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An oriel window is a form of
bay window A bay is a recessed, coastal body of water that directly connects to a larger main body of water, such as an ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of salt water which covers approximately 71% of the surface ...
which protrudes from the main wall of a building but does not reach to the ground. Supported by
corbel In architecture File:Plan d'exécution du second étage de l'hôtel de Brionne (dessin) De Cotte 2503c – Gallica 2011 (adjusted).jpg, upright=1.45, alt=Plan d'exécution du second étage de l'hôtel de Brionne (dessin) De Cotte 2503c – G ...
s,
brackets A bracket is either of two tall fore- or back-facing punctuation marks commonly used to isolate a segment of text or data from its surroundings. Typically deployed in symmetric pairs, an individual bracket may be identified as a ''left'' or ...
, or similar cantilevers, an oriel window is most commonly found projecting from an upper floor but is also sometimes used on the ground floor. Oriel windows are seen in Arab architecture in the form of
mashrabiya 300px, ''Gannariya'' in Tunisia A ''mashrabiya'' ( ar, مشربية), also either ''shanshūl'' () or ''rūshān'' (), is an architectural element which is characteristic of traditional Islamic architecture, architecture in the Islamic world. It i ...
and in Turkish are known as ''şahnişin'' or ''cumba''. In
Islamic culture Islamic culture and Muslim culture refer to cultural practices common to historically Islamic people. The early forms of Muslim Muslims () are people who follow or practice Islam, a Monotheism, monotheistic Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic reli ...
, these windows and balconies project from the street-front of a house, providing an area in which women could peer out and see the activities below while remaining invisible.


Origins

According to the ''
Oxford English Dictionary The ''Oxford English Dictionary'' (''OED'') is the principal historical dictionary of the English language, published by Oxford University Press (OUP). It traces the historical development of the English language, providing a comprehensive res ...
'', the term ''oriel'' is derived from
Anglo-NormanAnglo-Norman may refer to: *Anglo-Normans The Anglo-Normans ( nrf, Anglo-Normaunds, ang, Engel-Norðmandisca) were the medieval ruling class in England, composed mainly of a combination of ethnic Anglo-Saxons, Normans, Bretons, Flemish people, F ...
' and
Late Latin Late Latin ( la, Latinitas serior) is the scholarly name for the written Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area ar ...
', both meaning "gallery" or "porch", perhaps from
Classical Latin Classical Latin is the form of Latin, Latin language recognized as a Literary language, literary standard language, standard by writers of the late Roman Republic and early Roman Empire. It was used from 75 BC to the 3rd century AD, when it deve ...
' ("curtain"). *
Oriel College, Oxford Oriel College () is a constituent college of the University of Oxford , mottoeng = Psalm 27, The Lord is my light , established = , endowment = £6.1 billion (including colleges) (as of 31 July 2019) , budget = £2.145 billi ...
, took its name from a balcony or oriel window forming a feature of a building which occupied the site the college now stands on. *
Oriel Chambers Oriel Chambers is an office building located on Water Street near the Liverpool Town Hall, town hall in Liverpool, England. It was the world's first building featuring a metal framed glass Curtain wall (architecture), curtain wall. Designed by ...

Oriel Chambers
in
Liverpool Liverpool is a City status in the United Kingdom, city and metropolitan borough in Merseyside, England. Its population in 2019 was approximately , making it the List of English districts by population, tenth-largest English district by popu ...

Liverpool
was a very controversial building when it was built, featuring an entire façade of glass oriel windows.


Gallery

File:Barnard Castle's round tower, 2007.jpg, A 15th century oriel window at
Barnard Castle Barnard Castle (, ) is a market town in Teesdale, County Durham, England. It is named after Barnard Castle (castle), the castle around which it was built. It is the main settlement in the Teesdale area, and a popular tourist destination. The Bow ...

Barnard Castle
in
County Durham County Durham ( ) is a historic county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher ...
, England. File:Myrtle Street Flats (San Francisco).JPG, Oriel windows in
San Francisco San Francisco (/Help:IPA/English, ˌsæn fɹənˈsɪskoʊ/; Spanish language, Spanish for "Francis of Assisi, Saint Francis"), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is a cultural, commercial, and financial center in Northern Calif ...

San Francisco
,
California California is a U.S. state, state in the Western United States. With over 39.3million residents across a total area of approximately , it is the List of states and territories of the United States by population, most populous and the List of ...
, USA File:Prior Bolton Oriel Window.jpg, 16th century oriel window in the
City of London The City of London is a City status in the United Kingdom, city, Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county and local government district that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London. It co ...
, Priory Church of St Bartholomew the Great File:Bradford City Hall by J Illingworth.jpg, 19th century
neo-gothic Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic, neo-Gothic, or Gothick) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England. The movement gained momentum and expanded in the first half of the 19th century, as increasingly ...
oriel window on
Bradford City Hall Bradford City Hall is a 19th-century city and town halls, town hall in Centenary Square, Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. It is notable for its landmark bell/clock tower and is a Grade I listed building. History Before its relocation, betw ...

Bradford City Hall
File:Maison_8_rue_des_Pucelles_à_Strasbourg_(2).jpg, Oriel window located in
Grande Île, Strasbourg The Grande Île (german: Große Insel) is an island upright=1.15, Great_Britain.html"_;"title="Ireland_(left)_and_Great_Britain">Ireland_(left)_and_Great_Britain_(right),_are_large_islands_of_north-west_Europe image:Small_Island_in_Lower_Saran ...
File:Perssonska gården (Gäddan 1) 2012-09-27 14-12-05.jpg, Ground floor oriel window, Perssonska gården,
Hedemora Hedemora is a town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world. Origin and us ...
,
Sweden Sweden ( sv, Sverige ), officially the Kingdom of Sweden ( sv, links=no, Konungariket Sverige ), is a Nordic countries, Nordic country in Northern Europe.The United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names states that the country's for ...

Sweden
File:Oriel chambers.jpg,
Oriel Chambers Oriel Chambers is an office building located on Water Street near the Liverpool Town Hall, town hall in Liverpool, England. It was the world's first building featuring a metal framed glass Curtain wall (architecture), curtain wall. Designed by ...

Oriel Chambers
,
Liverpool Liverpool is a City status in the United Kingdom, city and metropolitan borough in Merseyside, England. Its population in 2019 was approximately , making it the List of English districts by population, tenth-largest English district by popu ...

Liverpool
, by Peter Ellis, 1864 File:Maison bleue.jpg, Massive half timbered oriel window on a pre-1581 house,
Bouxwiller, Bas-Rhin Bouxwiller () is a commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property Property (''latin: Res Privata'') in the Abstract and concrete, abstract is what belongs t ...
, Alsace, France File:Świdwin wlz.JPG, Massive oriel window of District Office in
Świdwin Świdwin (german: Schivelbein; csb, Skwilbëno) is a town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in diff ...
,
Poland Poland ( pl, Polska ), officially the Republic of Poland ( pl, Rzeczpospolita Polska, links=no ), is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 Voivodeships of Poland, administrative provinces, covering an area of , and ha ...

Poland
Image:Gave Aspe Oloron-Sainte-Marie.jpg, Oriel windows with brackets in
Oloron-Sainte-Marie Oloron-Sainte-Marie (; in Béarnese, ''Auloron e Senta-Maria'', also spelt ''Aulouroû Sente-Marie'') is a commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property P ...

Oloron-Sainte-Marie
, France


See also

*
Bay window A bay is a recessed, coastal body of water that directly connects to a larger main body of water, such as an ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of salt water which covers approximately 71% of the surface ...
for more details *
Bow window A bow window or compass window is a curved bay window A bay is a recessed, coastal body of water that directly connects to a larger main body of water, such as an ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of s ...
*
Bretèche In Medieval fortification, a bretèche or brattice is a small balcony with machicolations, usually built over a gate and sometimes in the corners of the fortress' wall, with the purpose of enabling defenders to shoot or throw objects at the attacker ...
*
Turret upTurret (highlighted) attached to a tower on a baronial building in Scotland In architecture File:Plan d'exécution du second étage de l'hôtel de Brionne (dessin) De Cotte 2503c – Gallica 2011 (adjusted).jpg, upright=1.45, alt=Plan d ...

Turret
window


References

Windows {{architecturalelement-stub