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Sioux Falls (;
LakotaLakota may refer to: * Lakota people, a confederation of seven related Native American tribes *Lakota language Lakota (), also referred to as Lakhota, Teton or Teton Sioux, is a Siouan language spoken by the Lakota people of the Sioux tribes. T ...
: ''Íŋyaŋ Okábleča Otȟúŋwahe''; "Stone Shatter City") is the
most populous city The United Nations uses three definitions for what constitutes a city, as not all cities in all jurisdictions are classified using the same criteria. Cities may be defined as the city proper, cities proper, the extent of their urban area, or the ...
in the
U.S. state In the , a state is a , of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a , each state holds al jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory where it shares its with the . Due to this shared sovereignty, are both of t ...
of
South Dakota South Dakota () (Sioux The Sioux or Oceti Sakowin (; Dakota Dakota may refer to: * Dakota people, a sub-tribe of the Sioux ** Dakota language, their language From this origin, Dakota may also refer to: Places United States * Dakot ...

South Dakota
and the 131st-most populous city in the United States. It is the
county seat A county seat is an administrative centerAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government, or a county town, or the place where the central administration of a Township, commune is located. In countries with Fre ...
of Minnehaha County and also extends into
Lincoln CountyLincoln County may refer to: Australia *Lincoln County, New South Wales *the former name of Lincoln Land District, Tasmania Canada *Lincoln County, Ontario, one of the historic counties of Ontario United Kingdom *The archaic term "County of Linco ...
to the south, proximate with the
Iowa Iowa () is a U.S. state, state in the Midwestern United States, Midwestern region of the United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri River and Big Sioux River to the west. It is bordered by six states: Wiscon ...

Iowa
state line. As of 2020, Sioux Falls had a population of 192,517. The Sioux Falls metro area accounts for more than 30% of the state's entire population. Chartered in 1856 on the banks of the
Big Sioux River upright=1.2, This excerpt from the Lewis and Clark map of 1814 shows the rivers of western Iowa and eastern South Dakota. The Big Sioux River ("Sioux") is seen near the center of the map. The Big Sioux River is a tributary of the Missouri River, ...
, the city is situated in the rolling hills at the junction of interstates 29 and 90. According to ''Best Life'' magazine, Sioux Falls is the healthiest city in the United States and is often considered one of the healthiest cities in the US by many other organizations.


History

The history of Sioux Falls revolves around the cascades of the
Big Sioux River upright=1.2, This excerpt from the Lewis and Clark map of 1814 shows the rivers of western Iowa and eastern South Dakota. The Big Sioux River ("Sioux") is seen near the center of the map. The Big Sioux River is a tributary of the Missouri River, ...
. The falls were created about 14,000 years ago during the last ice age. The lure of the falls has been a powerful influence. Ho-Chunk, Ioway, Otoe, Missouri, Omaha (and Ponca at the time), Quapaw, Kansa, Osage, Arikira, Dakota, and Cheyenne people inhabited and settled the region previous to Europeans and European descendants. Numerous
burial mounds The Royal mounds of Gamla Uppsala in Sweden from the 5th and 6th centuries originally the site had 2,000 to 3,000 tumuli, but due to quarrying and agriculture only 250 remain. A tumulus (plural tumuli) is a mound A mound is a heaped pil ...
still exist on the high bluffs near the river and are spread throughout the general vicinity. Indigenous people maintained an agricultural society with fortified villages, and the later arrivals rebuilt on many of the same sites that were previously settled.
LakotaLakota may refer to: * Lakota people, a confederation of seven related Native American tribes *Lakota language Lakota (), also referred to as Lakhota, Teton or Teton Sioux, is a Siouan language spoken by the Lakota people of the Sioux tribes. T ...
populate urban and reservation communities in the contemporary state and many Lakota, Dakota, and numerous other Indigenous Americans reside in Sioux Falls today. French voyagers/explorers visited the area in the early 18th century. The first documented visit by an American of European descent was by
Philander PrescottPhilander Prescott (September 17, 1801 – August 10, 1862) was the son of Dr. Joel Prescott and Phildelia Reed. He was a native of Phelps, New York, Phelps, Ontario County, New York. He headed west in the spring of 1819, stopping a few months in De ...
, who camped overnight at the falls in December 1832. Captain James Allen led a military expedition out of Fort Des Moines in 1844. Jacob Ferris described the Falls in his 1856 book "The States and Territories of the Great West". Two separate groups, the Dakota Land Company of St. Paul and the Western Town Company of
Dubuque, Iowa Dubuque is the county seat A county seat is an administrative centerAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within ...
organized in 1856 to claim the land around the falls, considered a promising townsite for its beauty and water power. Each laid out claims, but worked together for mutual protection. They built a temporary barricade of turf which they dubbed "Fort Sod", in response to native tribes attempting to defend their land from the settlers. Seventeen men then spent "the first winter" in Sioux Falls. The following year the population grew to near 40. Although conflicts in Minnehaha County between
Native Americans Native Americans may refer to: Ethnic groups * Indigenous peoples of the Americas, the pre-Columbian peoples of North and South America and their descendants * Native Americans in the United States * Indigenous peoples in Canada, the indigenous p ...
and white
settler A settler is a person who has migrated to an area and established a permanent residence there, often to colonize Colonization, or colonisation refers to large-scale population movements where the migrants maintain strong links with their or ...
s were few, the
Dakota War of 1862 The Dakota War of 1862, also known as the Sioux Uprising, the Dakota Uprising, the Sioux Outbreak of 1862, the Dakota Conflict, the US-Dakota War of 1862, or Little Crow's War, was an armed conflict between the United States and several bands o ...

Dakota War of 1862
engulfed nearby southwestern
Minnesota Minnesota () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper ...

Minnesota
. The town was evacuated in August of that year when two local
settlers A settler is a person who has migrated to an area and established a permanent residence there, often to colonize Colonization, or colonisation refers to large-scale population movements where the migrants maintain strong links with their or ...
were killed as a result of the conflict. The settlers and
soldier A soldier is a person who is a member of a professional army An army (from Latin ''arma'' "arms, weapons" via Old French ''armée'', "armed" eminine, ground force or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land. In the ...

soldier
s stationed here traveled to Yankton in late August 1862. The abandoned townsite was pillaged and burned. Fort Dakota, a military reservation established in present-day downtown, was established in May 1865. Many former settlers gradually returned and a new wave of settlers arrived in the following years. The population grew to 593 by 1873, and a building boom was underway in that year. The Village of Sioux Falls, consisting of , was incorporated in 1876 and was granted a city charter by the Dakota Territorial legislature on March 3, 1883. The arrival of the
railroads Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transport, transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, which are located on Track (rail transport), tracks. In contrast to road transport, where the vehi ...

railroads
ushered in the great Dakota Boom decade of the 1880s. The population of Sioux Falls mushroomed from 2,164 in 1880 to 10,167 at the close of the decade. The growth transformed the city. A severe plague of grasshoppers and a national depression halted the boom by the early 1890s. The city grew by only 89 people from 1890 to 1900. But prosperity eventually returned with the opening of the John Morrell meat packing plant in 1909, the establishment of an airbase and a military radio and communications training school in 1942, and the completion of the interstate highways in the early 1960s. Much of the growth in the first part of the 20th century was fueled by agriculturally based industry, such as the Morrell plant and the nearby stockyards (one of the largest in the nation). In 1955 the city decided to consolidate the neighboring incorporated city of South Sioux Falls. At the time South Sioux Falls had a population of nearly 1,600 inhabitants, according to the 1950 census. It was the third largest city in the county after Sioux Falls and Dell Rapids. By October 18, 1955, South Sioux Falls residents voted 704 in favor and 227 against to consolidate with Sioux Falls. On the same issue, Sioux Falls residents voted on November 15 by the vote 2,714 in favor and 450 against. In 1981, to take advantage of recently relaxed state
usury Usury () is the practice of making unethical or immoral monetary loan In finance Finance is the study of financial institutions, financial markets and how they operate within the financial system. It is concerned with the creation and ...
laws,
Citibank Citibank is the consumer division of financial services Financial services are the economic services provided by the finance Finance is the study of financial institutions, financial markets and how they operate within the financial sys ...

Citibank
relocated its primary credit card center from
New York City New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from New York State New York is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of ...

New York City
to Sioux Falls. Some claim that this event was the primary impetus for the increased population and job growth rates that Sioux Falls has experienced over the past quarter-century. Others point out that Citibank's relocation was only part of a more general transformation of the city's economy from an industrially based one to an economy centered on health care, finance, and retail trade. Sioux Falls has grown at a rapid pace since the late 1970s, with the city's population increasing from 81,182 in 1980 to 192,517 in 2020.


2019 tornadoes

On the night of September 10, 2019, the south side of Sioux Falls was hit by three
EF-2 Elongation factors are a set of proteins that function at the ribosome Ribosomes ( ), also called Palade granules, are , found within all , that perform (mRNA translation). Ribosomes link together in the order specified by the s of (mRN ...
tornadoes, severely damaging at least 37 buildings, including the Plaza 41 Shopping Center. One tornado hit the Avera Heart Hospital, damaging portions of the roof and windows, and causing 7 injuries, including a man who fractured his skull as he was thrown into an exterior wall of the hospital. Another tornado hit the busy commercial district near the Empire Mall, injuring one woman inside her home. Another touched down on the far south side in a suburban residential area, tearing the roofs off homes. The total damage was more than $5 million.


Geography

Sioux Falls is located at 43°32'11" North, 96°43'54" West (43.536285, −96.731780). According to the
United States Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, ...
, the city has a total area of , of which is land and is water. The city is in extreme eastern South Dakota, about west of the
Minnesota Minnesota () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper ...

Minnesota
border. Sioux Falls has been assigned the
ZIP Code#REDIRECT ZIP Code A ZIP Code is a postal code used by the United States Postal Service (USPS). Introduced in 1963, the basic format consisted of five digits. In 1983, an extended ZIP+4 code was introduced; it included the five digits of the ZIP ...
s 57101, 57103–57110, 57117–57118, 57188–57189, and 57192–57198, and the
FIPS place code The United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washingt ...
59020.


Metropolitan area

The Sioux Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area consists of four South Dakota counties: Lincoln, McCook,
Minnehaha Image:Hiawatha and Minnehaha.jpg, upright=1.1, ''Hiawatha and Minnehaha'', 1912 sculpture by Jacob Fjelde near Minnehaha Falls in Minneapolis, Minnesota Minnehaha is a fictional Native Americans in the United States, Native American woman documen ...
, and
Turner Turner may refer to: People and fictional characters * Turner (surname), a common surname, including a list of people and fictional characters with the name * Turner (given name), a list of people with the given name *One who uses a lathe for turni ...
. The estimated population of this MSA in 2017 was 259,094, an increase of 13.51% from the 2010 census. According to recent estimates, Lincoln County is the 16th-fastest-growing county in the United States. In addition to Sioux Falls, the metropolitan area includes
Canton Canton may refer to: Administrative division terminology * Canton (administrative division), territorial/administrative division in some countries, notably Switzerland * Township (Canada), known as ''canton'' in Canadian French Arts and entert ...
, Brandon, Dell Rapids,
Tea Tea is an aromatic beverage prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured A cure is a completely effective treatment for a disease. Cure, or similar, may also refer to: Places * Cure (river), a river in France * Cures, Sabinum, an ...
,
Harrisburg Harrisburg ( ; Pennsylvania German language, Pennsylvania German: ''Harrisbarrig'') is the capital city of the Pennsylvania, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and the county seat of Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Dauphin Count ...
,
Worthing Worthing () is a seaside town in West Sussex, England, at the foot of the South Downs, west of Brighton, and east of Chichester. With a population of about 110,000 and an area of , the borough is the second largest component of the Brighton a ...
, Beresford, Lennox,
Hartford Hartford is the List of capitals in the United States, capital city of the U.S. state of Connecticut. It was the seat of Hartford County, Connecticut, Hartford County until Connecticut disbanded county government in 1960. It is the core city i ...
, Crooks,
Baltic Baltic may refer to: Geography Northern Europe * Baltic Sea, a sea in Europe * Baltic region, an ambiguous term referring to the general area surrounding the Baltic Sea * Baltic states (also Baltics, Baltic nations, Baltic countries or Baltic rep ...
,
MontroseMontrose may refer to: Places United Kingdom * Montrose, Angus ** Montrose Academy, a school Australia *Montrose, Queensland (Southern Downs Region), a locality in the Southern Downs Region *Montrose, Queensland (Western Downs Region), a locality ...
, Salem, Renner, Rowena, Chancellor, Colton, Humboldt, Parker, Hurley, Garretson, Sherman, Corson, Viborg, Irene, and Centerville.


Parks and recreation

Sioux Falls has more than 70 parks and greenways. These include , established around the city's namesake waterfalls on the Big Sioux River, just north of downtown. Other parks include Terrace Park, McKennan Park, Sherman Park, and Yankton Trail park. The park system includes a paved path used for biking, jogging, and walking. The path follows the course of the Big Sioux River, forming a loop around Sioux Falls, along with a few spurs off the main bike trail. Recently the city stepped up efforts to beautify a stretch of the bike trails through downtown along an area known as the River Greenway. Two of three planned phases of construction and updates have occurred. Among the updates were newer widened bike paths, new landscaping and lighting, improved street access to the bike trails, a new interactive fountain, a new pedestrian bridge across the river, removal of the old "River Ramp" parking structure, new stepped terraces leading down to the river's edge, new retaining walls along portions of the river, and a new amphitheater and performing space. New trailheads at Elmen, Dunham, and Lien parks have helped to improve access to outlying trail spurs. The city is expanding the bike trail network east from Sioux Falls at Lien Park to Brandon, South Dakota, and ultimately the Big Sioux Recreation Area. The South Dakota Department of Game, Fish and Parks has an outdoor campus in Sioux Falls at Sertoma Park with several outdoor areas and acreages devoted to fish and wildlife. The outdoor campus hosts many outdoor activities, including
stargazing Image:Astronomy Amateur 3 V2.jpg, 250px, Amateur astronomers watch the night sky during the Perseids, Perseid meteor shower. Amateur astronomy is a hobby where participants enjoy observing or imaging celestial objects in the sky using the Naked e ...
and
snowshoe Snowshoes are specialized outdoor gear for walking over snow Snow comprises individual ice Ice is water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an , transparent, tasteless, odorless, and , which is the main constituent of 's ...

snowshoe
ing. During the winter, Great Bear Recreation Park offers skiing, snowboarding, and tubing.


Climate

Due to its inland location, Sioux Falls experiences a
humid continental climate A humid continental climate is a climatic Climate is the long-term average of weather, typically averaged over a period of 30 years. More rigorously, it is the mean and variability of meteorological variables over a time spanning from months t ...
( Köppen ''Dfa'') characterized by hot, humid summers and cold, dry winters. It is in
USDA Plant Hardiness Zone File:World Hardiness Zones.png, Global Plant Hardiness Zones, 250px A hardiness zone is a geographic area defined to encompass a certain range of climatic conditions relevant to plant growth and survival. The original and most widely used system, ...
4b. The monthly daily average temperature ranges from in January to in July; there are 15 days of maxima at or above and 25 days with minima at or below annually. Snowfall occurs mostly in light to moderate amounts during the winter, totaling . Precipitation, at annually, is concentrated in the warmer months. This results in frequent
thunderstorm A thunderstorm, also known as an electrical storm or a lightning storm, is a storm characterized by the presence of lightning Lightning is a naturally occurring electrostatic discharge Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is the sudden fl ...

thunderstorm
s in summer from
convection Convection is single or multiphase fluid flow that occurs Spontaneous process, spontaneously due to the combined effects of material property heterogeneity and body forces on a fluid, most commonly density and gravity (see buoyancy). When t ...

convection
being built up with the unstable weather patterns. Extremes range from on February 9, 1899 to as recently as June 21, 1988.


Law and government

* City government: The city of Sioux Falls is led by a mayor–council (strong mayor) form of government. Mayoral elections occur every four years. City council seats are also contested every four years. Not all councilmembers are elected in the same year, as the elections are staggered throughout even-numbered years. The council consists of five members elected to represent specific sections of the city and three additional seats that represent the city as a whole (that is,
at-large At-large is a description for members of a governing body who are elect An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual or multiple individuals to hold public office.
). The councilmember position is designed to be part-time. Sioux Falls operates under a
home rule Home rule is government of a colony, dependent country, or region by its own citizens. It is thus the power of a part (administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative ...

home rule
charter as permitted by the South Dakota constitution. * Crime: The per-capita general violent crime rate in Sioux Falls is roughly half the United States average. The Sioux Falls Police Department is the municipal law enforcement agency. * Politics: In the 2004 presidential election,
George W. Bush George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician and businessman who served as the 43rd president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the Un ...

George W. Bush
won both Minnehaha and Lincoln counties, receiving 56% and 65% of the vote, respectively. In
2008 2008 was designated as: *International Year of LanguagesThe United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 2008 as the International Year of Languages, pursuant to a resolution of UNESCO The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultura ...
,
Barack Obama Barack Hussein Obama II ( ; born August 4, 1961) is an American politician and attorney who served as the 44th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government ...

Barack Obama
won Minnehaha County by 0.7%, while
John McCain John Sidney McCain III (August 29, 1936 – August 25, 2018) was an American politician, statesman, and United States Navy ), (unofficial)."''Non sibi sed patriae''" ( en, "Not for self but for country") (unofficial). , colors = ...

John McCain
won Lincoln County by 15%. Both counties have voted for the Republican nominee in every presidential election since 2012. In
2020 2020 was heavily defined by the COVID-19 pandemic The COVID-19 pandemic is an ongoing global pandemic A pandemic (from , , "all" and , , "local people" the 'crowd') is an of an that has spread across a large region, for insta ...
, Donald Trump won Minnehaha County by a margin of nearly 10 points and Lincoln County by a margin of nearly 24 points.


Economy

Originally centered on quarrying and agriculturally based industries, the economy of Sioux Falls has become diversified and more service-based over the last half-century, making the city a center of
financial services Financial services are the economic services provided by the finance Finance is a term for the management, creation, and study of money In a 1786 James Gillray caricature, the plentiful money bags handed to King George III are contra ...
,
health care Healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health Health, according to the , is "a state of complete physical, and social and not merely the absence of and ".. (2006)''Constitution of the World Health Organization''– ''Basic Docume ...

health care
, and
retail Retail is the sale of goods In economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the Production (economics), production, distribution (economics), distribution, and Consumption ( ...

retail
trade.


Commerce and industry

Partially due to the lack of a state corporate income tax, Sioux Falls is home to a number of financial companies. The largest employers among these are
Wells Fargo Wells Fargo & Company is an American multinational financial services company with corporate headquarters in San Francisco, California San Francisco (/Help:IPA/English, ˌsæn fɹənˈsɪskoʊ/; Spanish language, Spanish for "Fra ...

Wells Fargo
and
Citigroup Citigroup Inc. or Citi (stylized File:Les Demoiselles d'Avignon.jpg, ''Les Demoiselles d'Avignon'' (1907), also by Picasso in a different style ("Picasso's African Period") four years later.In the visual arts, style is a "...distinctive mann ...

Citigroup
. Other important financial service companies in Sioux Falls include
Great Western Bank Great may refer to: Descriptions or measurements * Great, a relative measurement in physical space, see Size * Greatness, being divine, majestic, superior, majestic, or transcendent People with the name * "The Great", a historical suffix to people ...
,
Western Surety Company Western Surety Company is an insurance company based in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, Sioux Falls, South Dakota. It was founded in 1900 by attorney Joe Kirby who periodically needed court bonds in connection with his law practice. Headquartered in Sio ...
(CNA Surety), Total Card Inc., Capital Card Services, Midland National Life Insurance Company,
MetaBank MetaBank, N.A. is a United States bank with retail branches in Iowa and South Dakota. It offers traditional banking services designed to serve the needs of individual, agricultural, and business depositors and borrowers. MetaBank issued debit car ...
, and First Premier Bank. Sioux Falls is a significant regional health care center. It has four major hospitals:
Sanford Health Sanford Health is a Non-profit organization, non-profit, integrated Health care system, health care delivery system, with its headquarters in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, with additional offices in Fargo, North Dakota, Fa ...
(formerly Sioux Valley), Avera McKennan Hospital, the South Dakota
Veterans Affairs Veterans' affairs is an area of public policy concerned with relations between a government and its communities of military veterans. Some jurisdictions have a designated government agency or department, a Department of Veterans' Affairs, Ministr ...
Hospital, and the Avera Heart Hospital of South Dakota. Sanford Health and Avera Health are the largest and second-largest employers in the city, respectively.
Emergency medical services Emergency medical services (EMS), also known as ambulance services or paramedic services, are emergency service Emergency services and rescue services are organizations which ensure public safety Public security is the function of govern ...

Emergency medical services
(EMS) are provided by Paramedics Plus and Sioux Falls Fire Rescue. Companies based in Sioux Falls include Raven Industries, retailers Lewis Drug,
POET A poet is a person who creates poetry Poetry (derived from the Greek language, Greek ''poiesis'', "making") is a form of literature that uses aesthetics, aesthetic and often rhythmic qualities of language—such as phonaesthetics, soun ...

POET
, and Sunshine Foods, and communications companies SONIFI Solutions and
Midco Midco (known as Midcontinent Communications until 2016) is a regional cable provider, providing a triple play In , a triple play (denoted as TP in ) is the rare act of making three during the same continuous play. Triple plays happen infre ...
. Because of the relatively long distances between Sioux Falls and larger cities, Sioux Falls has emerged as an important regional center of shopping and dining. The Empire Mall, with over 180 stores, anchors one of the primary retail zones in the southwest section of the city. This area, centered mainly on the intersection of 41st Street and Louise Avenue, contains many large national chain stores and restaurants. In Central Downtown, shops line Phillips Avenue, and in the "EastBank" shops and restaurants fill a boardwalk style center called "8th and Railroad." "The Bridges" is an outdoor shopping center at the intersection of 57th Street and Western Avenue on the south side of the city that contains over 30 restaurants, boutiques, and private businesses. Dawley Farm Village is a major commercial development on the east side of the city at the intersection of Arrowhead Parkway ( SD Highway 42) and Veterans Parkway ( SD Highway 11, previously known as Powder House Road). While no longer as economically dominant as it once was, the
manufacturing Manufacturing is the creation or Production (economics), production of goods with the help of equipment, Work (human activity), labor, machines, tools, and chemical or biological processing or formulation. It is the essence of secondary sector ...
and
food processing Food processing is the transformation of agricultural products into food Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional Nutrition is the biochemical Biochemistry or biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes with ...
sector remains an important component of the economy of Sioux Falls. The Smithfield Foods/John Morrell meatpacking plant is the city's third-largest employer. Other important manufacturing companies include Orion foods systems, Wheeler Tank, Egger Steel, Maguire Iron, Amesbury Group, Teem, Raven Industries, Bell Incorporated,
Tyco International Tyco International plc was a security systems A security alarm is a system designed to detect intrusion – such as unauthorized entry – into a building or other areas such as a home or school. Security alarms used in residential, commercia ...
, Gage Brothers, and Rosenbauer America. The USGS
Center for Earth Resources Observation and Science The Center for Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) is a United States Geological Survey data management, systems development, and research field center. It serves as the national archive of Remote sensing, remotely sensed images of the ...
is approximately 10 miles north of Sioux Falls. It houses one of the largest computer complexes in the Department of the Interior. EROS has approximately 600 government and contractor employees. In 2020,
Amazon Amazon usually refers to: * Amazons In Greek mythology, the Amazons (Ancient Greek: Ἀμαζόνες ''Amazónes'', singular Ἀμαζών ''Amazōn'') are portrayed in a number of ancient Greek, ancient epic poems and legends, such as the ...
announced plans to build a 640,000 square-foot distribution center in Sioux Falls. The facility is set to open in 2022.


Demographics


2010 census

As of the
census A census is the procedure of systematically calculating, acquiring and recording information Information is processed, organised and structured data Data (; ) are individual facts, statistics, or items of information, often numeric. In ...

census
of 2010, there were 153,888 people, 61,707 households, and 37,462 families residing in the city. The population density was . There were 66,283 housing units at an average density of . The
racial makeup A race is a grouping of humans based on shared physical or social qualities into categories generally viewed as distinct by society. The term was first used to refer to speakers of a common language and then to denote national affiliations. By ...
of the city was 86.8% White, 4.2% African American, 2.7% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.0% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.4% of the population. There were 61,707 households, of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.3% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.02. The median age in the city was 33.6 years. 24.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.7% were from 25 to 44; 24.1% were from 45 to 64; and 10.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.6% male and 50.4% female. In 2015, the median household income in Minnehaha County, SD was $59,884, while Lincoln County, SD was $76,094. This represents a 0.29% growth from the previous year. The median family income for Sioux Falls was $74,632 in 2015. Males had a median income of $40,187 versus $31,517 for females. The
per capita income Per capita income (PCI) or total income measures the average income earned per person in a given area (city, region, country, etc.) in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population. Per capita i ...
for the county was $26,392. 11.8% of the population and 8.5% of families were below the
poverty line The poverty threshold, poverty limit, poverty line or breadline is the minimum level of income In microeconomics, income is the Consumption (economics), consumption and saving opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, w ...
. Out of the total population, 16.8% of those under the age of 18 and 8.8% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. Many European immigrants, primarily from Scandinavia, Germany and the British Isles, settled in South Dakota in the 19th century. By 1890, one-third of the residents of South Dakota were immigrants.


Religion

Most Sioux Falls residents are
Lutheran Lutheranism is one of the largest branches of Protestantism that identifies with the teachings of Jesus Christ and was founded by Martin Luther, a 16th-century German monk and Protestant Reformers, reformer whose efforts to reform the theology ...
, with
Catholics The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Baptism (from the Greek language, Greek noun βάπτισμα ''báptisma'') is a Christians, Christian ...
being the second-largest group. The
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) is a mainline Protestant The mainline Protestant churches (also called mainstream Protestant and sometimes oldline Protestant) are a group of Protestant denominations in the United States that ...
is the largest Lutheran denomination in the city, with 20 churches in Sioux Falls: First Lutheran Church, Church on the Street, Pueblo de Dios, Augustana Lutheran Church, St. Dysmas Of South Dakota Lutheran Church, East Side Lutheran Church, St. John American Lutheran Church, Hope Lutheran Church, Augustana Campus Congregation Lutheran Church, First Lutheran African Ministry, Our Savior's Lutheran Church, St. Mark's Lutheran Church, Grace Lutheran Church, Messiah New Hope Lutheran Church, Peace Lutheran Church, Westside Lutheran Church, Spirit Of Joy, Holy Cross Lutheran Church, Gloria Dei Lutheran Church, and Springdale Lutheran Church. The Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod has eight churches in Sioux Falls: Memorial Lutheran Church, Faith Lutheran Church, Christ Lutheran Church, Lord Of Life Lutheran Church, Our Redeemer Lutheran Church, Resurrection Lutheran Church, Zion Lutheran Church, and Trinity Lutheran Church of the Deaf. The
Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod The Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (WELS), also referred to simply as the Wisconsin Synod, is an American Confessional Lutheran Confessional Lutheranism is a name used by Lutheran Lutheranism is one of the largest branches of Protestan ...
has two churches in Sioux Falls: Bethel Lutheran Church and Good Shepherd Lutheran Church. The
Roman Catholic Diocese of Sioux Falls The Roman Catholic Diocese of Sioux Falls ( la, Dioecesis Siouxormensis) is a Roman Catholic Roman or Romans usually refers to: *Rome, the capital city of Italy *Ancient Rome, Roman civilization from 8th century BC to 5th century AD *Roman people ...
, one of two dioceses in the state, built St. Joseph Cathedral on Duluth Avenue beginning in 1915 and completed in 1919. Sioux Falls is also the seat of the Episcopal Diocese of South Dakota. Sioux Falls has a small Hindu population served by the Hindu Temple of Siouxland in Tea, South Dakota. The
Chabad Chabad, also known as Lubavitch, Habad and Chabad-Lubavitch (), is an Orthodox Judaism, Orthodox Jewish List of Hasidic dynasties, Hasidic dynasty. Chabad is one of the world's best-known Hasidic Judaism, Hasidic movements, particularly for its ...

Chabad
Jewish Jews ( he, יְהוּדִים ISO 259-2 , Israeli pronunciation ) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and nation originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is ...

Jewish
Center of South Dakota has been based in the city since December 24, 2016 and serves the entire state of South Dakota and its Jewish population, which is estimated at between 400 and 1,000. There are three Islamic centers in the city, th
Muslim Community Center of South Dakota (MCCSD)Islamic Center of Sioux Falls (ICSF)
an
Masjid Attaqwa
All observe the five daily prayers and some weekend activities for adults and children.


Education


Higher education

Sioux Falls is home to
Augustana University Augustana University is a Private university, private Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Lutheran university in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. The university identifies 1860 as the year of its founding, the same as its Rock Island, Illinois Swed ...
, the
University of Sioux Falls The University of Sioux Falls (USF) is a private Christian university A university () is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and research which awards academic degree ...
, Sioux Falls Seminary, Southeast Technical College,
National American University National American University (NAU) is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence ...
, the South Dakota School for the Deaf, the University of South Dakota's Sanford School of Medicine (Sioux Falls campus), Stewart School and the South Dakota Public Universities and Research Center (formerly known as USDSU).


Public schools

The
Sioux Falls School District Sioux Falls School District is a Public school (government funded), public school district located in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, United States. Sioux Falls School District serves over 23,000 students. The district has 23 elementary schools, 5 midd ...
serves over 23,000 students living in Sioux Falls and some of its surrounding suburbs. Suburbs around Sioux Falls continue to experience dramatic growth as Sioux Falls expands. Suburbs experiencing rapid growth are Brandon, Valley Springs,
Baltic Baltic may refer to: Geography Northern Europe * Baltic Sea, a sea in Europe * Baltic region, an ambiguous term referring to the general area surrounding the Baltic Sea * Baltic states (also Baltics, Baltic nations, Baltic countries or Baltic rep ...
, Garretson, West-Central,
Tri-Valley The Tri-Valley area is grouping of three valleys in the East Bay 330px, A satellite image of the majority of the East Bay The East Bay is the eastern region of the San Francisco Bay Area The San Francisco Bay Area, popularly referred t ...
, Lennox, Parker,
Canton Canton may refer to: Administrative division terminology * Canton (administrative division), territorial/administrative division in some countries, notably Switzerland * Township (Canada), known as ''canton'' in Canadian French Arts and entert ...
,
Harrisburg Harrisburg ( ; Pennsylvania German language, Pennsylvania German: ''Harrisbarrig'') is the capital city of the Pennsylvania, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and the county seat of Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Dauphin Count ...
, and
Tea Tea is an aromatic beverage prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured A cure is a completely effective treatment for a disease. Cure, or similar, may also refer to: Places * Cure (river), a river in France * Cures, Sabinum, an ...
. Many of these districts serve students who live on the outer edges of Sioux Falls city limits, and serve thousands of metro-area students. The Sioux Falls School District has signed an agreement that will allow it to participate in an athletic conference known as the Metro Conference. Sioux Falls Lincoln, Washington, Roosevelt, O'Gorman and Brandon Valley High Schools will compete in this conference, potentially with other suburban districts, to help cut costs and increase competition between schools in the Sioux Falls Metro Area.


High schools

The district has four public high schools, serving grades 9–12: In January 2019, The Sioux Falls School District board of education approved the naming and building plans of Thomas Jefferson High School. Construction will begin in 2019 and the school is scheduled to open for the 2021–22 school year. The district also operates two alternative high schools serving grades 9–12 and one specialized middle/high school alternative education center: *Note: Axtell Park replaced Joe Foss High School beginning fall 2014 to consolidate middle and high school alternative programs into one location.


Middle schools

There are five public middle schools in the city, serving grades 6–8: In January 2019, The Sioux Falls School District board of education approved the naming of
Ben Reifel Benjamin Reifel, also known as Lone Feather (September 19, 1906 – January 2, 1990) was a Lakota Sioux public administrator and politician. He had a career with the Bureau of Indian Affairs The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), also known as ...

Ben Reifel
Middle School. Construction will begin in 2019 and the school is scheduled to open for the 2021–22 school year. * Note: George McGovern Middle School replaced Axtell Park as one of the five primary middle schools serving Sioux Falls beginning with the 2014–15 school year.


Elementary schools

There are 25 public elementary schools in Sioux Falls, serving grades K-5. There is one Spanish Immersion school. Some also serve early childhood: * Note: Susan B. Anthony Elementary School replaced Mark Twain and Longfellow in 2016. Sonia Sotomayor Spanish Immersion elementary school is newly built and in the location of the Jefferson Elementary school building.


Private schools

Bishop O'Gorman Catholic Schools is a centralized Catholic school system that includes eight schools: six elementary schools, all PreK-6 (St. Mary, St. Lambert, St. Michael-St. Katharine Drexel, Holy Spirit and Christ the King); one junior high (O'Gorman Junior High, grades 7–8); and one high school, O'Gorman Catholic High School, O'Gorman (9–12). The junior and senior high O'Gorman schools are on the same campus. Approximately 2,800 students attend Bishop O'Gorman Catholic Schools. As of the 2009–10 school year the Sioux Falls Catholic School system's St. Joseph Cathedral School was closed. The Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod operates two schools in Sioux Falls. Sioux Falls Lutheran School is on 37th street, while the Lutheran High School of Sioux Falls is on Western Avenue. In 2018, voters approved a plan to move Sioux Falls Lutheran School to a new building near the I-29/I-229 merge on south Boe Lane. Students moved to the new building at the beginning of the Spring 2020 semester. The
Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod The Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (WELS), also referred to simply as the Wisconsin Synod, is an American Confessional Lutheran Confessional Lutheranism is a name used by Lutheran Lutheranism is one of the largest branches of Protestan ...
has two schools in Sioux Falls: Bethel Lutheran and Good Shepherd Lutheran. Other private schools include Sioux Falls Christian Schools, Christian Center, The Baan Dek Montessori, Cornerstone School, and the Open Arms Christian Child Development Center.


Culture


Events

Downtown Sioux Falls hosts a SculptureWalk every summer and "First Fridays" on the first Friday of each summer month. The Downtown Riverfest is an annual Sioux Falls festival. Festival of Bands is a regional competition that hosts over 40 marching bands each year from across the Midwest. The Sioux Empire Spectacular is a Drum Corps regional competition. Party in the Park is an annual outdoor musical event held at Terrace Park. The Sioux Empire Fair is a regional fair held at the W. H. Lyon Fairgrounds, and the Sioux Falls JazzFest is hosted at Yankton Trail Park each year. SiouxperCon is an annual nonprofit fan convention that celebrates comic books, sci-fi, fantasy, anime, board games, and video gaming.


Arts

In the beginning of the 21st century, Sioux Falls experienced a renaissance of cultural interest. The Sioux Empire Arts Council continues to lead in the Sioux Falls area arts scene and gives out Mayor's Awards each year in several categories for excellence demonstrated by Sioux Falls residents. The Sioux Falls SculptureWalk was the first visual evidence of the renaissance and is an attraction for both visitors and resident artists, hosting over 55 sculptures. One of the earliest promoters of the contemporary arts scene was Sheila Agee, who still lives in nearby Brandon. Her work was essential to the renovation of the original Washington High School into the Washington Pavilion (housing two performing arts, a visual arts, and a science center). The Northern Plains Indian Art Market (NPIAM) was established in 1988 by American Indian Services, Inc., of Sioux Falls as the Northern Plains Tribal Arts Show (NPTA). Northern Plains Tribal Arts dominated the Sioux Falls art scene from its inception in 1988. American Indian Services produced the juried art show and market from 1988 to 2003. Since 2004, Sinte Gleca University of Rosebud has been the producing organization. 2012 marked the show's 25th year. Directors have included Marilyn Lone Hill and Jack Herman. In the first 25 years of its existence—one of the longest-running Indian art shows in the country—over 800 artists from 7 northern plains states and two Canadian provinces exhibited at NPTA/NPIAM. Writers for national publications, filmmakers, and researchers have all joined the audiences over the years. Northern Plains Indian Art Market continues under the auspices of Sinte Gleca. A permanent Northern Plains Tribal Arts collection is housed in the Egger Gallery at the Washington Pavilion. Since the Washington Pavilion opened its doors to the public in 1999, this unique collection of Native American artwork has called the Visual Arts Center home. Originally the pieces were on an extended loan from American Indian Services, Inc. In 2013, thanks to many supporters, the works were acquired under the title of the Augustana Tribal Arts Collection, and now officially belong to the Visual Arts Center. A lifelong and well-respected area musician and artist, Jim Groth, became an educator when the Office of Indian Ed opened up and needed teachers for the new Native Connections classes, including his own, at Lincoln High School. He began a pit ceramics program for the students and many students working with him were able to move into the arts through the programming. The connections classes have grown to serve the city in cultural humanities and arts and Groth continues to be a leader in music in the city. Poetry and literary events began to come to greater popularity with the opening of the Sioux Empire Arts Council Horse Barn Gallery as the 21st century began (then directed by Deb Klebanoff), and due to a National Endowment for the Arts-supported Y Writer's Voice, founded and directed by Allison Hedge Coke. The Y Writer's Voice included a reading series of 38 nationally known poets and writers per year who performed works and youth workshops through the Sioux Falls Writers Voice in local performance spaces, at the YMCA after-school program, and in local schools, gaining national attention. These two entities are among a resurgence of events regularly hosted at the Washington Pavilion's Leonardo da Vinci, Leonardo's Cafe (Lincoln High School Writer's Guild advised by SFSD Official Writer in Residence, Allison Hedge Coke, who also served on the Pavilion's Community Task Force, see Washington Pavilion Visual Arts Center – Timeline), the Sioux Empire Arts Council's Horse Barn Art Gallery, and several coffeehouses. During this renaissance, Allison Hedge Coke moved to Sioux Falls from Rapid City (shortly after winning an American Book Award), as she was serving the state of South Dakota (SDAC & ArtsCorr), first as a part-time literary artist in the Sioux Falls Schools (while still serving schools and incarcerated youth centers across the state) and then as a full-time literary artist in residence for the Sioux Falls school district (SFSD, SDAC, & Office of Indian Ed funded). She held the literary artist role with the school district while simultaneously teaching at Kilian College and the University of Sioux Falls and founding/directing a Y Writers Voice at the Sioux Falls YMCA for several years, hosting readings at the Washington Pavilion, the Dakota Conference at the Great Plains Center of Augustana College, with Deb Klebanoff at the Art Barn, in Siouxland Sioux Falls Library, in Zandbroz Bookstore, and with the Sioux Falls Multicultural Center. The Lincoln High School Creative Writers Guild and district-wide Wings Program (both advised by Hedge Coke) began holding reading performances and study periods in cafes across the city, including Leonardo's. Hedge Coke edited and published two anthologies during her tenure at Sioux Falls School District: ''Coming to Life: Poems of Peace in the Wake of 9/11'' and ''They Wanted Children: Poems and Stories of Coping'' with Sudanese, Native, Latino, Asian, and EuroAmerican students. Hedge Coke successfully lobbied for the preservation and protection of Blood Run (now Good Earth State Park, just minutes east of town), writing the verse play during her lobbying period under an SDAC grant. She continually participated at-large in the national literary field as a visiting writer/performing artist and publishing widely while serving on the Sioux Falls Housing Board and as a city Housing Revitalization Task Member, promoting arts, civil rights, affordability and inclusion. Hedge Coke also formally proposed a Poetry Sidewalk contest for selected poems to be etched in Sioux Falls Quartzite to match the park aesthetic during city council meetings for the cleaning up and development of Falls Park and the downtown area. A version of the project is coming to fruition (in concrete, to match the Cathedral District). "Everyone deserves beauty," said Wayne Wagner, housing development director for Affordable Housing Solutions. Since the contest began in 2014, Wagner has installed poems in the sidewalk of new affordable housing within the neighborhood. Charles Luden has long been the widely accepted unofficial resident poet. Ron Robinson, a Sioux Falls writer and professor of English at Augustana College, was consistently on the scene. Steve Boint, Charles Luden, Nicole Allen, Jason Freeman, and Suzanne Sunshower's lives converged in Sioux Falls while performing poetry at Michelle's Coffee and at the Horsebarn Arts Center. Together they published ''From the lonely cold: poems by Nicole Allen, Charles Luden, Jason Freeman, Suzanne Sunshower, Steve Boint''. Jason Freeman, poet and disability advocate was born in Sioux Falls (son of artist-writer/neurologist Jerome Freeman) and has been a part of the literary arts scene since his youth. Tom Foster moved to Sioux Falls from California, having already developed a presence in the California Slam scene, and was integral to keeping public open mics going strong. The Washington Pavilion continued to donate space for literary activities, as did the Siouxland Sioux Falls Library. Eventually, David Allan Evans returned to Sioux Falls as the State of South Dakota Poet Laureate and enhanced the literary scene. Patrick Hicks, poet/writer, came to the city to teach at Augustana College and in 2010 published the anthology ''A Menagerie of Words: Contemporary South Dakota Poetry''. Rosalee Blunk was the initial organizer of the Poetry Out Loud state finals held annually in Sioux Falls. Maddie Lukomski, a Poetry Out Loud junior at Sioux Falls Lincoln High School was named a winner in the National Endowment for the Arts Poetry Ourselves competition spoken category in 2016. The Sioux Falls mayor's awards in literary arts designated movers and shakers during the growth and development of the literary arts scene. Deb Klebanoff, born in Sioux Falls, began the reading series at the Horse Barn with Allison Hedge Coke, after serving on the Sioux Falls Chamber of Commerce's Cultural Affairs committee, including a term as its chair and for almost a decade with the Sioux Empire Arts Council, including 8 years as its executive director. She later moved south of Sioux Falls and founded a writers' retreat, The Retreat at Pointer's Ridge. In addition to literary awards, there are mayor's awards in visual arts, performing arts, music, organizing in the arts, advocacy, and lifetime achievement, per the mayor's discretion. Many visual artists got their start in and/or represent the city, including Carl Grupp, Mary Groth, Ceca Cooper, Marian Henjum, Brad Kringen, Nancyjane Huehl, Don Hooper, Nathan Holman, Gary Hartenhoff, Sheila Agee, Mary Selvig, Martha Baker, Chad Mohr, Paul Schiller, Liz Heeren, Edward Two Eagle, Edwin Two Eagle, James Starkey, and painter/muralist Byob Mergia. The Sioux Falls Jazz and Blues Festival is a three-day outdoor musical event featuring two stages and is free to the public. It is held the third weekend in July at Yankton Trail Park. The Sioux Falls Jazz & Blues Society hosts national musicians during its annual concert series. Each year the series includes approximately five concerts with acts from all over the world. JazzFest, with over 125,000 in annual attendance, has expanded over the years to include the Jazziest Diversity Project, the All-City Jazz Ensemble, the Concert Series, and JazzFest Jazz Camp. 2016 was the festival's 25th anniversary year. In 2019, Levitt at the Falls launched its first season of free concerts in a state-of-the-art outdoor amphitheater in Falls Park West. The Levitt at the Falls project is a three-way partnership between the local Friends of the Levitt Shell Sioux Falls (Levitt at the Falls) nonprofit, the National Mortimer & Mimi Levitt Foundation, and the City of Sioux Falls. All three played key roles in securing the nation's eighth permanent Levitt venue. Levitt at the Falls provides a season of 50 free professional concerts each summer. The Downtown Riverfest brings live music, art, kids' activities and more in an annual festival that embraces the beauty of the Big Sioux. Downtown Sioux Falls boasts Ipso Gallery, directed by Liz Bashore Heeren, The Orpheum Theater, SculptureWalk, Sioux Empire Community Theater, Sioux Falls State Theater, The Museum of Visual Materials, The Interactive Water Fountain, Falls Park, Creative Spirits, Eastbank Art Gallery, Levitt at the Falls, and the Washington Pavilion, home to the South Dakota Symphony Orchestra and the occasional Poets & Painters show (P1, P2, P3, P4, P5...). Prairie Star Gallery, recently closed, was an additional American Indian Arts gallery and store.


Landmarks

The Washington Pavilion contains the Kirby Science Discovery Center, as well as two performing arts centers that host several Broadway productions and operas. The South Dakota Symphony's home hosts dance groups as well as smaller theater and choral events. The Visual Arts Center, also part of the Pavilion complex, hosts six galleries of changing exhibits, all free of charge. The Wells Fargo Cinedome is a multiformat dome theater that plays several films each month. The Great Plains Zoo & Delbridge Museum provides the area with natural history and animal exhibits in its park, and has dioramas depicting wildlife. The USS ''South Dakota'' Battleship Memorial to the World War II battleship USS South Dakota (BB-57)#Post-war, USS ''South Dakota'' is on State Highway 42 (West 12th Street) and Kiwanis Avenue. The 114th Fighter Wing is at Joe Foss Field and houses F-16C/D fighter aircraft. The South Dakota Air National Guard, SD ANG unit is known for its support of community activities and services. A replica of Michelangelo's ''David (Michelangelo), David'' is near the downtown area at Fawick Park.


Transportation


Roads

Most residents of Sioux Falls travel and commute by car. Interstate 90 in South Dakota, Interstate 90 passes east to west across the northern edge of the city, while Interstate 29 in South Dakota, Interstate 29 bisects the western portion of the city from the north and south. Interstate 229 (South Dakota), Interstate 229 forms a partial Loop route, loop around Sioux Falls, and connects with Interstate 90 to the northeast and Interstate 29 to the southwest. A Grid plan, grid design system for city streets is the standard for the central (older) area of the city, while secondary streets in newer residential areas have largely abandoned this plan. Due to current and expected regional growth, several large construction projects have been or will be undertaken. New interchanges have recently been added to Interstate 29. An interchange was also completed on I-90 at Marion Road. I-29 has recently been improved from I-90 to 57th Street. This upgrade includes additional lanes and auxiliary lanes. Over the next decade, the city of Sioux Falls and the South Dakota Department of Transportation plan to construct a limited-access highway around the outer edges of the city to the south and east known as South Dakota Highway 100. This highway will start at the northern Tea exit (Exit 73 on I-29, 101st Street) and will travel east on 101st Street, and curve northeast east of Western Avenue, then turn northerly near Sycamore Avenue. The highway will end at the Timberline Avenue exit (Exit 402 on I-90). Sioux Falls's major roads include W 41st, Minnesota, Main, W 26th (which becomes Louise as it turns south), 12th, 49th, 57th, and Western.


Public/mass transit

Sioux Area Metro, the local public transit organization, operates 16 bus lines within the city, with most routes operating Monday through Saturday. Recently, the city added a new transfer station in Sioux Falls on Louise Avenue between 49th and 57th Streets. The Sioux Area Metro Paratransit serves members of the community who would otherwise not be able to travel by providing door to door service. Sioux Falls also has several taxi companies that operate within the city. Jefferson Lines runs long-distance bus routes to Sioux Falls. Non-transfer destinations include Fargo, North Dakota, Grand Forks, Kansas City, Missouri, Kansas City, Minneapolis, and Omaha, Nebraska, Omaha. Until 1965 a branch of the Milwaukee Road train from Chicago, the ''Arrow (MILW train), Arrow,'' made a stop in Sioux Falls. Amtrak passenger trains do not pass through South Dakota.


Air

Five domestic airlines (Delta Air Lines, United Airlines, American Airlines, Allegiant Air, and Frontier Airlines) serve Sioux Falls Regional Airport. The airport is also known as Joe Foss Field (in honor of famed aviator and former Governor Joe Foss). Airlines offer non-stop flight service to a number of major U.S. airports, including Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport, Chicago-O'Hare International Airport, Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, Denver International Airport, Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport, Orlando-Sanford International Airport, Los Angeles International Airport (seasonal), Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, Phoenix–Mesa Gateway Airport, Las Vegas-McCarran International Airport, Tampa-St. Pete–Clearwater International Airport,


Sports

The Sioux Falls Canaries were known as the Sioux Falls Fighting Pheasants from 2010 to 2013.


Championships

* The Sioux Falls Canaries won the 2008 American Association championship, beating the Grand Prairie Airhogs in a 5-game series that was capped off with a 5 to 4 walk-off win in the 12th inning of Game 4. * The Sioux Falls Skyforce has reached the playoffs nine times, winning the CBA Championship during the 1995–96 season, and later during the 2004–05 season. It won the 2015–16 championship in the NBA's D League, the National Basketball Association's minor league (now renamed the NBA G League), in which it currently plays. * The Sioux Falls Storm, currently playing in the IFL, won four consecutive championships from 2005 to 2008 in the United Indoor Football, UIF and six consecutive from 2011 to 2016 in the Indoor Football League, IFL for a total of ten titles. The Storm won 40 straight games from July 30, 2005, to March 29, 2008. It is one of four indoor/arena football teams ever to post a shutout, beating the Peoria Roughriders 72–0 in 2006. * The Sioux Falls Stampede won the United States Hockey League's Anderson Cup during the 2005–6 season and three Clark Cup championships in the 2006–7 season, 2014–2015 season and the 2018–2019 season.


Special sporting events

Sioux Falls has several multipurpose athletic stadiums: the primarily-baseball Sioux Falls Stadium, indoor Sioux Falls Arena, indoor Sanford Pentagon, and indoor Denny Sanford Premier Center. Sioux Falls Stadium played host to the 2007 American Association of Independent Professional Baseball all-star game. Sioux Falls Arena hosted the Continental Basketball Association all-star game in 1996, 2000 and 2003. It also hosted the NBA Development League Showcase in early 2007 and the United States Hockey League Prospects/All-Star Game in the 2002, 2009 and 2017 seasons. Constructed in 2014, the Denny Sanford Premier Center is home to The Summit League Men's Basketball Tournament and The Summit League Women's Basketball Tournament. Also The Premier Center hosted the 2017 USHL/NHL Top Prospects Game. Sioux Falls hosted the 16U Amateur Softball Association A National Championship of fastpitch softball in July 2009 and the 14U ASA A National Championship of fastpitch softball in July 2012. In August 1989 and 2009, Sioux Falls hosted the Air National Guard National Softball Tournament at Sherman Park Complex.


Sister cities

Sioux Falls's Sister cities are: * Newry, Mourne and Down District Council, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom * Potsdam, Germany


Media


Notable people

* James Abourezk, first Arab-American U.S. senator, now practicing law in Sioux Falls * Erika M. Anderson, aka EMA, musician and digital media artist * Jacob M. Appel, author, wrote ''Coulrophobia & Fata Morgana'' while living in Sioux Falls * Shayna Baszler, former women's Mixed martial arts, MMA fighter and professional wrestler * George Botsford, composer and pianist, noted for the "Black and White Rag" * Chris Browne, comic strip artist and cartoonist, ''Hägar the Horrible'' * Benny Castillo, 11-year minor league baseball player, manager of Duluth–Superior Dukes, Jamestown Jammers, Yuma Scorpions, and Sioux City Explorers, former Sioux Falls Fighting Pheasants, Sioux Falls Canaries hitting coach * Devin Clark (fighter), Devin Clark, Ultimate Fighting Championship, UFC mixed martial artist * Dallas Clark, professional football player, Indianapolis Colts (2003–11), Tampa Bay Buccaneers (2012–13), Baltimore Ravens (2013–14) * Donn Clendenon, Major League Baseball, MLB first baseman, 1969 World Series MVP * Dusty Coleman, MLB infielder * George Jonathan Danforth, South Dakota politician * Karl Dean, former mayor of Nashville, Tennessee * Nick Dinsmore, WWE Superstar 1999-2009 and WWE Coach 2012-2015 * William Dougherty, South Dakota politician * Wallace L. Dow, Wallace Dow, architect * Walker Duehr, professional ice hockey player. He is the first South Dakotan to play in the National Hockey League. * Terry Forster, pitcher for five Major League Baseball, MLB teams * Joe Foss, World War II "flying ace, ace of aces" fighter pilot, first commissioner of the American Football League (which later became the AFC conference of the National Football League, NFL); 20th governor of South Dakota * Michael E. Fossum, astronaut * Neil Graff, quarterback for several NFL teams *George Barnes Grigsby, Alaska Territory's at-large congressional district, delegate to Congress from Alaska Territory *John T. Grigsby, Lieutenant Governor of South Dakota *Melvin Grigsby, American Civil War and Spanish–American War veteran who served as Attorney General of South Dakota *Sioux K. Grigsby, Lieutenant Governor of South Dakota * Donald A. Haggar, lawyer and legislator * Mary Hart (TV personality), Mary Hart, television personality, ''Entertainment Tonight'' * Allison Hedge Coke, writer and educator * Stephanie Herseth Sandlin, U.S. representative from * Kirk Hinrich, retired NBA player * Crystal Johnson (attorney), Crystal Johnson, state's attorney for Minnehaha County * January Jones, actress, best known for playing Betty Draper on ''Mad Men'' *Herbert Krause, author (1905-1976) * David Lillehaug, associate justice of the Minnesota Supreme Court and Attorney General of Minnesota * Mike Martz, former head coach of NFL's St. Louis Rams, born in Sioux Falls * Milton J. Nieuwsma, author, screenwriter, producer * Pat O'Brien (radio and television personality), Pat O'Brien, television personality, ''Access Hollywood'' * David Soul, actor, co-star of ''Starsky & Hutch'' * Joan Tabor, actress * John Thune, South Dakota senator * Shane Van Boening, professional pool player * Jerry verDorn, actor, ''Guiding Light'' and ''One Life to Live''


See also

* Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the meat industry in the United States * List of cities in South Dakota * Pandora papers


Notes


References


Further reading

* Olson, Gary D. "Norwegian Immigrants in Early Sioux Falls: A Demographic Profile", ''Norwegian-American Studies'', 36 (2011), pp 45–84. * Olson, Gary D. "A Dakota Boomtown: Sioux Falls, 1877–1880", ''Great Plains Quarterly'' (2004) 24#1 pp 17–30 * The author is Professor Emeritus of History at Augustana College. * Tingley, Ralph and Tingley, Kathleen. ''Mission in Sioux Falls: The First Baptist Church, 1875–1975'' (1975) * ''History of Southeastern Dakota: Its Settlement and Growth'' (1881)


External links

*
Sioux Falls Area Chamber of Commerce

Sioux Falls Convention and Visitors Bureau

Sioux Falls Development Foundation

Sioux Falls Argus Leader – the city's daily newspaper

Greetings from Sioux Falls – A look at the history of Sioux Falls through postcards
{{Authority control Sioux Falls, South Dakota, Cities in South Dakota Cities in Minnehaha County, South Dakota Cities in Lincoln County, South Dakota County seats in South Dakota Sioux Falls, South Dakota metropolitan area Populated places established in 1856