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Sergey Semyonovich Sobyanin (russian: link=no, Сергей Семёнович Собянин; born 21 June 1958) is a Russian politician, serving as the 3rd
Mayor of Moscow The Mayor of Moscow (russian: Мэр Москвы, Mer Moskvy) is the head and the highest-ranking official of Moscow Moscow ( , American English, US chiefly ; rus, links=no, Москва, r=Moskva, p=mɐˈskva, a=Москва.ogg) is t ...
since 21 October 2010. Sobyanin previously served as the Governor of
Tyumen Oblast Tyumen Oblast (russian: Тюме́нская о́бласть, ''Tyumenskaya oblast'') is a federal subject The federal subjects of Russia, also referred to as the subjects of the Russian Federation (russian: субъекты Российс ...
(2001–2005), Deputy
Prime Minister of Russia The Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation, also known as the prime minister, is the head of the Russian government, the chief executive of the Russian Cabinet The government of Russia exercises executive power in the Russian ...
(2005–2008 in
Mikhail Fradkov's Second Cabinet Mikhail Fradkov's Second Cabinet (May 2004 - September 2007) was the twelfth cabinet of the government of the Russian Federation, preceded by Mikhail Fradkov's First Cabinet, Fradkov's First Cabinet, which followed Mikhail Kasyanov's Cabinet, the c ...
) and Head of the
presidential administration The term administration, as used in the context of government, differs according to jurisdiction. United States In Americans, American usage, the term generally refers to the Federal government of the United States#Executive branch, executive br ...
(2008–2010). Sobyanin is a member of the ruling
United Russia United Russia ( rus, links=, Единая Россия, Yedinaya Rossiya, (j)ɪˈdʲinəjə rɐˈsʲijə) is a political party in Russia. United Russia is the largest party in Russia Russia ( rus, link=no, Россия, Rossiya, ), or th ...
political party, and is elected to its higher governing bodies, current member of presidium of Regional Council of the United Russia in Moscow and the head (political council secretary) of the party's Moscow branch from March 2011 to December 2012. He is considered to be a close ally to Russian billionaire businessman Vladimir Bogdanov, Director General of
Surgutneftegas Surgutneftegas ( rus, ПАО «Сургутнефтегаз», p=sʊrɡʊtnʲɪftʲɪˈɡas) is a Russian oil and gas company created by merging several previously state-owned companies owning large oil and gas reserves in Western Siberia S ...
. As the Mayor of Moscow, Sobyanin has gradually relaxed the massive construction projects of his predecessor
Yury Luzhkov Yury Mikhailovich Luzhkov ( rus, Ю́рий Миха́йлович Лужко́в, p=ˈjʉrʲɪj mʲɪˈxajləvʲɪtɕ lʊˈʂkof; 21 September 1936 – 10 December 2019) was a Russian politician who served as mayor of Moscow from 1992 to 2010 ...
, for which he has won acclaim for the "most sane piece of city planning in years." As mayor, Sobyanin created Moscow Media, a holding company for a number of TV channels, radio stations, and newspapers, owned and controlled by the
Moscow government The Government of Moscow (russian: Правительство Москвы) is the highest executive body of state authority of Moscow. The Government of Moscow is headed by the highest official of the city of Moscow, i.e. the Mayor of Moscow. T ...

Moscow government
. And he has also won praise for his efforts in combatting corruption. At the same time, Sobyanin was criticized for the banning of
pride parades A pride parade (also known as pride march, pride event, or pride festival) is an outdoor event celebrating lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, non-binary and queer (LGBTQ) social and self acceptance, achievements, LGBT rights by country or t ...

pride parades
in the city, for which he was strongly condemned by
LGBT ' is an initialism An acronym is a word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be uttered in isolation with semantic, objective or pragmatics, practical meaning (li ...

LGBT
groups.


Early life and career

Sergey Sobyanin was born in an ethnic
Mansi Mansi may refer to: People * Mansi people The Mansi ( Mansi: Мāньси / Мāньси мāхум, ''Māńsi / Māńsi māhum'', ) are a Ugrian indigenous people living in Khanty–Mansia, an autonomous okrug within Tyumen Oblast Tyumen ...
village of Nyaksimvol in the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug (then in the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Russian SFSR of the Soviet Union). After finishing a local school in Beryozovsky District in 1975, Sobyanin matriculated to the Kostroma Technology Institute in Kostroma. On graduation he received an assignment to the large tube-rolling factory in Chelyabinsk. He started working as a machinist there. From 1982 to 1984 he worked with Komsomol in Chelyabinsk. In 1984, he returned to Kogalym. There, he worked as a vice-chairman of the Kogalym selsovet (lowest level of administrative subdivision in rural areas), in a municipal economy department and local tax administration. In 1989, he got a second degree in jurisprudence (Kutafin Moscow State Law University, All-Union Correspondence Institute of Law). His PhD thesis was titled "Legal position of the autonomous okrugs as federal subjects of Russia". On 23 May 2007, at the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Jurisprudence at Government of Russia, defence of Sobyanin's higher doctoral thesis "RF subject in economical and social development of the state" were to take place on the basis of his monograph published shortly before the event. But the defence was cancelled due to an unknown reason. Examination of Dissernet of Sobyanin's doctoral thesis and the monograph of 2007 exposed high level of plagiarism.


Political career

In 1991, he was elected mayor of Kogalym. Since 1993, he has been the First Deputy of the Head of the Administration of the Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug. In 1994, he was elected chairman of the Khanty–Mansi Duma. In January 1996, he became a member of the Federation Council of Russia. Since July 1998, he has been chairman of the Constitutional Law, Judicial, and Legal Problems Committee. On 27 October 1996, he was re-elected as a delegate and a chairman of the Khanty–Mansi Duma. On 12 July 2000 he was appointed the First Deputy of Plenipotentiary of President of Russia in the Urals Federal District. On 14 January 2001 he was elected governor of
Tyumen Oblast Tyumen Oblast (russian: Тюме́нская о́бласть, ''Tyumenskaya oblast'') is a federal subject The federal subjects of Russia, also referred to as the subjects of the Russian Federation (russian: субъекты Российс ...
. During the campaign, oil tycoon Vladimir Bogdanov was its confidant. He has been a member of the Supreme Council of the
United Russia United Russia ( rus, links=, Единая Россия, Yedinaya Rossiya, (j)ɪˈdʲinəjə rɐˈsʲijə) is a political party in Russia. United Russia is the largest party in Russia Russia ( rus, link=no, Россия, Rossiya, ), or th ...
political party since 2004. In 2005, Sergey Sobyanin sent a request to the President of Russia about a vote of confidence. That was done in case of the change of the governor assignment procedure. Vladimir Putin nominated him for election by the Duma of the Tyumen Oblast and he was finally reelected on 17 February 2005. In November 2005, he was appointed a head of the Administration of the President of Russia. Since 21 October 2010, he has been the
Mayor of Moscow The Mayor of Moscow (russian: Мэр Москвы, Mer Moskvy) is the head and the highest-ranking official of Moscow Moscow ( , American English, US chiefly ; rus, links=no, Москва, r=Moskva, p=mɐˈskva, a=Москва.ogg) is t ...
. Awarded a Medal of Honour, church IInd stage order of St. Kniaz Danil Moscowskiy, Medal of Honour in Education, French Republic Medal of Honour in Agriculture. Laureate of the "2003 Russia's Man of the Year: Politician" prize.


Mayor of Moscow


City planning

The preservation organization Archnadzor criticized Sobyanin for his razing of historical landmarks to make way for contemporary buildings. In March 2012, Sobyanin garnered controversy for doing little to clean up the city side walks.


Moscow housing relocation programme

:ru:Программа реновации жилья в Москве (2017), Moscow housing relocation programme involves the demolition of dilapidated five-storey blocks of flats and the relocation of their residents to modern housing. The project's aim is to prevent five-storey blocks of flats from turning into hazardous housing unfit for living. The programme stipulates providing the residents of buildings put on the demolition list with equivalent living space with amenities in new buildings in their district. The list of buildings in the programme includes more than 5000 blocks of flats with a total area of about 16,000,000 square metres and about one million residents.


Criticism

Sobyanin has in recent years become a major target of controversy in the press. According to an independent poll, most Muscovites believe that since coming to power, Sobyanin's leadership has not differed from that of
Yury Luzhkov Yury Mikhailovich Luzhkov ( rus, Ю́рий Миха́йлович Лужко́в, p=ˈjʉrʲɪj mʲɪˈxajləvʲɪtɕ lʊˈʂkof; 21 September 1936 – 10 December 2019) was a Russian politician who served as mayor of Moscow from 1992 to 2010 ...
. He was also helping to renovate the disputed city of Sevastopol, although he was not included in the US or EU sanctions list.


Moscow gay parades

In February 2011, Sobyanin drew the ire of LGBT groups when he deemed Gay Parades to be "illegal" in Moscow. In response to this act, several gays organised a parade without approval in May 2011, during which 30 gay supporters were arrested, including several foreigners. Acclaimed British actor Sir Ian McKellen heavily criticised Sobyanin for the ban on parades, even going as far as using the word "coward" to describe Sobyanin.


Personal life

Sergey Sobyanin was married to Irina Sobyanina, a cousin of the Minister for Energy in Mikhail Kasyanov's Cabinet, . They divorced on 21 February 2014. The couple have two daughters: Anna (b. 1986) and Olga (b. 1997). He is of Russian and
Mansi Mansi may refer to: People * Mansi people The Mansi ( Mansi: Мāньси / Мāньси мāхум, ''Māńsi / Māńsi māhum'', ) are a Ugrian indigenous people living in Khanty–Mansia, an autonomous okrug within Tyumen Oblast Tyumen ...
ancestry.Keith McCloskey (2013).
Mountain of the Dead: The Dyatlov Pass Incident
. The History Press. p.46.


Notes


External links


Official biography
{{DEFAULTSORT:Sobyanin, Sergey Sergey Sobyanin, 1958 births Living people People from Beryozovsky District, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug United Russia politicians 21st-century Russian politicians Kremlin Chiefs of Staff Mayors of Moscow Governors of Tyumen Oblast Russian engineers Soviet politicians Komsomol Mansi people Kutafin Moscow State Law University alumni