Trans-Himalaya", Nature 82, pages 367–369 (1910)
/ref> The Trans-Himalaya was described by the ''Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer'' in 1952 as an "ill-defined mountain area" with "no marked crest line or central alignment and no division by rivers." On more-modern maps the Kailas Range (Gangdise or Kang-to-sé Shan) in the west is shown as distinct from the Nyenchen Tanglha range in the east.
Bangong-Nujiang Suture Zone.png | thumb |Location of Transhimalaya which includes Lhasa Terrane. In the north, Bangong-Nujiang Suture Zone separates Transhimalaya from the Qiangtang terrane. In the south, Indus-Yarlung suture zone separates it from Himalayas.
2_2_himal_tecto_units.png | thumb |Tectonic map of the Himalaya, modified after . Red is Transhimalaya. Green is Indus-Yarlung suture zone, north of which lies Lhasa terrane, follow by Bangong-Nujiang Suture Zone and then Qiangtang terrane.
* Geology of the Himalaya
* Indus Suture Zone
* Transhimalaya, includes the following two
** Lhasa terrane
** Karakoram fault system
* Bangong-Nujiang Suture Zone
* Qiangtang terrane
Category:Mountain ranges of the Himalayas
Category:Mountain ranges of Myanmar
Category:Mountain ranges of Tibet
Category:Mountain ranges of Sichuan