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Tajura ( ar, تاجوراء, translit=Tājūrā), also spelt ''Tajoura'', is a town in north-western
Libya Libya (; ar, ليبيا, Lībiyā), officially the State of Libya ( ar, دولة ليبيا, Dawlat Lībiyā), is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to Egypt–Libya border, th ...

Libya
, and
baladiyah Baladiyah () is a type of Arabic administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are ge ...
in the
Tripoli Muhafazah Tripoli (; ar, طرابلس, ; ber, ⵜⵔⵢⴱⵓⵍⵙ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case is the distinction between the letters Letter, letters, or literature may refer to: Character ...
, on the
Mediterranean The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Western Europe, Western and Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa ...
coast east of
Tripoli Tripoli (; ar, طرابلس, ; ber, ⵜⵔⵢⴱⵓⵍⵙ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals ...

Tripoli
. From 2001 to 2007 Tajura was the capital of the
Tajura wa Arba' District Tajura ( ar, تاجوراء, translit=Tājūrā), also spelt ''Tajoura'', is a town in north-western Libya Libya (; ar, ليبيا, Lībiyā), officially the State of Libya ( ar, دولة ليبيا, Dawlat Lībiyā), is a country in th ...
. Tajura is also known to be the most anti-Gaddafi district in Tripoli and had high casualties in the Libyan revolution.


History

The
Ottoman Turks The Ottoman Turks or Osmanlı Turks ( tr, Osmanlı Türkleri), were the Turkic people The Turkic peoples are a collection of ethnic groups of Central Asia, Central, East Asia, East, North Asia, North and West Asia as well as parts of Europe an ...
established a base at Tajura in 1531. Under the command of
Hayreddin Barbarossa Hayreddin Barbarossa ( ar, خير الدين بربروس, Khayr al-Din Barbarus, original name Khiḍr), also known as Hızır Hayrettin Pasha, and simply Hızır Reis (c. 1466/1478 – 4 July 1546), was an Ottoman corsair and later admiral ...

Hayreddin Barbarossa
, the site was selected for its proximity to Tripoli which had come under the
Knights of Malta The Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM), officially the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta ( it, Sovrano Militare Ordine Ospedaliero di San Giovanni di Gerusalemme di Rodi e di Malta; ...
in 1530 when
Charles V of Spain Charles is a masculine given name predominantly found in English language, English and French language, French speaking countries. It is from the French form ''Charles'' of the Proto-Germanic, Proto-Germanic name ᚲᚨᚱᛁᛚᚨᛉ (in r ...

Charles V of Spain
, as King of Sicily, had given them Tripoli, Gozo and Malta. Tripoli was captured in the Siege of Tripoli (1551), Siege of Tripoli. Tajura was the center of Libya's nuclear research, with a 10 megawatt reactor, built by the Soviet Union, which came online in 1981.Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (2005) ''SIPRI Yearbook 2005: Armaments, disarmament and international security'' Humanities Press, New York
page 636
During the second Libyan Civil War, Tajura has become associated with the insurgency of 101 Battalion (Libya), 101 Battalion. The name Tajoura is rumoured to be named after a princess who lost her crown. "Taj" meaning crown, and "oura" being the name of the princess, the crown was found in this area and so was named Tajoura (Oura's crown).


Districts of Tajura

* Goot Al-Rumman * Abe Al Ash'her * Al-Marouhna * Al Hamidiya * Al Kwateb * Al'aswal * Awlad Al Turki * Be'ar Al Sanyaa * Shatt al-Sidi Othman (Sidi Othman) * Btisp * Be'ar Al Osta Milad * El Atamana * Dakhla * Rima * Diyar Jaber * Almchai - Aribat - and the cemetery Sahaabi and Hada title Almchai * Market - the middle * Goudec * Punishment (the headquarters of the commander Uqba) * Al Knadra * Andilsi * Shatt span * al mashin * Wadi Al Rabie


Tourism in Tajura

* Tajura tourist village Sidi al-Andalus. Used occasionally as a meeting place by Muammar al-Gaddafi. Mainly used as guest house by Teknica (UK) Ltd, and for a short time by Taknia Libya. Demolished in December 2010. * Village Heroj * Fish Market * "Best Fish Restaurants and Takeways in Libya" * Tajoura city centre (Al- Muzdawaja) * The palm tree next to the mosque


Tajura Sports Centre

* Club editorial * Club Abe Al Ash'her * Club Hamidiya


References

{{reflist Populated coastal places in Libya Oases of Libya Populated places in Tripoli District Baladiyat of Libya