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''Parkland '' is a 2013 American historical drama film that recounts the chaotic events that occurred following the 1963 assassination of John F. Kennedy. The film was written and directed by Peter Landesman, and produced by Playtone's Tom Hanks and Gary Goetzman, Bill Paxton, and Exclusive Media's Nigel and Matt Sinclair. The film is based on Vincent Bugliosi's 2008 book ''Four Days in November: The Assassination of President John F. Kennedy''.

Plot

''Parkland'' weaves together the perspectives of a handful of ordinary individuals suddenly thrust into extraordinary circumstances: the young doctors and nurses at Parkland Hospital; Dallas's chief of the Secret Service; a bystander who captured what became the most famous home movie in history; the FBI agents who were visited by Lee Harvey Oswald before the shooting; the brother of Oswald, left to deal with his shattered family; and JFK's security team, witnesses to both the president's death and Vice President Lyndon Johnson's succession to office.

Cast

* James Badge Dale as Robert Edward Lee Oswald, Jr. * Zac Efron as Dr. Charles James "Jim" Carrico * Jackie Earle Haley as Father Oscar Huber * Tom Welling as Secret Service Agent Roy Kellerman * Colin Hanks as Dr. Malcolm O. Perry * David Harbour as James Gordon Shanklin * Marcia Gay Harden as Head Nurse Doris Nelson * Ron Livingston as James P. Hosty * Jeremy Strong as Lee Harvey Oswald * Billy Bob Thornton as Secret Service Agent Forrest Sorrels * Jacki Weaver as Marguerite Oswald * Paul Giamatti as Abraham Zapruder * Dana Wheeler-Nicholson as Lillian Zapruder * Bitsie Tulloch as Marilyn Sitzman * Brett Stimely as the corpse of President John F. Kennedy * Kat Steffens as First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy * Gil Bellows as David Powers * Sean McGraw as President Lyndon B. Johnson * Rory Cochrane as Earl Rose * Mark Duplass as Kenneth O'Donnell * Jimmie Dale Gilmore as Reverend Saunders * Matt Barr as Paul Mikkelson * Jonathan Breck as Winston Lawson * Gary Grubbs as Dr. Kemp Clark * Bryan Batt as Malcolm Kilduff * Glenn Morshower as Mike Howard * Armando Gutierrez as Officer Glen McBride * Austin Nichols as Secret Service Agent Emory Roberts * Gary Clarke as Admiral George Burkley

Production

Production began in January 2013 in Austin, Texas. Writer/director Peter Landesman has stated that the film does not explore the various conspiracy theories surrounding the Kennedy assassination. The major hospital scenes were filmed in a building housed on the campus of Austin State Hospital in Austin, due to the period look and feel of the building.

Release

''Parkland'' premiered at the 70th Venice International Film Festival, and was also screened at the 2013 Toronto International Film Festival. Coinciding with the assassination's 50th anniversary year, the film was released theatrically in the United States on October 4, 2013.

Reception

''Parkland'' received mixed reviews, holding a 50% rating, based on 123 reviews, on review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes; the consensus states: "Although its decision to look at John F. Kennedy's assassination through uncommon perspectives is refreshing, ''Parkland'' never achieves the narrative cohesion its subject deserves." On Metacritic, the film has a 51/100 rating, signifying "mixed or average reviews".

Home media

The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray on November 5, 2013.

Historical accuracy

Historian Peter Ling awarded ''Parkland'' four out of five stars for enjoyment and three stars for historical accuracy. Reviewing the film, he praised its attempt to "capture the desperate efforts made to save Kennedy in the operating room." He told ''historyextra'', "It shows that the head nurse, Doris Nelson (played by Marcia Gay Harden), had to take a piece of JFK's skull and some brain tissue from Mrs Kennedy ackie picked up a piece of her husband's skull at the scene and that junior doctor, Jim Carrico (played by Zac Efron), had to be told to stop the frenetic but fruitless cardiac massage at one o'clock, when the team declared JFK dead." However, he noted the "suspect influences" on Abraham Zapruder's decision to hand over his film to ''Life'' magazine. He said, "Once copies have been given to the Secret Service and the FBI, Zapruder has to choose from many media outlets who want to buy the film. He chooses ''Life'' because he says he respects the publication, but the movie seems to hint that any suppression of the film's contents is in line with Zapruder's wishes, and not because of suspect influences at ''Life'' itself, whose managing director D Jacksonhad CIA connections."

See also

* ''Killing Kennedy'' (2013), a made-for-TV film about the same events, also commemorating the 50th anniversary of the JFK assassination. * ''Bobby'' (2006), a film detailing events, some fictional, around the RFK assassination, directed by Emilio Estevez.

References



External links

* * * * * * * Lefowitz, Barbara F. (December 2013)
"The Pink Suit"
''Portland Monthly'' p. 43 {{DEFAULTSORT:Parkland Category:2013 films Category:2010s political drama films Category:American independent films Category:American political drama films Category:American films Category:English-language films Category:Films scored by James Newton Howard Category:Films about the assassination of John F. Kennedy Category:Films based on non-fiction books Category:Films set in 1963 Category:Films set in Dallas Category:Films set in Washington, D.C. Category:Films shot in Austin, Texas Category:Films shot in Dallas Category:Hospital films Category:Playtone films Category:Exclusive Media films Category:2013 directorial debut films Category:Films directed by Peter Landesman Category:Films produced by Gary Goetzman Category:Films with screenplays by Peter Landesman Category:Films based on works by Vincent Bugliosi Category:Cultural depictions of John F. Kennedy Category:Cultural depictions of Robert F. Kennedy Category:Cultural depictions of Lee Harvey Oswald Category:Cultural depictions of Lyndon B. Johnson Category:2013 drama films