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The president of the United Republic of Tanzania ( sw, Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania) is the
head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state (polity), state#Foakes, Foakes, pp. 110–11 " he head of statebeing an embodiment of the State itself or representatitve of its international perso ...
and
head of government The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, autonomous region, or other government who often presides over a cabinet (gover ...
of
Tanzania Tanzania (;This approximates the Kiswahili pronunciation. However, is also heard in English. ), officially the United Republic of Tanzania ( sw, Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes regi ...
. The president leads the
executive branch The executive is the branch of government exercising authority in and holding Moral responsibility, responsibility for the governance of a State (polity), state. The executive executes and enforces law. In political systems based on the princi ...
of the Government of Tanzania and is the commander-in-chief of the
armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare. It is typically officially authorized and maintained by a sovereign state, with its members identifiable by the ...
. The president serves a term of five years. Since 1992, they are limited to two terms, whether successive or separated.
Samia Suluhu Hassan
Samia Suluhu Hassan
, sworn in on 19 March 2021, is the first female president of the United Republic of Tanzania following the death of
John Magufuli
John Magufuli
on 17 March 2021.


Executive powers

The president of Tanzania is the Commander-in-Chief of the
Armed Forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare. It is typically officially authorized and maintained by a sovereign state, with its members identifiable by the ...
and is "accountable to a legislature composed of elected members and representative of the people."


List

After its independence in 1961 as Tanganyika, the country was first led by Sir Richard Turnbull as governor-general until Julius Nyerere became the first and only president under the 1962 constitution. The 1964 constitution after the merger of Tanganyika and Zanzibar has had 6 presidents with each serving multiple terms except Samia Suluhu Hassan. Julius Nyerere served 5 terms total from 1962–1985, having served 4 terms under the 1964 constitution. All presidents of Tanzania have been from the Tanganyika African National Union party which later merged to become the Chama Cha Mapinduzi party.


Latest election


See also

*
Tanzania Tanzania (;This approximates the Kiswahili pronunciation. However, is also heard in English. ), officially the United Republic of Tanzania ( sw, Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes regi ...
** Politics of Tanzania ** List of governors of Tanganyika ** List of heads of state of Tanzania ** Prime Minister of Tanzania ***List of Prime Ministers of Tanzania **List of Sultans of Zanzibar **President of Zanzibar **List of heads of government of Zanzibar *Lists of office-holders


References

{{Heads of state and government of African states Presidents of Tanzania, 1964 establishments in Tanzania