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The Rothschild banking family of England was founded in (1798) by
Nathan Mayer von Rothschild
Nathan Mayer von Rothschild
(1777–1836) who first settled in
Manchester Manchester () is the most-populous city and metropolitan borough A metropolitan borough is a type of local government district The districts of England (also known as local authority districts or local government districts to distinguis ...

Manchester
but then moved to
London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowerc ...

London
(at the time in the
Kingdom of Great Britain The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called Great Britain,"After the political union of England and Scotland in 1707, the nation's official name became 'Great Britain'", ''The American Pageant, Volume 1'', Cengage Learning (2012) was a s ...

Kingdom of Great Britain
). Nathan was sent there from his home in
Frankfurt Frankfurt, officially Frankfurt am Main (; Hessian dialects, Hessian: , "Franks, Frank ford (crossing), ford on the Main (river), Main"; french: Francfort-sur-le-Main), is the most populous city in the States of Germany, German state of Hess ...

Frankfurt
by his father,
Mayer Amschel Rothschild Rothschild family home in the Frankfurter Judengasse. Mayer Amschel Rothschild (23 February 1744 – 19 September 1812; also spelled ''Meyer'' or ''Anschel''), was a German Jewish banker and the founder of the Rothschild banking dynasty. Refe ...

Mayer Amschel Rothschild
(1744–1812). Wanting his sons to succeed on their own and to expand the family business across
Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of scienc ...

Europe
, Mayer Amschel Rothschild had his eldest son remain in Frankfurt, while his four other sons were sent to different European cities to establish a financial institution to invest in business and provide banking services. Nathan Mayer von Rothschild, the third son, first established a
textile A textile is a flexible material made by creating an interlocking bundle of yarn Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, ...

textile
jobbing business in Manchester and from there went on to establish
N M Rothschild & Sons Rothschild & Co is a multinational investment bank Investment is the dedication of an asset to attain an increase in value over a period of time. Investment requires a sacrifice of some present asset, such as time, money, or effort. In finance ...
bank in London. From the home base in
Frankfurt Frankfurt, officially Frankfurt am Main (; Hessian dialects, Hessian: , "Franks, Frank ford (crossing), ford on the Main (river), Main"; french: Francfort-sur-le-Main), is the most populous city in the States of Germany, German state of Hess ...

Frankfurt
, Rothschild sons not only established themselves in the UK but also in
Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,175,601 residents , in an area of more than . Since the 17th century, Paris ha ...

Paris
,
Vienna Vienna ( ; german: Wien ; bar, Wean, label=Bavarian language, Austro-Bavarian ) is the Capital city, national capital, largest city, and one of States of Austria, nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's List of cities and towns in Austria, mos ...

Vienna
and
Naples Naples (; it, Napoli ; nap, Napule ), from grc, Νεάπολις, Neápolis, lit=new city. is the regional capital of and the third-largest city of , after and , with a population of 967,069 within the city's administrative limits as of ...

Naples
in the
Two Sicilies The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies ( nap, Regno d’ ’e Ddoje Sicilie; scn, Regnu dî Dui Sicili; it, Regno delle Due Sicilie; es, Reino de las Dos Sicilias) was a kingdom located in Southern Italy from 1816 to 1860. The kingdom was the larg ...
. Through their collaborative efforts, the Rothschilds rose to prominence in a variety of banking endeavours including
loan In finance Finance is the study of financial institutions, financial markets and how they operate within the financial system. It is concerned with the creation and management of money and investments. Savers and investors have money avai ...
s,
government bond A government bond or sovereign bond is an debt obligation issued by a national government to support government spending. It generally includes a commitment to pay periodic interest, called ''coupon payments,'' and to repay the face value on t ...
s and trading in
bullion Bullion is non-ferrous metal In metallurgy Metallurgy is a domain of Materials science, materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic Chemical element, elements, their Inter-metallic alloy, in ...
. Their financing afforded investment opportunities and during the 19th century they became major stakeholders in large-scale
mining Mining is the extraction of valuable mineral In geology and mineralogy, a mineral or mineral species is, broadly speaking, a solid chemical compound with a fairly well-defined chemical composition and a specific crystal structure that occu ...

mining
and
rail transport Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine that transports people or cargo. Vehicles include wagons, bicycles, motor veh ...

rail transport
ventures that were fundamental to the rapidly expanding industrial economies of
Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of scienc ...

Europe
. Changes in the heads of government, war, and other such events affected the family's fortunes both for their benefit and to their detriment at various times. Despite such changes, the UK branch of the Rothschild family is arguably the most prominent of all the Rothschild branches due its elevation to the British peerage, and its continued high-profile philanthropic activities.


Involvement in finance and industry

During the early part of the 19th century, the Rothschild's London bank took a leading part in managing and financing the subsidies that the British government transferred to its allies during the
Napoleonic Wars The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major World war, global conflicts pitting the First French Empire, French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon, Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of Coalition forces of the Napoleonic W ...
. Through the creation of a network of agents, couriers and shippers, the bank was able to provide funds to the armies of the
Duke of Wellington Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish people, Anglo-Irish soldier and Tories (British political party), Tory statesman who was one of the leading military and political fi ...

Duke of Wellington
in
Portugal Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic ( pt, República Portuguesa, links=yes ), is a country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who ...

Portugal
and
Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_map2 ...

Spain
, therefore funding war. In 1818 the Rothschild bank arranged a £5 million loan to the
Prussia Prussia, , Old Prussian Distribution of the Baltic tribes, circa 1200 CE (boundaries are approximate). Old Prussian was a Western Baltic language belonging to the Balto-Slavic branch of the Indo-European languages The Indo-Europ ...

Prussia
n government and the issuing of bonds for government
loan In finance Finance is the study of financial institutions, financial markets and how they operate within the financial system. It is concerned with the creation and management of money and investments. Savers and investors have money avai ...
s. The providing of other innovative and complex financing for government projects formed a mainstay of the bank's business for the better part of the century. N M Rothschild & Sons financial strength in the
City of London The City of London is a city A city is a large .Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It ...

City of London
became such that by 1825–26, the bank was able to supply enough coin to the
Bank of England The Bank of England is the central bank of the United Kingdom and the model on which most modern central banks have been based. Established in 1694 to act as the Kingdom of England, English Government's banker, and still one of the bankers for t ...

Bank of England
to enable it to avert a
liquidity Liquidity is a concept in economics involving the convertibility of assets and obligations. It can include: * Market liquidity In business Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling ...
crisis. Nathan Mayer's eldest son,
Lionel de Rothschild Lionel Nathan Freiherr de Rothschild (22 November 1808 – 3 June 1879) was a British Jewish banker, politician and philanthropist who was a member of the prominent Rothschild banking family of England. He became the first practising Jew to si ...
(1808–1879) succeeded him as head of the London branch. Under Lionel the bank financed the British government's 1875 purchase of
Egypt Egypt ( ar, مِصر, Miṣr), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identi ...

Egypt
's interest in the
Suez Canal The Suez Canal ( ar, قَنَاةُ ٱلسُّوَيْسِ, ') is an artificial sea-level Mean sea level (MSL) (often shortened to sea level) is an mean, average level of the surface of one or more of Earth's bodies of water from which hei ...
. Lionel also began to invest in railways as his uncle
James James is a common English language surname and given name: * James (name), the typically masculine first name James * James (surname), various people with the last name James James or James City may also refer to: People * King James (disambiguati ...
had been doing in France. In 1869, Lionel's son,
Alfred de Rothschild Alfred Charles '' Freiherr'' de Rothschild, CVO (20 July 1842 – 31 January 1918), was the second son of Lionel ''Freiherr'' de Rothschild and Charlotte ''Freifrau'' von Rothschild of the Rothschild family. Education As a young man, Alfred ...

Alfred de Rothschild
(1842–1918), became a director of the Bank of England, a post he held for 20 years. Alfred was one of those who represented the British Government at the 1892 International Monetary Conference in
Brussels Brussels (french: Bruxelles or ; nl, Brussel ), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (french: link=no, Région de Bruxelles-Capitale; nl, link=no, Brusse ...

Brussels
. The Rothschild bank funded
Cecil Rhodes Cecil John Rhodes (5 July 1853 – 26 March 1902) was a British mining magnate A magnate, from the late Latin ''magnas'', a great man, itself from Latin ''magnus'', "great", is a noble or a man in a high social position, by birth, wealth or ...
in the development of the
British South Africa Company The British South Africa Company (BSAC or BSACo) was charteredChartered may refer to: * Charter, a legal document conferring rights or privileges ** University charter ** Chartered company * Chartered (professional), a professional credential * ...
and
Leopold de Rothschild Leopold may refer to: People * Leopold (given name) ;Crime * Nathan Leopold (1904–71), convicted of the kidnap and murder of Bobby Franks ;Literature * Aldo Leopold Aldo Leopold (January 11, 1887 – April 21, 1948) was an American author, ph ...

Leopold de Rothschild
(1845–1917) administered Rhodes's estate after his death in 1902 and helped to set up the
Rhodes Scholarship 250px, Rhodes House in Oxford, designed by Sir Herbert Baker">Oxford.html" ;"title="Rhodes House in Oxford">Rhodes House in Oxford, designed by Sir Herbert Baker The Rhodes Scholarship is an international postgraduate Postgraduate educatio ...
scheme at
Oxford University Oxford () is a city in England. It is the county town and only city of Oxfordshire. In 2017, its population was estimated at 152,450. It is northwest of London, southeast of Birmingham, and northeast of Bristol. The city is home to the Unive ...

Oxford University
. In 1873,
de Rothschild Frères The Rothschild banking family of France is a French banking dynasty founded in 1812 in Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous city of France, with an estimated ...
in France and N M Rothschild & Sons of
London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowerc ...

London
joined with other investors to acquire the Spanish government's money-losing
Rio TintoRio Tinto, meaning "red river", may refer to: Businesses * Rio Tinto (corporation), an Anglo-Australian multinational mining and resources corporation ** The aluminium division of Rio Tinto (formerly Rio Tinto Alcan), based in Canada ** The Rio ...
copper mines. The new owners restructured the company and turned it into a profitable business. By 1905, the Rothschild interest in Rio Tinto amounted to more than 30 percent. In 1887, the French and UK Rothschild banking houses loaned money to, and invested in, the
De Beers De Beers Group is an international corporation that specializes in diamond Diamond is a solid form of the element carbon with its atoms arranged in a crystal structure In crystallography Crystallography is the experimental science of de ...

De Beers
diamond mines in
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital citie ...

South Africa
, becoming its largest shareholders. The London banking house continued under the management of
Lionel Nathan de Rothschild Lionel Nathan de Rothschild, Order of the British Empire, OBE (25 January 1882 – 28 January 1942), also Major Lionel de Rothschild, was a British banker and Conservative Party (UK), Conservative politician best remembered as the creator of Exb ...
(1882–1942) and his brother
Anthony Gustav de Rothschild Anthony Gustav de Rothschild (26 June 1887 – 5 February 1961) was a British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people, nationals or natives of the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories, and Crown Dependenc ...
(1887–1961) and then to Sir Evelyn de Rothschild (b. 1931). In 2003, following Sir Evelyn's retirement as head of N M Rothschild & Sons of
London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowerc ...

London
, the UK and French financial firms merged under the leadership of David René de Rothschild.


Other activities

Beyond banking and finance, members of the Rothschild family in the UK became
academic An academy (Attic Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια; Koine Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of secondary education, secondary or tertiary education, tertiary higher education, higher learning, research, or honorary membership. Academia is the ...

academic
s,
scientist A scientist is a person who conducts scientific research The scientific method is an Empirical evidence, empirical method of acquiring knowledge that has characterized the development of science since at least the 17th century. It involves ...

scientist
s and
horticulturalists Horticulture is the art of cultivating plants in gardens to produce food and medicinal ingredients, or for comfort and ornamental purposes. Horticulturists grow flowers, fruits and nuts, vegetables and herbs, as well as ornamental trees and lawns. ...
with worldwide reputations.
Nathaniel de Rothschild Nathaniel de Rothschild (1812–1870), was a businessman, banker and winemaker. He established the Château Mouton Rothschild. Biography Early life Nathaniel de Rothschild was born on 2 July 1812 in London. He was the fourth child of Nathan ...
(1812–1870) was born in
London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowerc ...

London
, the fourth child of the founder of the British branch of the family. In 1842, he married cousin
Charlotte de Rothschild Charlotte de Rothschild (6 May 1825 – 20 July 1899) was a French socialite A socialite is a person (usually from a wealthy, or aristocratic background) who plays a prominent role in or is very frequently involved in high society. A socialite g ...
(1825–1899) of
Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,175,601 residents , in an area of more than . Since the 17th century, Paris ha ...

Paris
,
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...

France
. She was the daughter of
James Mayer de Rothschild James Mayer de Rothschild, Baron de Rothschild (born Jakob Mayer Rothschild; 15 May 1792 – 15 November 1868) was a German- French Jewish banker and the founder of the French branch of the Rothschild family. Early life James de Rothschild w ...
and in 1850 they moved to Paris where he was to work for his father-in-law's bank. However, in 1853, Nathaniel acquired Château Brane Mouton, a
vineyard A vineyard ( , also ) is a plantation A plantation is a large-scale estate, generally centered on a plantation house, meant for farming that specializes in cash crops. The crops that are grown include cotton, coffee, tea, cocoa, sug ...

vineyard
in
Pauillac Pauillac (, oc, Paulhac) is a Communes of France, municipality in the Gironde Departments of France, department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. The city is mid-way between Bordeaux and the Pointe de Grave, along the Gironde estuary, ...

Pauillac
in the
Gironde Gironde ( US usually, , ; oc, Gironda, ) is a largest department Department may refer to: * Departmentalization, division of a larger organization into parts with specific responsibility Government and military *Department (country subdivi ...

Gironde
département In the administrative divisions of France, the department (french: département, ) is one of the three levels of government under the national level ("territorial collectivity, territorial collectivities"), between the regions of France, admini ...

département
of France.


Elevation to British peerage

In 1822, the five Rothschild brothers at the head of the family's banks in various parts of Europe were each granted the title of
baron Baron is a rank of nobility Nobility is a social class normally ranked immediately below Royal family, royalty and found in some societies that have a formal aristocracy (class), aristocracy. Nobility has often been an Estates of th ...

baron
or
Freiherr (; male, abbreviated as ), (; his wife, abbreviated as , literally "free lord" or "free lady") and (, his unmarried daughters and maiden aunts) are designations used as titles of nobility Traditional rank amongst European royalty, peers ...
by
Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik Österreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked Eastern Alps, East Alpine country in the southern part of Central Europe. It is composed of nine States o ...

Austria
's
Francis IFrancis I or Francis the First may refer to: * Francesco I Gonzaga (1366–1407) * Francis I, Duke of Brittany (1414–1450), reigned 1442–1450 * Francis I of France (1494–1547), reigned 1515–1547 * Francis I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg (1510–15 ...

Francis I
, formerly
Francis II
Francis II
the last
Holy Roman Emperor The Holy Roman Emperor, originally and officially the Emperor of the Romans ( la, Imperator The Latin word "imperator" derives from the stem of the verb la, imperare, label=none, meaning 'to order, to command'. It was originally employed as ...
. As such, some members of the family used "de" or "von" Rothschild to acknowledge the grant of nobility. In 1847,
Anthony Nathan de Rothschild Sir Anthony Nathan de Rothschild, 1st Baronet (29 May 1810 – 3 January 1876) was a British financier and a member of the prominent Rothschild banking family of England. Early life Born in New Court, St Swithin's Lane, in the City of London ...

Anthony Nathan de Rothschild
(1810–1876) was created ''1st Baronet de Rothschild, of
Tring Park Tring Park is a public open space in Tring Tring is a market town A market town is a European Human settlement, settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages, the right to host market (place), markets (market r ...
''. On his death, the title went to his nephew Nathan Mayer Rothschild II who was subsequently elevated to the
House of Lords The House of Lords, formally The Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, is the of the . Membership is by , or . Like the , it meets in the . ar ...

House of Lords
and created
Baron Rothschild Baron Rothschild, of Tring in the County of Hertfordshire, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom The Peerage of the United Kingdom comprises most peerages created in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the Acts o ...
in 1885 with which title the baronetcy remains merged. In 1850
Lionel de Rothschild Lionel Nathan Freiherr de Rothschild (22 November 1808 – 3 June 1879) was a British Jewish banker, politician and philanthropist who was a member of the prominent Rothschild banking family of England. He became the first practising Jew to si ...
(1808–1879) became the first practising Jewish member of the
British Parliament The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kin ...
.


Philanthropy

The English Rothschilds and members of the other branches in Europe were all major contributors to causes in aid of the Jewish people. However, many of their philanthropic efforts extended far beyond Jewish ethnic or religious communities. They built hospitals and shelters for the needy, supported cultural institutions and were patrons of individual artists. Their donation of works of art to various galleries has been the largest of any family in history. At present, a research project is underway by The Rothschild Archiv

in London to document the family's philanthropic involvements.


Family members

Members of the Rothschild family of the UK include: *
Alfred de Rothschild Alfred Charles '' Freiherr'' de Rothschild, CVO (20 July 1842 – 31 January 1918), was the second son of Lionel ''Freiherr'' de Rothschild and Charlotte ''Freifrau'' von Rothschild of the Rothschild family. Education As a young man, Alfred ...

Alfred de Rothschild
(1842–1918) *
Amschel Mayor James Rothschild Amschel Mayor James Rothschild (18 April 1955 – 8 July 1996) was the executive chairman of Rothschild Asset Management of the Rothschild banking family of England. Early years and kinships Rothschild was born in Paris, the youngest child of Vi ...
(1955–1996) *
Anthony Gustav de Rothschild Anthony Gustav de Rothschild (26 June 1887 – 5 February 1961) was a British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people, nationals or natives of the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories, and Crown Dependenc ...
(1887–1961) * Anthony James de Rothschild (b. 1977) *
Anthony Nathan de Rothschild Sir Anthony Nathan de Rothschild, 1st Baronet (29 May 1810 – 3 January 1876) was a British financier and a member of the prominent Rothschild banking family of England. Early life Born in New Court, St Swithin's Lane, in the City of London ...

Anthony Nathan de Rothschild
(1810–1876) *
Charles Rothschild Nathaniel Charles Rothschild (9 May 1877 – 12 October 1923), known as "Charles", was an England, English banker and entomologist and a member of the Rothschild family. He is remembered for The Rothschild List, a list he made in 1915 of 284 sit ...
(1877–1923) * Charlotte Henriette de Rothschild (b. 1955) * David Mayer de Rothschild (b. 1978) *
Dorothy de Rothschild Dorothy Mathilde de Rothschild (née Pinto; 7 March 1895 – 10 December 1988) was an English philanthropist Philanthropy consists of "private initiatives, for the Public good (economics), public good, focusing on quality of life". Philanthropy ...
(1895–1988) * Edmund Leopold de Rothschild (1916–2009) *
Emma Georgina Rothschild Emma Georgina Rothschild (born 16 May 1948) is a British economic historian An economy (from Greek language, Greek οίκος – "household" and νέμoμαι – "manage") is an area of the Production (economics), production, Distribution ( ...
(b. 1948) *
Evelina de Rothschild Evelina Gertrude de Rothschild (25 August 1839 – 4 December 1866) was an English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, ...
(1839–1866) *
Evelyn Achille de Rothschild Evelyn Achille de Rothschild (6 January 1886 – 17 November 1917) was a British banker and soldier. Born in London, England, he was the second of three sons of Leopold de Rothschild (1845–1917) and Marie Perugia (1862–1937) and a part of ...
(1886–1917) * Sir Evelyn de Rothschild (b. 1931) *
Ferdinand James von Rothschild Baron Baron is a rank of nobility or title of honour, often hereditary, in various European countries, either current or historical. The female equivalent is baroness. Typically, the title denotes an aristocrat who ranks higher than a lord ...
(1839–1898) * Hannah de Rothschild, Countess of Rosebery (1851–1890) *
Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild Nathaniel Charles Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild, (born 29 April 1936) is a British peer and investment banker and a member of the prominent Rothschild banking family. He is also honorary president of the Institute for Jewish Policy ...
(b. 1936) * Kathleen (Nica de Koenigswarter) Rothschild (1913–1990) *
Leopold de Rothschild Leopold may refer to: People * Leopold (given name) ;Crime * Nathan Leopold (1904–71), convicted of the kidnap and murder of Bobby Franks ;Literature * Aldo Leopold Aldo Leopold (January 11, 1887 – April 21, 1948) was an American author, ph ...

Leopold de Rothschild
(1845–1917) * Leopold David de Rothschild (1927–2012) *
Lionel de Rothschild Lionel Nathan Freiherr de Rothschild (22 November 1808 – 3 June 1879) was a British Jewish banker, politician and philanthropist who was a member of the prominent Rothschild banking family of England. He became the first practising Jew to si ...
(1808–1879) *
Lionel Nathan de Rothschild Lionel Nathan de Rothschild, Order of the British Empire, OBE (25 January 1882 – 28 January 1942), also Major Lionel de Rothschild, was a British banker and Conservative Party (UK), Conservative politician best remembered as the creator of Exb ...
(1882–1942) *
Lynn Forester de Rothschild Lynn Forester de Rothschild, Lady de Rothschild (born July 2, 1954) is an American-British businesswoman who is the chief executive officer of E.L. Rothschild, a holding company she owns with her third husband, Evelyn Robert de Rothschild, Sir Eve ...
(b. 1954) *
Mayer Amschel de Rothschild Baron Mayer Amschel de Rothschild (29 June 1818 – 6 February 1874) was an English businessman and politician of the English branch of the Rothschild family The Rothschild family () is a wealthy Jewish Jews ( he, יְהוּדִי ...
(1818–1874) * Miriam Louisa Rothschild (1908–2005) *
Nathaniel de Rothschild Nathaniel de Rothschild (1812–1870), was a businessman, banker and winemaker. He established the Château Mouton Rothschild. Biography Early life Nathaniel de Rothschild was born on 2 July 1812 in London. He was the fourth child of Nathan ...
(1812–1870) *
Nathan Mayer Rothschild Nathan Mayer Rothschild (16 September 1777 – 28 July 1836) was a German Jewish banker, businessman and financier. Born in Frankfurt am Main Frankfurt, officially Frankfurt am Main (; Hessian: ''Frangford am Maa'', " Frank ford ...

Nathan Mayer Rothschild
(1777–1836) *
Nathan Mayer Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild Nathaniel Mayer Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild, Baron de Rothschild (8 November 1840 – 31 March 1915) was a British banker and politician from the wealthy international Rothschild family. Early life Nathaniel Mayer Rothschild was the eld ...
(1840–1915) *
Nathaniel Philip Rothschild Nathaniel Philip Victor James Rothschild (born 12 July 1971) is a British-born financier who settled in Switzerland, and a member of the Rothschild family. He is the chairman of Volex plc, a UK listed manufacturer. He has a wide range of intern ...
(b. 1971) *
Serena Dunn Rothschild Serena Mary Rothschild, Baroness Rothschild (''née'' Dunn; 28 April 1935 – 13 January 2019) was a British Thoroughbred The Thoroughbred is a horse breed A horse breed is a selectively bred population of domestication, domesticated h ...
(1935-2019) *
Victor Rothschild, 3rd Baron Rothschild Nathaniel Mayer Victor Rothschild, 3rd Baron Rothschild (31 October 1910 – 20 March 1990) was a British banker, scientist, intelligence officer during World War II, and later a senior executive with Royal Dutch Shell and N M Rothschild & Sons ...
(1910–1990) *
Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild Lionel Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild, Baron de Rothschild (8 February 1868 – 27 August 1937), was a British banker, politician, zoologist Zoology ()The pronunciation of zoology as is usually regarded as nonstandard, though i ...

Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild
(1868–1937)


Rothschild properties

Among the Rothschild properties in the UK are: *
Ascott House Ascott House, sometimes referred to as simply Ascott, is a Grade II* listed building A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England Historic England ( ...

Ascott House
Ascott, Buckinghamshire Ascott is a hamlet ''The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark'', often shortened to ''Hamlet'' (), is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare William Shakespeare (baptism, bapt. 26 April 1564 – 23 April 1616) was an English pla ...
*
Aston Clinton House Aston Clinton House (also known as Green Park though referred to as simply Aston Clinton by the Rothschild family The Rothschild family () is a wealthy Ashkenazi Jewish Ashkenazi Jews ( are a Jews, Jewish Jewish diaspora, diaspora ...

Aston Clinton House
Aston Clinton Aston Clinton is a historic village and civil parish In England, a civil parish is a type of Parish (administrative division), administrative parish used for Local government in England, local government. It is a territorial designation whic ...
, Buckinghamshire *
Ashton Wold Ashton Wold is a 54.0 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) east of a charming market town called Oundle in Northamptonshire. It is part of the Ashton Estate, which was purchased in 1860 by Lionel de Rothschild, a banker and ...
Northamptonshire Northamptonshire (; abbreviated Northants.), archaically known as the County of Northampton, is a historic county in the East Midlands The East Midlands is one of nine official regions of England at the ITL 1 statistical regions of England ...

Northamptonshire
* Exbury Estate
Hampshire Hampshire (, ; abbreviated to Hants) is a Counties of England, county in South East England on the coast of the English Channel. The county town is Winchester, but the county is named after Southampton. Its two largest cities are Southampton a ...

Hampshire
*
Eythrope Eythrope (previously Ethorp) is a hamlet ''The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark'', often shortened to ''Hamlet'' (), is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare sometime between 1599 and 1601. It is Shakespeare's longest play, with 2 ...
Waddesdon Waddesdon is a village within the Aylesbury Vale district in Buckinghamshire, England, 6 miles from Aylesbury on the A41 road. The centre of a civil parishes in England, civil parish, which also includes the hamlet (place), hamlets of Eythrope an ...
, Buckinghamshire *
Gunnersbury Park Gunnersbury Park is a park in the London Borough of Hounslow between Acton, London, Acton, Brentford, Chiswick and Ealing, West London, England. Purchased for the nation from the Rothschild family, it was opened to the public by Neville Chamberl ...

Gunnersbury Park
Ealing Ealing () is a district in West London West London is the western part of London, England. The area lies north of the River Thames and extends from its historic and commercial core of Westminster and the West End of London, West End to the ...
, London *
Halton House 300px, Halton House, Buckinghamshire Halton House is a English country house, country house in the Chiltern Hills above the village of Halton, Buckinghamshire, Halton in Buckinghamshire, England. It was built for Alfred de Rothschild, Alfred ''Fre ...

Halton House
Halton, Buckinghamshire Halton is a small village and civil parishes in England, civil parish in the Aylesbury Vale district of Buckinghamshire, England, located about two miles north of Wendover and five miles southeast of Aylesbury. Geography Halton lies just outside ...
*
Mentmore Towers Mentmore Towers, historically known simply as "Mentmore", is a 19th-century English country house An English country house is a large house or mansion in the English countryside. Such houses were often owned by individuals who also owned a T ...
Mentmore Mentmore is a village and Civil parishes in England, civil parish in the Aylesbury Vale district of Buckinghamshire, England. It is about three miles east of Wingrave, three miles south east of Wing, Buckinghamshire, Wing. The village Toponymy, ...

Mentmore
, Buckinghamshire *
Tring Park Tring Park is a public open space in Tring Tring is a market town A market town is a European Human settlement, settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages, the right to host market (place), markets (market r ...
Tring Tring is a market town and civil parishes in England, civil parish in the Borough of Dacorum, Hertfordshire, England. It is situated in a gap passing through the Chiltern Hills, classed as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, from Central ...
,
Hertfordshire Hertfordshire (; often abbreviated Herts) is one of the home counties in southern England England is a that is part of the . It shares land borders with to its west and to its north. The lies northwest of England and the to the s ...

Hertfordshire
*
Waddesdon Manor , website = Waddesdon Manor is a English country house, country house in the village of Waddesdon, in Buckinghamshire, England. Owned by National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, National Trust and managed by the Rothschi ...

Waddesdon Manor
Waddesdon Waddesdon is a village within the Aylesbury Vale district in Buckinghamshire, England, 6 miles from Aylesbury on the A41 road. The centre of a civil parishes in England, civil parish, which also includes the hamlet (place), hamlets of Eythrope an ...
, Buckinghamshire *
Spencer House Spencer House may refer to: * Spencer House, London, England United States

* Spencer House (Hartford, Connecticut), listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) in Hartford County * Spencer House (Lima, New York), listed on the NR ...
St James's St James's is a central district in the City of Westminster, London, forming part of the West End. In the 17th century the area developed as a residential location for the British aristocracy, and around the 19th century was the focus of the d ...
,
London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowerc ...

London
. A
leasehold A leasehold estate is an ownership Ownership is the state or fact of exclusive right In Anglo-Saxon law Anglo-Saxon law (Old English Old English (, ), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest recorded form of the English language English i ...
extending until 2082 was purchased in 1986 from the Spencer family who owns the house.


See also

*
Rothschild banking family of Austria The Rothschild banking family of Austria was founded by banker Salomon Mayer von Rothschild in 1820 in Vienna in what was then the Austrian Empire. History Salomon Mayer had been sent to Austria from his home in Frankfurt, Germany by his father, ...
*
Rothschild banking family of France The Rothschild banking family of France (french: Famille banquière Rothschild) is a French banking dynasty founded in 1812 in Paris (at the time in the First French Empire) by James Mayer de Rothschild (1792–1868). James was sent there from ...
*
Rothschild banking family of Naples The Rothschild banking family of Naples was founded by Carl Mayer von Rothschild, Calmann (Carl) Mayer von Rothschild (1788–1855) who was sent to the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies from Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany in 1821 by his father, ...


References

* ''Rise of the House of Rothschild'' by Egon Caesar Corti (1928) (reprint 1982, 2003) R A Kessinger Publishing Co, London, 2003 * ''The Rothschilds; a Family Portrait'' by Frederic Morton. Atheneum Publishers (1962) (1998 reprint) * ''The Rothschilds, a Family of Fortune'' by Virginia Cowles. Alfred A. Knopf (1973) * ''Two Rothschilds and the Land of Israel'' by Simon Schama. Alfred A. Knopf, Knopf, London (1978) * ''Rothschilds at Waddesdon Manor'' by
Dorothy de Rothschild Dorothy Mathilde de Rothschild (née Pinto; 7 March 1895 – 10 December 1988) was an English philanthropist Philanthropy consists of "private initiatives, for the Public good (economics), public good, focusing on quality of life". Philanthropy ...
. Penguin Books, Viking Penguin (1979) * ''The English Rothschilds'' by Richard Davis. Collins, London (1983) * ''A History of the Jews'' by Paul Johnson (writer), Paul M. Johnson (1987) HarperCollins, HarperCollins Publishers * ''Rothschild: The Wealth and Power of a Dynasty'' by Derek Wilson (author), Derek Wilson. Charles Scribner's Sons, Scribner, London (1988) * ''House of Rothschild : Money's Prophets: 1798-1848'' by Niall Ferguson. Viking Press (1998) * ''The Rothschild Gardens'' by Miriam Louisa Rothschild (1998) Harry N. Abrams, Inc., Harry N. Abrams, Inc., London * ''Gilt-edged Life: A Memoir'' by Edmund de Rothschild (1998) John Murray Publishers Ltd., John Murray Publishers Ltd., London * ''The House of Rothschild (vol. 2): The World's Banker: 1849–1999'' by Niall Ferguson. Diane Publishing Co. (1999) * ''Charlotte and Lionel: A Rothschild Love Story'' by Stanley Weintraub. (2003) Free Press, London


External links


The Rothschild Archive
– an international centre in
London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowerc ...

London
for research into the history of the Rothschild family.
The Musical Associations of the Rothschild Family
by Charlotte Henriette de Rothschild {{Rothschilds British bankers Economy of England Rothschild family, Ashkenazi Jews topics Jewish British history Business families of the United Kingdom British Jewish families