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, officially the ( tl|Lungsod ng ), is a in the of the . According to the , it has a population of people. It is geographically located at Metro Manila's approximate center and is also the country's smallest city in terms of land area. The city is known historically for the site of the first battle of the Katipunan, the organization which led the 1896 Philippine Revolution against the Spanish Empire. Notable landmarks today such as Pinaglabanan Shrine and heritage homes are located in the city. Other locations include Greenhills and Santolan Town Plaza, making the city a major shopping hub with a range of upscale, boutique and bargain retail.


Etymology


"San Juan City" is a contraction of the city's traditional name of "San Juan del Monte" (). As with numerous other places in the Philippines, the name combines a patron saint and a toponym; in this case Saint John the Baptist with the locale's hilly terrain and relatively higher elevation compared to surrounding areas. The city's official name is "Dakilang Lungsód ng San Juan" ().

History

During the pre-Hispanic period, the area of what is now San Juan was a part of the Kingdom of Namayan, whose last recorded rulers were King Lacantagean and his consort, Bouan. After the kingdom and other polities in the islands were absorbed into the Spanish Crown in the late 16th century, the realm of Namayan was christened ''Santa Ana de Sapa''. The present area of San Juan was meanwhile re-classified as a ''barrio'', becoming a small ''encomienda'' by 1590. In 1602, the Dominicans built a retreat house in the vicinity for their immediate use, where ageing or convalescing friars stayed. Later, the Order constructed a convent and stone church dedicated to the Holy Cross. To this day, the thrice-rebuilt Santuario del Santo Cristo stands on the same site, adjacent to Aquinas School and Dominican College. In 1783, San Juan was partitioned from Santa Ana but was still a ''barrio'' within the Province of Manila. The El Deposito reservoir was historically known as the site where the onset of the Philippine Revolution through the Battle of San Juan del Monte took place in 1896. The opening salvo against Spain took place in San Juan in 1897 when the Katipunan attacked the ''alamacén'' (armoury) or ''polvorín'' (gunpowder magazine) of the Spanish East Indies colonial government. The town was later incorporated into the Province of Rizal in 1901 under American military rule. On 7 November 1975, President Ferdinand Marcos signed Presidential Decree No. 824 that established the National Capital Region, and San Juan was among the towns excised from Rizal Province. Residents ratified the conversion of the municipality into a highly urbanised city on 17 June 2007, pursuant to Republic Act No. 9388 ("An Act Converting the Municipality of San Juan into a Highly Urbanized City to be known as the City of San Juan"). Then Representative Ronaldo B. Zamora sponsored the Cityhood Bill in the House of Representatives and worked for its approval. In 2020, San Juan and the entire metropolitan Manila was placed under community quarantine for one month starting March 15 due to the 2020 coronavirus pandemic.


Presidential ties


Although not officially designated as such, San Juan is noted to be the "City of Philippine Presidents." Four presidents since the Third Republic were official residents of San Juan when they assumed office. They were the Macapagal ''père et fille'', Diosdado Sr. (1961–1965) and Gloria Arroyo (2001–2010); Ferdinand Marcos (1965–1986); and Joseph Estrada (1998–2001), who also served as Mayor when San Juan was still a municipality.

Geography

San Juan is the least-extensive city in the Philippines with a total area of just . San Juan is bounded by Quezon City on the north and east, Mandaluyong on the south, and the City of Manila in the west. The territory of San Juan was once much larger than it is now, extending all the way to what is now Caloocan. Parts of the present-day Districts 1, 4 and 6 of Quezon City as well as areas of Mandaluyong were originally within the town's colonial-era borders. This also explains why San Juan Reservoir is in nearby Horseshoe Village, a subdivision now part of Quezon City.

Climate



Barangays

San Juan is politically subdivided into 21 barangays:

Demographics



Religion

The city also has several notable places of worship. Saint John the Baptist Parish, more commonly known as "''Pinaglabanan'' Church", is where the city's patron saint, John the Baptist, is enshrined. The Santuario del Santo Cristo is the settlement's oldest existing church, while Mary the Queen Parish in West Greenhills serves the local Filipino-Chinese community. From 1925–1971, the Iglesia ni Cristo once headquartered in the town at its former Central Office Complex, now known as the Locale of F. Manalo. It features Art-Deco designed ensembles, crafted by National Artist for Architecture Juan Nakpil. The Chapel is the centerpiece of the Complex, which also contains the old Central Office and Pastoral House which was the home of the church's first Executive Minister, ''Ka'' Felix Manalo, along with other Ministers and Evangelical Workers. When Manalo died in 1963, a mausoleum was constructed on the grounds of the Complex by architect Carlos Santos-Viola. San Juan also has a number of Evangelical churches. Through the APOI ( Association of Pastors for Outreach and Intercession), they have contributed to the spiritual atmosphere of the city. Every January, the city celebrates the National Bible Week, where the reading of the Scripture happens during the flag raising ceremony in the City Hall. Through the blessing of the mayor, a bible was planted in the heart of the new city hall during its construction. Major evangelical churches like Jesus is Lord, Victory Greenhills are also found in the city of San Juan.

Transportation

Modes of public transportation in San Juan include jeepneys and buses. Jeepney routes ply the Aurora Boulevard (R-6). The city is serviced by the Line 2. The only Line 2 station in San Juan is the J. Ruiz station. The C-3 (Araneta Avenue) also passes through San Juan. Secondary routes include Nicanor Domingo (abbreviated N. Domingo), which heads towards Cubao in Quezon City, and Pinaglabanan/Santolan Road, which leads towards Ortigas Avenue and eventually the southern reaches of Quezon City near Camp Crame, the headquarters of the Philippine National Police.


Education


The Polytechnic University of the Philippines maintains a campus in San Juan.

Notable people

* Joseph Estrada, 13th President of the Philippines, 9th Vice President of the Philippines, 26th Mayor of Manila, 14th San Juan Mayor, actor * Teofisto Guingona Jr., 11th Vice President of the Philippines * Ophelia Dimalanta, poet, editor, author, and teacher. * Grace Poe, senator and former MTRCB chairwoman * Franklin Drilon, senator * JV Ejercito, former San Juan Mayor and former senator * Jinggoy Estrada, former San Juan Mayor, former senator, actor * Francis Zamora, former Vice Mayor and incumbent Mayor (since 2019) * Edu Manzano, actor and former US Military officer * Alfred Vargas, actor and Quezon City congressman * Eraño Manalo, former Iglesia ni Cristo Executive Minister from 1963-2009 * Gabby Concepcion, actor * Jaymee Joaquin, former TV host * Luis Manzano, actor and TV host * Joross Gamboa, actor * Janella Salvador, actress singer artist * Ericka Villongco, singer and actress * Krissy Villongco, singer * Don Allado, basketball player and coach * Paul Artadi, basketball player and District 1 councilor * Philip Cezar, PBA Player aka "Tapal King", vice mayor (1992-2001) and current basketball coach

Sister cities



Local

* Davao City * Iloilo City

International

* San Juan, Puerto Rico, United States * Maui, Hawaii, United States * Santa Barbara, California, United States


Gallery


City of San Juan Government Center - side view (Pinaglabanan, San Juan; 12-09-2019).jpg|City of San Juan Government Center San Juan, Metro Manila (2344411253).jpg|Santuario del Santo Cristo 02076jfSan Juan Del Monte Presidencia Hospital Barangays Progeso Rivera San Juan Cityfvf 04.jpg|Sn. Juan Del Monte Presidencia, San Juan Medical Center Vmalljf.JPG|V-Mall Greenhills Shopping Center (35106417321).jpg|Inside of Greenhills Shopping Center 0727jfN. Domingo F. Blumentritt Streets Barangays Progreso Cruz Tibagan San Juan Cityfvf 06.jpg|PureGold Agora Market 01793jfMuseo Katipunan Pinaglabanan Shrine Barangays City of San Juanfvf 01.jpg|Museo ng Katipunan Xavier School Greenhills - panoramio.jpg|Panoramic view of San Juan from Xavier School Greenhills

References



External links

*
San Juan Profile at PhilAtlas.com
* Philippine Standard Geographic Code* {{Navboxes | title = Articles related to San Juan, Metro Manila | list = {{Metro Manila {{Philippine cities Category:Cities in Metro Manila Category:Populated places established in 1623 Category:1623 establishments in the Philippines Category:Highly urbanized cities in the Philippines