Robert Root-Bernstein (born August 7, 1953) (
Ph.D. A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, Ph.D., or DPhil; or ''doctor philosophiae'') is the most common at the highest academic level awarded following a course of study. PhDs are awarded for programs across the whole breadth of academic fields. Be ...
Princeton University Princeton University is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly tw ...

Princeton University
) is a professor of
physiology Physiology (; ) is the scientific Science () is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity or awareness, of someone or something, such as facts A fact is an occurrence in the real world. ...
Michigan State University Michigan State University (MSU) is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organization, or organisation (Englis ...
. In 1981, he was awarded a
MacArthur Fellowship The MacArthur Fellows Program, also known as the MacArthur Fellowship and commonly but unofficially known as the "Genius Grant", is a prize awarded annually by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation typically to between 20 and 30 indi ...
, commonly known as a "genius grant." He has also researched and consulted on
creativity Creativity is a phenomenon whereby something new and valuable is formed. The created item may be intangible (such as an idea In common usage and in philosophy Philosophy (from , ) is the study of general and fundamental questions, suc ...

for more than fifteen years. Among other books, he has authored ''Sparks of Genius: The Thirteen Thinking Tools of the World's Most Creative People'', ''Discovering: Inventing and Solving Problems at the Frontiers of Scientific Knowledge'', and ''Rethinking AIDS: The Tragic Cost of Premature Consensus.'' In ''Rethinking AIDS'', Root-Bernstein postulated that factors in addition to
HIV The human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV) are two species of ''Lentivirus ''Lentivirus'' is a genus Genus (plural genera) is a taxonomic rank Taxonomy (general) is the practice and science of classification of things or concepts, inc ...

may contribute to
AIDS Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection An infection is the invasion of an organism's body by , their multiplication, and the reaction of ...
. Root-Bernstein is a former member of the Group for the Scientific Reappraisal of the HIV-AIDS Hypothesis, a group of
AIDS denialists HIV/AIDS denialism is the refusal to acknowledge that human immunodeficiency virus The human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV) are two species of ''Lentivirus'' (a subgroup of retrovirus) that infect humans. Over time, they cause AIDS, acq ...
. Root-Bernstein asserts that HIV, while involved in the development of AIDS, may be no more important than an accumulation of co-factors such as a history of poor nutrition, lack of hygiene, intravenous drug use, anal intercourse, as well as various infections and lifestyle diseases. In its April 2004 issue, ''POZ'' published a quote it attributed to Root-Bernstein: "Both the camp that says HIV is a pussycat and the people who claim AIDS is all HIV are wrong . . . The denialists make claims that are clearly inconsistent with existing studies. When I check the existing studies, I don’t agree with the interpretation of the data, or, worse, I can’t find the studies t all"

Books authored

* ''Discovering: Inventing and Solving Problems at the Frontiers of Science'', Harvard University Press, 1989. * ''Rethinking AIDS: The Tragic Cost of Premature Consensus'', Free Press, 1993, * (with Michèle Root-Bernstein) ''Honey, Mud, Maggots and Other Medical Marvels'', Houghton Mifflin, 1997. * (with Michèle Root-Bernstein) ''Sparks of Genius: The Thirteen Thinking Tools of the World's Most Creative People'', Houghton Mifflin, 1999.


External links

Root-Bernstein's faculty web site
at Michigan State University
Brief Biography

Creativity Blog at Psychology Today
{{DEFAULTSORT:Root-Bernstein, Robert 1953 births HIV/AIDS denialists
Living people Related categories * :Year of birth missing (living people) / :Year of birth unknown * :Date of birth missing (living people) / :Date of birth unknown * :Place of birth missing (living people) / :Place of birth unknown * :Year of death mi ...
MacArthur Fellows Michigan State University faculty Princeton University alumni American physiologists