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Nouri Abusahmain ( ar, نوري أبو سهمين; born October 25, 1956) is a
Libya Libya (; ar, ليبيا, Lībiyā), officially the State of Libya ( ar, دولة ليبيا, Dawlat Lībiyā), is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to Egypt–Libya border, th ...

Libya
n politician. He is a major figure on the Islamist side of the
2014 Libyan Conflict {{Infobox military conflict , conflict = Second Libyan Civil War , partof = the Arab Winter and the Libyan Crisis (2011–present), Libyan Crisis , image = Libyan Civil War.svg , image_size = 400px , ca ...
and founder of the LROR group which is considered "terrorist" by the internationally recognized Libyan parliament. He is reported to have rigged proceedings of the
General National Congress The General National Congress or General National Council (GNC; ar, المؤتمر الوطني العام, Berber language, Berber: Agraw Amuran Amatay) was the Legislature, legislative authority of Libya for two years following the end of the ...
while serving as its president.


Biography

He was originally elected to the GNC as member for
Zuwarah Zuwarah, or Zuwara or Zwara (Berber language: At Willul or Zwara, ) is a coastal Berber language, Berber-speaking city in Libya. Zuwara or At Willul is famous for its beaches and seafood. It is situated west of Tripoli and from the Tunisian bo ...
. He had some support from the
Muslim Brotherhood The Society of the Muslim Brothers ( ar, جماعة الإخوان المسلمين'' ''), better known as the Muslim Brotherhood ( '), is a transnational Sunni Islamist organization founded in Egypt by Islamic scholar and schoolteacher Hassa ...
, but stood as an independent candidate. He has denied strong links with the Muslim Brotherhood. In 2013, he was the Islamist candidate for president of the Libyan
General National Congress The General National Congress or General National Council (GNC; ar, المؤتمر الوطني العام, Berber language, Berber: Agraw Amuran Amatay) was the Legislature, legislative authority of Libya for two years following the end of the ...

General National Congress
, but was considered a compromise candidate acceptable to more liberal members of the congress. As a result, he became GNC president on 25 June 2013. He had the support of the
Muslim Brotherhood The Society of the Muslim Brothers ( ar, جماعة الإخوان المسلمين'' ''), better known as the Muslim Brotherhood ( '), is a transnational Sunni Islamist organization founded in Egypt by Islamic scholar and schoolteacher Hassa ...
's party, the Justice and Construction Party, in his election. On becoming GNC president, Abusahmain was the first Libyan Berber to attain a national leadership role since the Tripolitanian Republic of 1918–22. Abusahmain immediately set up an Islamist armed group, the LROR, which attempted an Islamist coup in October 2013. He suppressed debates and inquiries which the Islamist part of the GNC did not want, including a debate over his alleged illegal diversion of money towards the LROR. During Abusahmain's presidency of the GNC and subsequent to GNC's decision to enforce sharia law in December 2013, gender segregation and compulsory hijab were being imposed in Libyan universities from early 2014, provoking strong criticism from Women's Rights groups. He played a part in the constitutional crisis which emerged when Islamist Ahmed Maiteeq was supposedly elected prime minister in a GNC session in April 2014 which was intimidated by armed Islamist militants bursting into parliament. Although the Deputy Speaker, Justice Ministry, Supreme Court and opposition parties rejected the proceedings as illegal, Abusahmain signed a decree confirming Maiteeq According to supporters of the eastern government, his term ended when the new House of Representatives (Libya), House of Representatives was established on 4 August 2014. He was succeeded by Abu Bakr Baira, the interim head of new parliament. He was also GNC representative for his Amazigh (i.e. Berber people, Berber) hometown of
Zuwarah Zuwarah, or Zuwara or Zwara (Berber language: At Willul or Zwara, ) is a coastal Berber language, Berber-speaking city in Libya. Zuwara or At Willul is famous for its beaches and seafood. It is situated west of Tripoli and from the Tunisian bo ...
, in the west of the country.


References

, - {{DEFAULTSORT:Abusahmain, Nouri 1956 births Berber people Heads of state of Libya Libyan Islamists Living people Members of the General National Congress of Libya People from Nuqat al Khams District