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Tarlac, officially the Province of Tarlac ( pam, Lalawigan ning Tarlac; pag, Luyag na Tarlac; ilo, Probinsia ti Tarlac; tgl, Lalawigan ng Tarlac ) is a landlocked
province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are g ...

province
in the
Philippines The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas, links=no), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( fil, Republika ng Pilipinas, links=no), * bik, Republika kan Filipinas * ceb, Republika sa Pilipinas * cbk, República de Filipinas * hil, Republ ...

Philippines
located in the
Central Luzon Central Luzon ( pam, Kalibudtarang Luzon, pag, Pegley na Luzon, tgl, Gitnang Luzon, ilo, Tengnga ti Luzon), designated as Region III, is an Regions of the Philippines, administrative region in the Philippines, primarily serving to organize th ...
region In geography Geography (from Ancient Greek, Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the Earth and Solar System, planets. The ...
. Its capital is the city of
Tarlac Tarlac, officially the Province of Tarlac ( pam, Lalawigan ning Tarlac; pag, Luyag na Tarlac; ilo, Probinsia ti Tarlac; tgl, Lalawigan ng Tarlac ) is a landlocked Provinces of the Philippines, province in the Philippines located in the Central ...
. It is bounded on the north by the province of
Pangasinan Pangasinan, officially the Province of Pangasinan ( pag, Luyag na Pangasinan, ; ilo, Probinsia ti Pangasinan; tl, Lalawigan ng Pangasinan) is a coastal province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative div ...

Pangasinan
,
Nueva Ecija Nueva Ecija, officially the Province of Nueva Ecija ( tgl, Lalawigan ng Nueva Ecija , also ; Pangasinan Pangasinan, officially the Province of Pangasinan ( pag, Luyag na Pangasinan, ; ilo, Probinsia ti Pangasinan; tl, Lalawigan ng Pangasinan ...
on the east,
Zambales Zambales ( tgl, Lalawigan ng Zambales; ilo, Probinsia ti Zambales; xsb, Probinsya nin Zambales; pam, Lalawigan ning Zambales; pag, Luyag na Zambales) is a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative ...
on the west and
Pampanga Pampanga, officially the Province of Pampanga ( pam, Lalawigan ning Pampanga; tl, Lalawigan ng Pampanga) is a Provinces of the Philippines, province in the Central Luzon Regions of the Philippines, region of the Philippines. Lying on the northe ...
in the south. The province comprises three congressional districts and is subdivided into 17 municipalities and one city, Tarlac City, which is the provincial capital. The province is situated in the heartland of
Luzon Luzon (; ) is the largest and most populous List of islands in the Philippines, island in the Philippines. It is ranked List of islands by area, 15th largest in the world by land area. Located in the northern portion of the archipelago, it is the ...
, in what is known as the Central Plain also spanning the neighbouring provinces of
Pampanga Pampanga, officially the Province of Pampanga ( pam, Lalawigan ning Pampanga; tl, Lalawigan ng Pampanga) is a Provinces of the Philippines, province in the Central Luzon Regions of the Philippines, region of the Philippines. Lying on the northe ...
,
Pangasinan Pangasinan, officially the Province of Pangasinan ( pag, Luyag na Pangasinan, ; ilo, Probinsia ti Pangasinan; tl, Lalawigan ng Pangasinan) is a coastal province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative div ...

Pangasinan
,
Nueva Ecija Nueva Ecija, officially the Province of Nueva Ecija ( tgl, Lalawigan ng Nueva Ecija , also ; Pangasinan Pangasinan, officially the Province of Pangasinan ( pag, Luyag na Pangasinan, ; ilo, Probinsia ti Pangasinan; tl, Lalawigan ng Pangasinan ...
and
Bulacan Bulacan, officially the Province of Bulacan ( tgl, Lalawigan ng Bulacan; pam, Lalawigan ning Bulacan) (PSGC031400000 ISO: PH-BUL) is a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administra ...
. Tarlac covers a total land area of . Early in history, what came to be known as Valenzuela Ranch today was once a thickly-forested area, peopled by roving tribes of nomadic Aetas who are said to be the aboriginal settlers of the Philippines, and for a lengthy period, it was the remaining hinterland of Luzon's Central Plains. Today, Tarlac is the most multi-cultural of the provinces in the region for having a mixture of four distinct ethnic groups: the Kapampangans, the Pangasinans, the
Ilocanos The Ilocanos ( ilo, Tattao nga Iloko/Ilokano), Ilokanos, or Iloko people are the third largest Ethnic groups in the Philippines, Filipino ethnolinguistic group and mostly reside within the Ilocos Region in the northwestern seaboard of Luzon, Philip ...
and the Tagalogs. It is also known for its fine food and vast sugar and rice plantations in Central Luzon.


History

Tarlac's name is a Hispanized derivation from a ''talahib'' weed called ''Malatarlak''. Tarlac was originally divided into two parts: the southern division belonging to
Pampanga Pampanga, officially the Province of Pampanga ( pam, Lalawigan ning Pampanga; tl, Lalawigan ng Pampanga) is a Provinces of the Philippines, province in the Central Luzon Regions of the Philippines, region of the Philippines. Lying on the northe ...
and the northern division belonging to
Pangasinan Pangasinan, officially the Province of Pangasinan ( pag, Luyag na Pangasinan, ; ilo, Probinsia ti Pangasinan; tl, Lalawigan ng Pangasinan) is a coastal province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative div ...

Pangasinan
. It was the last province in Central Luzon to be organized under the Spanish colonial administration in 1874. Its nucleus were the towns of Concepcion, Capas, Bamban, Mabalacat, Magalang, Porac, Floridablanca, Victoria, and Tarlac which constituted a military comandancia. Some of these municipalities were returned to Pampanga but the rest were incorporated into the new province of Tarlac. Unlike other provinces in Central Luzon, Tarlac was relatively free from revolts during the Spanish regime before the late 1800s rose. Only the
rebellion Rebellion, uprising, or insurrection is a refusal of obedience or order. It refers to the open resistance against the orders of an established authority In the fields of sociology Sociology is the study of society, human social behavio ...
started by Juan de la Cruz Palaris in Pangasinan spread to the northern portion of Tarlac. During the
Philippine Revolution The Philippine Revolution ( fil, Himagsikang Pilipino / Rebolusyong Pilipino; es, Revolución Filipina), called the Tagalog War () by the Spanish, was a revolution and subsequent conflict fought between the people and insurgents of the Philippi ...
of 1896, Tarlac was among the first eight provinces to rise against Spain, alongside neighbouring Pampanga. It became the new seat of the
first Philippine Republic The Philippine Republic ( es, República Filipina), more commonly known by historians as the First Philippine Republic or the Malolos Republic, was a polity in the Philippines. It was established by the promulgation of the Malolos Constitutio ...
in March 1899 when General
Emilio Aguinaldo Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (: March 22, 1869February 6, 1964) was a Filipino Filipino may refer to: * Something from or related to the Philippines The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas or ''Filipinas'' ), officially the Republic of the Phi ...

Emilio Aguinaldo
abandoned the former capital,
Malolos, Bulacan , officially the ( tl, Lungsod ng ), is a Cities of the Philippines#Legal classification, and capital of the Provinces of the Philippines, province of , . According to the , it has a population of people. It is the capital city of the Prov ...
. This lasted only for a month before the seat was moved to
Nueva Ecija Nueva Ecija, officially the Province of Nueva Ecija ( tgl, Lalawigan ng Nueva Ecija , also ; Pangasinan Pangasinan, officially the Province of Pangasinan ( pag, Luyag na Pangasinan, ; ilo, Probinsia ti Pangasinan; tl, Lalawigan ng Pangasinan ...
in Aguinaldo's attempt to elude the pursuing Americans. On October 23, 1899,
Gregorio Aglipay Gregorio is a masculine given name and a surname. It may refer to: Given name * Gregorio Conrado Álvarez Gregorio Conrado Álvarez Armelino (26 November 1925 – 28 December 2016), also known as El Goyo, was an National Army (Uruguay), Uruguaya ...

Gregorio Aglipay
, military vicar general of the revolutionary forces, called the Filipino clergy to a conference in
Paniqui , officially the ( ilo, Ili ti Paniqui; pag, Baley na Paniqui; pam, Balen ning Paniqui; tgl, Bayan ng Paniqui), is a of the Philippines, in the Philippine Province, province of , . According to the , it has a population of people. It is th ...
. There, they drafted the constitution of the
Philippine Independent Church The Philippine Independent Church ( es, Iglesia Filipina Independiente; tl, Malayang Simbahan ng Pilipinas; la, Libera Ecclesia Philippina; colloquially called the Aglipayan Church, IFI and PIC) is an independent Christian denomination A Chr ...
. They called for the Filipinization of the clergy, which eventually led to a separation from the
Roman Catholic Church The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Baptism (from the Greek language, Greek noun βάπτισμα ''báptisma'') is a Christians, Christian ...

Roman Catholic Church
in the Philippines. Tarlac was captured by American forces in November 1899. A
civil government Civil authority or civil government is the practical implementation of a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspape ...
was established in the province in 1901. During
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
,
Camp O'Donnell Camp O'Donnell is a former United States military reservation in the Philippines located on Luzon island in the municipality of Capas, Tarlac, Capas in Tarlac. It housed the Philippine Army's newly created 71st Division and after the Americans' ...
in
Capas Capas, officially the Municipality of Capas ( pam, Balen ning Capas; pag, Baley na Capas; ilo, Ili ti Capas; tgl, Bayan ng Capas), is a 1st class Philippine municipality, municipality in the Philippine province, province of Tarlac, Philippine ...

Capas
became the terminal point of the infamous Bataan Death March of Filipino and American soldiers who surrendered at
Bataan Bataan ( ; tl, Lalawigan ng Bataan ; pam, Lalauígan ning Bataan) is a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative regio ...

Bataan
on April 9, 1942. Many prisoners died of hunger, disease and/or execution. The general headquarters of the
Philippine Commonwealth Army The Philippine Army was established on December 21, 1935 as the Army of the Philippines, with a general headquarters in Manila, and units and formations based throughout the provinces of the Philippines. The Philippine Army was initially orga ...
was established from January 3, 1942, to June 30, 1946, and the 3rd Constabulary Regiment of the
Philippine Constabulary The Philippine Constabulary (PC; tl, Hukbóng Pamayapà ng Pilipinas, ''HPP''; es, Policía de Filipinas, ''PF'') was a gendarmerie Wrong info! --> A vedette of the French ''Gendarmerie Maritime'' in La Rochelle harbour A ...
was founding again from October 28, 1944, to June 30, 1946, and military stationed in the province of Tarlac and some parts in Central Luzon due to Japanese Occupation. Local troops of the Philippine Commonwealth Army units has sending the clearing military operations in the province of Tarlac and Central Luzon from 1942 to 1945 and aided them by the recognized guerrilla groups including
Hukbalahap The Hukbong Bayan Laban sa Hapon (literally, "People's Army Against the Japanese"), better known by the acronym Hukbalahap (the Huks), was a communist Communism (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the I ...
Communist fighters and attacking Japanese Imperial forces. But in the aftermath, some local guerrilla resistance fighters and Hukbahalap groups are became retreating Imperial Japanese troops around the province and before the liberation from the Allied forces. In early 1945, combined American and Filipino military forces with the recognized Aringay Command guerillas liberated
Camp O'Donnell Camp O'Donnell is a former United States military reservation in the Philippines located on Luzon island in the municipality of Capas, Tarlac, Capas in Tarlac. It housed the Philippine Army's newly created 71st Division and after the Americans' ...
. The raid in Capas resulted in the rescue of American, Filipino and other allied
Prisoners of War A prisoner of war (POW) is a non-combatant Non-combatant is a term of art Jargon is the specialized terminology associated with a particular field or area of activity. Jargon is normally employed in a particular Context (language use), co ...
. From January 20, 1945, to August 15, 1945, Tarlac was recaptured by combined Filipino and American troops together with the recognized guerrilla fighters against the
Japanese Imperial forces Imperial Japanese Armed Forces was the armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare War is an intense armed conflict between State ...
during the liberation and beginning for the Battle of Tarlac under the Luzon Campaign.


Military testing ground

Recently, the Philippine Army has used Crow Valley in the borders of Barangay Patling and Santa Lucia in Capas, Tarlac as a testing ground for both Philippine forces and allies. Many of the Philippine military testings were done on March 17, 2006 most likely as a part of
Operation Enduring Freedom - Philippines Operation or Operations may refer to: Arts, entertainment and media * ''Operation'' (game), a battery-operated board game that challenges dexterity * Operation (music) upright=1.5, Set 3-1 has three possible rotations/inversions, the normal ...
.


Geography

The landlocked province is situated at the center of the central plains of
Luzon Luzon (; ) is the largest and most populous List of islands in the Philippines, island in the Philippines. It is ranked List of islands by area, 15th largest in the world by land area. Located in the northern portion of the archipelago, it is the ...
, landlocked by four provinces:
Pampanga Pampanga, officially the Province of Pampanga ( pam, Lalawigan ning Pampanga; tl, Lalawigan ng Pampanga) is a Provinces of the Philippines, province in the Central Luzon Regions of the Philippines, region of the Philippines. Lying on the northe ...
on the south,
Nueva Ecija Nueva Ecija, officially the Province of Nueva Ecija ( tgl, Lalawigan ng Nueva Ecija , also ; Pangasinan Pangasinan, officially the Province of Pangasinan ( pag, Luyag na Pangasinan, ; ilo, Probinsia ti Pangasinan; tl, Lalawigan ng Pangasinan ...
on the east,
Pangasinan Pangasinan, officially the Province of Pangasinan ( pag, Luyag na Pangasinan, ; ilo, Probinsia ti Pangasinan; tl, Lalawigan ng Pangasinan) is a coastal province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative div ...

Pangasinan
on the north, and
Zambales Zambales ( tgl, Lalawigan ng Zambales; ilo, Probinsia ti Zambales; xsb, Probinsya nin Zambales; pam, Lalawigan ning Zambales; pag, Luyag na Zambales) is a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative ...
on the west. The province covers a total area of . Approximately 75% of the province is plains while the rest is hilly to slightly mountainous. Eastern Tarlac is a plain, while Western Tarlac is hilly to slightly mountainous. Because of this, the province includes a large portion of mountains like Mt. Telakawa (Straw Hat Mountain), located at
Capas, Tarlac Capas, officially the Municipality of Capas ( pam, Balen ning Capas; pag, Baley na Capas; ilo, Ili ti Capas; tgl, Bayan ng Capas), is a 1st class municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division Administrativ ...

Capas, Tarlac
. Mt. Bueno, Mt. Mor-Asia and Mt. Canouman are located also in Capas as well as Mt. Dalin. The other mountains are Mt. Dueg and Mt. Maasin, found in the municipality of
San Clemente San Clemente (; Spanish language, Spanish for "Pope Clement I, St. Clement") is a coastal city in Orange County, California, Orange County, California, United States. The population was 63,522 in at the 2010 census. Located on the California Coas ...
. Also noted are Mt. Damas of
Camiling Camiling ( pag, Baley na Camiling; pam, Balen ning Camiling; ilo, Ili ti Camiling; tl, Bayan ng Camiling) is a municipality of the Philippine province, province of Tarlac in the Philippines. According to the , it has a population of people. ...
. A portion of
Mount Pinatubo Mount Pinatubo ( xsb, Bakil nin Pinatobo; pam, Bunduk/Bulkan ning Pinatubu, Bunduk ning Apu Malyari; pag, Palandey/Bulkan na Pinatubu; ilo, Bantay Pinatubo; tgl, Bundok/Bulkang Pinatubo ) is an active volcano, active stratovolcano in the ...

Mount Pinatubo
(whose summit crater rests in neighbouring
Zambales Zambales ( tgl, Lalawigan ng Zambales; ilo, Probinsia ti Zambales; xsb, Probinsya nin Zambales; pam, Lalawigan ning Zambales; pag, Luyag na Zambales) is a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative ...
) also rests in Bamban and Capas. The whole of
Mayantoc , officially the ( pam, Balen ning Mayantoc; pag, Baley na Mayantoc; ilo, Ili ti Mayantoc; tl, Bayan ng Mayantoc), is a of the Philippines, in the Philippine Province, province of , . According to the , it has a population of people. It i ...
and San Jose are mountainous so it is suitable for the highest natural resources and forest products in the province such as coal, iron, copper, temperate-climate fruits and vegetables, fire logs, sand, rocks and forest animals such as wild boar and deer. The main water sources for agriculture include the
Tarlac River Tarlac River is a river in Central Luzon Philippines, it is the longest tributary of Agno River with a total length of covering a drainage basin, drainage area of traversing the provinces of Tarlac and Pangasinan. The river originates around th ...
at Tarlac City, the Lucong and Parua rivers in Concepcion, Sacobia-Bamban River in
Bamban , officially the ( pam, Balen ning Bamban; fil, Bayan ng Bamban), is a in the province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administra ...
and the Rio Chico in
La Paz La Paz (), officially known as Nuestra Señora de La Paz (Spanish pronunciation: Help:IPA/Spanish, nwes.tɾa seˈɲoɾa ðe la pas ''English: Our Lady of Peace''), and also Chuqi Yapu in Aymara language, Aymara, is the seat of government ...
.


Administrative divisions

Tarlac is subdivided into 17
municipalities A municipality is usually a single administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, ...
and 1
component city A city ( fil, lungsod/siyudad) is one of the units of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities ( fil, nakakartang lungsod), whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own sp ...

component city
, all encompassed by three congressional districts. There are a total of 511
barangay A barangay (; abbreviated as Brgy. or Bgy.), sometimes referred to by its archaic name barrio (abbreviated as Bo.), is the smallest administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, ad ...

barangay
s comprising the province.


Barangays

The 17 municipalities and 1 city of the province comprise a total of 511
barangay A barangay (; abbreviated as Brgy. or Bgy.), sometimes referred to by its archaic name barrio (abbreviated as Bo.), is the smallest administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, ad ...

barangay
s, with ''Cristo Rey'' in
Capas Capas, officially the Municipality of Capas ( pam, Balen ning Capas; pag, Baley na Capas; ilo, Ili ti Capas; tgl, Bayan ng Capas), is a 1st class Philippine municipality, municipality in the Philippine province, province of Tarlac, Philippine ...

Capas
as the most populous in 2010, and ''Malonzo'' in
Bamban , officially the ( pam, Balen ning Bamban; fil, Bayan ng Bamban), is a in the province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administra ...
as the least.


Climate

Like the rest of
Central Luzon Central Luzon ( pam, Kalibudtarang Luzon, pag, Pegley na Luzon, tgl, Gitnang Luzon, ilo, Tengnga ti Luzon), designated as Region III, is an Regions of the Philippines, administrative region in the Philippines, primarily serving to organize th ...
, the province has three distinct seasons: summer from March to June, monsoon rain from July to early October, and monsoon winter from late October to February. Summer months, especially during May bring frequent, sometimes severe, thunderstorms with high winds, thunder, and hail. It is the coldest province in the region, with a yearly average of . Cold snap is not common, which gradually receives unusual average temperature of , while maximum daytime peaks . It is also the windiest province in the region during February and March due to its widely lowland altitude and extreme climate transition. The lowest temperature ever recorded is and the highest temperature at .


Demographics

The population of Tarlac in the was people, with a density of . There are two predominant
ethnic groups An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identity (social science), identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that distinguish them from other groups. Those attributes can include common sets of traditions, ances ...
in the province: the Kapampangans that mainly predominate the province's southern portion and the Pangasinans that mainly predominate the province's northern portion. Both ethno-linguistic groups intermingle together in the
provincial capital A capital or capital city is the municipality holding primary status in a Department (country subdivision), department, country, Constituent state, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of the government. A capita ...
. The Tagalogs and
Ilocanos The Ilocanos ( ilo, Tattao nga Iloko/Ilokano), Ilokanos, or Iloko people are the third largest Ethnic groups in the Philippines, Filipino ethnolinguistic group and mostly reside within the Ilocos Region in the northwestern seaboard of Luzon, Philip ...
constitute the rest of the provincial populace.


Language

Kapampangan Kapampangan, Capampañgan or Pampangan may refer to: *Kapampangan people of the Philippines *Kapampangan language {{disambig Language and nationality disambiguation pages ...
and
Pangasinan Pangasinan, officially the Province of Pangasinan ( pag, Luyag na Pangasinan, ; ilo, Probinsia ti Pangasinan; tl, Lalawigan ng Pangasinan) is a coastal province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative div ...
are mainly used throughout the entire province, as well as Ilocano and
Tagalog Tagalog may refer to: Language * Tagalog language Tagalog (, ; ) is an Austronesian languages, Austronesian language spoken as a first language by the ethnic Tagalog people, who make up a quarter of the population of the Philippines, and as a se ...
. Ilocanos and Tagalogs however, speak their respective languages with a Kapampangan/Pangasinan accent, as descendants of Ilocanos and Tagalogs from the first generations who lived in the province learned Kapampangan and/or Pangasinan.
English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic language of the Indo-European language family The Indo-European languages are a language family A language is a structured system of communication use ...
is widely understood as well, especially in professional and educational establishments.


Religion

Spanish influence is very visible in the province as shown by religious adherence.
Roman Catholicism The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Baptism (from the Greek language, Greek noun βάπτισμα ''báptisma'') is a Christians, Christian r ...
is professed by 80%-83% of the population.
Protestant Protestantism is a form of that originated with the 16th-century , a movement against what its followers perceived to be in the . Protestants originating in the Reformation reject the Roman Catholic doctrine of , but disagree among themselves ...
groups are also present such as evangelicals forming 8% of the province population. The St. Michael Archangel Parish Church in
Camiling Camiling ( pag, Baley na Camiling; pam, Balen ning Camiling; ilo, Ili ti Camiling; tl, Bayan ng Camiling) is a municipality of the Philippine province, province of Tarlac in the Philippines. According to the , it has a population of people. ...
was the oldest religious structure in the entire province until it was burned in 1997. Muslims, Anitists, animists, and atheists are also present in the province.


Economy

The economy of Tarlac is predominantly
agricultural Agriculture is the science, art and practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary Image:Family watching television 1958.jpg, Exercise trends, Increases in sedentary behaviors su ...

agricultural
. It is among the biggest producers of
rice Rice is the seed A seed is an embryonic ''Embryonic'' is the twelfth studio album by experimental rock band the Flaming Lips released on October 13, 2009, on Warner Bros. Records, Warner Bros. The band's first double album, it was relea ...

rice
and
sugarcane Sugarcane or sugar cane is a species of (often hybrid) tall, perennial A perennial plant or simply perennial is a plant Plants are predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the Kingdom (biology), kingdom Plantae. Historically, ...

sugarcane
(the principal crops) in Central Luzon. Other major crops are
corn Maize ( ; ''Zea mays'' subsp. ''mays'', from es, maíz after tnq, mahiz), also known as corn (North American English, North American and Australian English), is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples of the Americas, indige ...

corn
and
coconut The coconut tree (''Cocos nucifera'') is a member of the palm tree family (biology), family (Arecaceae) and the only living species of the genus ''Cocos''. The term "coconut" (or the archaic "cocoanut") can refer to the whole coconut palm, t ...

coconut
s, fruits (
banana A banana is an elongated, edible fruit In botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specia ...

banana
s,
calamansi Calamansi (''Citrus'' × ''microcarpa''), also known as calamondin, Philippine lime, or Philippine lemon, is an economically important citrus fruit, citrus hybrid (biology), hybrid predominantly cultivated in the Philippines. It is native to the ...
and
mango A mango is an edible stone fruit ), showing both fruit In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering. Fruits are the means by which angiosper ...

mango
es) and vegetables (
eggplant Eggplant ( US, Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous ...

eggplant
s,
garlic Garlic (''Allium sativum'') is a species of bulbous flowering plant in the genus ''Allium''. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive, Allium fistulosum, Welsh onion and Allium chinense, Chinese onion. It is native to Central ...

garlic
and
onion The onion (''Allium cepa'' L., from Latin ''cepa'' "onion"), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is a vegetable Vegetables are parts of plants that are consumed by humans or other animals as food. The original meaning is still co ...

onion
s). Because the province is landlocked, its fish production is limited to fishpens, but it has vast river systems and irrigation. On the
Zambales Zambales ( tgl, Lalawigan ng Zambales; ilo, Probinsia ti Zambales; xsb, Probinsya nin Zambales; pam, Lalawigan ning Zambales; pag, Luyag na Zambales) is a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative ...
boundary to its west, forest land provides timber for the logging industry. Mineral reserves such as manganese and iron can also be found along the western section. Tarlac has its own rice and corn mills, sawmills and logging outfits. It has three sugar-refining centrals and hosts many sugar products in Central Luzon, especially the
Muscovado Muscovado is a type of partially refined to unrefined sugar Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrate is a disaccharide A disaccharide (also called a double sugar or ''biose'') is the sugar formed when two ...
sugar of the municipality of Victoria. Other firms service agricultural needs such as fertilizers. Among its cottage industries, ceramics has become available because of the abundant supply of clay. Some of the major industries here involve making are chicharon (pork skin chips) and iniruban in the municipality of Camiling and
Ilang-Ilang ''Cananga odorata'', known as the cananga tree, is a tropical tree that is native to India, through parts of Indochina, Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia, to Queensland, Australia. It is valued for the perfume extracted from its flowers, ...
products of Anao.
Tilapia Tilapia ( ) is the common name Common may refer to: Places * Common, a townland in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland * Boston Common Boston Common (also known as the Common) is a central public park in downtown Boston, Massachusetts. It is s ...

Tilapia
production is also improving in Tarlac, with an aim to make the province the second "''
Tilapia Tilapia ( ) is the common name Common may refer to: Places * Common, a townland in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland * Boston Common Boston Common (also known as the Common) is a central public park in downtown Boston, Massachusetts. It is s ...

Tilapia
Capital of Central Luzon''" after its mother province,
Pampanga Pampanga, officially the Province of Pampanga ( pam, Lalawigan ning Pampanga; tl, Lalawigan ng Pampanga) is a Provinces of the Philippines, province in the Central Luzon Regions of the Philippines, region of the Philippines. Lying on the northe ...
.


Infrastructure


Electricity


Religion

The province of Tarlac is composed of many religious groups, but it is predominantly Roman Catholic (79.55%). According to 2010 Census, other prominent Christian groups include the
Iglesia ni Cristo Iglesia ni Cristo (, abbreviated as INC; ; Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Cana ...
(7.43%),
Aglipayan Church The Philippine Independent Church ( es, Iglesia Filipina Independiente; tl, Malayang Simbahan ng Pilipinas; la, Libera Ecclesia Philippina; colloquially called the Aglipayan Church, IFI and PIC) is an independent Christian denomination A Chr ...
(2.24%), Evangelicals (1.97%), Jehovah’s Witness (0.64%) and many others.


Culture


Belenismo sa Tarlac

''Belenismo sa Tarlac'' was launched by Isabel Cojuangco-Suntay, sister of former Ambassador Eduardo Cojuangco Jr., to transform the province into the '' Belén Capital of the Philippines''. The Belen Festival began in September 2007, with the first Belen-making workshop conducted on December 16, 2007. Organizers have intended the festival to become an annual event in the province. Senator
Loren Legarda Lorna Regina "Loren" Bautista Legarda (born January 28, 1960) is a Filipina politician, environmentalist An environmentalist is a person who is concerned with and/or advocates for the protection of the environment. An environmentalist can b ...

Loren Legarda
led the awarding of the first Belen-making competition where Tarlac PNP Office Belen, built by at least 24 policemen, won the first prize. Belenismo in Spanish means the art of making Belén, a representation of the Nativity scene in which the
Holy Family The Holy Family consists of the Child Jesus, the Blessed Virgin Mary, Virgin Mary, and Saint Joseph. The subject became popular in art from the 1490s on, but veneration of the Holy Family was formally begun in the 17th century by Saint Françoi ...

Holy Family
(Joseph, Mary and the infant Jesus) is visited by the three wise men who came to the manger through the guidance of a star.


Chicharon Iniruban Festival

It is a festivity that is yearly celebrated in the town of
Camiling Camiling ( pag, Baley na Camiling; pam, Balen ning Camiling; ilo, Ili ti Camiling; tl, Bayan ng Camiling) is a municipality of the Philippine province, province of Tarlac in the Philippines. According to the , it has a population of people. ...
during the last week of October. It is intended as a preparation for
All Saints' Day All Saints' Day, also known as All Hallows' Day, Hallowmas, the Feast of All Saints, or Solemnity of All Saints, is a Christian Christians () are people who follow or adhere to Christianity, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on the ...
and a Thanksgiving Celebration for the good harvest and for the good quality of meat products especially the ''chicharon'' or Bagnet. It also features the exotic and delicious rice cake ''Iniruban'', as called by
Ilocanos The Ilocanos ( ilo, Tattao nga Iloko/Ilokano), Ilokanos, or Iloko people are the third largest Ethnic groups in the Philippines, Filipino ethnolinguistic group and mostly reside within the Ilocos Region in the northwestern seaboard of Luzon, Philip ...
. The festival's highlights are the street dancing competition, Miss Iniruban beauty pageant, and the municipality's agri-trade. It is the oldest cultural celebration in the province introduced in 2000.


Provincial capitol

The highest seat of political power of the province is located on a hill in Barangay San Vicente, Tarlac City. The present structure was finished in 1909. During the Japanese occupation, the provincial capitol was vacated and used as the provincial headquarters of the Imperial Army. The capitol suffered great damages during the
Second World War World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
, but afterwards, in 1946, the United States of America helped rebuild and improve its structure. Because of its historical background, the picture of the capitol façade appeared in the previous version of the 500 peso bill.


See also

*
Roman Catholic Diocese of Tarlac The Roman Catholic Diocese of Tarlac ( la, Dioecesis Tarlacensis) is a diocese In Ecclesiastical polity, church governance, a diocese or bishopric is the ecclesiastical district under the jurisdiction of a bishop. History In the later or ...
*
Super regions of the Philippines The super regions of the Philippines are an informal and ''de facto'' defunct grouping of parts of regions In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study ...
*
Pampanga Pampanga, officially the Province of Pampanga ( pam, Lalawigan ning Pampanga; tl, Lalawigan ng Pampanga) is a Provinces of the Philippines, province in the Central Luzon Regions of the Philippines, region of the Philippines. Lying on the northe ...
*
Pangasinan Pangasinan, officially the Province of Pangasinan ( pag, Luyag na Pangasinan, ; ilo, Probinsia ti Pangasinan; tl, Lalawigan ng Pangasinan) is a coastal province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative div ...

Pangasinan


References


External links

* *
Official Portal of the Province of Tarlac
{{Authority control Provinces of the Philippines States and territories established in 1872 1872 establishments in the Philippines