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Omaha ( ) is the largest city in the
U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a W ...
of
Nebraska Nebraska () is a U.S. state, state in the Midwestern United States, Midwestern region of the United States. It is bordered by South Dakota to the north; Iowa to the east and Missouri to the southeast, both across the Missouri River; Kansas t ...

Nebraska
and the
county seat A county seat is an administrative centerAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within a particular sovereign state. Th ...
of
Douglas CountyDouglas County is any of twelve counties in the United States, all of which are named for Stephen A. Douglas, a Senator from Illinois from 1847 to 1861 and the Democratic Party nominee for President in 1860: *Douglas County, Colorado *Douglas County ...
. Omaha is in the
Midwestern United States The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the Midwest or the American Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2"). It occupies the northern central part of the United States. It ...
on the
Missouri River The Missouri River is the longest river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its cours ...
, about north of the mouth of the
Platte River The Platte River () is a major river in the State of Nebraska. It is about long; measured to its farthest source via its tributary, the North Platte River The North Platte River is a major tributary A tributary or affluent is a stream or ri ...

Platte River
(also known as the Nebraska River). The nation's 39th-largest city, Omaha's 2020 census population was 486,051. It is the second-largest city in the
Great Plains The Great Plains (french: Grandes Plaines), sometimes simply "the Plains", is a broad expanse of in . It is located west of the and east of the , much of it covered in , and . It is the southern and main part of the , which also include the ...
states (behind
Oklahoma City Oklahoma City (), officially the City of Oklahoma City, and often shortened to OKC, is the capital city, capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The county seat of Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, Oklahoma County, it ranks List of Uni ...

Oklahoma City
), the second-largest city along the Missouri River (behind
Kansas City, Missouri Kansas City (abbreviated KC or KCMO) is the largest city in by population and area. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city had a population of 508,090 in 2020, and was the as of the . It is the most populated municipality and historic ...
), and the seventh-largest city in the Midwest. Omaha is the anchor of the eight-county, bi-state Omaha-Council Bluffs metropolitan area. The Omaha Metropolitan Area is the 58th-largest in the United States, with a population of 967,604. The Omaha-Council Bluffs-Fremont, NE-IA
Combined Statistical Area Combined statistical area (CSA) is a United States Office of Management and Budget The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is the largest office within the Executive Office of the President of the United States (EOP). OMB's most prominent f ...
(CSA) totaled 1,004,771, according to 2020 estimates. The CSA encompasses the Omaha-Council Bluffs MSA as well as the separate Fremont, NE Micropolitan Statistical Area, which consists of the entirety of
Dodge County, Nebraska Dodge County is a County (United States), county in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 36,691. Its county seat is Fremont, Nebraska, Fremont. The county was formed in 1855 and named after Iowa United ...
. Approximately 1.3 million people reside within the Greater Omaha area, within a radius of
Downtown Omaha Downtown Omaha is the central business, government and social core of the Omaha-Council Bluffs metropolitan area, U.S. state of Nebraska. The boundaries are Omaha, Nebraska, Omaha's 20th Street on the west to the Missouri River on the east and ...
. It is ranked as a
global city A global city, also called a power city, world city, alpha city or world center, is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996 ...
by the
Globalization and World Cities Research Network The Globalization and World Cities Research Network, commonly abbreviated to GaWC, is a think tank A think tank, or policy institute, is a research institute A research institute, research centre, or research center is an establishment founded for ...
, which in 2020 gave it "sufficiency" status. Omaha's pioneer period began in 1854, when the city was founded by speculators from neighboring
Council Bluffs, Iowa Council Bluffs is a city in and the county seat A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or Parish (administrative division), civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Hungary a ...
. The city was founded along the Missouri River, and a crossing called Lone Tree Ferry earned the city its nickname, the "Gateway to the West". Omaha introduced this new West to the world in 1898, when it played host to the World's Fair, dubbed the
Trans-Mississippi Exposition The Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition was a world's fair held in Omaha, Nebraska Omaha ( ) is the largest city in the U.S. state of Nebraska and the county seat of Douglas County, Nebraska, Douglas County. Omaha is in the Midweste ...
. During the 19th century, Omaha's central location in the United States spurred the city to become an important national
transportation hub in Helsinki, Finland : Port of Szczecin, motorway, Expressway S3 (Poland), expressway and Szczecin Główny railway station, railway connections, an inter-city public transport, a city bus and Tramways in Szczecin, electric trams network and ...
. Throughout the rest of the 19th century, the transportation and jobbing sectors were important in the city, along with its
railroads Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transport, transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, which are located on Track (rail transport), tracks. In contrast to road transport, where the vehic ...
and
breweries brewery A brewery or brewing company is a business that makes and sells beer. The place at which beer is commercially made is either called a brewery or a beerhouse, where distinct sets of brewing equipment are called plant. The commercial brewing ...
. In the 20th century, the Omaha Stockyards, once the world's largest, and its
meatpacking 200px, The William Davies Company facilities in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, circa 1920. This facility was then the third largest hog-packing plant in North America. The meat packing industry handles the slaughtering, processing, packaging Packa ...
plants gained international prominence. Today, Omaha is the home to the headquarters of four
Fortune 500 The ''Fortune'' 500 is an annual list compiled and published by ''Fortune Fortune may refer to: General * Fortuna or Fortune, the Roman goddess of luck * Luck, a chance happening, or that which happens beyond a person's controls * Wealth, an ab ...
companies: mega-conglomerate
Berkshire Hathaway Berkshire Hathaway () is an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational ...

Berkshire Hathaway
; one of the world's largest construction companies,
Kiewit Corporation {{Infobox settlement , official_name = Kiewit , other_name = , native_name = , nickname = , settlement_type = Village , motto = , image_skyline = Hasselt - Sint-Lam ...
; insurance and financial firm
Mutual of Omaha Mutual of Omaha is a Fortune 500 The ''Fortune'' 500 is an annual list compiled and published by '' Fortune'' magazine that ranks 500 of the largest United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U ...
; and the United States' largest railroad operator,
Union Pacific Corporation The Union Pacific Corporation (Union Pacific) is a publicly traded railroad holding company A holding company is a company (law), company that owns the Shares outstanding, outstanding stock of other companies. A holding company usually does ...
. Berkshire Hathaway is headed by local investor
Warren Buffett Warren Edward Buffett ( ; born August 30, 1930) is an American business magnate, investor, and philanthropist. He is currently the chairman and CEO of Berkshire Hathaway Berkshire Hathaway () is an American Multinational corporation, multi ...
, one of the wealthiest people in the world, according to a decade's worth of ''
Forbes ''Forbes'' () is an American business magazine owned by Integrated Whale Media Investments and the Forbes family The Forbes family is one of the Boston Brahmins—a wealthy extended American family long prominent in Boston, Massachusett ...
'' rankings, some of which have ranked him as high as No. 1. Omaha is also the home to five
Fortune 1000 The Fortune 1000 are the 1,000 largest American companies ranked by revenue In accounting, revenue is the income or increase in net assets that an entity has from its normal activities (in the case of a business, usually from the sale of product ( ...
headquarters: ,
TD Ameritrade TD Ameritrade is a broker A broker is a person or firm who arranges transactions between a Purchasing, buyer and a sales, seller for a commission (remuneration), commission when the deal is executed. A broker who also acts as a seller or as a ...

TD Ameritrade
, Valmont Industries,
Werner Enterprises Werner Enterprises, Inc. () was founded in 1956 by Clarence (CL) Werner and is a transportation and logistics company, with coverage throughout North America, Asia, Europe, South America, Africa and Australia. Werner maintains its global headquart ...
, and West Corporation. Also headquartered in Omaha are the following:
First National Bank of Omaha First National Bank Omaha is a subsidiary of First National of Nebraska. It is the largest privately held bank subsidiary in the United States with $17 billion in assets and 5,000 employees, as part of First National of Nebraska. Chartered and he ...
, the largest privately held bank in the United States; three of the nation's ten largest architecture/engineering firms (
DLR Group DLR Group is an employee-owned design firm providing architecture upright=1.45, alt=Plan d'exécution du second étage de l'hôtel de Brionne (dessin) De Cotte 2503c – Gallica 2011 (adjusted), Plan of the second floor (attic storey) of th ...

DLR Group
, HDR, Inc., and
Leo A Daly LEO A DALY, established by Leo A. Daly, Sr. in 1915, is an American architecture, planning, engineering, interior design and program management firm. The firm's portfolio includes projects in 91 countries, all 50 U.S. states and the District of C ...
); and the
Gallup Organization Gallup, Inc. is an American analytics and advisory company based in Washington, D.C. Founded by George Gallup in 1935, the company became known for its public opinion poll An opinion poll, often simply referred to as a poll or a survey, is a ...
, of
Gallup Poll Gallup, Inc. is an American analytics and advisory company based in Washington, D.C. ) , image_skyline = , image_caption = Clockwise from top left: the Washington Monument and Lincoln Memorial on t ...
fame, and its riverfront Gallup University. Notable modern Omaha inventions include the following: the "pink hair curler" created at Omaha's Tip Top Products; Butter Brickle Ice Cream, and the
Reuben sandwich The Reuben sandwich is an American grilled sandwich composed of corned beef, Swiss cheese, sauerkraut, and Russian dressing, grilled between slices of rye bread. It is associated with kosher-style delicatessen, delicatessens, but it is not Ka ...
, conceived by a chef at the then–
Blackstone Hotel The Blackstone Hotel is a historic 21-story hotel on the corner of Michigan Avenue and Balbo Drive in the Michigan Boulevard Historic District in the Loop community area of Chicago, Illinois (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map ...
on 36th and Farnam Streets; cake mix, developed by
Duncan Hines Duncan Hines (March 26, 1880 – March 15, 1959) was an American pioneer of restaurant ratings for travelers. He is best known today for the brand of food products that bears his name. Early life Hines was born in Bowling Green, Kentucky ...
, then a division of Omaha's Nebraska Consolidated Mills, the forerunner to today's ConAgra Foods; center-pivot irrigation by the Omaha company now known as Valmont Corporation; Raisin Bran, developed by Omaha's Skinner Macaroni Co.; the first
ski lift A ski lift is a mechanism for transporting skiers Skiing is a means of transport using skis to glide on snow Snow comprises individual ice crystals that grow while suspended in the atmosphere—usually within clouds—and then fall, ...

ski lift
in the
U.S. The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country primarily located in North America North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all ...

U.S.
, in 1936, by Omaha's
Union Pacific The Union Pacific Railroad , legally Union Pacific Railroad Company and simply Union Pacific, is a freight-hauling railroad that operates 8,300 locomotives over routes in 23 s west of and . Union Pacific is the second largest railroad in the ...

Union Pacific
Corp.; the
Top 40 In the music industry The music industry consists of the companies and independent artists that earn money by creating new songs and pieces and arranging live concerts and shows, audio and video recordings, compositions and sheet music, and ...
radio format, pioneered by
Todd Storz Robert Todd Storz (May 8, 1924 – April 13, 1964) headed a very successful chain of American radio broadcasting stations and is generally credited with being the foremost innovator of the Top 40 In the music industry, the top 40 is the current ...
, scion of Omaha's Storz Brewing Co. and head of Storz Broadcasting, and first used in the U.S. at Omaha's ; and the
TV dinner A frozen meal (also called TV dinner in the US and Canada), prepackaged meal, ready-made meal, ready meal (UK), frozen dinner, and microwave meal) is a processed food, packaged frozen meal that comes portioned for an individual. A frozen meal i ...
, developed by Omaha's .


History

Various
Native American tribes In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washing ...
had lived in the land that became Omaha, including since the 17th century, the
Omaha Omaha ( ) is the largest city in the U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in Nort ...
and
Ponca The Ponca ( Páⁿka iyé: Páⁿka or Ppáⁿkka pronounced ) are a Midwestern United States, Midwestern Native Americans in the United States, Native American tribe of the Dhegihan branch of the Siouan languages, Siouan language group. There ar ...
, Dhegian-Siouan-language people who had originated in the lower Ohio River valley and migrated west by the early 17th century;
PawneePawnee initially refers to a Native American people and its language: * Pawnee people * Pawnee language Pawnee is also the name of several places in the United States: * Pawnee, Illinois * Pawnee, Kansas * Pawnee, Missouri * Pawnee City, Nebraska * ...
,
Otoe The Otoe (Chiwere language, Chiwere: Jiwére) are a Native Americans in the United States, Native American people of the Midwestern United States. The Otoe language, Chiwere, is part of the Siouan family and closely related to that of the related ...
,
Missouri Missouri is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in ...
, and
Ioway The Iowa or Ioway, known as the Bah-Kho-Je or Báxoje in their language, Chiwere (Báxoje ich'é), are a Native American Native Americans may refer to: Ethnic groups * Indigenous peoples of the Americas, the pre-Columbian peoples of North and ...
. The word ''Omaha'' (actually ''Umoⁿhoⁿ'' or ''Umaⁿhaⁿ'') means "Dwellers on the bluff". In 1804 the
Lewis and Clark Expedition The Lewis and Clark Expedition from August 31, 1803, to September 25, 1806, also known as the Corps of Discovery Expedition, was the United States expedition to cross the newly acquired western portion of the country after the Louisiana Pur ...
passed the riverbanks where the city of Omaha would be built. Between July 30 and August 3, 1804, members of the expedition, including
Meriwether Lewis Meriwether Lewis (August 18, 1774 – October 11, 1809) was an American Exploration, explorer, soldier, politician, and public administrator, best known for his role as the leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, also known as the Corps of Dis ...

Meriwether Lewis
and
William Clark William Clark (August 1, 1770 – September 1, 1838) was an American explorer, soldier, Indian agent, and territorial governor. A native of Virginia, he grew up in pre-statehood Kentucky before later settling in what became the state of Missou ...
, met with Oto and Missouria tribal leaders at the Council Bluff at a point about north of present-day Omaha. Immediately south of that area, Americans built several fur trading outposts in succeeding years, including Fort Lisa in 1812; Fort Atkinson in 1819; Cabanné's Trading Post, built in 1822, and
Fontenelle's Post 250px, Tribal territory of the Otoe Fontenelle's Post, first known as Pilcher's Post, and the site of the later city of Bellevue, Nebraska, Bellevue, was built in 1822 in the Nebraska Territory by Joshua Pilcher, then president of the Missouri Fur C ...
in 1823, in what became Bellevue. There was fierce competition among fur traders until John Jacob Astor created the monopoly of the
American Fur Company The American Fur Company (AFC) was founded in 1808, by John Jacob Astor, a German immigrant to the United States. During the 18th century, furs had become a major commodity In economics Economics () is the social science that studies ...
. The
Mormons Mormons are a religious Religion is a social system, social-cultural system of designated religious behaviour, behaviors and practices, morality, morals, beliefs, worldviews, religious text, texts, shrine, sanctified places, prophecy, ...
built a town called Cutler's Park in the area in 1846. While it was temporary, the settlement provided the basis for further development. Through 26 separate treaties with the United States federal government,
Native American tribes in Nebraska Native American tribes in the U.S. state of Nebraska have been Plains Indians, descendants of succeeding cultures of indigenous peoples who have occupied the area for thousands of years. More than 15 historic tribes have been identified as having li ...
gradually ceded the lands that now make up the state. The treaty and cession involving the Omaha area occurred in 1854 when the
Omaha Tribe The Omaha ( Omaha-Ponca: ''Umoⁿhoⁿ'') are a federally recognized Midwestern Native American tribe The term tribe is used in many different contexts to refer to a category of human social group. The predominant usage of the term is in the ...
ceded most of east-central Nebraska.
Logan Fontenelle Logan Fontenelle (May 6, 1825 – July 16, 1855), also known as ''Shon-ga-ska'' (White Horse), was a trader of Omaha (tribe), Omaha and French people, French ancestry, who served for years as an interpreter to the US Indian agent at the Fontenelle ...

Logan Fontenelle
, an interpreter for the Omaha and signatory to the 1854 treaty, played an essential role in those proceedings.


Pioneer Omaha

Before it was legal to claim land in
Indian Country Indian country is any of the many self-governing Native American/American Indian communities throughout the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Conti ...
, William D. Brown operated the Lone Tree Ferry that brought settlers from Council Bluffs, Iowa to the area that became Omaha. Brown is generally credited as having the first vision for a city where Omaha now sits.
Federal Writers Project The Federal Writers' Project (FWP) was a federal government project in the United States created to provide jobs for out-of-work writers during the . It was part of the (WPA), a program. It was one of a group of New Deal arts programs known coll ...
of the
Works Progress Administration The Works Progress Administration (WPA; renamed in 1939 as the Work Projects Administration) was an American New Deal agency, employing millions of jobseekers (mostly men who were not formally educated) to carry out public works projects, includ ...
. (1970)
Nebraska: A Guide to the Cornhusker State
.''
Nebraska State Historical Society History Nebraska, formally the Nebraska State Historical Society is a Nebraska state agency, founded in 1878 to "encourage historical research and inquiry, spread historical information ... and to embrace alike aboriginal and modern history." It ...
. p. 241.
The passage of the
Kansas–Nebraska Act The Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 () was a territorial organic act that created the territories of Kansas Kansas () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine publi ...
in 1854 was presaged by the staking out of claims around the area to become Omaha by residents from neighboring Council Bluffs. On July 4, 1854, the city was informally established at a picnic on Capital Hill, current site of
Omaha Central High School Omaha Central High School, originally known as Omaha High School, is a fully accredited public high school located in downtown Omaha, Nebraska, Omaha, Nebraska, United States. It is one of many public high schools located in Omaha. As of the 2015-1 ...

Omaha Central High School
. Soon after, the
Omaha Claim ClubThe Omaha Claim Club, also called the Omaha Township Claim Association(1954 ''Omaha's First Century''. Omaha World-Herald. Retrieved 7/14/07. and the Omaha Land Company, was organized in 1854 for the purpose of "encouraging the building of a city"Mor ...
was formed to provide
vigilante Vigilantism is the act of enforcement, investigation or punishment of perceived offenses without legal authority. A vigilante (from Spanish and Italian ''vigilante'') is practitioner of vigilantism. History Vigilantism and the vigilante ethos ...
justice for claim jumpers and others who infringed on the land of many of the city's
founding fathers The following list of national founding figures is a record, by country, of people who were credited with establishing their nation. National founders are typically those who played an influential role in setting up the systems of governance, ...
. Some of this land, which now wraps around Downtown Omaha, was later used to entice Nebraska Territorial legislators to an area called
ScriptownScriptown was the name of the first subdivision in the history of Omaha Omaha ( ) is the largest city in the U.S. state of Nebraska and the county seat of Douglas County, Nebraska, Douglas County. Omaha is in the Midwestern United States on the M ...
. The Territorial capitol was in Omaha, but when Nebraska became a state in 1867, the capital was relocated to , south-west of Omaha. The
U.S. Supreme Court The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest court in the federal judiciary of the United States of America The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a coun ...

U.S. Supreme Court
later ruled against numerous landowners whose violent actions were condemned in '' Baker v. Morton''. Many of Omaha's founding figures stayed at the Douglas House or the Cozzens House Hotel. Dodge Street was important early in the city's early commercial history; North 24th Street and South Omaha Main Street Historic District, South 24th Street also developed independently as business districts. Early pioneers were buried in Prospect Hill Cemetery (North Omaha, Nebraska), Prospect Hill Cemetery and Cedar Hill Cemetery. Cedar Hill closed in the 1860s and its graves were moved to Prospect Hill, where pioneers were later joined by soldiers from Fort Omaha, African Americans in Omaha, Nebraska, African Americans and early Ethnic groups in Omaha, Nebraska, European immigrants. There are several other Cemeteries in Omaha, Nebraska, historical cemeteries in Omaha, historical Jews and Judaism in Omaha, Nebraska, Jewish synagogues and historical Christianity in Omaha, Nebraska, Christian churches dating from the pioneer era, as well. Two sculpture parks, Pioneer Courage and Spirit of Nebraska's Wilderness and The Transcontinental Railroad, celebrate the city's pioneering history.


19th century

The economy of Omaha boomed and busted through its early years. In 1858, the ''Omaha Daily Republican'' was founded by the ''Omaha Printing Company (rebranded Aradius Group, 2016)'', it was Nebraska's first regional newspaper–founded before Nebraska claimed statehood. Omaha was a stopping point for settlers and prospectors heading west, either overland or by the Missouri River. The steamboat ''Bertrand (steamboat), Bertrand'' sank north of Omaha on its way to the goldfields in 1865. Its massive collection of artifacts is on display at the nearby Desoto National Wildlife Refuge. The Jobber's Canyon, jobbing and wholesaling district brought new jobs, followed by the
railroads Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transport, transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, which are located on Track (rail transport), tracks. In contrast to road transport, where the vehic ...
and the stockyards. Groundbreaking for the First Transcontinental Railroad in 1863, provided an essential developmental boom for the city. In 1862, the U.S. Congress allowed the Union Pacific Railroad to begin building westward railways; in January 1866 it commenced construction out of Omaha.
A History of Travel in America
'' by Seymour Dunbar, Bobbs-Merrill Company (1915), pg. 1350; (Retrieved 9/25/08)
The Union Stockyards (Omaha), Union Stockyards, another important part of the city's development, were founded in South Omaha in 1883. Within 20 years, Omaha had four of the five major
meatpacking 200px, The William Davies Company facilities in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, circa 1920. This facility was then the third largest hog-packing plant in North America. The meat packing industry handles the slaughtering, processing, packaging Packa ...
companies in the United States. By the 1950s, half the city's workforce was employed in meatpacking and processing. Meatpacking, jobbing and railroads were responsible for most of the growth in the city from the late 19th century through the early decades of the 20th century. Ethnic groups in Omaha, Nebraska, Immigrants soon created ethnic enclaves throughout the city, including Irish in Sheelytown in South Omaha; Germans in the Near North Side (Omaha, Nebraska), Near North Side, joined by the European Jews and black migrants from Southern United States, the South; Little Italy (Omaha, Nebraska), Little Italy and Little Bohemia (Omaha, Nebraska), Little Bohemia in South Omaha. Beginning in the late 19th century, Omaha's upper class lived in posh enclaves throughout the city, including the south and Gold Coast Historic District (Omaha, Nebraska), north Gold Coast neighborhoods, Bemis Park, Kountze Place, Field Club and throughout Midtown Omaha. They traveled the city's sprawling Parks in Omaha, Nebraska, park system on Boulevards in Omaha, boulevards designed by renowned landscape architect Horace Cleveland. The Omaha Horse Railway first carried passengers throughout the city, as did the later Omaha Cable Tramway Company and several similar companies. In 1888, the Omaha and Council Bluffs Railway and Bridge Company built the Douglas Street Bridge, the first pedestrian and wagon bridge between Omaha and Council Bluffs. Gambling, drinking and prostitution were widespread in the 19th century, first rampant in the city's Burnt District and later in the Sporting District (Omaha, Nebraska), Sporting District. Controlled by Omaha's political boss Tom Dennison (Political boss), Tom Dennison by 1890, Crime in Omaha, criminal elements enjoyed support from Omaha's "perpetual" mayor, James Dahlman, "Cowboy Jim" Dahlman, nicknamed for his eight terms as mayor. Calamities such as the Great Flood of 1881 did not slow down the city's violence. In 1882, the Camp Dump Strike pitted state militia against unionized strikers, drawing national attention to Omaha's labor troubles. The Governor of Nebraska had to call in U.S. Army troops from nearby Fort Omaha to protect strikebreakers for the Burlington Railroad, bringing along Gatling guns and a cannon for defense. When the event ended, one man was dead and several were wounded. In 1891, a mob hanged Joe Coe, an African-American porter after he was accused of raping a white girl. There were also several other List of riots and civil unrest in Omaha, Nebraska, riots and civil unrest events in Omaha during this period. In 1898, Omaha's leaders, under the guidance of Gurdon Wattles, held the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, touted as a celebration of agricultural and industrial growth throughout the Midwest. The Indian Congress, which drew more than 500 Native Americans in the United States, American Indians from across the country, was held simultaneously. More than 2 million visitors attended these events at Kountze Park and the Omaha Driving Park in the Kountze Place neighborhood.


20th century

With dramatically increasing population in the 20th century, competition and fierce labor struggles led to major civil unrest. In 1900, Omaha was the center of a national uproar over the kidnapping of Edward Cudahy, Jr., the son of a local
meatpacking 200px, The William Davies Company facilities in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, circa 1920. This facility was then the third largest hog-packing plant in North America. The meat packing industry handles the slaughtering, processing, packaging Packa ...
magnate. The city's labor and management clashed in bitter strikes, Racial tension in Omaha, Nebraska, racial tension escalated as Blacks were hired as strikebreakers, and ethnic strife broke out. A Greek Town riot, major riot by earlier immigrants in South Omaha destroyed the city's Greek Town in 1909, completely driving out the Greek population. The Civil Rights Movement in Omaha, Nebraska, civil rights movement in Omaha has roots that extend back to 1912, when the first chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People west of the Mississippi River was founded in the city. The Omaha Easter Sunday Tornado (1913), Omaha Easter Sunday Tornado of 1913 destroyed much of the city's African Americans in Omaha, Nebraska, African-American community, in addition to much of Midtown Omaha. Six years later, in 1919, the city was caught up in the Red Summer riots when thousands of whites marched from South Omaha to the courthouse to lynch a Black worker, Willy Brown, a suspect in an alleged rape of a white woman. The mob burned the Douglas County Courthouse (Nebraska), Douglas County Courthouse to get the prisoner, causing more than $1 million damage. They hanged and shot Will Brown, then burned his body. Troops were called in from Fort Omaha to quell the riot, prevent more crowds gathering in South Omaha, and to protect the Black community in North Omaha. The Culture in North Omaha, Nebraska, culture of North Omaha thrived throughout the 1920s through 1950s, with several creative figures, including Tillie Olsen, Wallace Thurman, Lloyd Hunter, and Anna Mae Winburn emerging from the vibrant Near North Side. Musicians created their own world in Omaha, and also joined national bands and groups that toured and appeared in the city. After the tumultuous Great Depression of the 1930s, Omaha rebounded with the development of Offutt Air Force Base just south of the city. The Glenn L. Martin Company operated a factory there in the 1940s that produced 521 B-29 ''Superfortresses'', including the ''Enola Gay'' and ''Bockscar'' used in Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the atomic bombing of Japan in World War II. The construction of Interstate highway, Interstates Interstate 80, 80, Interstate 480 (Iowa–Nebraska), 480 and Interstate 680 (Iowa–Nebraska), 680, along with the North Omaha Freeway, spurred development. There was also controversy, particularly in North Omaha, where new routes bisected several neighborhoods. Creighton University hosted the DePorres Club, an early civil rights group whose use of sit-in strategies for integration of public facilities predated the national movement. Following the development of the Glenn L. Martin Company bomber manufacturing plant in Bellevue at the beginning of World War II, the relocation of the Strategic Air Command to the Omaha suburb in 1948 provided a major economic boost to the area. From the 1950s through the 1960s, more than 40 insurance companies were headquartered in Omaha, including Woodmen of the World and
Mutual of Omaha Mutual of Omaha is a Fortune 500 The ''Fortune'' 500 is an annual list compiled and published by '' Fortune'' magazine that ranks 500 of the largest United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U ...
. By the late 1960s, the city rivaled, but never surpassed, the United States insurance centers of Hartford, Connecticut, New York City and Boston. After surpassing Chicago in meat processing by the late 1950s, Omaha suffered the loss of 10,000 jobs as both the railroad and meatpacking industries restructured. The city struggled for decades to shift its economy as workers suffered. Poverty became more entrenched among families who remained in North Omaha. In the 1960s, three major race riots along North 24th Street destroyed the Near North Side's economic base, with recovery slow for decades. In 1969, Woodmen Tower was completed and became Omaha's tallest building and first major skyscraper at , a sign of renewal. Since the 1970s, Omaha has continued expanding and growing, mostly to available land to the west. West Omaha has become home to the majority of the city's population. North and South Omaha's populations continue to be centers of new immigrants, with economic and racial diversity. In 1975 a 1975 Omaha tornado outbreak, major tornado, along with a Great Storm of 1975, major blizzard, caused more than Dollar sign, $100 million in damages in 1975 dollars. Downtown Omaha has since been rejuvenated in numerous ways, starting with the development of Gene Leahy Mall and W. Dale Clark Library in the late 1970s. In the 1980s, Omaha's fruit warehouses were converted into a shopping area called the Old Market (Omaha, Nebraska), Old Market. The demolition of Jobber's Canyon in 1989 led to the creation of the ConAgra Foods campus. Several nearby buildings, including the Nash Block, have been converted into condominiums. The stockyards were taken down; the only surviving building is the Livestock Exchange Building (Omaha, Nebraska), Livestock Exchange Building, which was converted to multi-use and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. A historic preservation movement in Omaha has led to a number of historic structures and districts being designated Omaha Landmarks or listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Much of the push toward preservation came after Omaha gained the notorious designation of having, in 1989, demolished the largest-ever National Register historic district in the United States, a record that still stands as of 2013. The Jobbers Canyon Historic District, along the Missouri River, was felled for a new headquarters campus for ConAgra Foods, a company which threatened to relocate if Omaha did not allow them to raze the city's historic district. The Jobber's Canyon warehouses had before then been allowed to deteriorate and were the scene of several fires set by the homeless population that had come to live in the abandoned buildings. At the time, there were no plans in place for revitalizing the buildings. In the 1980s and 1990s, Omaha also saw major company headquarters leave the city, including Enron, founded in the city in 1930 and taken to Houston in 1987 by the now-notorious Kenneth Lay. First Data Corporation, a large credit-card processor, also was founded in Omaha in 1969; as of 2009, its headquarters are in Atlanta. Inacom, founded in Omaha in 1991, was a technology company that customized computer systems for large businesses, and was on the Fortune 500 list from 1997 until 2000, when it filed for bankruptcy. Northwestern Bell, the Bell System affiliate for Northwestern states, had its headquarters in Omaha from its founding in 1896 until it moved to Denver in 1991 as US West. Level 3 Communications, a large Tier 1 network provider, was founded in Omaha in 1985 as Kiewit Diversified Group, a division of
Kiewit Corporation {{Infobox settlement , official_name = Kiewit , other_name = , native_name = , nickname = , settlement_type = Village , motto = , image_skyline = Hasselt - Sint-Lam ...
, a Fortune 500 construction and mining company still headquartered in Omaha; Level 3 moved to Denver in 1998. World Com was founded by a merger with Omaha's MFS Communications, started as Metropolitan Fiber Systems in 1993. MFS, backed by
Kiewit Corporation {{Infobox settlement , official_name = Kiewit , other_name = , native_name = , nickname = , settlement_type = Village , motto = , image_skyline = Hasselt - Sint-Lam ...
CEO Walter Scott and
Warren Buffett Warren Edward Buffett ( ; born August 30, 1930) is an American business magnate, investor, and philanthropist. He is currently the chairman and CEO of Berkshire Hathaway Berkshire Hathaway () is an American Multinational corporation, multi ...
, purchased UUNET, one of the largest Internet backbones in the world, for $2 billion in 1996. The now-infamous Bernie Ebbers purchased the much larger MFS for $14.3 billion in 1997 under his World Com. He moved headquarters of the merged company from Omaha to Mississippi.


21st century

Around the start of the 21st century, several new downtown skyscrapers and cultural institutions were built. One First National Center was completed in 2002, surpassing the Woodmen Tower as the tallest building in Omaha as well as in the state at . The creation of the city's new NoDo, North Downtown included the construction of the CenturyLink Center Omaha, CenturyLink Center and the Slowdown (venue), Slowdown/Film Streams development at North 14th and Webster Streets. Construction of the new TD Ameritrade Park began in 2009 and was completed in 2011, also in the North Downtown area, near the CenturyLink Center Omaha, CenturyLink Center. TD Ameritrade Park is now the home of the College World Series, an event tourists flock to each year. New construction has occurred throughout the city since the start of the 21st century. Important retail and office developments have occurred in West Omaha such as the Village Pointe shopping center and several business parks including First National Business Park and parks for Bank of the West and C&A Industries, Inc and Morgan Stanley Wealth Management, Morgan Stanley Smith Barney and several others. Downtown and Midtown Omaha have both seen the development of a significant number of condominiums in recent years. In Midtown Omaha significant mixed-use projects are underway. The site of the former Ak-Sar-Ben (arena), Ak-Sar-Ben arena has been redeveloped into a mixed-use development Aksarben Village. In January 2009 Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association, Blue Cross Blue Shield of Nebraska announced plans to build a new 10 story, $98 million headquarters, in the Aksarben Village, completed in Spring 2011. Gordmans is also building their new corporate headquarters in Aksarben. The other major mixed-use development is Midtown Crossing at Turner Park. Developed by
Mutual of Omaha Mutual of Omaha is a Fortune 500 The ''Fortune'' 500 is an annual list compiled and published by '' Fortune'' magazine that ranks 500 of the largest United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U ...
, the development includes several condominium towers and retail businesses built around Omaha's Turner Park.(200
Urban Design Element Implementation Measures
OmahaByDesign. p. 6. Retrieved 9/26/08.
The Holland Performing Arts Center opened in 2005 near the Gene Leahy Mall and the Union Pacific Center opened in 2004. There have also been several developments along the Missouri River waterfront in downtown. The Bob Kerrey Pedestrian Bridge was opened to foot and bicycle traffic on September 28, 2008. Started in 2003, RiverFront Place Condos first phase was completed in 2006 and is fully occupied and the second phase was opened in 2011. The development along Omaha's riverfront is attributed with prompting the City of Council Bluffs to move their own riverfront development time line forward. In the summers of 2008, 2012 and 2016 the United States at the Summer Olympics, United States Olympic Team swimming trials were held in Omaha, at the Qwest/Century Link Center.2008 United States Olympic Swim Team
USASwimming.org. Retrieved August 10, 2012.
The event was a highlight in Sports in Omaha, the city's sports community, as well as a showcase for redevelopment in the downtown area.


Geography

Omaha is located at . According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of , of which is land and is water. Situated in the Midwestern United States on the bank of the Missouri River in eastern Nebraska, much of Omaha is built in the Missouri River Valley. Other significant bodies of water in the Omaha-Council Bluffs metropolitan area include Lake Manawa, Papillion Creek, Carter Lake (Iowa–Nebraska), Carter Lake, Platte River and the Glenn Cunningham Lake. The city's land has been altered considerably with substantial land grading throughout Downtown Omaha and scattered across the city. East Omaha sits on a flood plain west of the Missouri River. The area is the location of Carter Lake, an oxbow lake. The lake was once the site of East Omaha Island and Florence Lake, which dried up in the 1920s. The Omaha-Council Bluffs metropolitan area consists of eight counties; five in Nebraska and three in Iowa. The metropolitan area now includes Harrison County, Iowa, Harrison, Pottawattamie County, Iowa, Pottawattamie, and Mills County, Iowa, Mills Counties in Iowa and Washington County, Nebraska, Washington, Douglas, Sarpy County, Nebraska, Sarpy, Cass County, Nebraska, Cass, and Saunders County, Nebraska, Saunders Counties in Nebraska. This area was formerly referred to only as the Omaha Metropolitan Statistical Area and consisted of only five counties: Pottawattamie in Iowa, and Washington, Douglas, Cass, and Sarpy in Nebraska. The Omaha-Council Bluffs combined statistical area comprises the Omaha-Council Bluffs United States metropolitan area, metropolitan statistical area and the Fremont, Nebraska, Fremont United States micropolitan area, Micropolitan statistical area; the CSA has a population of 858,720 (2005 Census Bureau estimate). Omaha ranks as the 42nd-largest city in the United States, and is the core city of its 60th-largest metropolitan area. There are no Consolidated city-county, consolidated city-counties in the area; the Government of Omaha, City of Omaha studied the possibility extensively through 2003 and concluded, "The City of Omaha and Douglas County should merge into a municipal county, work to commence immediately, and that functional consolidations begin immediately in as many departments as possible, including but not limited to parks, Fleet vehicle, fleet management, facilities management, Urban planning, local planning, purchasing and personnel." Geographically, Omaha is considered as being in the "Heartland" of the United States. Important environmental impacts on the natural habitat in the area include the spread of invasive plant species, restoring prairies and bur oak savanna habitats, and managing the whitetail deer population. Omaha is home to several hospitals, mostly along Dodge Street (US6). Being the county seat, it is also the location of the county courthouse.


Neighborhoods

Omaha is generally divided into six geographic areas: Downtown, Midtown, North Omaha, South Omaha, West Omaha, and East Omaha. West Omaha includes the Miracle Hills, Boys Town, Nebraska, Boys Town, Regency, and Gateway areas. The city has a wide range of historical and new neighborhoods and suburbs that reflect its socioeconomic diversity. Early neighborhood development happened in ethnic enclaves, including Little Italy (Omaha, Nebraska), Little Italy, Little Bohemia (Omaha, Nebraska), Little Bohemia, Little Mexico and Greek Town. According to U.S. Census data, five European ethnic enclaves existed in Omaha in 1880, expanding to nine in 1900. Around the start of the 20th century. the City of Omaha annexed several surrounding communities, including Florence, Nebraska, Florence, Dundee, Nebraska, Dundee and Benson, Nebraska, Benson. At the same time, the city annexed all of South Omaha, including the Dahlman neighborhood, Dahlman and Burlington Road neighborhoods. From its first annexation in 1857 (of East Omaha) to its recent and controversial annexation of Elkhorn, Nebraska, Elkhorn, Omaha has continually had an eye towards growth. Starting in the 1950s, development of highways and new housing led to the movement of the middle class to suburbs in West Omaha. Some of the movement was designated as white flight from racial unrest in the 1960s. Newer and poorer migrants lived in older housing close to downtown; those residents who were more established moved west into newer housing. Some suburbs are gated communities or have become edge city, edge cities. Recently, Omahans have made strides to revitalize the downtown and Midtown areas with the redevelopment of the Old Market, Turner Park, Gifford Park, and the designation of the Omaha Rail and Commerce Historic District.


Landmark preservation

Omaha is home to dozens of nationally, regionally and locally significant landmarks. The city has more than a dozen historic districts, including Fort Omaha Historic District, Gold Coast Historic District (Omaha, Nebraska), Gold Coast Historic District, Omaha Quartermaster Depot Historic District, Field Club Historic District, Bemis Park Historic District, and the South Omaha Main Street Historic District. Omaha is notorious for its 1989 demolition of 24 buildings in the Jobbers Canyon Historic District, which represents to date the largest loss of buildings on the National Register. The only original building surviving of that complex is the Nash Block. Omaha has almost List of Registered Historic Places in Douglas County, Nebraska, one hundred individual properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including the Bank of Florence, Holy Family Catholic Church (Omaha, Nebraska), Holy Family Church, the Christian Specht Building and the Joslyn Castle. There are also three properties designated as National Historic Landmarks. Omaha Landmarks, Locally designated landmarks, including residential, commercial, religious, educational, agricultural and socially significant locations across the city, honor Omaha's cultural legacy and important history. The Government of Omaha, City of Omaha Landmarks Heritage Preservation Commission is the government body that works with the mayor of Omaha and the Omaha City Council to protect historic places. Important history organizations in the community include the Douglas County Historical Society.


Climate

Omaha, due to its latitude of 41.26˚ N and location far from moderating bodies of water or mountain ranges, displays a hot-summer humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification, Köppen: ''Dfa''). July averages , with average relative humidity around 70% which then leads to relatively frequent thunderstorms. Temperatures reach on 29 days and on 1.7 days annually. The January daily average is , with lows reaching on 11 days annually. The lowest temperature recorded in the city was on January 5, 1884, and the highest on 1936 North American heat wave, July 25, 1936. Average yearly precipitation is , falling mostly in the warmer months. Snow is the most common precipitation in winter, with average seasonal snowfall being . Based on 30-year averages obtained from NOAA's National Climatic Data Center for the months of December, January and February, Weather Channel ranked Omaha the 5th coldest major U.S. city as of 2014.


Demographics

2020 census As of the census of 2020, there were 486,051 people and 186,883 households. The population density was 3,361 inhabitants per square mile (1,297/km2). The city's racial makeup was 77.5% White (U.S. Census), White, 12.3% African American (U.S. Census), African American, 0.6% Native American (U.S. Census), Native American, 3.8% Asian (U.S. Census), Asian, 0% Race (U.S. Census), Pacific Islander, 3.4% from two or more races. Hispanic (U.S. Census), Hispanic or Latino (U.S. Census), Latino people of any race were 13.9% of the population. Non-Hispanic Whites were 66.6% of the population.


2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 408,958 people, 162,627 households, and 96,477 families residing in the city. The population density was . There were 177,518 housing units at an average density of . The city's racial makeup was 73.1% White (U.S. Census), White, 13.7% African American (U.S. Census), African American, 0.8% Native American (U.S. Census), Native American, 2.4% Asian (U.S. Census), Asian, 0.1% Race (U.S. Census), Pacific Islander, 6.9% from Race (U.S. Census), other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic (U.S. Census), Hispanic or Latino (U.S. Census), Latino people of any race were 13.1% of the population. Non-Hispanic Whites were 68.0% of the population. There were 162,627 households, of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.6% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.7% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.3% had someone living alone who was at least 65 years old. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.14. The median age in the city was 33.5 years. 25.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.9% were from 25 to 44; 24.4% were from 45 to 64; and 11.4% were 65 years of age or older. The city's gender makeup was 49.2% male and 50.8% female. The median household income (in 2017 dollars) from 2013 to 2017 was $53,789.


2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 390,007 people, 156,738 households, and 94,983 families residing within city limits. The population density was 3,370.7 people per square mile (1,301.5/km2). There were 165,731 housing units at an average density of 1,432.4 per square mile (553.1/km2). The city's racial makeup was 78.4% White (U.S. Census), White, 13.3% African American (U.S. Census), African American, 0.7% Native American (U.S. Census), Native American, 1.7% Asian (U.S. Census), Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander (U.S. Census), Pacific Islander, 3.9% from Race (U.S. Census), other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic (U.S. Census), Hispanic or Latino (U.S. Census), Latino of any race were 7.5% of the population. The city's median household income was $40,006, and the median family income was $50,821. Males had a median income of $34,301 versus $26,652 for females. The city's per capita income was $21,756. About 11.3% of the population and 7.8% of families were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under the age of 18 and 7.4% of those 65 and older.


People

Native American tribes in Nebraska, Native Americans were the first residents of the Omaha area. The city of Omaha was established by white settlers from neighboring Council Bluffs who arrived from the Northeast United States a few years earlier. While much of the early population was of Yankee stock, over the next 100 years numerous Ethnic groups in Omaha, Nebraska, ethnic groups moved to the city. In 1910, the Census Bureau reported Omaha's population as 96.4% White and 3.6% Black. Irish in Omaha, Nebraska, Irish immigrants in Omaha originally moved to an area in present-day North Omaha called "Gophertown", as they lived in dug-out sod houses. That population was followed by Poles in Omaha, Nebraska, Polish immigrants in the Sheelytown neighborhood, and many immigrants were recruited for jobs in South Omaha's Union Stockyards (Omaha), stockyards and meatpacking industry. The Germans in Omaha, Nebraska, German community in Omaha was largely responsible for founding its once-thriving beer industry, including the Metz Brewery, Metz, Krug Brewery, Krug, Falstaff Brewing Corporation, Falstaff and the Storz Brewery, Storz breweries. Since its founding, Ethnic groups in Omaha, Nebraska, ethnic groups in the city have clustered in Ethnic enclave, enclaves in North Omaha, Nebraska, north, South Omaha, Nebraska, south and downtown Omaha. In its early days, the History of Omaha, Nebraska, sometimes lawless nature of a new frontier city included Crime in Omaha, crime, such as Gambling in Omaha, Nebraska, illicit gambling and List of riots and civil unrest in Omaha, Nebraska, riots. In the early 20th century, Jews and Judaism in Omaha, Nebraska, Jewish immigrants set up many businesses along the North 24th Street commercial area. It suffered with the loss of industrial jobs in the 1960s and later, the shifting of population west of the city. The commercial area is now the center of the African Americans in Omaha, Nebraska, African-Americans community, concentrated in North Omaha. The African American community has maintained its social and religious base, while it is experiencing an economic revitalization. The Little Italy (Omaha), Little Italy neighborhood grew south of downtown, as many Italian immigrants came to the city to work in the Union Pacific Railroad Omaha Shops Facility, Union Pacific shops. Scandinavians first came to Omaha as Mormon settlers in the Florence, Nebraska, Florence neighborhood. Czechs in Omaha, Nebraska, Czechs had a strong political and cultural voice in Omaha, and were involved in a variety of trades and businesses, including banks, wholesale houses, and funeral homes. The Notre Dame Academy and Convent and Czechoslovak Museum are legacies of their residence. Today the legacy of the city's early European immigrant populations is evident in many social and cultural institutions in Downtown and South Omaha. Mexicans in Omaha, Nebraska, Mexicans originally immigrated to Omaha to work in the rail yards. Today they account for most of South Omaha's Hispanic population and many have taken jobs in meat processing. Other large early ethnic populations in Omaha included Danes in Omaha, Nebraska, Danes, Poles in Omaha, Poles, and Swedes in Omaha, Nebraska, Swedes. A growing number of African immigrants have made their homes in Omaha in the last twenty years. There are approximately 8,500 Sudanese living in Omaha, including the largest population of Sudanese refugees in the United States. Most have immigrated since 1995 because of Second Sudanese Civil War, warfare in Sudan. They represent ten ethnic groups, including the Nuer people, Nuer, Dinka, Equatorians, Maubans and Nubian people, Nubians. Most Sudanese people in Omaha speak the Nuer language. Other Africans have immigrated to Omaha as well, with one-third from Nigeria, and large populations from Kenya, Togo, Cameroon and Ghana. With the expansion of railroad and industrial jobs in meatpacking, Omaha attracted many immigrants and migrants. As the major city in Nebraska, it has historically been more racially and ethnically diverse than the rest of the state. At times rapid population change, overcrowded housing and job competition have aroused Racial Tension in Omaha, Nebraska, racial and ethnic tensions. Around the start of the 20th century, violence towards new immigrants in Omaha often erupted out of suspicion and fear. In 1909, anti-Greek sentiment flared after increased Greek immigration, and worsened their tendency to become strikebreakers. The killing of a policeman of Irish descent enraged the Irish community; an angry mob violently stormed the Greek neighborhood in Omaha in what would become known as the Greek Town Riot. That mob violence forced the Greeks in Omaha, Nebraska, Greek immigrant population to flee from the city. By 1910, 53.7% of Omaha's residents and 64.2% of South Omaha's residents were foreign born or had at least one parent born outside of America. Six years after the Greek Town Riot, in 1915, a mob killed Juan Gonzalez, a Mexican immigrant, near Scribner, Nebraska, Scribner, a town in the Greater Omaha metropolitan area. The event occurred after an Omaha Police Department officer investigated a criminal operation that sold goods stolen from the nearby railroad yards. Racial profiling targeted Gonzalez as the culprit. After escaping the city, he was trapped along the Elkhorn River, where the mob, including several policemen from Omaha, shot him more than twenty times. It was discovered Gonzalez was unarmed, and he had a reliable alibi for the time of the murder. No one was ever indicted for his killing. In the fall of 1919, following Red Summer, postwar social and economic tensions, the earlier hiring of African Americans as strikebreakers, and job uncertainty contributed to a mob from South Omaha lynching Willy Brown and the ensuing Omaha Race Riot of 1919, Omaha Race Riot. Trying to defend Brown, the city's mayor, Edward Parsons Smith, was lynched also, surviving only after a quick rescue. Like other industrial cities in the U.S., Omaha suffered severe job losses in the 1950s, more than 10,000 in all, as the railroad and meatpacking industries restructured. Stockyards and packing plants were located closer to ranches, and union achievements were lost as wages declined in surviving jobs. Many workers left the area if they could get to other jobs. Poverty deepened in areas of the city whose residents depended on those jobs, specifically North and South Omaha. At the same time, with reduced revenues, the city had less financial ability to respond to longstanding problems. Despair after the April 1968 assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. contributed to King assassination riots, riots in North Omaha, including one at the Logan Fontenelle Housing Project. For some, the civil rights movement in Omaha, Nebraska evolved towards black nationalism, as the Black Panther Party was involved in tensions in the late 1960s. Organizations such as the Black Association for Nationalism Through Unity became popular among the city's African-American youth. This tension culminated in the ''cause célèbre'' trial of the Rice/Poindexter Case, in which an Omaha Police Department officer was killed by a bomb while answering an emergency call. Whites in Omaha have followed the white flight pattern, suburbanizing to West Omaha. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, gang violence and incidents between the Omaha Police Department, Omaha Police and Black residents undermined relations between groups in North and South Omaha.


Latinos in Omaha


Economy

According to ''USA Today'', Omaha ranks eighth among the nation's 50 largest cities in both per-capita billionaires and Fortune 500 companies. With diversification in several industries, including banking, insurance, telecommunications, architecture/construction, and transportation, Omaha's economy has grown dramatically since the early 1990s. In 2001 ''Newsweek'' identified Omaha as one of the top 10 high-tech havens in the nation. Six national fiber optic networks converge in Omaha. Omaha's most prominent businessman is Warren Buffett, nicknamed the "Oracle of Omaha", who is regularly ranked one of the List of billionaires (2007), richest people in the world. Four Omaha-based companies:
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Berkshire Hathaway
, Union Pacific Railroad,
Mutual of Omaha Mutual of Omaha is a Fortune 500 The ''Fortune'' 500 is an annual list compiled and published by '' Fortune'' magazine that ranks 500 of the largest United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U ...
, and
Kiewit Corporation {{Infobox settlement , official_name = Kiewit , other_name = , native_name = , nickname = , settlement_type = Village , motto = , image_skyline = Hasselt - Sint-Lam ...
, are among the Fortune 500, ''Fortune'' 500. Omaha is the headquarters of several other major corporations, including the Gallup Organization,
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TD Ameritrade
,
Werner Enterprises Werner Enterprises, Inc. () was founded in 1956 by Clarence (CL) Werner and is a transportation and logistics company, with coverage throughout North America, Asia, Europe, South America, Africa and Australia. Werner maintains its global headquart ...
, First National of Nebraska, First National Bank, Gavilon, Scoular and First Comp Insurance. Many other large national firms have major operations or operational headquarters in Omaha, including Bank of the West, First Data, Sojern, PayPal, LinkedIn, Pacific Life, MetLife and Conagra Brands. The city is also home to three of the 30 largest architecture firms in the United States, including HDR, Inc., DLR Group, Inc., and
Leo A Daly LEO A DALY, established by Leo A. Daly, Sr. in 1915, is an American architecture, planning, engineering, interior design and program management firm. The firm's portfolio includes projects in 91 countries, all 50 U.S. states and the District of C ...
. In 2013, ''Forbes named Omaha among its list of the Best Places for Business and Careers.


Top employers

According to the Greater Omaha Economic Development Partnership, the largest regional employers are:


Tourism

Tourist attractions in Omaha include history, sports, outdoors and cultural experiences. Its principal tourist attractions are the Henry Doorly Zoo and the College World Series. The Old Market (Omaha, Nebraska), Old Market in
Downtown Omaha Downtown Omaha is the central business, government and social core of the Omaha-Council Bluffs metropolitan area, U.S. state of Nebraska. The boundaries are Omaha, Nebraska, Omaha's 20th Street on the west to the Missouri River on the east and ...
is another major attraction and is important to the city's retail economy. The city has been a tourist destination for many years. Famous early visitors included British author Rudyard Kipling and General George Crook. In 1883 Omaha hosted the first official performance of the Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show for 8,000 attendees. In 1898 the city hosted more than 1 million visitors from across the United States at the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, a world's fair that lasted for more than half the year. Research on leisure and hospitality situates Omaha in the same tier for tourists as the neighboring cities of Des Moines, Iowa; Topeka, Kansas;
Kansas City, Missouri Kansas City (abbreviated KC or KCMO) is the largest city in by population and area. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city had a population of 508,090 in 2020, and was the as of the . It is the most populated municipality and historic ...
; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; Denver, Colorado; and Sioux Falls, South Dakota. A recent study found investment of $1 million in cultural tourism generated approximately $83,000 in state and local taxes, and provided support for hundreds of jobs for the metropolitan area, which in turn led to additional tax revenue for government.Thompson, J. (2007
"Skeptics of stadium look for return on funding"
''Omaha World-Herald''. October 15. Retrieved 5/2/08.


Culture

Several national newspapers, including the ''Boston Globe'' and The ''New York Times'' have lauded Omaha's History of Omaha, Nebraska, historical and cultural attractions. The city is home to the Omaha Community Playhouse, the largest community theater in the United States. The Omaha Symphony Orchestra and its modern Holland Performing Arts Center, the Opera Omaha at the Orpheum, Omaha, Orpheum theater, the Blue Barn Theatre, American Midwest Ballet, and The Rose, Omaha, The Rose Theater form the backbone of Omaha's Theatre in Omaha, performing arts community. Opened in 1931, the Joslyn Art Museum has large art collections. Since its inception in 1976, Omaha Children's Museum has been a place where children can challenge themselves, discover how the world works and learn through play. The Bemis Center for Contemporary Arts, one of the nation's premier urban artist colonies, was founded in Omaha in 1981, and the Durham Museum is accredited with the Smithsonian Institution for traveling exhibits. The city is also home to the largest singly funded mural in the nation, "Fertile Ground", by Meg Saligman. The annual Omaha Blues, Jazz, & Gospel Festival celebrates local music along with the Omaha Black Music Hall of Fame. In 1955, Omaha's Union Stockyards (Omaha), Union Stockyards overtook Chicago's stockyards as the United States' meat packing center. This legacy is reflected in the cuisine of Omaha, with renowned steakhouses such as Gorat's and the recently closed Mister C's, as well as the retail chain Omaha Steaks.


Henry Doorly Zoo

The Henry Doorly Zoo is widely considered one of the premier zoos in the world. The zoo is home to the world's largest nocturnal exhibit and indoor swamp; the world's largest indoor rainforest, the world's largest indoor desert, and the largest geodesic dome in the world (13 stories tall). The zoo is Nebraska's number-one paid attendance attraction and has welcomed more than 25 million visitors over the past 40 years.


Old Market

The Old Market (Omaha, Nebraska), Old Market is a major historic district in Downtown Omaha listed on the National Register of Historical Places. Today, its warehouses and other buildings house shops, restaurants, bars, coffee shops, and art galleries. Downtown is also the location of the Omaha Rail and Commerce Historic District, which has several art galleries and restaurants. Lauritzen Gardens features with a variety of landscaping, and the new Kenefick Park recognizes Union Pacific Railroad's long history in Omaha. North Omaha has several historical Culture in North Omaha, Nebraska, cultural attractions including the Jewell Building, Dreamland Historical Project, Love's Jazz and Art Center, and the John Beasley Theater. The annual River City Roundup is celebrated at Fort Omaha, and the neighborhood of Florence, Nebraska, Florence celebrates its history during "Florence Days". Native Omaha Days is a biennial event celebrating Near North Side heritage. Religious institutions reflect the city's heritage. The Christianity in Omaha, Nebraska, city's Christian community has several historical churches dating from the founding of the city. There are also all sizes of congregations, including small, medium and megachurches. Omaha hosts the only Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Winter Quarters Nebraska Temple, temple in Nebraska along with a large Jews and Judaism in Omaha, Nebraska, Jewish community. There are 152 parishes in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Omaha, and several Eastern Orthodox Church, Eastern Orthodox congregations throughout the city.


Music

Omaha's rich history in rhythm and blues, and jazz gave rise to a number of influential bands, including Anna Mae Winburn's Cotton Club Boys (territory band), Cotton Club Boys and Lloyd Hunter's Seranaders. Rock and roll pioneer Wynonie Harris, jazz great Preston Love, drummer Buddy Miles, and Luigi Waites are among the city's homegrown talent. Doug Ingle from the late 1960s band Iron Butterfly was born in Omaha, as was indie folk singer-songwriter Elliott Smith, though both were raised elsewhere. Today, the diverse Culture of Omaha, Nebraska, culture of Omaha includes a variety of performance venues, museums, and musical heritage, including the historically significant jazz scene in North Omaha and the modern and influential "Omaha Sound". Contemporary music groups either in or originally from Omaha include Mannheim Steamroller, Bright Eyes (band), Bright Eyes, The Faint, Cursive (band), Cursive, Azure Ray, Tilly and the Wall, 311 (band), 311 and The Potash Twins. During the late 1990s, Omaha became nationally known as the birthplace of Saddle Creek Records, and the subsequent "Omaha Sound" was born from their bands' collective style. Omaha also has a fledgling hip hop scene. Long-time bastion Houston Alexander, a one-time graffiti artist and professional Mixed Martial Arts competitor, is a local hip-hop radio show host. Cerone Thompson, known as "Scrybe", has had a number one single on college radio stations across the United States. He has also had several number one hits on the local hip hop station respectively titled, "Lose Control" and "Do What U Do".Pugsley, T. (2009)
"UNO rapper, student hits No. 1 on local radio station with current single."
''The Gateway.'' 10/21/05. Retrieved 6/17/07.
Other notable artists include Stylo of Mastered Trax Latino who holds a strong following in South Omaha and Mexico / Latin America. Many ethnic and cultural bands have come from Omaha. The Omaha Black Music Hall of Fame celebrates the city's long history of African-American music and the Strathdon Caledonia Pipe Band carries on a Scotland, Scottish legacy. Internationally renowned composer Antonín Dvořák wrote his Symphony No. 9 (Dvořák), Ninth ("New World") Symphony in 1893 based on his impressions of the region after visiting Omaha's robust Czechs in Omaha, Nebraska, Czech community. In the period surrounding World War I Valentin J. Peter encouraged Germans in Omaha to celebrate their rich musical heritage, too. Frederick Metz, Gottlieb Storz and Frederick Krug were influential brewers whose beer gardens kept many German bands active.


Popular culture

In 1939, Omaha hosted the world premiere of the film ''Union Pacific (film), Union Pacific'' and the accompanying three-day celebration drew 250,000 people. A special train from Hollywood carried director Cecil B. DeMille and stars Barbara Stanwyck and Joel McCrea. Omaha's Boys Town (organization), Boys Town was made famous by the Spencer Tracy and Mickey Rooney movie ''Boys Town (film), Boys Town''. Omaha has been featured in recent years by a handful of relatively big budget motion pictures. The city's most extensive exposure can be accredited to Omaha native Alexander Payne, the Academy Award, Oscar-nominated director who shot parts of ''About Schmidt'', ''Citizen Ruth'' and ''Election (1999 film), Election'' in the city and suburbs of Papillion and La Vista. The Looney Tunes short ''Boobs in the Woods'' featured Porky Pig revealing that he had a license to sell hair tonic to bald eagles in Omaha, Nebraska. Built in 1962, Omaha's Cinerama was called Indian Hills Theater. Its demolition in 2001 by the Nebraska Methodist Health System was unpopular, with objections from local historical and cultural groups and luminaries from around the world. The Dundee Theatre is the lone surviving single-screen movie theater in Omaha and still shows films. A recent development to the Omaha film scene was the addition of Film Streams's Ruth Sokolof Theater in North Downtown. The two-screen theater is part of the Slowdown (venue), Slowdown facility. It features new American independents, foreign films, documentaries, classics, themed series, and director retrospectives. There are many new theaters opening in Omaha. In addition to the five Douglas Theatre Company, Douglas Theatres venues in Omaha, two more are opening, including Midtown Omaha#Neighborhoods, Midtown Crossing Theatres, on 32nd and Farnam Streets by the Mutual of Omaha Building. Westroads Mall has opened a new multiplex movie theater with 14 screens, operated by Rave Motion Pictures. Songs about Omaha include "Omaha" by Moby Grape, "Omaha", by the indie rock band Tapes 'n Tapes, "Omaha" by Counting Crows, "Omaha Celebration" by Pat Metheny, "Omaha" sung by Waylon Jennings, "Greater Omaha" by Desaparecidos, "Omaha Stylee" by 311 (band), 311, "(Ready Or Not) Omaha Nebraska" by Bowling for Soup, and "Omaha" by Toro y Moi Popular young adult novel ''Eleanor & Park'' by Rainbow Rowell (St. Martin's Press, 2013) takes place in Omaha. The 1935 winner of the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing was named Omaha (horse), Omaha, and after traveling the world the horse eventually retired to a farm south of the city. The horse made promotional appearances at Ak-Sar-Ben during the 1950s and following his death in 1959 was buried at the racetrack's Circle of Champions. In the television show ''The Big Bang Theory'', one of the show's main characters, Penny (The Big Bang Theory), Penny, is from Omaha. Omaha is also the hometown of the Wizard in L. Frank Baum's children's classic ''The Wonderful Wizard of Oz''.


Sports and recreation

Sports have been important in Omaha for more than a century, and the city plays host to three minor-league professional sports teams. Omaha has hosted the annual June NCAA College World Series men's baseball tournament since 1950. It has been played at the downtown TD Ameritrade Park since 2011. The Omaha Sports Commission is a quasi-governmental nonprofit organization that coordinates much of the professional and amateur athletic activity in the city, including the 2008, 2012 and 2016 US Olympic Swimming Team Trials and the building of a TD Ameritrade Park Omaha, new stadium in North Downtown. The University of Nebraska and the Commission co-hosted the 2008 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) NCAA Women's Volleyball Championship, Division One Women's Volleyball Championship in December of that year. The 2016 Big 10 Baseball Championship was also played at the College World Series Stadium. Another quasi-governmental board, the Metropolitan Entertainment and Convention Authority (MECA), was created by city voters in 2000, and is responsible for maintaining the CHI Health Center Omaha (formerly CenturyLink Center Omaha). The Omaha Storm Chasers play at Werner Park. They won seven championships (in 1969, 1970, 1978, 1990, 2011, 2013, and 2014). Omaha is also home to the Omaha Diamond Spirit, a collegiate summer baseball team that plays in the MINK league. The Creighton University Creighton Bluejays, Bluejays compete in a number of NCAA Division I sports as members of the Big East Conference. The Bluejays play baseball at TD Ameritrade Park Omaha, College soccer, soccer at Morrison Stadium, and basketball at the 18,000 seat CenturyLink Center Omaha, CenturyLink Center. The Jays annually rank in the top 15 in attendance each year, averaging more than 16,000 people per game. The Omaha Mavericks, representing the University of Nebraska Omaha (UNO), also play basketball, baseball and soccer in NCAA Division I as members of The Summit League. The UNO Omaha Mavericks men's ice hockey, men's ice hockey team plays in the National Collegiate Hockey Conference. Ice hockey is a popular spectator sport in Omaha. The Omaha Lancers, a United States Hockey League team, play at the Ralston Arena. The Omaha Mavericks play in the on-campus Baxter Arena. Omaha was home to an UFL Omaha, expansion team, the Nighthawks, in the United Football League (2009), United Football League from 2010 to 2011. The Omaha Beef indoor American football, indoor football team played at the Omaha Civic Auditorium until 2012 when they moved to the new Ralston Arena. The Kansas City-Omaha Kings, an National Basketball Association, NBA franchise, played in both cities from 1972 to 1978, before decamping solely to Kansas City until 1985, when the team moved to its current home of Sacramento, California, Sacramento. The Cox Classic golf tournament was part of the Web.com Tour from 1996 to 2013. The circuit returned to Omaha in 2017 with the Pinnacle Bank Championship.


Recreation

Omaha has a thriving running community and many miles of paved running and biking trails throughout the city and surrounding communities. The Omaha Marathon involves a half-marathon and a race that takes place annually in September. Omaha also has a history of curling, including multiple junior national champions. The city's historic Boulevards in Omaha, boulevards were originally designed by Horace Cleveland in 1889 to work with the parks to create a seamless flow of trees, grass and flowers throughout the city. Florence Boulevard and Fontenelle Boulevard are among the remnants of this system. Omaha boasts more than of Trails in Omaha, trails for pedestrians, bicyclists and hikers. They include the American Discovery Trail, which traverses the entire United States, and the Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail passes through Omaha as it travels westward from Illinois to Oregon. Trails throughout the area are included in comprehensive plans for the city of Omaha, the Omaha metropolitan area, Douglas County, and long-distance coordinated plans between the municipalities of southeast Nebraska. The city also has a park dedicated to pollinating bees and insects called ‘Pacific Preserve’


Government and politics

Omaha has a Mayor-council government, strong mayor form of government, along with a city council elected from seven districts across the city. The Mayor of Omaha, mayor is Jean Stothert, who was elected in May 2013, and re-elected May 10, 2017. The longest-serving mayor in Omaha's history was James Dahlman, "Cowboy" Jim Dahlman, who served 20 years over eight terms. He was regarded as the "wettest mayor in America" because of the flourishing number of bars in Omaha during his tenure. Dahlman was a close associate of political boss Tom Dennison. During Dahlman's tenure, the city switched from its original strong-mayor form of government to a city commission government. In 1956, the city switched back. The city clerk is Elizabeth Butler. The City of Omaha administers twelve departments, including finance, Omaha Police Department, police, human rights, Omaha Public Library, libraries and planning. The Omaha City Council is the legislative branch and has seven members elected from districts across the city. The council enacts local ordinances and approves the city budget. Government priorities and activities are established in a budget ordinance approved annually. The council takes official action through the passage of ordinances and resolutions. Nebraska's constitution grants the option of home rule to cities with more than 5,000 residents, meaning they may operate under their own charters. Omaha is one of only three cities in Nebraska to use this option, out of 17 eligible. The City of Omaha is considering Consolidated city-county, consolidating with Douglas County government. Although registered Republican Party (United States), Republicans outnumbered Democratic Party (United States), Democrats in the Nebraska's 2nd congressional district, 2nd congressional district, which includes Omaha, Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama opened three campaign offices in the city with 15 staff members to cover the state in fall 2008. Mike Fahey, the former Democratic mayor of Omaha, said he would do whatever it took to deliver the district's electoral vote to Obama; and the Barack Obama 2008 presidential campaign, Obama campaign considered the district "in play". Former Nebraska United States Senate, U.S. Senator Bob Kerrey and then-U.S. Senator Ben Nelson campaigned in the city for Obama, and in November 2008 Obama won the district's electoral vote. This was an exceptional win, because with Congressional District Method, Nebraska's split electoral vote system Obama became the first Democratic presidential candidate to win an electoral vote in Nebraska since 1964. In 2011, Nebraska lawmakers moved Offutt Air Force Base and the town of Bellevue — an area with a large minority population — out of the Omaha-based 2nd District and shifted in the Republican-heavy Omaha suburbs in Sarpy County. The move is expected to dilute the city's urban Democratic vote. Omaha's 2nd District sent its single electoral vote for Joe Biden in the 2020 election. Biden's victory, by more than 20,000 votes, shows Omaha's and the 2nd Districts’ continuing trend toward Democratic politics in recent years.


Crime

Omaha's United States cities by crime rate, rate of violent crimes per 100,000 residents has been lower than the average rates of three dozen United States cities of similar size. Unlike Omaha, those cities have experienced an increase in violent crime overall since 2003. Rates for property crime have decreased for both Omaha and its peer cities during the same time period. In 2006, Omaha was ranked for homicides as 46th out of the 72 cities in the United States of more than 250,000 in population. As a major industrial city into the mid-20th century, Omaha shared in social tensions that came with rapid growth and the arrival of large numbers of immigrants and migrants. Persistent poverty resulting from racial discrimination and job losses generated different crimes in the late 20th century, with the drug trade and drug abuse becoming associated with violent crime rates, which climbed after 1986 as Los Angeles gangs made affiliates in the city. Gambling in Omaha has been an important part of the city's history. From its founding in the 1850s through the 1930s, the city was known as a "wide-open" town where gambling of all sorts was openly accepted. By the 1950s, at the same time large-scale restructuring of the railroads, the meatpacking industry and other sectors caused widespread job losses and unemployment, Omaha reportedly had more illicit gambling than any other city in the nation. From the 1930s through the 1970s, a Mafia-based criminal element controlled gambling in the city. As most forms of gambling are currently restricted in Nebraska, gambling in Omaha is limited to keno, lottery, lotteries, and parimutuel betting. This leaves Omahans to drive across the Missouri River to Council Bluffs, Iowa, where casinos are legal and many businesses operate. Recently, the National Indian Gaming Commission approved a controversial proposal made by the
Ponca The Ponca ( Páⁿka iyé: Páⁿka or Ppáⁿkka pronounced ) are a Midwestern United States, Midwestern Native Americans in the United States, Native American tribe of the Dhegihan branch of the Siouan languages, Siouan language group. There ar ...
tribe of Nebraska. It will allow the tribe to build a casino in Carter Lake, Iowa, which sits on the west side of the Missouri River, adjacent to Omaha, where casinos are illegal.


Education

Omaha has many public and private educational institutions, including Omaha Public Schools, the largest Public school (government funded), public school district in Nebraska, which serves more than 47,750 students in more than 75 schools. After a contentious period of uncertainty, in 2007 the Nebraska Legislature approved a plan to create a learning community for Omaha-area school districts with a central administrative board. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Omaha operates Archdiocese of Omaha#Omaha Catholic schools, numerous private Catholic schools with 21,500 students in 32 elementary schools and nine high schools. They includ
St. Cecilia Grade School
at 3869 Webster St. in Midtown Omaha, Holy Cross at 48th and Woolworth Street in Morton Meadows, St. Robert Bellarmine School at 120th and Pacific Street and St. Stephen the Martyr School at 168th and Q Street, all of which have received the U.S. Department of Education Blue Ribbon Schools Program, Blue Ribbon School award. The Westside Community Schools, also known as District 66, is a district in the heart of Omaha. It serves students in pre-kindergarten through the 12th grade and recorded a district enrollment of 6,123 students K-12 for the 2015–16 school year. Through annexations Omaha also has the Millard Public Schools and Elkhorn Public Schools. Omaha is also home to Brownell-Talbot School, Nebraska's only preschool through grade 12, independent college preparatory school. There are eleven List of colleges and universities in Omaha, Nebraska, colleges and universities among Omaha's higher education institutions, including the University of Nebraska Omaha. The University of Nebraska Medical Center in midtown Omaha is home to the Eppley Cancer Center, one of 66 designated Cancer Centers by the National Cancer Institute in the United States. The University of Nebraska College of Medicine, also on the UNMC campus, is ranked 7th in the country by ''U.S. News & World Report'' for primary care medical education. Omaha's Creighton University is ranked the top non-doctoral regional university in the
Midwestern United States The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the Midwest or the American Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2"). It occupies the northern central part of the United States. It ...
by ''U.S. News & World Report''. The Society of Jesus, Jesuit institution's campus just outside Downtown Omaha in the new North Downtown district has a combined 6,700 students in its undergraduate, graduate, medical, and law schools. There are more than 10 other Colleges and universities of Omaha, Nebraska, colleges and universities in the Omaha metro area.


Media

The city is the focus of the Omaha designated market area, and is the 76th largest in the United States. ;Magazines ''Omaha Magazine'' ;Newspapers The major daily newspaper in Nebraska is the ''Omaha World-Herald'', which is the largest employee-owned newspaper in the United States. Weeklies in the city include the Midlands Business Journal (weekly business publication); ''American Classifieds'' (formerly ''Thrifty Nickel''), a weekly classified newspaper; ''The Reader (newspaper), The Reader'', as well as ''The Omaha Star''. Founded in 1938 in North Omaha, the ''Star'' is Nebraska's only African-American newspaper. ;Television networks and cable TV Omaha's four television news stations include: KETV 7 (ABC- branded NewsWatch 7), KMTV-TV 3 (CBS- branded 3 News Now), WOWT 6 (NBC Omaha), and KPTM 42 (FOX 42). There is a fifth station, KXVO 15 (branded CW 15), though it does not air any news content. Cox Communications provides cable television services throughout the metropolitan area. Prism TV offered through CenturyLink is a broadband TV option also available throughout the Omaha area. Satellite providers such as DirecTV and Dish Network and the local programming they offer are also available throughout the metropolitan area.


Infrastructure

In 2008 ''Kiplinger's Personal Finance'' magazine ranked Omaha the No. 3 best city in the United States to "live, work and play". Omaha's growth has required the constant development of new urban infrastructure that influence, allow and encourage the constant expansion of the city. Retail natural gas utility, natural gas and water company, water public utility, public utilities in Omaha are provided by the Metropolitan Utilities District. Nebraska is the only public power state in the nation. All electric utilities are non-profit and customer-owned. Electrical power industry, Electricity in the city is provided by the Omaha Public Power District. Public housing is governed by the Omaha Housing Authority governs Public housing and Metro Area Transit provides public transportation. CenturyLink and Cox Communications, Cox provide local telephone and internet services. The City of Omaha maintains two modern sewage treatment plants. Portions of the Enron corporation began as Northern Natural Gas Company in Omaha. Northern provides three natural gas lines to Omaha. Enron formerly owned UtiliCorp United, Inc., which became Aquila, Inc.. Peoples Natural Gas, a division of Aquila, Inc., serves several surrounding communities around the Omaha metropolitan area, including Plattsmouth, Nebraska, Plattsmouth. There are Hospitals in Omaha, Nebraska, several hospitals in Omaha. Research hospitals include the Boys Town National Research Hospital, the University of Nebraska Medical Center and the Creighton University Medical Center. The Boys Town facility is well known for hearing-related research and treatment. The University of Nebraska Medical Center hosts the Eppley Institute for Research in Cancer and Allied Diseases, a world-renowned cancer treatment facility named in honor of Omahan Eugene Eppley.


Transportation

Omaha's central role in the history of transportation across America earned it the nickname "Gate City of the West." Despite Abraham Lincoln, President Lincoln's decree that
Council Bluffs, Iowa Council Bluffs is a city in and the county seat A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or Parish (administrative division), civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Hungary a ...
, be the starting point for the Union Pacific Railroad, construction began from Omaha on the eastern portion of the first transcontinental railroad. By the middle of the 20th century, nearly every major railroad served Omaha. Today, the Omaha Rail and Commerce Historic District celebrates this connection, along with the listing of the Burlington Station (Omaha, Nebraska), Burlington Train Station and the Union Station (Omaha), Union Station on the National Register of Historic Places. First housed in the former Herndon House, the Union Pacific Railroad's corporate headquarters have been in Omaha since the company began. Their new headquarters, the Union Pacific Center, opened in Downtown Omaha in 2004. Omaha (Amtrak station), Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service through Omaha. The Greyhound Lines terminal is at 1601 Jackson St. in downtown Omaha. Megabus (North America), Megabus has a stop at Crossroads Mall (Omaha), Crossroads Mall – N 72nd St. between Dodge St. and Cass St. – and provides service to Des Moines, Iowa City, and Chicago. Metro Area Transit, Metro Transit, previously known as Metro Area Transit, is the mass transportation, local bus system. Omaha's position as a transportation center was finalized with the 1872 opening of the Union Pacific Missouri River Bridge that linked the transcontinental railroad to the railroads terminating in Council Bluffs. In 1888, the first road bridge, the Ak-Sar-Ben Bridge, Douglas Street Bridge, opened. In the 1890s, the Illinois Central drawbridge opened as the largest bridge of its type in the world. Omaha's Missouri River road bridges are now entering their second generation, including the
Works Progress Administration The Works Progress Administration (WPA; renamed in 1939 as the Work Projects Administration) was an American New Deal agency, employing millions of jobseekers (mostly men who were not formally educated) to carry out public works projects, includ ...
-financed South Omaha Bridge, now called Veteran's Memorial Bridge, which was added to the National Register of Historic Places. In 2006, Omaha and Council Bluffs announced joint plans to build the Missouri River Pedestrian Bridge, which opened in 2008. Today, the primary mode of transportation in Omaha is by automobile, with Interstate 80 in Nebraska, I-80, Interstate 480 (Iowa-Nebraska), I-480, Interstate 680 (Iowa-Nebraska), I-680, Interstate 29, I-29, and U.S. Route 75 (JFK Freeway and North Freeway) providing freeway service across the metropolitan area. The expressway along West Dodge Road (U.S. Route 6 and Nebraska Link 28B) and U.S. Route 275 has been upgraded to freeway standards from I-680 to Fremont, Nebraska, Fremont. City owned Metro Area Transit, Metro Transit, formerly as MAT Metro Area Transit, provides public bus service to hundreds of locations throughout the Metro. A 2017 study by Walk Score ranked Omaha 26th most walkable of fifty largest U.S. cities. Of the top 50 most walkable cities only one, Omaha, Nebraska, saw its Walk Score decline, and it only decreased 0.3 points from last year. There is an extensive Trails in Omaha, Nebraska, trail system throughout the city for walkers, runners, bicyclists, and other pedestrian modes of transportation. Omaha is laid out on a grid plan, with 12 blocks to the mile with a north-to-south house numbering system. Omaha is the location of a Boulevards in Omaha, historic boulevard system designed by H.W.S. Cleveland who sought to combine the beauty of parks with the pleasure of driving cars. The historic Florence Boulevard, Florence and Fontenelle Boulevards, as well as the modern Sorenson Parkway, are important elements in this system. Eppley Airfield, Omaha's airport, serves the region with over 5 million passengers in 2018."Statistics and facts"
, Eppley Airfield official website. Retrieved 9/26/08.
United Airlines, Southwest Airlines, Delta Air Lines, American Airlines, Alaska Airlines, Allegiant Air, and Frontier Airlines, serve the airport with direct and connecting service. As of 2018, the airport has non-stop service to 34 destinations. General aviation airports that serve the area include the Millard Municipal Airport, North Omaha Airport and the Council Bluffs Airport. Offutt Air Force Base continues to serve as a military airbase; it is at the southern edge of Bellevue, which in turn lies immediately south of Omaha.


Notable people


Sister cities

Omaha has seven sister cities:The History of Omaha Sister Cities Association
." Omaha Sister Cities Association. Retrieved 12/8/08.
* Braunschweig, Lower Saxony, Germany * Shizuoka (city), Shizuoka, Japan * Šiauliai, Lithuania * Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico * Naas, County Kildare, Ireland * Yantai, Shandong, China * Carlentini, Sicily, Italy


See also

* Benson neighborhood (Omaha, Nebraska) * Dundee-Happy Hollow Historic District * Florence, Nebraska * Gold Coast Historic District (Omaha, Nebraska) * History of Omaha * Midtown Omaha * Millard, Omaha, Nebraska * North Omaha, Nebraska * Old Market (Omaha, Nebraska) * Omaha Coalition of Citizen Patrols * South Omaha, Nebraska


Notes


References


External links


City of Omaha official website

Omaha Convention & Visitors Bureau
{{good article Omaha, Nebraska, Cities in Nebraska County seats in Nebraska Metropolitan areas of Nebraska Nebraska populated places on the Missouri River Populated places established in 1854 Cities in Douglas County, Nebraska Former colonial and territorial capitals in the United States 1854 establishments in Nebraska Territory