Robert Root-Bernstein (born August 7, 1953) (
A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, Ph.D., or DPhil; or ''doctor philosophiae'') is the most common at the highest academic level awarded following a course of study. PhDs are awarded for programs across the whole breadth of academic fields. Be ...
Princeton University is a private
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) is a professor of
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Michigan State University
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. In 1981, he was awarded a
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, commonly known as a "genius grant."
He has also researched and consulted on
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for more than fifteen years. Among other books, he has authored ''Sparks of Genius: The Thirteen Thinking Tools of the World's Most Creative People'', ''Discovering: Inventing and Solving Problems at the Frontiers of Scientific Knowledge'', and ''Rethinking AIDS: The Tragic Cost of Premature Consensus.'' In ''Rethinking AIDS'', Root-Bernstein postulated that factors in addition to
The human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV) are two species of ''Lentivirus
''Lentivirus'' is a genus
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may contribute to
Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection
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. Root-Bernstein is a former member of the Group for the Scientific Reappraisal of the HIV-AIDS Hypothesis
, a group of
HIV/AIDS denialism is the refusal to acknowledge that human immunodeficiency virus
The human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV) are two species of ''Lentivirus'' (a subgroup of retrovirus) that infect humans. Over time, they cause AIDS, acq ...
Root-Bernstein asserts that HIV, while involved in the development of AIDS, may be no more important than an accumulation of co-factors such as a history of poor nutrition, lack of hygiene, intravenous drug use, anal intercourse, as well as various infections and lifestyle diseases. In its April 2004 issue, ''POZ''
published a quote it attributed to Root-Bernstein: "Both the camp that says HIV is a pussycat and the people who claim AIDS is all HIV are wrong . . . The denialists make claims that are clearly inconsistent with existing studies. When I check the existing studies, I don’t agree with the interpretation of the data, or, worse, I can’t find the studies t all
* ''Discovering: Inventing and Solving Problems at the Frontiers of Science'', Harvard University Press, 1989.
* ''Rethinking AIDS: The Tragic Cost of Premature Consensus'', Free Press, 1993,
* (with Michèle Root-Bernstein) ''Honey, Mud, Maggots and Other Medical Marvels'', Houghton Mifflin, 1997.
* (with Michèle Root-Bernstein) ''Sparks of Genius: The Thirteen Thinking Tools of the World's Most Creative People'', Houghton Mifflin, 1999.
Root-Bernstein's faculty web site
at Michigan State University
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Michigan State University faculty
Princeton University alumni