Sharqia Governorate ( ar, محافظة الشرقية ', , rural: ) is the 3rd most populous of the
governorates of Egypt For administrative purposes, Egypt Egypt ( ar, مِصر, Miṣr), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a spanning the and the of . It is bordered by the to , the () and to , the to the east, to , and to . In the northeast, t ...

governorates of Egypt
. Located in the northern part of the country, its capital is the city of
Zagazig Zagazig ( ar, الزقازيق '  , rural: ) is a city in Lower Egypt. Situated in the eastern part of the Nile delta, it is the capital of the governorates of Egypt, governorate of Al Sharqia Governorate, Sharqia. It is located on the Mu ...


Bilbeis is the former capital of Sharqia. A section of the governorate once was part of the Qalyubia Governorate. There is a strong agriculture industry, poultry and fish farming in Sharqia. The rate of poverty is more than 60% in this governorate but recently some social safety networks have been provided in the form of financial assistance and job opportunities. The funding has been coordinated by the country's Ministry of Finance and with assistance from international organizations.

Municipal divisions

The governorate is divided into the following municipal divisions for administrative purposes, with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 7,192,355. In some instances there is a markaz and a kism with the same name.


According to population estimates, in 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 23.1%. Out of an estimated 6,485,412 people residing in the governorate in 2015, 4,987,707 people lived in rural areas and 1,497,705 lived in urban areas.

Industrial zones

According to the Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI) the governorate is home to two industrial zones. They are located in New Salhia, and in 10th of Ramadan.

Cities and towns

The following cities and towns are located in Sharqia Governorate.

Notable people

El-Said Badawi El-Said Badawi (El-Saʿīd Muḥammad Badawī) () was a scholar and linguist and author of many works, both in English and in Arabic, dealing with various aspects of the Arabic language. Having learned the Qur'an by the age of ten in his village, E ...
, sociolinguist *
Mohamed Morsi Mohamed Mohamed Morsi Eissa Al-AyyatThe spellings of his first and last names vary. survey of 14 news organizations plus Wikipedia in July 2012
, former President of Egypt *
Ahmed Shafik Ahmed Mohamed Shafik ZakiAlso spelled: ''Shafiq''. ( ar, أحمد محمد شفيق زكى, ; born 25 November 1941) is an Egyptian politician and a former candidate for the presidency of Egypt. He was a senior commander in the Egyptian Air Force ...
, former Prime Minister of Egypt and Presidential Candidate for
Egyptian presidential election, 2012 A presidential election was held in Egypt Egypt ( ar, مِصر, Miṣr), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a spanning the and the of . It is bordered by the to , the () and to , the to the east, to , and to . In the northe ...
Abaza family The Abaza family ( ar, الأسرة الأباظية), is an Egyptian family of CircassianCircassian may refer to: * Pertaining to Circassia, a formerly independent country located in present-day European Russia ** Circassian coast, on the Black ...
, the largest family in Sharqia and Egypt's largest family of Circassian origin. * Ahmed Subhy Mansour, founder of the Quranist movement *
Abdel Halim Hafez Abdel Halim Ali Shabana ( ar, عبد الحليم علي شبانة), commonly known as Abdel Halim Hafez ( ar, عبد الحليم حافظ,) (June 21, 1929 – March 30, 1977), was an Egyptian singer, actor, conductor Conductor or conductio ...
, popular singer and actor * Miral al-Tahawy, award-winning Bedouin novelist *
Yusuf Abu Rayya Yusuf Abu Rayya (1955 - 12 January 2009) was an Egyptian author. Early life He was born in 1955 in Hihya in the Sharqiya Governorate, and studied journalism at Cairo University. His first published book was a collection of short stories in 1985, fo ...
, award-winning novelist *
Husayn Fawzi Al Najjar
Husayn Fawzi Al Najjar
, political historian and Islamic scholar *
Magdi Yacoub Sir Magdi Habib Yacoub ( ar, د/مجدى حبيب يعقوب ) (born 16 November 1935), is an Egyptian-British retired professor of cardiothoracic surgery at Imperial College London, best known for his early work in heart valve repair, repairing ...
, professor of cardiothoracic surgery at the National Heart and Lung Institute * Sama El Masry, actress, belly dancer, and activist * Ahmed Fouad Negm, Egyptian vernacular poet *
Rushdy Abaza Rushdy Said Bughdady Abaza ( ar, رشدي سعيد بوغدادي أباظة) (3 August 1926 – 27 July 1980) was an Egyptian actor. He was a member of the wealthy Abaza family The Abaza family ( ar, الأسرة الأباظية), is an Egypti ...

Rushdy Abaza
, actor *
Fekry Pasha Abaza Fekry Pasha Abaza (1896 – 9 February 1979) was an Egyptian journalist and democratic political activist. Life Abaza was born in 1896 in the village of Kafr Abu Shehata in the East, Egypt. He was a member of the notable Egyptian Abaza Family. ...
, journalist and political activist *
Ahmed 'Urabi Ahmad ( ar, أحمد) is a common male Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE.Semitic languages: an international handbook / edited by Stefan Weninger; in collaboration with ...
, the leader of the 1881 nationalist uprising against the British *
Hamada Helal
Hamada Helal
, Egyptian singer *
Emad Moteab Emad Mohamed Abd El Naby Ibrahim Moteab ( ar, عماد محمد عبد النبي إبراهيم متعب; born 20 February 1983) is an Egyptian retired professional footballer who played as a Forward (association football)#Striker, striker. Care ...

Emad Moteab
, Egyptian footballer * Ahmed el-Mansy, an Egyptian officer who was killed in clashes with terrorists in North Sinai


External links

El Watan News of Sharqia Governorate
{{Authority control Governorates of Egypt