HOME

TheInfoList




The Port of Melbourne is the largest
port A port is a maritime Maritime may refer to: Geography * Maritime Alps, a mountain range in the southwestern part of the Alps * Maritime Region, a region in Togo * Maritime Southeast Asia * The Maritimes, the Canadian provinces of ...

port
for containerised and general cargo in
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...

Australia
. It is located in
Melbourne Melbourne ( ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller ...

Melbourne
,
Victoria Victoria most commonly refers to: * Victoria (Australia), a state of the Commonwealth of Australia * Victoria, British Columbia, provincial capital of British Columbia, Canada * Victoria (mythology), Roman goddess of Victory * Victoria, Seychelles ...
, and covers an area at the mouth of the
Yarra River The Yarra River or historically, the Yarra Yarra River, (Kulin languages: ''Berrern'', ''Birr-arrung'', ''Bay-ray-rung'', ''Birarang'', ''Birrarung'', and ''Wongete'') is a perennial stream, perennial river in south-central Victoria (Australia ...

Yarra River
, downstream of
Bolte Bridge The Bolte Bridge is a large twin cantilever A cantilever is a rigid structural elementStructural elements are used in structural analysis Structural analysis is the determination of the effects of load Load or LOAD may refer to: Aero ...

Bolte Bridge
, which is at the head of
Port Phillip Port Phillip (Kulin languages, Kulin: ''Naarm Naarm''), or Port Phillip Bay, is a horsehead-shaped enclosed bay on the central coast of southern Victoria (Australia), Victoria, Australia. The bay opens into the Bass Strait via a short, narr ...
, as well as several piers on the bay itself. Since 1 July 2003, the Port of Melbourne has been managed by the Port of Melbourne Corporation, a statutory corporation created by the State of Victoria. Most of the port is in the suburb of West Melbourne and should not be confused with the Melbourne suburb of
Port Melbourne Port Melbourne is an inner suburb A suburb (or suburban area or suburbia) is a commercial Commercial may refer to: * a dose of advertising conveyed through media (such as - for example - radio or television) ** Radio advertisement * ...
although Webb Dock and Station Pier, parts of the Port of Melbourne, are in Port Melbourne. Port Melbourne (or Sandridge as it was known until 1884) was a busy port early in the history of Melbourne, but declined as a cargo port with the development of the Port of Melbourne in the late 19th century. It retains Melbourne's passenger terminal however, with cruise ships and ferries using
Station Pier Station Pier is a historic Australian pier on Port Phillip, in Port Melbourne, Victoria. Opened in 1854, the pier is Melbourne's primary passenger terminal, servicing interstate Ferry, ferries and cruise ships, and is listed on the Victorian Her ...
. Infrastructure Victoria estimate that the Port of Melbourne will reach its capacity in 2055. In September 2016, the port’s commercial operations were leased to the Lonsdale Consortium for a term of 50 years for more than $9.7 billion., The Lonsdale Consortium comprises *
Global Infrastructure Partners Global Infrastructure Partners (GIP) is an infrastructure investment fund making equity and selected debt investments. GIP is headquartered in New York City and its equity investments are in infrastructure assets in the energy, transport and water ...
(40%) **
China Investment Corporation Capital (CIC Capital)
China Investment Corporation Capital (CIC Capital)
(20%) ** NTS, a Korean pension fund (20%) *
Australian Government Future Fund The Future Fund is an independently managed sovereign wealth fund established in 2006 to strengthen the Australian Government's long-term financial position. At 31 December 2019, it was valued at A$168 billion. The board of the Future Fund also ...
(20%) *
Queensland Investment Corporation QIC (Queensland Investment Corporation) is a State-owned enterprise, Government owned investment company owned by the Government of Queensland, Queensland Government. It was founded on 1 July 1991 pursuant to the ''Queensland Investment Corporati ...
(20%) * Ontario Municipal Employees Retirement System (20%)


Facilities

The Port of Melbourne consists of several major man-made docks on the
Yarra River The Yarra River or historically, the Yarra Yarra River, (Kulin languages: ''Berrern'', ''Birr-arrung'', ''Bay-ray-rung'', ''Birarang'', ''Birrarung'', and ''Wongete'') is a perennial stream, perennial river in south-central Victoria (Australia ...

Yarra River
and
Port Melbourne Port Melbourne is an inner suburb A suburb (or suburban area or suburbia) is a commercial Commercial may refer to: * a dose of advertising conveyed through media (such as - for example - radio or television) ** Radio advertisement * ...

Port Melbourne
, including (from upstream to downstream): * Victoria Dock *
Appleton Dock Appleton Dock is an international shipping facility in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. It was opened in about 1956 by the Melbourne Harbor Trust, and is named after MHT commissioner William Thomas Appleton (1859-1930), who was a staunch advocate of ...
*
South Wharves
South Wharves
* Swanson Dock * Maribyrnong Berth * Yarraville Wharves * Holden Oil Dock *
Webb Dock Webb Dock is a port facility at Fishermans Bend in Melbourne, Victoria constructed progressively from 1960, by dredging and land fill at the mouth of the Yarra River. It includes roll-on/roll-off facilities handling motor vehicle import and export ...
*
Station Pier Station Pier is a historic Australian pier on Port Phillip, in Port Melbourne, Victoria. Opened in 1854, the pier is Melbourne's primary passenger terminal, servicing interstate Ferry, ferries and cruise ships, and is listed on the Victorian Her ...

Station Pier


History

In Melbourne's early days, large ships were unable to navigate the Yarra River, so cargo destined for Melbourne had to be unloaded at either Hobsons Bay (now Williamstown) or Sandridge (now Port Melbourne) and transferred either by rail or by cargo lighter to warehouses which were concentrated around King Street. This was an expensive and inefficient process. In 1877, Victoria's government resolved to make the Yarra more navigable and engaged English engineer Sir John Coode to devise a solution. His solution was to change the course of the river by cutting a canal south of the original course of the river. This shortened it by a mile and made it much wider. It also created
Coode Island
Coode Island
, a name still used today although the northern course of the river has long since disappeared. With these works, ships were now able to sail as far up the river as Queensbridge where a
turning basin A turning basin or swinging basin is a wider body of water, either located at the end of a ship canal or in a port to allow cargo ships to turn and reverse their direction of travel, or to enable long narrow barges in a canal to turn a sharp corner ...
was constructed. Coode also oversaw the construction of Victoria Dock in swampland to the west of the city. This opened in 1889. Over time the docks moved progressively downstream as ships became larger and road bridges were built across the Yarra. The construction of the
Spencer Street Spencer Street is a major street and thoroughfare in the central business district A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business center of a city. It contains commercial space and offices. In larger cities, it is often synon ...
Bridge in 1928 and the Charles Grimes Bridge in 1975 each closed access to docks to the east. The
barque A barque, barc, or bark is a type of sailing vessel A sailing ship is a sea-going vessel that uses sails mounted on Mast (sailing), masts to harness the power of wind and propel the vessel. There is a variety of sail plans that propel sailin ...

barque
''
Polly Woodside ''Polly Woodside'' is a Belfast-built, three-masted, iron-hulled barque, preserved in Melbourne, Victoria (Australia), and forming the central feature of the South Wharf precinct. The ship was originally built in Belfast by William J. Woodside a ...
'' lying in the old Duke and Orr drydock, the warehouses of South Wharf and the Mission to Seafarers building are now the only reminders of the maritime history of this area.


Expansion

Development slowed during the
Great Depression The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression An economic depression is a sustained, long-term downturn in economic activity in one or more economies. It is a more severe economic downturn than a economic recession, recess ...
and
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
but resumed after the war with construction of Appleton Dock (1956), Webb Dock (1960) at the mouth of the Yarra and Swanson Dock, the first container terminal, on what was Coode Island. Eventually Victoria Dock became too small to handle large container ships and was closed. Its fate was permanently sealed by the construction of the
Bolte Bridge The Bolte Bridge is a large twin cantilever A cantilever is a rigid structural elementStructural elements are used in structural analysis Structural analysis is the determination of the effects of load Load or LOAD may refer to: Aero ...

Bolte Bridge
, part of
CityLink CityLink is a network of tollways in Melbourne, Australia, linking the Tullamarine Freeway, Tulla, West Gate Freeway, West Gate and Monash Freeways and incorporating Bolte Bridge, Burnley Tunnel and other works. In 1996, Transurban was awarded ...
, across its entrance in 1999. It now forms the centrepiece of the
Melbourne Docklands Docklands (also known as Melbourne Docklands to differentiate it from London Docklands) is an inner suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 2 km (1.2 mi) west of the city's Melbourne City Centre, Central Business District (CBD). Its ...

Melbourne Docklands
redevelopment. In 1991 a large fire at the Coode Island bulk liquid handling facility blanketed much of Melbourne in toxic fumes. The public outrage forced the government to investigate relocating the facility.
Point Lillias Point Lillias is a narrow peninsula jutting southwards from the northern coast of Corio Bay, near the city of Geelong, in Victoria, Australia. It was formed by a southward trending tongue of lava from the volcanic flows of the Werribee Plains. Th ...
near
Geelong Geelong () ( Wathawurrung: ''Djilang''/''Djalang'') is a port city A port is a maritime Maritime may refer to: Geography * Maritime Alps, a mountain range in the southwestern part of the Alps * Maritime Region, a region in ...

Geelong
was considered. However, due to the high cost involved and local opposition the facility has remained at Coode Island. The Port of Melbourne was also the scene of a watershed industrial battle in 1998 between
Patrick Corporation Patrick Corporation is an Australian seaport operator with operations in Brisbane Brisbane ( ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters tha ...
and the
Maritime Union of Australia The Maritime Union of Australia (MUA) was a union which covered Stevedore, waterside workers, seafarers, port workers, professional divers, and office workers associated with Australian ports. The MUA was formed in 1993 with merger of the Seame ...
(MUA). Recently further controversy has resulted from plans to dredge Port Phillip to deepen shipping channels to allow larger ships into the Port of Melbourne. This process commenced in 2008 and was completed in November 2009. It involved removing more than 22 million cubic metres of sand and silt to provide a minimum 14-metre draught at all times. Opposition to this project stems from potential environmental damage due to silting and loss of amenity for bayside residents due to the noise produced by the dredges. The project was subject to the strictest environmental testing and monitoring requirements in the world at the time. These activities will continue on for many years to help protect the Port Phillip Bay ecosystems. In the future the Victorian Government will redevelop the Port of Melbourne to better integrate it with other modes of transport. The Melbourne wholesale fruit and vegetable market was relocated to
EppingEpping may refer to: Places Australia * Epping, New South Wales, a suburb of Sydney ** Epping railway station, Sydney * Electoral district of Epping, the corresponding seat in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly * Epping Forest, Kearns, a her ...
in 2013. Footscray Road is planned to be raised so that port users will have improved access to the rail facilities at South Dynon.


Facts and Figures

The Port of Melbourne is made up of the following: *Swanson Dock West has four berths and is used for containerised cargo. It is managed by D.P.World a division of DUBAI WORLD *Swanson Dock East has four berths and is used for containerised cargo. It is managed by Patrick Terminals. *Appleton Dock berths B,C and D are used for general cargo. They are managed by
DP World DP World is an Emirati multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, a sover ...
. *Appleton Dock E is used for general cargo destined for or from
Tasmania Tasmania (), abbreviated as TAS, is an island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atol ...
. *Appleton Dock F is used for bulk dry cargo. * Maribyrnong (
Coode Island
Coode Island
) is a bulk liquid facility. *Webb Dock West is a roll-on-roll-off facility for motor vehicles. It is managed by Toll Stevedores. *Webb Dock East 1 is managed by Toll Shipping for Tasmanian general cargo. *Webb Dock East 2 is managed by Searoad for general Tasmanian cargo. *Webb Dock East 4 & 5 is utilised for containerised cargo. It is managed by Victoria International Container Terminal, a division of ICTSI. *Gellibrand Pier is operated by
ExxonMobil Exxon Mobil Corporation, stylized as ExxonMobil, is an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multip ...
and has a direct pipeline to the Altona Refinery *Holden Dock handles refined petroleum products. *South Wharf berths 26 to 33 handle general cargo. From May 2003 till May 2004, approximately 3,400 ships from 42 different lines called at the Port of Melbourne. The port handled 64.4 million tonnes of cargo, including a throughput of of cargo. In 2006-07 it became the first Australian port to handle two million TEU in a year.


Rail access

Railway goods sidings serve both Swanson Dock East and West, permitting the transfer of
shipping containers A shipping container is a container A container is any receptacle or enclosure for holding a product used in storage, packaging, and transportation, including shipping. Things kept inside of a container are protected by being inside of its ...
between sea and rail transport. Originally provided in the 1960s with the development of the port, they were later removed and not restored until 2003 as a 1500 metre long siding. Rail sidings at Appleton Dock reopened in 2000 to serve a new export grain terminal at the port. Dual gauge access is provided to the majority of sidings in the area. Extensive sidings once served the Victoria Dock area, as well as Webb Dock which had a dedicated line.


See also

*
Port Phillip Channel Deepening Project right Rights are legal Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A system, surrounded and influenced by its environment, is ...
*
Port of Geelong The Port of Geelong is located on the shores of Corio Bay at Geelong, Victoria, Australia. The port is the sixth-largest in Australia by tonnage. Major commodities handled by the port include crude oil and petroleum products, export grain and Wo ...


References


External links


Port of Melbourne website
{{commons category, Port of Melbourne Transport in Melbourne
Melbourne Melbourne ( ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller ...