The Transhimalaya (also spelled Trans-Himalaya), or "Gangdise – Nyenchen Tanglha range", is a mountain range in China, extending in a west–east direction parallel to the main Himalayan range. Located north of Yarlung Tsangpo river on the southern edge of the Tibetan Plateau, the Transhimalaya is composed of the Gangdise range to the west and the Nyenchen Tanglha range to the east. The name ''Trans-Himalaya'' was introduced by the Swedish geographer Sven Hedin in early 20th century.Sven Hedin's "Trans-Himalaya", Nature 82, pages 367–369 (1910)
/ref> The Trans-Himalaya was described by the ''Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer'' in 1952 as an "ill-defined mountain area" with "no marked crest line or central alignment and no division by rivers." On more-modern maps the Kailas Range (Gangdise or Kang-to-sé Shan) in the west is shown as distinct from the Nyenchen Tanglha range in the east.


Bangong-Nujiang Suture Zone.png | thumb |Location of Transhimalaya which includes Lhasa Terrane. In the north, Bangong-Nujiang Suture Zone separates Transhimalaya from the Qiangtang terrane. In the south, Indus-Yarlung suture zone separates it from Himalayas. 2_2_himal_tecto_units.png | thumb |Tectonic map of the Himalaya, modified after . Red is Transhimalaya. Green is Indus-Yarlung suture zone, north of which lies Lhasa terrane, follow by Bangong-Nujiang Suture Zone and then Qiangtang terrane.

See also

* Geology of the Himalaya * Indus Suture Zone * Transhimalaya, includes the following two ** Lhasa terrane ** Karakoram fault system * Bangong-Nujiang Suture Zone * Qiangtang terrane




* Category:Mountain ranges of the Himalayas Category:Mountain ranges of Myanmar Category:Mountain ranges of Tibet Category:Mountain ranges of Sichuan {{Tibet-geo-stub