''Parkland '' is a 2013 American historical drama film
that recounts the chaotic events that occurred following the 1963 assassination of John F. Kennedy
. The film was written and directed by Peter Landesman
, and produced by Playtone
's Tom Hanks
and Gary Goetzman
, Bill Paxton
, and Exclusive Media's Nigel
and Matt Sinclair.
The film is based on Vincent Bugliosi
's 2008 book ''Four Days in November: The Assassination of President John F. Kennedy
''Parkland'' weaves together the perspectives of a handful of ordinary individuals suddenly thrust into extraordinary circumstances: the young doctors and nurses at Parkland Hospital
; Dallas's chief of the Secret Service
; a bystander
who captured what became the most famous home movie in history
; the FBI agents who were visited by Lee Harvey Oswald
before the shooting; the brother of Oswald, left to deal with his shattered family; and JFK's security team, witnesses to both the president's death and Vice President Lyndon Johnson
's succession to office.
* James Badge Dale
as Robert Edward Lee Oswald, Jr.
* Zac Efron
as Dr. Charles James "Jim" Carrico
* Jackie Earle Haley
as Father Oscar Huber
* Tom Welling
as Secret Service Agent Roy Kellerman
* Colin Hanks
as Dr. Malcolm O. Perry
* David Harbour
as James Gordon Shanklin
* Marcia Gay Harden
as Head Nurse Doris Nelson
* Ron Livingston
as James P. Hosty
* Jeremy Strong
as Lee Harvey Oswald
* Billy Bob Thornton
as Secret Service Agent Forrest Sorrels
* Jacki Weaver
as Marguerite Oswald
* Paul Giamatti
as Abraham Zapruder
* Dana Wheeler-Nicholson
as Lillian Zapruder
* Bitsie Tulloch
as Marilyn Sitzman
* Brett Stimely as the corpse of President John F. Kennedy
* Kat Steffens as First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy
* Gil Bellows
as David Powers
* Sean McGraw as President Lyndon B. Johnson
* Rory Cochrane
as Earl Rose
* Mark Duplass
as Kenneth O'Donnell
* Jimmie Dale Gilmore
as Reverend Saunders
* Matt Barr
as Paul Mikkelson
* Jonathan Breck
as Winston Lawson
* Gary Grubbs
as Dr. Kemp Clark
* Bryan Batt
as Malcolm Kilduff
* Glenn Morshower
as Mike Howard
* Armando Gutierrez
as Officer Glen McBride
* Austin Nichols
as Secret Service Agent Emory Roberts
* Gary Clarke
as Admiral George Burkley
Production began in January 2013 in Austin, Texas
. Writer/director Peter Landesman
has stated that the film does not explore the various conspiracy theories
surrounding the Kennedy assassination.
The major hospital scenes were filmed in a building housed on the campus of Austin State Hospital in Austin, due to the period look and feel of the building.
''Parkland'' premiered at the 70th Venice International Film Festival, and was also screened at the 2013 Toronto International Film Festival.
Coinciding with the assassination's 50th anniversary year, the film was released theatrically in the United States on October 4, 2013. [
''Parkland'' received mixed reviews, holding a 50% rating, based on 123 reviews, on review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes; the consensus states: "Although its decision to look at John F. Kennedy's assassination through uncommon perspectives is refreshing, ''Parkland'' never achieves the narrative cohesion its subject deserves." On Metacritic, the film has a 51/100 rating, signifying "mixed or average reviews".
The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray on November 5, 2013.
Historian Peter Ling awarded ''Parkland'' four out of five stars for enjoyment and three stars for historical accuracy. Reviewing the film, he praised its attempt to "capture the desperate efforts made to save Kennedy in the operating room." He told ''historyextra'', "It shows that the head nurse, Doris Nelson (played by Marcia Gay Harden), had to take a piece of JFK's skull and some brain tissue from Mrs Kennedy ackie picked up a piece of her husband's skull at the scene and that junior doctor, Jim Carrico (played by Zac Efron), had to be told to stop the frenetic but fruitless cardiac massage at one o'clock, when the team declared JFK dead."
However, he noted the "suspect influences" on Abraham Zapruder's decision to hand over his film to ''Life'' magazine. He said, "Once copies have been given to the Secret Service and the FBI, Zapruder has to choose from many media outlets who want to buy the film. He chooses ''Life'' because he says he respects the publication, but the movie seems to hint that any suppression of the film's contents is in line with Zapruder's wishes, and not because of suspect influences at ''Life'' itself, whose managing director D Jacksonhad CIA connections."
* ''Killing Kennedy'' (2013), a made-for-TV film about the same events, also commemorating the 50th anniversary of the JFK assassination.
* ''Bobby'' (2006), a film detailing events, some fictional, around the RFK assassination, directed by Emilio Estevez.
* Lefowitz, Barbara F. (December 2013)
"The Pink Suit"
''Portland Monthly'' p. 43
Category:2010s political drama films
Category:American independent films
Category:American political drama films
Category:Films scored by James Newton Howard
Category:Films about the assassination of John F. Kennedy
Category:Films based on non-fiction books
Category:Films set in 1963
Category:Films set in Dallas
Category:Films set in Washington, D.C.
Category:Films shot in Austin, Texas
Category:Films shot in Dallas
Category:Exclusive Media films
Category:2013 directorial debut films
Category:Films directed by Peter Landesman
Category:Films produced by Gary Goetzman
Category:Films with screenplays by Peter Landesman
Category:Films based on works by Vincent Bugliosi
Category:Cultural depictions of John F. Kennedy
Category:Cultural depictions of Robert F. Kennedy
Category:Cultural depictions of Lee Harvey Oswald
Category:Cultural depictions of Lyndon B. Johnson
Category:2013 drama films